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The American

By Howard Fast
  • ISBN Code: : 145323490X
  • Publisher : Open Road Media
  • Pages : 254
  • Category : Fiction
  • Reads : 679
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : the-american.pdf

Book Excerpt :

The #1 New York Times–bestselling author of Spartacus reimagines the life of John Peter Altgeld, a courageous politician and forgotten national hero. Though Abraham Lincoln is often considered the United States’ most legendary politician, he wasn’t the only country lawyer out of Illinois to change the face of the nation. John Peter Altgeld fought for Lincoln as a foot soldier in the Union Army, then followed in his footsteps from law to politics, eventually becoming governor of Illinois in 1896. Howard Fast’s dazzling fictional account of Altgeld’s life offers an inspirational example of a man who made great sacrifices for quintessentially American ideals. Inspired by Altgeld’s social reforms, such as his fight against the dehumanizing economic injustice of the Gilded Age and his trailblazing implementation of some of the nation’s first child labor laws, Fast celebrates the compelling life of an unsung American luminary. This ebook features an illustrated biography of Howard Fast including rare photos from the author’s estate.

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Read Also This Books

Television Westerns

By Alvin H. Marill
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Scarecrow Press
  • Book Code : 0810881330
  • Total of Pages : 190
  • Category : Performing Arts
  • Members : 779
  • Pdf File: television-westerns.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume looks at the Western as it was represented from the beginning of television, encompassing all manifestations of the Western, including such series as Bonanza, Gunsmoke, and The Wild, Wild West, as well as movies-of the-week, mini-series, failed pilots, animated programs, documentaries, and even Western-themed episodes of non-Western series that provided their own spin on the genre.

The Invention of Saintliness

By Anneke B. Mulder-Bakker
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134498659
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : History
  • Members : 595
  • Pdf File: the-invention-of-saintliness.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume discusses, from an historical and literary angle, the ways in which sanctification and the inscription of saintliness take place. Going beyond the traditional categories of canonization, cult, liturgical veneration and hagiographical lives, the work raises fundamental issues concerning definitions of saints and saintliness in a period before the concept was crystallized in canon law. As well as discussing sources and methodology, contributions cover contextual issues, including relics and veneration, life and the afterlife, and examinations of specific sources and texts. Subjects raised include the idea of hagiography as intimate biography, perceptions of holiness in writings by and about female mystics, and bodily aspects of the Franciscan search for evangelical perfection.

Hollywood's West

By Peter C. Rollins,John E. O'Connor
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University Press of Kentucky
  • Book Code : 0813171806
  • Total of Pages : 392
  • Category : Performing Arts
  • Members : 406
  • Pdf File: hollywood-s-west.pdf

Book Short Summary:

American historians such as Frederick Jackson Turner have argued that the West has been the region that most clearly defines American democracy and the national ethos. Throughout the twentieth century, the “frontier thesis” influenced film and television producers who used the West as a backdrop for an array of dramatic explorations of America’s history and the evolution of its culture and values. The common themes found in Westerns distinguish the genre as a quintessentially American form of dramatic art. In Hollywood’s West, Peter C. Rollins, John E. O’Connor, and the nation’s leading film scholars analyze popular conceptions of the frontier as a fundamental element of American history and culture. This volume examines classic Western films and programs that span nearly a century, from Cimarron (1931) to Turner Network Television’s recent made-for-TV movies. Many of the films discussed here are considered among the greatest cinematic landmarks of all time. The essays highlight the ways in which Westerns have both shaped and reflected the dominant social and political concerns of their respective eras. While Cimarron challenged audiences with an innovative, complex narrative, other Westerns of the early sound era such as The Great Meadow (1931) frequently presented nostalgic visions of a simpler frontier era as a temporary diversion from the hardships of the Great Depression. Westerns of the 1950s reveal the profound uncertainty cast by the cold war, whereas later Westerns display heightened violence and cynicism, products of a society marred by wars, assassinations, riots, and political scandals. The volume concludes with a comprehensive filmography and an informative bibliography of scholarly writings on the Western genre. This collection will prove useful to film scholars, historians, and both devoted and casual fans of the Western genre. Hollywood’s West makes a significant contribution to the understanding of both the historic American frontier and its innumerable popular representations.

Arizona Myths and Legends

By Sam Lowe
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Book Code : 1493023055
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : History
  • Members : 197
  • Pdf File: arizona-myths-and-legends.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Arizona Myths and Legends explores unusual phenomena, strange events, and mysteries in Arizona’s history, like the story of Pearl Hart or the ghosts that live in the Hotel Vendome. Each episode included in the book is a story unto itself, and the tone and style of the book is lively and easy to read for a general audience interested in Arizona history.

