Waves and Oscillations in Nature Book

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Waves and Oscillations in Nature

By A Satya Narayanan,Swapan K Saha
  • ISBN Code: : 1466590947
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Pages : 551
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Reads : 606
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : waves-and-oscillations-in-nature.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Waves and oscillations are found in large scales (galactic) and microscopic scales (neutrino) in nature. Their dynamics and behavior heavily depend on the type of medium through which they propagate. Waves and Oscillations in Nature: An Introduction clearly elucidates the dynamics and behavior of waves and oscillations in various mediums. It presents different types of waves and oscillations that can be observed and studied from macroscopic to microscopic scales. The book provides a thorough introduction for researchers and graduate students in assorted areas of physics, such as fluid dynamics, plasma physics, optics, and astrophysics. The authors first explain introductory aspects of waves and electromagnetism, including characteristics of waves, the basics of electrostatics and magnetostatics, and Maxwell’s equations. They then explore waves in a uniform media, waves and oscillations in hydrodynamics, and waves in a magnetized medium for homogeneous and nonhomogeneous media. The book also describes types of shock waves, such as normal and oblique shocks, and discusses important details pertaining to waves in optics, including polarization from experimental and observational points of view. The book concludes with a focus on plasmas, covering different plasma parameters, quasilinear and nonlinear aspects of plasma waves, and various instabilities in hydrodynamics and plasmas.

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Solar-terrestrial physics deals with phenomena in the region of space between the surface of the Sun and the upper atmosphere of the Earth, a region dominated by matter in a plasma state. This area of physics describes processes that generate the solar wind, the physics of geospace and the Earth's magnetosphere, and the interaction of magnetospheri

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Book Short Summary:

This fourth volume of a four-volume textbook covers the oscillations of systems with one or more degrees of freedom; the concept of waves, focusing on light and sound; phase and group velocities, their physical meaning, and their measurement; diffraction and interference of light; polarization phenomena; and the formation of images in the eye and in optical instruments. The textbook as a whole covers electromagnetism, mechanics, fluids and thermodynamics, and waves and light, and is designed to reflect the typical syllabus during the first two years of a calculus-based university physics program. Throughout all four volumes, particular attention is paid to in-depth clarification of conceptual aspects, and to this end the historical roots of the principal concepts are traced. Emphasis is also consistently placed on the experimental basis of the concepts, highlighting the experimental nature of physics. Whenever feasible at the elementary level, concepts relevant to more advanced courses in quantum mechanics and atomic, solid state, nuclear, and particle physics are included. The textbook offers an ideal resource for physics students, lecturers and, last but not least, all those seeking a deeper understanding of the experimental basics of physics.

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Book Short Summary:

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). The importance of coherent chemistry, that is, the chemistry of periodic oscillatory processes, is increasing at a rapid rate in specific chemical disciplines. While being perfectly understood and highly developed in the fields of physical chemistry, chemical physics and biological chemistry, the periodic developmental paradigm of processes and phenomena still remains poorly developed and misunderstood in classical inorganic chemistry and related branches, such as colloid chemistry. The probability is that we miss subtle colloid chemical phenomena that could be of utmost importance if taken into consideration when catalysis or adsorption is involved. The author here reveals all of the astonishing vistas that periodic wave paradigms open up to researchers in certain colloid chemical systems, and will doubtless stimulate researchers to look at them in a new light.

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  • Pdf File: linear-and-nonlinear-spin-waves-in-magnetic-films-and-superlattices.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In the past few years, there has been a rapidly growing interest in the properties of spin waves (or magnons) in ordered magnetic materials. These are the low-lying excitations that characterize the dynamical behavior of the magnetization variables in ferromagnets, ferrimagnets and antiferromagnets, particularly at low temperatures. Many of the recent developments concerning spin waves have been directed towards understanding their behavior in limited magnetic samples. At the same time, there have been dramatic advances in the experimental techniques, both for preparing high-quality magnetic samples in the form of thin films and superlattices and for the study of the spin-wave excitations themselves. Magnetic thin films have long been of technological as well as scientific interest and an understanding of both the linear and nonlinear aspects of their magnetic behavior is important. Contents:Fundamentals of Linear and Nonlinear Spin-Wave Processes in Bulk and Finite Magnetic Samples (M G Cottam & A N Slavin)Dipole-Exchange Spin-Wave Spectrum of Magnetic Films (B A Kalinikos)Spin Waves in Multilayers (J Barna∇)Spin-Wave Polaritons in Films and Multilayers (D R Tilley)Green's Functions in Magnetic Multilayered Structures (R E Camley & R L Stamps)Light Scattering and Microwave Resonance Studies of Spin Waves in Metallic Films and Multilayers (J R Dutcher)Spin-Wave Instabilities, Auto-Oscillations, Chaos and Control of Chaos in YIG Spheres (S M Rezende et al.)Parametric Instabilities and Auto-Oscillation Behavior of Magnetostatic Modes in Magnetic Films (P E Wigen)Nonlinear Dynamics of Propagating Spin Waves in Magnetic Films (A N Slavin et al.) Readership: Materials scientists, physicists and electrical engineers. keywords:Spin Waves;Magnons;Thin Films;Superlattices;Multilayered Structures;Nonlinear Dynamics;Ferromagnetism;Magnetic Properties;Light Scattering

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  • Book Code : 135142923X
  • Total of Pages : 632
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  • Pdf File: natural-disasters.pdf

Book Short Summary:

