Women's Roles in Latin America and the Caribbean Book

Women's Roles in Latin America and the Caribbean | Download eBook Read Pdf-ePub-Kindle

Download full pdf book Women's Roles in Latin America and the Caribbean by Kathryn A. Sloan available in full 226 pages, and make sure to check out other latest books Social Science related to Women's Roles in Latin America and the Caribbean below.

Women's Roles in Latin America and the Caribbean

By Kathryn A. Sloan
  • ISBN Code: : 0313381097
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Pages : 226
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reads : 530
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : women-s-roles-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean.pdf

Book Excerpt :

This book surveys Latin American and Caribbean women's contributions throughout history from conquest through the 20th century. • Includes a timeline of women's history in Latin America and the Spanish Caribbean • Provides a bibliography of suggested readings to promote further research • Presents a lengthy general introduction on women's roles in Latin America and the Caribbean

Recommended Books For Reading


  • Women's Activism in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Women's Activism in Latin America and the Caribbean

    A Book written by Elizabeth Maier,Nathalie Lebon, published by Rutgers University Press 2010-05-06 - 384 pages - part of Social Science books.

    Get eBook
  • Work and Family
    Work and Family

    A Book written by Laura Chioda,Roberto Garcia Verdú, published by World Bank Publications 2016-05-12 - 268 pages - part of Business & Economics books.

    Get eBook
  • New Century, Old Disparities
    New Century, Old Disparities

    A Book written by Hugo Nopo, published by World Bank Publications 2012-09-07 - 352 pages - part of Business & Economics books.

    Get eBook
  • Cashing in on Education
    Cashing in on Education

    A Book written by Mercedes Mateo Díaz,Lourdes Rodriguez-Chamussy, published by World Bank Publications 2016-10-19 - 260 pages - part of Business & Economics books.

    Get eBook
  • Crafting Gender
    Crafting Gender

    A Book written by Eli Bartra, published by Duke University Press 2003-09-10 - 255 pages - part of Art books.

    Get eBook
  • Rereading Women in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Rereading Women in Latin America and the Caribbean

    A Book written by Jennifer Abbassi,Sheryl L. Lutjens, published by Rowman & Littlefield Publishers 2002-03-26 - 320 pages - part of Social Science books.

    Get eBook
  • Women and Trade
    Women and Trade

    A Book written by World Bank;World Trade Organization, published by World Bank Publications 2020-09-04 - 204 pages - part of Business & Economics books.

    Get eBook

Read Also This Books

Inequality in Latin America[

By
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 380
  • Category : Caribbean Area
  • Members : 677
  • Pdf File: inequality-in-latin-america.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book Inequality in Latin America[

Reordering of Culture

By Alvina Ruprecht
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
  • Book Code : 0773584277
  • Total of Pages : 601
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 992
  • Pdf File: reordering-of-culture.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Political, economic and social barriers among Latin America, the Caribbean and Canada are giving way to global forces and the "global dreams" they inspire. This collection of original articles and essays examines popular culture, literature, theatre, belief systems, indigenous practices and questions of identity, exile and alienation. The interconnectedness and distinction of cultural production throughout the Americas, "transplanted" interests, the mediation of African and European influences, and the expression of shifting identities, all reflect the development of a new American neighbourhood.

Rethinking Infrastructure in Latin America and the Caribbean

By Marianne Fay,Luis Alberto Andres,Charles Fox,Ulf Narloch,Michael Slawson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Book Code : 1464811024
  • Total of Pages : 134
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 755
  • Pdf File: rethinking-infrastructure-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) does not have the infrastructure it needs, or deserves, given its income. Many argue that the solution is to spend more; by contrast, this report has one main message: Latin America can dramatically narrow its infrastructure service gap by spending efficiently on the right things. This report asks three questions: what should LAC countries’ goals be? How can these goals be achieved as cost-effectively as possible? And who should pay to reach these goals? In doing so, we drop the ‘infrastructure gap’ notion, favoring an approach built on identifying the ‘service gap’. Benchmarking Latin America in this way reveals clear strengths and weaknesses. Access to water and electricity is good, with the potential for the region’s electricity sector to drive competitive advantage; by contrast, transport and sanitation should be key focus areas for further development. The report also identifies and analyses some of the emerging challenges for the region—climate change, increased demand and urbanization—that will put increasing pressure on infrastructure and policy makers alike. Improving the region’s infrastructure performance in the context of tight fiscal space will require spending better on well identified priorities. Unlike most infrastructure diagnostics, this report argues that much of what is needed lies outside the infrastructure sector †“ in the form of broader government issues—from competition policy, to budgeting rules that no longer solely focus on controlling cash expenditures. We also find that traditional recommendations continue to apply regarding independent, well-performing regulators and better corporate governance, and highlight the critical importance of cost recovery where feasible and desirable, as the basis for future commercial finance of infrastructure services. Latin America has the means and potential to do better; and it can do so by spending more efficiently on the right things.