Race and the Wild West

By Laura J. Arata
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
  • Book Code : 0806168161
  • Total of Pages : 304
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Members : 329
  • Pdf File: race-and-the-wild-west.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Born a slave in eastern Tennessee, Sarah Blair Bickford (1852–1931) made her way while still a teenager to Montana Territory, where she settled in the mining boomtown of Virginia City. Race and the Wild West is the first full-length biography of this remarkable woman, whose life story affords new insight into race and belonging in the American West around the turn of the twentieth century. For many years, Sarah Bickford’s known biography fit into a single paragraph. By examining her life in all its complexity, Arata fills in what were long believed to be unrecoverable “silent spaces” in her story. Before establishing herself as a successful business owner, we learn, she was twice married, both times to white men. Her first husband, an Irish immigrant, physically abused her until she divorced him in 1881. Their three children all died before the age of ten. In 1883, she married Stephen Bickford and gave birth to four more children. Upon his death, she inherited his shares of the Virginia City Water Company, acquiring sole ownership in 1917. For the final decade of her life, Bickford actively preserved and promoted a historic Virginia City building best known as the site of the brutal lynching in 1864 of five men. Her conspicuous role in developing an early form of heritage tourism challenges long-standing narratives that place white men at the center of the “Wild West” myth and its promotion. Bickford’s story offers a window into the dynamics of race in the rural West. Although her experiences defy easy categorization, what is clear is that her navigation of social norms and racial barriers did not hinge on exceptionalism or tokenism. Instead, she built a life that deserves to be understood on its own terms. Through exhaustive research and nuanced analysis, Laura J. Arata advances our understanding of a woman whose life embodied the contradictory intersections of hope and disappointment that characterized life in the early-twentieth-century American West for brave pioneers of many races.

Politics in Gotham

By Damien K. Picariello
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3030057763
  • Total of Pages : 237
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 579
  • Pdf File: politics-in-gotham.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In Politics in Gotham, scholars from a variety of fields—political science, philosophy, law, and others—provide answers to the question: “What does Batman have to do with politics?” Contributors use the Batman canon, from the comics to the feature films, to explore a broad range of issues in politics and political thought. What can Batman’s role in Gotham City teach us about democracy? How do Batman’s vigilantism and his violence fit within a society committed to the rule of law? What’s the relationship between politics in Gotham and politics in our own communities? From Machiavelli to the fake news phenomenon, this book provides a compelling introduction to the politics behind one of the world’s most enduring pop culture figures.

The Psychology of the Western

By William Indick
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Book Code : 0786492112
  • Total of Pages : 223
  • Category : Performing Arts
  • Members : 700
  • Pdf File: the-psychology-of-the-western.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Western films are often considered sprawling reflections of the American spirit. This book analyzes the archetypes, themes, and figures within the mythology of the western frontier. Western themes are interpreted as expressions of cultural needs that perform specific psychological functions for the audience. Chapters are devoted to the frontier hero character, the roles of women and Native Americans, and the work of the genre's most prolific directors, Anthony Mann and John Ford. The book includes a filmography and movie stills. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

The Western Movie Quiz Book

By Graeme Ross
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : BearManor Media
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Performing Arts
  • Members : 634
  • Pdf File: the-western-movie-quiz-book.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Saddle up for 1250 questions and answers on the greatest movie genre of them all! If you are a fan of Westerns, there are some things a man just can’t ride around, and The Western Movie Quiz Book is well worth a mosey. Enjoy this affectionate tribute to a much loved and enduring cinematic art form. With 1,250 questions ranging from the very easy to expert, covering 125 subjects, the book is a comprehensive history of the Western. All the classic Westerns from over a century of moviemaking, as well as more obscure oaters are covered. Icons of the genre, the great directors, stars, and locations are an integral part of the book. Subjects include Spaghetti Westerns, Comedy Westerns, Catchphrases, Good Guys and Bad Guys, as well as chapters on John Wayne, Clint Eastwood, Henry Fonda, and many others that helped make the Western the most loved film genre of all. Foreword by Philip French, film critic of The Observer newspaper and author of Westerns: Aspects of a Movie Genre, a seminal history of the genre. Happy Trails! "Author Graeme Ross has done a masterful job, creating an entertaining, amusing and informative book which is fun for testing your own knowledge, and even better to match your wits against your pards at the local saloon." -- Henry's Western Round-up

The Essential West

By Elliott West
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
  • Book Code : 0806188790
  • Total of Pages : 344
  • Category : Literary Collections
  • Members : 379
  • Pdf File: the-essential-west.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Scholars and enthusiasts of western American history have praised Elliott West as a distinguished historian and an accomplished writer, and this book proves them right on both counts. Capitalizing on West’s wide array of interests, this collection of his essays touches on topics ranging from viruses and the telegraph to children, bison, and Larry McMurtry. Drawing from the past three centuries, West weaves the western story into that of the nation and the world beyond, from Kansas and Montana to Haiti, Africa, and the court of Louis XV. Divided into three sections, the volume begins with conquest. West is not the first historian to write about Lewis and Clark, but he is the first to contrast their expedition with Mungo Park’s contemporaneous journey in Africa. “The Lewis and Clark expedition,” West begins, “is one of the most overrated events in American history—and one of the most revealing.” The humor of this insightful essay is a chief characteristic of the whole book, which comprises ten chapters previously published in major journals and magazines—but revised for this edition—and four brand-new ones. West is well known for his writings about frontier family life, especially the experiences of children at work and play. Fans of his earlier books on these subjects will not be disappointed. In a final section, he looks at the West of myth and imagination, in part to show that our fantasies about the West are worth studying precisely because they have been so at odds with the real West. In essays on buffalo, Jesse James and the McMurtry novel Lonesome Dove, West directs his formidable powers to subjects that continue to shape our understanding—and often our misunderstanding—of the American West, past and present.

The American West

By Dee Brown
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Book Code : 9781439125564
  • Total of Pages : 448
  • Category : History
  • Members : 859
  • Pdf File: the-american-west.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Renowned storyteller Dee Brown, author of the bestselling Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, recreates the struggles of Native Americans, settlers, and ranchers in this stunning volume that illuminates the history of the old West that’s filled with maps and vintage photographs. Beginning with the demise of the Native Americans of the Plains, Brown depicts the onrush of the burgeoning cattle trade and the waves of immigrants who ultimately “settled” the land. In the retelling of this oft-told saga, Brown has demonstrated once again his abilities as a master storyteller and an entertaining popular historian. By turns heroic, tragic, and even humorous, The American West brings to life American tragedy and triumph in the years from 1840 to the turn of the century, and a roster of characters both great and small: Red Cloud, Sitting Bull, Geronimo, Dull Knife, Crazy Horse, Captain Jack, John H. Tunstall, Billy the Kid, Pat Garrett, Wyatt Earp, the Hole-in-the-Wall Gang, Wild Bill Hickok, Charles Goodnight, Oliver Loving, Buffalo Bill, and many others. The American West is about cattle and the railroads; it is about settlers who came to claim a land not originally their own and how they slowly imposed law and order on these wild and untamed places; and it is about the wanton destruction of the Native American way of life. This is epic history at its best and popular history at its most readable. This new work is culled from Dee Brown’s highly acclaimed writings, which instantly established him as one of America’s foremost Western authorities. Fully revised, rewritten, and edited into one seamless account of America’s most famous frontier, this epic narrative, along with the introduction and a chronological table of events, etches an unforgettable and poignant portrait. The American West is at once a tribute to the West and a majestic new peak for a writer whose long and successful career has been synonymous with excellence in frontier history.

Myth of the Western

By Carter Matthew Carter
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
  • Book Code : 1474402836
  • Total of Pages : 246
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 840
  • Pdf File: myth-of-the-western.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is the nature of the relationship between the Hollywood Western and American frontier mythology? How have Western films helped develop cultural and historical perceptions, attitudes and beliefs towards the frontier? Is there still a place for the genre in light of revisionist histories of the American West?Myth of the Western re-invigorates the debate surrounding the relationship between the Western and frontier mythology, arguing for the importance of the genre's socio-cultural, historical and political dimensions. Taking a number of critical-theoretical and philosophical approaches, Matthew Carter applies them to prominent forms of frontier historiography. He also considers the historiographic element of the Western by exploring the different ways in which the genre has responded to the issues raised by the frontier. Carter skilfully argues that the genre has - and continues to reveal - the complexities and contradictions at the heart of US society. With its clear analyses of and intellectual challenges to the film scholarship that has developed around the Western over a 65-year period, this book adds new depth to our understanding of specific film texts and of the genre as a whole - a welcome resource for students and scholars in both Film Studies and American Studies.