Media, Sound, and Culture in Latin America and the Caribbean

By Alejandra Bronfman,Andrew Grant Wood
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Pre
  • Book Code : 0822977958
  • Total of Pages : 192
  • Category : History
  • Members : 634
  • Pdf File: media-sound-and-culture-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Outside of music, the importance of sound and listening have been greatly overlooked in Latin American history. Visual media has dominated cultural studies, affording an incomplete record of the modern era. This edited volume presents an original analysis of the role of sound in Latin American and Caribbean societies, from the late nineteenth century to the present. The contributors examine the importance of sound in the purveyance of power, gender roles, race, community, religion, and populism. They also demonstrate how sound is essential to the formation of citizenship and nationalism. Sonic media, and radio in particular, have become primary tools for contesting political issues. In that vein, the contributors view the control of radio transmission and those who manipulate its content for political gain. Conversely, they show how, in neoliberal climates, radio programs have exposed corruption and provided a voice for activism. The chapters address sonic production in a variety of media: radio, Internet, digital recordings, phonographs, speeches, carnival performances, fireworks festivals, and the reinterpretation of sound in literature. They examine the embodied experience of listening and its importance to memory coding and identity formation. This collection looks to sonic media as an essential vehicle for transmitting ideologies, imagined communities, and culture. As the contributors discern, sound is ubiquitous, and its study is therefore crucial to understanding the flow of information and influence in Latin America and globally.

Uncovering the Drivers of Utility Performance

By Luis A. Andrés,Jordan Schwartz,J. Luis Guasch
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Book Code : 0821397001
  • Total of Pages : 254
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 859
  • Pdf File: uncovering-the-drivers-of-utility-performance.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book provides insights into infrastructure sector performance by focusing on the links between key indicators for utilities, and changes in ownership, regulatory agency governance, and corporate governance, among other dimensions. By linking inputs and outputs over the last 15 years, the analysis is able to uncover key determinants that have impacted performance and address why the effects of such dimensions resulted in significant changes in the performance of infrastructure service provision.

Gender and Representation in Latin America

By Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0190851244
  • Total of Pages : 304
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 376
  • Pdf File: gender-and-representation-in-latin-america.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In the past thirty years, women's representation and gender equality has developed unevenly in Latin America. Some countries have experienced large increases in gender equality in political offices, whereas others have not, and even within countries, some political arenas have become more gender equal whereas others continue to exude intense gender inequality. These patterns are inconsistent with explanations of social and cultural improvements in gender equality leading to improved gender equality in political office. Gender and Representation in Latin America argues instead that gender inequality in political representation in Latin America is rooted in institutions and the democratic challenges and political crises facing Latin American countries and that these challenges matter for the number of women and men elected to office, what they do once there, how much power they gain access to, and how their presence and actions influence democracy and society more broadly. The book draws upon the expertise of top scholars of women, gender, and political institutions in Latin America to analyze the institutional and contextual causes and consequences of women's representation in Latin America. It does this in part 1 with chapters that analyze gender and political representation regionwide in each of five different "arenas of representation"-the presidency, cabinets, national legislatures, political parties, and subnational governments. In part 2, it provides chapters that analyze gender and representation in each of seven different countries-Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Uruguay, Mexico, Brazil, and Colombia. The authors bring novel insights and impressive new data to their analyses, helping to make this one of the most comprehensive books on gender and political representation in Latin America today.

Stop the Violence in Latin America

By Laura Chioda
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Book Code : 1464806659
  • Total of Pages : 422
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 815
  • Pdf File: stop-the-violence-in-latin-america.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region has the undesirable distinction of being the world's most violent region, with 24.7 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. The magnitude of the problem is staggering and persistent. Of the top 50 most violent cities in the world, 42 are in LAC. In 2010 alone, 142,302 people in LAC fell victim to homicide, representing 390 homicides per day and 4.06 homicides every 15 minutes. Crime disproportionately affects young men aged 20 to 24, whose homicide rate of 92 per 100,000 nearly quadruples that of the region. The focus of Crime Prevention in Latin America and the Caribben is to identify policy interventions that, whether by design or indirect effect, have been shown to affect antisocial behavior early in life and patterns of criminal offending in youth and adults. Particular attention is devoted to recent studies that rigorously establish a causal link between the interventions in question and outcomes. This publication adopts a lifecycle perspective and argues that as individuals progress through different stages of the lifecycle, not only do different sets of risk factors arise and take more prominence, but their interactions and interdependencies shape human behavior. These interactions and the relative importance of different sets of risk factors identify relevant margins that can effectively be targeted by prevention policies, not only early in life, but throughout the lifecycle. Indeed prevention can never start too early, nor start too late, nor be too comprehensive.