Western Perspectives on the Mediterranean

By Andreas Fischer,Ian Wood
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : A&C Black
  • Book Code : 1472502116
  • Total of Pages : 192
  • Category : History
  • Members : 99
  • Pdf File: western-perspectives-on-the-mediterranean.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Based on close analyses of contemporary texts, and backed by an examination of the origins of the elements transferred and of the process of transmission, the contributors to this volume focus on the perception and adaptation of knowledge and cultural elements in the West. Taking a variety of approaches, they shed light on the changing lines of communication between the Byzantine empire and other parts of the Mediterranean, on the one hand, and the Burgundian, Frankish and Anglo-Saxon realms and the Papacy on the other.

Wild West Meets the Big Apple, The

By Michael P. O’Connor
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Pelican Publishing Company, Inc.
  • Book Code : 1455621692
  • Total of Pages : 224
  • Category : History
  • Members : 653
  • Pdf File: wild-west-meets-the-big-apple-the.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book Wild West Meets the Big Apple, The

Imagining the American West through Film and Tourism

By Warwick Frost,Jennifer Laing
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317665112
  • Total of Pages : 268
  • Category : Travel
  • Members : 550
  • Pdf File: imagining-the-american-west-through-film-and-tourism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The West is one of the strongest and most enduring place images in the world and its myth is firmly rooted in popular culture – whether novels, film, television, music, clothing and even video games. The West combines myth and history, rugged natural scenery and wide open spaces, popular culture and promises of transformation. These imagined places draw in tourists, attracted by a cultural heritage that is part fictional and mediatised. In turn, tourism operators and destination marketing organisations refashion what they present to fit these imagined images. This book explores this imagining of a mythic West through three key themes, travel, film and frontiers to offer new insight into how the imagination of the West and popular culture has influenced the construction of tourism. In doing so, it examines the series of paradoxes that underlie the basic appeal of the West: evocative frontier, a boundary zone between civilisation and wilderness and between order and lawlessness. It draws on a range of films and literature as well as varying places from festivals to national parks to showcase different aspects of the nexus between travel, film and frontiers in this fascinating region. Interdisciplinary in character, it includes perspectives from cultural studies, American studies, tourism and film studies. Written by leading academics, this title will be valuable reading for students, researchers and academics in the fields of cultural studies, tourism, film studies and media studies and all those interested in film tourism.

Buffalo Bill and the Birth of American Celebrity

By Kellen Cutsforth
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Book Code : 1493047434
  • Total of Pages : 224
  • Category : History
  • Members : 613
  • Pdf File: buffalo-bill-and-the-birth-of-american-celebrity.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Buffalo Bill and the Birth of American Celebrity commemorates the rise of Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show and tells the tale of a visionary whose real-life experiences (and embellishments) created an entertainment phenomenon that became a worldwide sensation. From Bill Cody's earliest ideas of entertainment spectacles using Indians and examples of frontier life in their productions; the elements of Cody’s early life that found their way into his Wild West spectacle; his friendship with Ned Buntline and early stage career; Cody’s inclusion in outlandish dime novels; how the Wild West show idea was hatched with Cody’s partner Doc Carver and their tumultuous relationship; early financial wobbles and European influence to take the Wild West overseas culminating in the 1887 American Exhibition; the hiring of Annie Oakley and treatment of Native Americans in the enterprise, and finally a look at Cody’s lasting influence on today’s entertainment culture.

Legends Never Die

By Richard Ian Kimball
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Syracuse University Press
  • Book Code : 0815654057
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 745
  • Pdf File: legends-never-die.pdf

Book Short Summary:

With every touchdown, home run, and three-pointer, star athletes represent an American dream that only an elite group blessed with natural talent can achieve. However, Kimball concentrates on what happens once these modern warriors meet their untimely demise. As athletes die, legends rise in their place. The premature deaths of celebrated players not only capture and immortalize their physical superiority, but also jolt their fans with an unanticipated intensity. These athletes escape the inevitability of aging and decline of skill, with only the prime of their youth left to be remembered. But early mortality alone does not transform athletes into immortals. The living ultimately gain the power to construct the legacies of their fallen heroes. In Legends Never Die, Kimball explores the public myths and representations that surround a wide range of athletes, from Lou Gehrig and Joe DiMaggio to Dale Earnhardt and Bonnie McCarroll. Kimball delves deeper than just the cultural significance of sports and its players; he examines how each athlete’s narrative is shaped by gender relations, religion, and politics in contemporary America. In looking at how Americans react to the tragic deaths of sports heroes, Kimball illuminates the important role sports play in US society and helps to explain why star athletes possess such cultural power.