How’s Life in Latin America? Measuring Well-being for Policy Making

By OECD
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Book Code : 9264685936
  • Total of Pages : 366
  • Category :
  • Members : 599
  • Pdf File: how-s-life-in-latin-america-measuring-well-being-for-policy-making.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Many Latin American countries have experienced improvements in income over recent decades, with several of them now classified as high-income or upper middle-income in terms of conventional metrics. But has this change been mirrored in improvements across the different areas of people’s lives? How’s Life in Latin America? Measuring Well-being for Policy Making addresses this question by presenting comparative evidence for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) with a focus on 11 LAC countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay).

Women's Work And Women's Lives

By Hilda Kahne
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000009610
  • Total of Pages : 336
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 951
  • Pdf File: women-s-work-and-women-s-lives.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is a provocative analysis of the nature of the relation between women and paid work in both modernizing and industrial countries. It explores the variables that shape the relationship: demographic factors, the social and cultural context, and the direction of economic development.

Gendering Politics and Policy

By Heidi I. Hartmann
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317954661
  • Total of Pages : 234
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 245
  • Pdf File: gendering-politics-and-policy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Top feminist theorists and scholars examine the latest developments in gender politics and policy around the world Gendering Politics and Policy: Recent Developments in Europe, Latin America, and the United States discusses in depth how women and women’s perspectives are changing politics and policy in both the United States and around the world. This compelling resource surveys a range of issues and methodologies to bring the most recent gender issues, politics, and policies into clear focus. Top feminist scholars and theorists from several disciplines explore the latest in gender mainstreaming, gender budgeting, citizenship, social capital, and the gender gap in various cultures and countries. Gendering Politics and Policy provides case studies of different policy areas, techniques, and political practice as it highlights issues important for women and women’s issues around the world. The book’s three main sections include detailed looks at politics and gender issues in the United States, policies of concern for women in Latin America and Europe, and women’s agendas in the United Nations. This book is extremely useful as a teaching tool for students by surveying a wide range of vital issues and methodologies of gender development, women and politics, women and public policy, and women in international politics. The text is extensively referenced and includes several tables and figures to clearly present data and ideas. Gendering Politics and Policy discusses: the need for women’s citizenship—a new form of gendered citizenship more inclusive of women’s issues that strengthens democratic governability gender politics in presidential elections—including the impact the attention to women’s votes has had on public policies of administrations between elections the relationships between women’s status and social capital attack campaigning of male candidates against women candidates the gender implications of economic policy in the United Kingdom the discretionary nature of funding for support of domestic violence laws in Latin America, Central America, and the Caribbean region women’s increased leadership roles in German government the need for gender mainstreaming in the German economy child care as an international human right the involvement of women’s nongovernmental organizations at UN conferences Gendering Politics and Policy is illuminating reading for educators, advanced undergraduate and graduate students in women’s studies, political science, and public policy, as well as policy researchers and women leaders around the world.

Supermadre

By Elsa M. Chaney
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • Book Code : 0292772653
  • Total of Pages : 222
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 276
  • Pdf File: supermadre.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The title of this book, Supermadre, is ironic. It means, not that women have begun to exercise real power in Latin American political life, but that their participation is mostly confined to roles that are extensions of their roles as mothers—health, education, welfare, for example—and then only on the lower levels of policy-making. Elsa Chaney begins her study with an examination of various attempts to explain women's virtual absence from decision-making councils not only in Latin America but also world-wide, concluding that their motherhood role has had the profoundest effect on the nature of their political activities. She then analyzes the images and realities of women in Latin American society from colonial times to the present. The remainder of the book is a detailed study of women in politics and government in Latin America, with emphasis on the contrasting cases of Peru and Chile. In conclusion, Chaney suggests that women will make only slow progress toward full participation in public life until they themselves stop seeing their role in politics as that of the supermadre.

Futbolera

By Brenda Elsey,Joshua Nadel
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • Book Code : 1477318593
  • Total of Pages : 376
  • Category : History
  • Members : 989
  • Pdf File: futbolera.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Latin American athletes have achieved iconic status in global popular culture, but what do we know about the communities of women in sport? Futbolera is the first monograph on women’s sports in Latin America. Because sports evoke such passion, they are fertile ground for understanding the formation of social classes, national and racial identities, sexuality, and gender roles. Futbolera tells the stories of women athletes and fans as they navigated the pressures and possibilities within organized sports. Futbolera charts the rise of physical education programs for girls, often driven by ideas of eugenics and proper motherhood, that laid the groundwork for women’s sports clubs, which began to thrive beyond the confines of school systems. Futbolera examines how women challenged both their exclusion from national pastimes and their lack of access to leisure, bodily integrity, and public space. This vibrant history also examines women’s sports through comparative case studies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, and others. Special attention is given to women’s sports during military dictatorships of the 1970s and 80s as well as the feminist and democratic movements that followed. The book culminates by exploring recent shifts in mindset towards women’s football and dynamic social movements of players across Latin America.

At a Crossroads

By María Marta Ferreyra,Ciro Avitabile,Javier Botero à?lvarez,Francisco Haimovich Paz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Book Code : 146481015X
  • Total of Pages : 298
  • Category : Education
  • Members : 626
  • Pdf File: at-a-crossroads.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"Higher education in Latin America and the Caribbean has expanded dramatically in the past 15 years, as the average gross enrollment rate has more than doubled, and many new institutions and programs have been opened. Although higher education access has become more equitable, and higher education supply has become more varied, many of the 'new' students in the system are, on average, less academically ready than are their more advantaged counterparts. Furthermore, only half of higher education students, on average, complete their degree, and labor market returns to higher education vary greatly across institutions and programs. Thus, higher education is at a crossroads today. Given the region's urgency to raise productivity in a low-growth, fiscally constrained environment, going past this crossroads requires the formation of skilled human capital fast and efficiently. 'At a Crossroads: Higher Education in Latin America and the Caribbean' contributes to the discussion by studying quality, variety, and equity of higher education in Latin America and the Caribbean. The book presents comprehensive evidence on the recent higher education expansion and evolution of higher education labor market returns. Using novel data and state-of-the-art methods, it studies demand and supply drivers of the recent expansion. It investigates the behavior of institutions and students and explores the unintended consequences of large-scale higher education policies. Framing the analysis are the singular characteristics of the higher education market and the market segmentation induced by the variety of students and institutions in the system. At this crossroads, a role emerges for incentives, information, accountability, and choice."

Economic Mobility and the Rise of the Latin American Middle Class

By Francisco H. G. Ferreira,Julian Messina,Jamele Rigolini,Luis-Felipe Lopez-Calva,Maria Ana Lugo,Renos Vakis,Luis Felipe Ló,pez-Calva
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Book Code : 0821397230
  • Total of Pages : 200
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 126
  • Pdf File: economic-mobility-and-the-rise-of-the-latin-american-middle-class.pdf

Book Short Summary:

After decades of stagnation, the size of Latin America's middle class recently expanded to the point where, for the first time ever, the number of people in poverty is equal to the size of the middle class. This volume investigates the nature, determinants and possible consequences of this remarkable process of social transformation. We propose an original definition of the middle class, tailor-made for Latin America, centered on the concept of economic security and thus a low probability of falling into poverty. Given our definition of the middle class, there are four, not three, classes in Latin America. Sandwiched between the poor and the middle class there lies a large group of people who appear to make ends meet well enough, but do not enjoy the economic security that would be required for membership of the middle class. We call this group the 'vulnerable'. In an almost mechanical sense, these transformations in Latin America reflect both economic growth and declining inequality in over the period. We adopt a measure of mobility that decomposes the 'gainers' and 'losers' in society by social class of each household. The continent has experienced a large amount of churning over the last 15 years, at least 43% of all Latin Americans changed social classes between the mid 1990s and the end of the 2000s. Despite the upward mobility trend, intergenerational mobility, a better proxy for inequality of opportunity, remains stagnant. Educational achievement and attainment remain to be strongly dependent upon parental education levels. Despite the recent growth in pro-poor programs, the middle class has benefited disproportionally from social security transfers and are increasingly opting out from government services. Central to the region's prospects of continued progress will be its ability to harness the new middle class into a new, more inclusive social contract, where the better-off pay their fair share of taxes, and demand improved public services.