Early American Legends and Folktales

By Joanne Randolph
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC
  • Book Code : 1502633116
  • Total of Pages : 64
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Members : 650
  • Pdf File: early-american-legends-and-folktales.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Early American folktales demonstrate the ambitions and values of the first settlers in the United States, including bravery, honesty, and a pioneering spirit. These legends, tall tales, and fairytales also introduced beloved figures like Babe the Blue Ox and Paul Bunyan. This book explains the traditions of storytelling that are uniquely American and describes how historical events shaped the stories we still tell in modern day.

Myths and Mysteries of the Old West

By Michael Rutter
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Book Code : 1493028294
  • Total of Pages : 176
  • Category : History
  • Members : 616
  • Pdf File: myths-and-mysteries-of-the-old-west.pdf

Book Short Summary:

How much of what we know about the history of the Old West is true? In this new book, author Michael Rutter looks at the legend and lore behind such notorious figures as Billy the Kid and Calamity Jane and the stories of famous gun fights and battles, telling what really happened. Truth may be stranger than fiction, but these 12 legends stand up to scrutiny, and this book will be a must-read for all western history buffs.


By John White
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136855599
  • Total of Pages : 216
  • Category : Performing Arts
  • Members : 425
  • Pdf File: westerns.pdf

Book Short Summary:

It is a common assertion that the history of America is written in its Westerns, but how true is this? In this guidebook John White discusses the evolution of the Western through history and looks at theoretical and critical approaches to Westerns such as genre analysis, semiotics, representation, ideology, discourse analysis, narrative, realism, auteur and star theory, psychoanalytical theory, postmodernism and audience response. The book includes case studies of 8 key westerns: Stagecoach My Darling Clementine Shane The Good, The Bad and the Ugly McCabe and Mrs Miller Unforgiven Brokeback Mountain The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford Including a chronology of significant events for the Western genre, a glossary and further reading, this introduction to an important genre in film studies is a great guide for students.

Dante Encyclopedia

By Richard Lansing
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136849718
  • Total of Pages : 1034
  • Category : History
  • Members : 855
  • Pdf File: dante-encyclopedia.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Available for the first time in paperback, this essential resource presents a systematic introduction to Dante's life and works, his cultural context and intellectual legacy. The only such work available in English, this Encyclopedia: brings together contemporary theories on Dante, summarizing them in clear and vivid prose provides in-depth discussions of the Divine Comedy, looking at title and form, moral structure, allegory and realism, manuscript tradition, and also taking account of the various editions of the work over the centuries contains numerous entries on Dante's other important writings and on the major subjects covered within them addresses connections between Dante and philosophy, theology, poetics, art, psychology, science, and music as well as critical perspective across the ages, from Dante's first critics to the present.

The Variation Theory of Comparative Literature

By Shunqing Cao
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 3642342779
  • Total of Pages : 252
  • Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Members : 565
  • Pdf File: the-variation-theory-of-comparative-literature.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Seeing the restrictions of former studies in Comparative Literature and aiming to amend these deficiencies, the author of this book mainly discusses the major theoretical significance and academic value of the Variation Theory in the whole process of the development of Comparative Literature in the world. In China the seminal comparative study of literature among different cultures can be dated back to ancient China, while the founding of comparative literature as a distinct academic discipline has to be largely owing to the influence of the West. The modern Chinese study of comparative literature formed its uniqueness under Western influence. The direct influence of the translation of western theories into China is remarkable. However, in the course of translation and reception of Western theories, Chinese comparatists and intellectuals have been encountering various problems, and solving them with an alternative method accordingly different from the traditional methods proposed by the French School and the American School. Therefore, in this book, modern Chinese study of comparative literature is put in a historical context with regard to the theoretical issue of the discipline in China through the entire 20th century. At present, many scholars in China and in other countries agree that, with the influence study proposed by the French School and the study of analogy advocated by the American School, the entire theoretical system of Comparative Literature is well built. However, when the comparative study of literature between East and West is concerned, the theory of Comparative Literature is far from perfect. It is not only because many problems still exist, but there are significant defects in their theoretical bases respectively. Many researches have proven that even with the influence study and the study of analogy, we still can not solve many problems in the practice of studies in comparative literature. This does not mean that we have no respect for the contributions of the French School and the American School; we just want to attach importance to literary variations, which is a phenomenon that has long been neglected. The purpose of putting forward the Variation Theory in Comparative Literature is to provide new perspectives, new methods and new theory to the study of comparative literature, which may be a major breakthrough in the international arena of Comparative Literature. The neglect of literary variation is mainly because all the previous theories about comparative literature start off in search of similarities but not differences. Accordingly, in 1990s heterogeneity as a premise of comparability was put forward. And later, the variation theory was further advanced. It is not only the important phenomenon in literary communication, but also the most valuable research object in Comparative Literature. Still, it will be an important path to cultural innovation. The Variation Theory may make up the major flaws of theories by both French school and the American School since it focus on heterogeneity and variability in cross-cultural literary events, especially the ones of inter-civilization which will be a new course for comparative literature. Throughout the history of literature and the history of literary communication, collisions between different civilizations have always been producing new literary events which make the heterogeneity of different civilizations and variability traceable. The higher stage of literary communication may mean dialogue and blend between different cultures. The overarching concerns of this book include different levels of variation in literary communication and the studies of different objects. The introduction begins with a literature review of major achievements made by the French School and the American School with pointing out what they have neglected. The body of the book is divided into three parts. In the first part, Chapter 1 deals with the major contributions of influence study and its weaknesses. The origination of comparative literature in most of European countries is reviewed first, and then the major contributions of the French School are listed to point out its merits and weaknesses. The author discusses the relation between Influence Study and the Variation Theory and the importance of the French school in theoretical development of comparative literature is stressed too. Chapter 2 offers a critical introduction and reflection on the study of analogy . Both its major contributions and weaknesses are made clear to further illustrate the relationship between interpretation and the Variation Theory. And the discursive variation is discussed. Part II is a transitional part with only one chapter that gives a clear account of phenomenon of variation from international perspective. Part III consists of four chapters. Chapter 4 offers a detailed description of The Variation Theory in cross-languages context. Chapter 5 deals with cross-cultural variation in homogeneous circle of civilization. Chapter 6 discusses the variation among heterogeneous civilization. For a long period of time the theoretical study of comparative literature in China has largely been confined to the Chinese academic arena, thus has long been neglected. On one hand western comparatists have gradually realized the importance of a non-western perspective in the study of the discipline; on the other hand, few books are available to introduce the recent development of comparative literature study in China. Compared with the enthusiastic reception of the theories of the French School and the American School, the theories of Chinese comparatists receives relatively little attention in western countries. In this sense, the proposed book attempts to challenge the myth of monolithic theories of comparative literature, trying to construct an alternative theory of the discipline.

Convict Cowboys

By Mitchel P. Roth
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of North Texas Press
  • Book Code : 1574416529
  • Total of Pages : 448
  • Category : History
  • Members : 377
  • Pdf File: convict-cowboys.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Convict Cowboys is the first book on the nation’s first prison rodeo, which ran from 1931 to 1986. At its apogee the Texas Prison Rodeo drew 30,000 spectators on October Sundays. Mitchel P. Roth portrays the Texas Prison Rodeo against a backdrop of Texas history, covering the history of rodeo, the prison system, and convict leasing, as well as important figures in Texas penology including Marshall Lee Simmons, O.B. Ellis, and George J. Beto, and the changing prison demimonde. Over the years the rodeo arena not only boasted death-defying entertainment that would make professional cowboys think twice, but featured a virtual who’s who of American popular culture. Readers will be treated to stories about numerous American and Texas folk heroes, including Western film stars ranging from Tom Mix to John Wayne, and music legends such as Johnny Cash and Willie Nelson. Through extensive archival research Roth introduces readers to the convict cowboys in both the rodeo arena and behind prison walls, giving voice to a legion of previously forgotten inmate cowboys who risked life and limb for a few dollars and the applause of free-world crowds.

The Big Trivia Quiz Book

  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Book Code : 0744036887
  • Total of Pages : 528
  • Category : Games & Activities
  • Members : 600
  • Pdf File: the-big-trivia-quiz-book.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Put your general knowledge to the test, and impress your family and friends with your astonishing brainpower and trivia genius. An addictive quiz ebook for all the family featuring 10,000 questions, The Big Trivia Quiz Book has something for everyone. With 10 different general knowledge categories - from Science & Technology, Art & Literature, and Natural History, to Food & Drink, Film & TV, and Sport & Leisure - and three increasing levels of difficulty, it offers a fresh and up-to-the-minute quizzing experience that will educate and entertain all the family. Bursting with fascinating facts to boost your trivia knowledge, whatever your specialist subject or your nemesis topic, The Big Trivia Quiz Book is perfect for home entertainment and virtual pub quizzes. You won't be able to put it down!