Machine Habitus

By Massimo Airoldi
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 1509543295
  • Total of Pages : 200
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 186
  • Pdf File: machine-habitus.pdf

Book Short Summary:

We commonly think of society as made of and by humans, but with the proliferation of machine learning and AI technologies, this is clearly no longer the case. Billions of automated systems tacitly contribute to the social construction of reality by drawing algorithmic distinctions between the visible and the invisible, the relevant and the irrelevant, the likely and the unlikely – on and beyond platforms. Drawing on the work of Pierre Bourdieu, this book develops an original sociology of algorithms as social agents, actively participating in social life. Through a wide range of examples, Massimo Airoldi shows how society shapes algorithmic code, and how this culture in the code guides the practical behaviour of the code in the culture, shaping society in turn. The ‘machine habitus’ is the generative mechanism at work throughout myriads of feedback loops linking humans with artificial social agents, in the context of digital infrastructures and pre-digital social structures. Machine Habitus will be of great interest to students and scholars in sociology, media and cultural studies, science and technology studies and information technology, and to anyone interested in the growing role of algorithms and AI in our social and cultural life.

Shared Prosperity and Poverty Eradication in Latin America and the Caribbean

By Louise Cord,MarÃa Genoni,Carlos RodrÃguez-Castelán
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Book Code : 1464803587
  • Total of Pages : 352
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 958
  • Pdf File: shared-prosperity-and-poverty-eradication-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Over the last decade Latin America and the Caribbean region has achieved important progress towards the World Bank Group's goals of eradicating extreme poverty and boosting income growth of the bottom 40 percent, propelled by remarkable economic growth and falling income inequality. Despite this impressive performance, social progress has not been uniform over this period, and certain countries, subregions and even socioeconomic groups participated less in the growth process. As of today, more than 75 million people still live in extreme poverty in the region (using $2.50/day/capita), half of them in Brazil and Mexico, and extreme poverty rates top 40 percent in Guatemala and reach nearly 60 percent in Haiti. This means that extreme poverty is still an important issue in both low- and middle-income countries in the region. As growth wanes and progress in reducing the still high levels of inequality in the region slows, it will be more important than ever for governments to focus policies on inclusive growth. The book includes an overview that highlights progress towards the goals of poverty eradication and shared prosperity between 2003 and 2012, unpacks recent gains at the household level using an income-based asset model, and examines some of the policy levers used to affect social outcomes in the region. It draws on 13 country studies, eight of which are featured in this volume: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay. The other case studies include: Bolivia, Chile, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, and Honduras, which will be included in the web version of the book.

Abortion and Democracy

By Barbara Sutton,Nayla Luz Vacarezza
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000404463
  • Total of Pages : 248
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 641
  • Pdf File: abortion-and-democracy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Abortion and Democracy offers critical analyses of abortion politics in Latin America’s Southern Cone, with lessons and insights of wider significance. Drawing on the region’s recent history of military dictatorship and democratic transition, this edited volume explores how abortion rights demands fit with current democratic agendas. With a focus on Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay, the book’s contributors delve into the complex reality of abortion through the examination of the discourses, strategies, successes, and challenges of abortion rights movements. Assembling a multiplicity of voices and experiences, the contributions illuminate key dimensions of abortion rights struggles: health aspects, litigation efforts, legislative debates, party politics, digital strategies, grassroots mobilization, coalition-building, affective and artistic components, and movement-countermovement dynamics. The book takes an approach that is sensitive to social inequalities and to the transnational aspects of abortion rights struggles in each country. It bridges different scales of analysis, from abortion experiences at the micro level of the clinic or the home to the macro sociopolitical and cultural forces that shape individual lives. This is an important intervention suitable for students and scholars of abortion politics, democracy in Latin America, gender and sexuality, and women’s rights.