Robert Redford and the American West

By Elisa Leonelli
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
  • Book Code : 1462818145
  • Total of Pages : 196
  • Category : Performing Arts
  • Members : 254
  • Pdf File: robert-redford-and-the-american-west.pdf

Book Short Summary:

ROBERT REDFORD has played many Westerners on the big screen: a romantic outlaw in Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969) with Paul Newman, a sheriff in Tell Them Willie Boy is Here (1968), a mountain man in Jeremiah Johnson (1972), a rodeo cowboy in The Electric Horseman (1979) with Jane Fonda, a Montana rancher in The Horse Whisperer (1998), which he also directed. He is the founder of Sundance, an admirer of Native American art and culture and a committed environmentalist. He embodies the best values of the American West.

"I'm Just a Comic Book Boy"

By Christopher B. Field,,Keegan Lannon,Michael David MacBride
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Book Code : 147663498X
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Members : 864
  • Pdf File: i-m-just-a-comic-book-boy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

 Comics and the punk movement are inextricably linked—each has a foundational do-it-yourself ethos and a nonconformist spirit defiant of authority. This collection of new essays provides for the first time a thorough analysis of the intersections between comics and punk. The contributors expand the discussion beyond the familiar U.S. and UK scenes to include the influence punk has had on comics produced in other countries, such as Spain and Turkey.

Islam and the West

By Bernard Lewis
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 9780198023937
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 288
  • Pdf File: islam-and-the-west.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Hailed in The New York Times Book Review as "the doyen of Middle Eastern studies," Bernard Lewis has been for half a century one of the West's foremost scholars of Islamic history and culture, the author of over two dozen books, most notably The Arabs in History, The Emergence of Modern Turkey, The Political Language of Islam, and The Muslim Discovery of Europe. Eminent French historian Robert Mantran has written of Lewis's work: "How could one resist being attracted to the books of an author who opens for you the doors of an unknown or misunderstood universe, who leads you within to its innermost domains: religion, ways of thinking, conceptions of power, culture--an author who upsets notions too often fixed, fallacious, or partisan." In Islam and the West, Bernard Lewis brings together in one volume eleven essays that indeed open doors to the innermost domains of Islam. Lewis ranges far and wide in these essays. He includes long pieces, such as his capsule history of the interaction--in war and peace, in commerce and culture--between Europe and its Islamic neighbors, and shorter ones, such as his deft study of the Arabic word watan and what its linguistic history reveals about the introduction of the idea of patriotism from the West. Lewis offers a revealing look at Edward Gibbon's portrait of Muhammad in Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (unlike previous writers, Gibbon saw the rise of Islam not as something separate and isolated, nor as a regrettable aberration from the onward march of the church, but simply as a part of human history); he offers a devastating critique of Edward Said's controversial book, Orientalism; and he gives an account of the impediments to translating from classic Arabic to other languages (the old dictionaries, for one, are packed with scribal errors, misreadings, false analogies, and etymological deductions that pay little attention to the evolution of the language). And he concludes with an astute commentary on the Islamic world today, examining revivalism, fundamentalism, the role of the Shi'a, and the larger question of religious co-existence between Muslims, Christians, and Jews. A matchless guide to the background of Middle East conflicts today, Islam and the West presents the seasoned reflections of an eminent authority on one of the most intriguing and little understood regions in the world.

The Best of American Heritage: The Old West

By Edwin S. Grosvenor
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : New Word City
  • Book Code : 1640193510
  • Total of Pages : 460
  • Category : History
  • Members : 448
  • Pdf File: the-best-of-american-heritage.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Here in this remarkable collection from American Heritage, such noted authors as Tom Brokaw, Wallace Stegner, John Lukacs, and others bring to life many of the most famous men and women of the Old West - from Lewis and Clark to Charles Frémont, Billy the Kid, Wyatt Earp, Chief Joseph, Frederick Remington, the defenders of the Alamo, the Texas Rangers, and the riders of the Pony Express. It also shines a light on topics such as the origins of scalping, the famous Lincoln County War, the grim medical reality of Western gunfights, cowboy jargon, and the first rodeo.