The Global Findex Database 2017

By Asli Demirguc-Kunt,Leora Klapper,Dorothe Singer,Saniya Ansar
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Book Code : 1464812683
  • Total of Pages : 148
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 625
  • Pdf File: the-global-findex-database-2017.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In 2011 the World Bank—with funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation—launched the Global Findex database, the world's most comprehensive data set on how adults save, borrow, make payments, and manage risk. Drawing on survey data collected in collaboration with Gallup, Inc., the Global Findex database covers more than 140 economies around the world. The initial survey round was followed by a second one in 2014 and by a third in 2017. Compiled using nationally representative surveys of more than 150,000 adults age 15 and above in over 140 economies, The Global Findex Database 2017: Measuring Financial Inclusion and the Fintech Revolution includes updated indicators on access to and use of formal and informal financial services. It has additional data on the use of financial technology (or fintech), including the use of mobile phones and the Internet to conduct financial transactions. The data reveal opportunities to expand access to financial services among people who do not have an account—the unbanked—as well as to promote greater use of digital financial services among those who do have an account. The Global Findex database has become a mainstay of global efforts to promote financial inclusion. In addition to being widely cited by scholars and development practitioners, Global Findex data are used to track progress toward the World Bank goal of Universal Financial Access by 2020 and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The database, the full text of the report, and the underlying country-level data for all figures—along with the questionnaire, the survey methodology, and other relevant materials—are available at www.worldbank.org/globalfindex.

Left Behind

By Renos Vakis,Jamele Rigolini,Leonardo Lucchetti
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Book Code : 1464806616
  • Total of Pages : 156
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 657
  • Pdf File: left-behind.pdf

Book Short Summary:

One out of every five Latin Americans or around 130 million people have never known anything but poverty, subsisting on less than US$4-a-day throughout their lives. These are the region ́s chronically poor, who have remained so despite unprecedented inroads against poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean since the turn of the century. Left Behind: Chronic Poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean takes a closer look at the region’s entrenched poor, who and where they are, and how existing policies need to change in order to effectively assist them. The book shows significant variations of rates of chronic poverty both across and within countries. Within a single country, some regions show incidence rates up to eight times higher than the lowest. Despite the higher rates of chronic poverty in rural areas, chronic poverty is as much an urban as a rural issue. In fact, considering absolute numbers, urban areas in many countries, including Chile, Brazil, Mexico, Colombia and the Dominican Republic, have more chronic poor than rural areas. Undoubtedly the region has come a long way during the decade in terms of poverty reduction, guided by a mix of sustained growth and increased levels in amounts and quality of public spending and programs targeted directly or indirectly to the chronic poor. While improving endowments and the context where the chronic poor live is a necessary condition going forward, the decade’s experience suggests that it may not be enough to reach the chronic poor. The book posits that refinements to the existing policy toolkit †“ as opposed to more programs †“ may come a long way in helping the remaining poor. These refinements include intensifying efforts to improve coordination between different social and economic programs, which can boost the income generation process and deal with the intergenerational transmission of chronic poverty by investing in early childhood development. Equally important though, there is an urgent need to adapt programs to directly address the psychological toll of chronic poverty on people’s mindset and aspirations, which currently undermines the effectiveness of the existing policy efforts.

Women's Activism in Latin America and the Caribbean

By Elizabeth Maier,Nathalie Lebon
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rutgers University Press
  • Book Code : 0813549515
  • Total of Pages : 384
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 446
  • Pdf File: women-s-activism-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Women's Activism in Latin America and the Caribbean brings together a group of interdisciplinary scholars who analyze and document the diversity, vibrancy, and effectiveness of women's experiences and organizing in Latin America and the Caribbean during the past four decades. Most of the expressions of collective agency are analyzed in this book within the context of the neoliberal model of globalization that has seriously affected most Latin American and Caribbean women's lives in multiple ways. Contributors explore the emergence of the area's feminist movement, dictatorships of the 1970s, the Central American uprisings, the urban, grassroots organizing for better living conditions, and finally, the turn toward public policy and formal political involvement and the alternative globalization movement. Geared toward bridging cultural realities, this volume represents women's transformations, challenges, and hopes, while considering the analytical tools needed to dissect the realities, understand the alternatives, and promote gender democracy.

Achieving Effective Social Protection for All in Latin America and the Caribbean

By Helena Ribe,David A. Robalino,Ian Walker
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Book Code : 9780821383995
  • Total of Pages : 136
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 436
  • Pdf File: achieving-effective-social-protection-for-all-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This study highlights the interaction between social protection programs and labor markets in the Latin America region. It presents new evidence on the limited coverage of existing programs and emphasizes the challenges caused by high informality for achieving universal social protection for old age income, for health, for unemployment risks and for anti poverty safety nets. It identifies interaction effects between SP programs and the behavioral responses of workers, firms and social protection providers, which can further undermine efforts to expand coverage, summarizing evidence from recent work across the region. It argues for a re-design of financing to eliminate cross subsidies between members of contributory programs and subsidies that effectively tax income from formal employment. Instead, it advocates well-targeted, tax-funded tapered subsidies to provide incentives to the savings efforts of low income workers, coupled with an effective safety net for the extreme poor who have no capacity to contribute to financing their own social protection arrangements. It also argues for the consolidation of programs and harmonization of benefits packages across different insurers. The book develops an overall conceptual framework and presents in-depth analysis of the main SP sectors of pensions, health, unemployment insurance and safety net transfers.

Social Panorama of Latin America 2014

By United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : United Nations
  • Book Code : 9210572106
  • Total of Pages : 286
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 492
  • Pdf File: social-panorama-of-latin-america-2014.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The 2014 edition of Social Panorama of Latin America presents ECLAC measurements for the analysis of income poverty, taking, as well, a multidimensional approach to poverty. Applying these two approaches to data for the countries of the region provides confirmation that despite the progress made over the past decade, structural poverty is still a feature of Latin American society. In order to contribute to a more comprehensive design of public policies aimed at overcoming poverty and socioeconomic inequality, this edition examines recent trends in social spending and sets out a deeper gap analysis focused on three areas: youth and development, gender inequality in the labour market and urban residential segregation.

Women, Politics, and Democracy in Latin America

By Tomáš Došek,Flavia Freidenberg,Mariana Caminotti,Betilde Muñoz-Pogossian
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1349950092
  • Total of Pages : 243
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 172
  • Pdf File: women-politics-and-democracy-in-latin-america.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book discusses the current tendencies in women’s representation and their role in politics in Latin American countries from three different perspectives. Firstly, the authors examine cultural, political-partisan and organizational obstacles that women face in and outside institutions. Secondly, the book explores barriers in political reality, such as gender legislation implementation, public administration and international cooperation, and proposes solutions, supported by successful experiences, emphasising the nonlinearity of the implementation process. Thirdly, the authors highlight the role of women in politics at the subnational level. The book combines academic expertise in various disciplines with contributions from practitioners within national and international institutions to broaden the reader’s understanding of women in Latin American politics.

The Gender Perspective

By Council of Europe. Parliamentary Assembly
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Council of Europe
  • Book Code : 9789287128225
  • Total of Pages : 163
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 227
  • Pdf File: the-gender-perspective.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book examines the fundamental rights of women & highlights the importance of a "separate & equal station", one of the Council of Europe's guiding principles.

Latin American Women and Research Contributions to the IT Field

By Negrón, Adriana Peña Pérez,Muñoz, Mirna
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Book Code : 1799875547
  • Total of Pages : 459
  • Category : Computers
  • Members : 405
  • Pdf File: latin-american-women-and-research-contributions-to-the-it-field.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Although the effort to involve women in engineering has risen in recent years with the creation of new initiatives and the promotion of inclusion in technical disciplines, the active participation of women in engineering professions is continuously lower than expected. While the need for engineers appears to be constantly increasing, women still do not fill most of this role and have a long way to go to even reach an equal split in the field. This gender gap has a significant impact how women in the STEM fields are perceived as well as their experiences in their education and careers. When it comes to Latin American women in IT, their contribution to science can go unnoticed, their participation levels in these fields are very low, and they often occupy lower-level positions than their male counterparts. These issues need to be discussed, and the experiences of women who work in the field must be shared. Latin American Women and Research Contributions to the IT Field highlights the important role of Latin American women in IT by collecting and disseminating their frontier-research contributions in order to provide more visibility and inspire greater participation of Latin American women within the major field of computer science. With chapters contributed by female authors from eight Latin American and Caribbean countries, the book provides a deep analysis of these women’s trajectory paths to high quality theoretical and applied relevant research in computer science and IT. While highlighting areas such as inclusivity and STEM education, along with advancements and achievements in topics that include nonverbal interaction in virtual reality, fuzzy logic applications in education, and ant colony optimization, this book is ideal for professionals, academics, students, and researchers working in the fields of information technologies and computer science as well as those interested in gender and women’s studies.

Women’s Work in Special Period Cuba

By Daliany Jerónimo Kersh
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3030056309
  • Total of Pages : 255
  • Category : History
  • Members : 362
  • Pdf File: women-s-work-in-special-period-cuba.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The abrupt loss of Soviet financial support in 1989 resulted in the near-collapse of the Cuban economy, ushering in the almost two decades of austerity measures and severe shortages of food and basic consumer goods referred to as the Special Period. Through the innovative framework of individual and collective memory, Daliany Jerónimo Kersh brings together analysis of press sources and oral histories to offer a compelling portrait of how Cuban women cleverly combined various forms of paid work to make ends meet. Disproportionately impacted by the economic crisis given their role as primary caregivers and household managers and unable to survive on devalued state salaries alone, women often employed informal and illegal earning strategies. As she argues, this regression into gendered work such as cooking, sewing, cleaning, reselling, and providing sexual services precipitated by the post-Soviet crisis to a large extent marked a return to pre-revolutionary gendered divisions of labor.