Dragon Legends

By David Passes
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Pavilion Children's
  • Book Code : 1843652331
  • Total of Pages : 300
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 527
  • Pdf File: dragon-legends.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A new edition of a popular classicStunning illustrations from Wayne Anderson, one of the leading fantasy artists of the last 20 yearsStories about dragons from all around the worldPerfect for children (8+) and adults alikeGreat Price! In this sumptuous anthology, David Passes invites us inside the mythical and fantastical world of dragons. He has selected a magnificent mixture of heroic myths, stories and folktales from the storytelling traditions of India, Greece, England, Wales, Sweden and China. Marduck and Tiamat - Babylon, Indra and Vritia India, Heracles and the Hydra Greek, Cadmus and the Golden Dragon Greek, Beowulf and the Fire Dragon Scandanavia, Saint George England, The Lambton Worm England, The Gaoliang Bridge China, The Chinese Dragon's Pearl China, The Mordiford Wyvern Wales. Age range: 8+ years onwards

Diversity and U.S. Foreign Policy

By Ernest J. Wilson, III
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1135956987
  • Total of Pages : 400
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 806
  • Pdf File: diversity-and-u-s-foreign-policy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

As the public face of American has changed, so has the face of its foreign policy. Diversity and U.S. Foreign Policy, goes beyond the traditional texts that focus on foreign policy only as a contest between super-powers to grapple with multiculturalism in America and multipolarism on the international state.

The Holy Grail and the Eucharist

By Sergiĭ Bulgakov,Sergeĭ Nikolaevich Bulgakov
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : SteinerBooks
  • Book Code : 9780940262812
  • Total of Pages : 156
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 385
  • Pdf File: the-holy-grail-and-the-eucharist.pdf

Book Short Summary:

These two moving studies by the eminent Orthodox theologian and sophiologist Father Sergei Bulgakov are remarkable in many ways. The first is a unique consideration--from the point of view of Eastern Christianity--of the Holy Grail, the chalice used by Joseph of Arimathea to catch the blood and water as it flowed from Jesus' side when it was pierced on the Cross by the spear of Longinus. This moment is described in John 19:34. Bulgakov's essay is a "dogmatic exegesis" of this passage in which, with astounding passion and precision, he reveals that the Earth itself and hence the human universe is the Grail wherein Christ lives forever. The second essay is also unique--the most important contribution to eucharistic theology by an Orthodox theologian. In the West, the meaning of the Communion bread and wine as the Christ's Body and Blood has been interpreted largely in philosophical terms deriving from Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas. Bulgakov insists on a christological and Gospel-based interpretation, one with tremendous significance for our understanding of the supernatural and sophianic nature of a world interpenetrated by the divine. This little book is a priceless gift, enriching our understanding of the Christian mystery and two of its deepest aspects, the Grail and the Eucharist.

Beyond the American Pale

By David M. Emmons
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
  • Book Code : 0806184558
  • Total of Pages : 480
  • Category : History
  • Members : 878
  • Pdf File: beyond-the-american-pale.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Convention has it that Irish immigrants in the nineteenth century confined themselves mainly to industrial cities of the East and Midwest. The truth is that Irish Catholics went everywhere in America and often had as much of a presence in the West as in the East. In Beyond the American Pale, David M. Emmons examines this multifaceted experience of westering Irish and, in doing so, offers a fresh and discerning account of America's westward expansion. "Irish in the West" is not a historical contradiction, but it is — and was — a historical problem. Irish Catholics were not supposed to be in the West—that was where Protestant Americans went to reinvent themselves. For many of the same reasons that the spread of southern slavery was thought to profane the West, a Catholic presence there was thought to contradict it — to contradict America's Protestant individualism and freedom. The Catholic Irish were condemned as the clannish, backward remnants of an old cultural world that Americans self-consciously sought to leave behind. The sons and daughters of Erin were not assimilated, and because they were not assimilable, they should be kept beyond the American pale. As Emmons amply demonstrates, however, western reality was far more complicated. Irish Catholicism may have outraged Protestant-inspired American republicanism, but Irish Catholics were a necessary component of America's equally Protestant-inspired foray into industrial capitalism. They were also necessary to the successive conquests of the "frontier," wherever it might be found. It was the Irish who helped build the railroads, dig the hard rocks, man the army posts, and do the other arduous, dangerous, and unattractive toiling required by an industrializing society. With vigor and panache, Emmons describes how the West was not so much won as continually contested and reshaped. He probes the self-fulfilling mythology of the American West, along with the far different mythology of the Irish pioneers. The product of three decades of research and thought, Beyond the American Pale is a masterful yet accessible recasting of American history, the culminating work of a singular thinker willing to take a wholly new perspective on the past.