Women and Sport in Latin America

By Rosa Lopez de D'Amico,Tansin Benn,Gertrud Pfister
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 131756572X
  • Total of Pages : 286
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 104
  • Pdf File: women-and-sport-in-latin-america.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This multidisciplinary book draws on sociology, cultural studies, anthropology and history, to explore the diversity, challenges and achievements of Latin American women in sport. It offers an in-depth analysis of women’s sport in ten countries across Latin America, insights into the sport activities of indigenous peoples, and the contributions of Latin American women to sport living outside of the region. The book also provides a comprehensive overview of international developments in gender and sport research, policy development and theory, and addresses sport participation at many levels including in school-based physical education, community and high performance contexts.

Death in the City

By Kathryn A. Sloan
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Book Code : 0520964535
  • Total of Pages : 272
  • Category : History
  • Members : 183
  • Pdf File: death-in-the-city.pdf

Book Short Summary:

At the turn of the twentieth century, many observers considered suicide to be a worldwide social problem that had reached epidemic proportions. In Mexico City, violent deaths in public spaces were commonplace in a city undergoing rapid modernization. Crime rates mounted, corpses piled up in the morgue, and the media reported on sensational cases of murder and suicide. More troublesome still, a compelling death wish appeared to grip women and youth. Drawing on a range of sources from judicial records to the popular press, Death in the City investigates the cultural meanings of self-destruction in modern Mexico. The author examines responses to suicide and death and disproves the long-held belief that Mexicans possess a cavalier attitude toward suffering.

Women's Work And Women's Lives

By Hilda Kahne
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000009610
  • Total of Pages : 336
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 860
  • Pdf File: women-s-work-and-women-s-lives.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is a provocative analysis of the nature of the relation between women and paid work in both modernizing and industrial countries. It explores the variables that shape the relationship: demographic factors, the social and cultural context, and the direction of economic development.

Performing Women and Modern Literary Culture in Latin America

By Vicky Unruh
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • Book Code : 0292773749
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Members : 688
  • Pdf File: performing-women-and-modern-literary-culture-in-latin-america.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Women have always been the muses who inspire the creativity of men, but how do women become the creators of art themselves? This was the challenge faced by Latin American women who aspired to write in the 1920s and 1930s. Though women's roles were opening up during this time, women writers were not automatically welcomed by the Latin American literary avant-gardes, whose male members viewed women's participation in tertulias (literary gatherings) and publications as uncommon and even forbidding. How did Latin American women writers, celebrated by male writers as the "New Eve" but distrusted as fellow creators, find their intellectual homes and fashion their artistic missions? In this innovative book, Vicky Unruh explores how women writers of the vanguard period often gained access to literary life as public performers. Using a novel, interdisciplinary synthesis of performance theory, she shows how Latin American women's work in theatre, poetry declamation, song, dance, oration, witty display, and bold journalistic self-portraiture helped them craft their public personas as writers and shaped their singular forms of analytical thought, cultural critique, and literary style. Concentrating on eleven writers from Argentina, Brazil, Cuba, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela, Unruh demonstrates that, as these women identified themselves as instigators of change rather than as passive muses, they unleashed penetrating critiques of projects for social and artistic modernization in Latin America.

Opposing Currents

By Vivienne Bennett,Sonia Dávila-Poblete,Nieves Rico
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Pre
  • Book Code : 0822972654
  • Total of Pages : 250
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 561
  • Pdf File: opposing-currents.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume focuses on women in Latin America as stakeholders in water resources management. It makes their contributions to grassroots efforts more visible, explains why doing so is essential for effective public policy and planning in the water sector, and provides guidelines for future planning and project implementation. After an in-depth review of gender and water management policies and issues in relation to domestic usage, irrigation, and sustainable development, the book provides a series of case studies prepared by an interdisciplinary group of scholars and activists. Covering countries throughout the hemisphere, and moving freely from impoverished neighborhoods to the conference rooms of international agencies, the book explores the various ways in which women are-and are not-involved in local water initiatives across Latin America. Insightful analyses reveal what these case studies imply for the success or failure of various regional efforts to improve water accessibility and usability, and suggest new ways of thinking about gender and the environment in the context of specific policies and practices.