As a well balanced and fully illustrated introductory text, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the physical, technological and social components of natural disaster. The main disaster-producing agents are reviewed systematically in terms of geophysical processes and effects, monitoring, mitigation and warning. The relationship between disasters and society is examined with respect to a wide variety of themes, including damage assessment and prevention, hazard mapping, emergency preparedness, the provision of shelter and the nature of reconstruction. Medical emergencies and the epidemiology of disasters are described, and refugee management and aid to the Third World are discussed. A chapter is devoted to the sociology, psychology, economics and history of disasters.; In many parts of the world the toll of death, injury, damage and deprivation caused by natural disasters is becoming increasingly serious. Major earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, droughts, floods and other similar catastrophes are often followed by large relief operations characterized by substantial involvement of the international community. The years 1990-2000 have therefore been designated by the United Nations as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction.; The book goes beyond mere description and elevates the field of natural catastrophes to a serious academic level. The author's insights and perspectives are also informed by his practical experience of being a disaster victim and survivor, and hence the unique perspective of a participant observer. Only by surmounting the boundaries between disciplines can natural catastrophe be understood and mitigation efforts made effective. Thus, this book is perhaps the first completely interdisciplinary, fully comprehensive survey of natural hazards and disasters. It has a clear theoretical basis and it recognizes the importance of six fundamental approaches to the field, which it blends carefully in the text in order to avoid the p

Natural Processes and Human Impacts

By Sergey M. Govorushko
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9789400714243
  • Total of Pages : 657
  • Category : Nature
  • Members : 556
  • Pdf File: natural-processes-and-human-impacts.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This highly topical book comes at a time when the two-way relationship between humankind and the environment is moving inexorably to the top of the agenda. It covers both sides of this delicate balancing act, explaining how various natural processes influence humanity, including its economic activities and engineering structures, while also illuminating the ways in which human activity puts pressure on the natural environment. Chapters analyze a varied selection of phenomena that directly affect people’s lives, from geological processes such as earthquakes and tsunamis to cosmic events such as magnetic storms. The author moves on to consider the effect we have on nature, ranging from the impact of heavy industry to the environmental consequences of sport and recreational pastimes. Complete with maps, photographs and detailed case studies, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the biggest issue we face as a species—the way we relate to the natural world around us. This book includes more than 100 maps showing the global distribution of different natural processes/human activities and more that 450 photographs from many countries and all oceans. It will provide a valuable resource for both graduate students and researchers in many fields of knowledge. Sergey Govorushko is a chief research scholar at the Pacific Geographical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences. He is also Professor at the Far Eastern Federal University (Vladivostok). Sergey Govorushko received his PhD from the Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences. His research activities focus on the interaction between humanity and the environment, including the impact of nature on humanity; the impact of humanity on the environment; and assessment of the interaction (environmental impact assessment, environmental audit, etc.). He has authored eight and co-authored seven monographs.

Visual Encyclopedia

By DK
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Book Code : 0744037611
  • Total of Pages : 528
  • Category : Reference
  • Members : 903
  • Pdf File: visual-encyclopedia.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Packed with facts and illustrations, this landmark book offers a reliable, visually stunning, and family-friendly alternative to online information sources. This fully illustrated encyclopedia is the antidote to the internet. It's an expertly written and beautifully presented reference for a world overloaded with unreliable information. From quantum physics to the square of the hypotenuse, Ancient Rome to the depths of the oceans, this is your one-stop knowledge shop for the digital age-clear, simple, accurate, and unbiased. This book is a comprehensive guide to a huge range of human knowledge and includes over 4,000 images to bring information vividly to life. Its format is accessible to a wide range of readers, so it's ideal for a variety of ages, for home study-or simply for browsing for fun. Parents and teachers can be confident that children won't see any unwanted content. Visual Encyclopedia is the ultimate easy-to-read family guide to science, nature, space, history, art, technology, leisure, culture, and more. The information is organized thematically for simple navigation, and clear signposting makes it easy to follow connections between subjects. For family, for study, for the simple pleasure of discovery, here is a trustworthy source of knowledge and enjoyment.

Peregrinations from Physics to Phylogeny

By Kok Khoo Phua,Molin Ge
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Book Code : 9814759104
  • Total of Pages : 300
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 609
  • Pdf File: peregrinations-from-physics-to-phylogeny.pdf

Book Short Summary:

' "Professor Hao Bailin is one of China''s most talented and most versatile theoretical physicists. He has made important contributions to a wide variety of research fields, including biology in which he pioneered a multidimensional method for studying the evolutionary pathways of bacteria. Indeed he calls himself, appreciatively I believe, a guerrilla fighter." Nobel Laureate, Chen-Ning Yang Contents: C N Yang on Hao Bailin, 2015 (Chen-Ning Yang)Skeleton Graph Expansion of Critical Exponents in "Cultural Revolution" Years (Hao Bailin)The Virial Expansion Re-visited: A New Interpretation (Fa-Yueh Wu and Ron Aaron)Chaos in the Belousov–Zhabotinsky Reaction (Richard J Field)Discrete Resonances (Franco Vivaldi)Exact Solution of the Planar Motion of Three Arbitrary Point Vortices (Robert Conte and Laurent de Seze)A Cognitive Network for Oracle-Bone Characters Related to Animals (Andreas Dress, Stefan Grünewald and Zhenbing Zeng)Periodic Oscillations of the Forced Brusselator (Jason A C Gallas)Genomes: At the Edge of Chaos with Maximum Information Capacity (Sing-Guan Kong, Hong-Da Chen, Andrew Torda, and H C Lee)Low Temperature Glassy Systems: Present Understanding, Open Problems and Future Developments (Giorgio Parisi)CVTrees Support the Bergey''s Systematics and Provide High Resolution at Species Levels and Below (Bailin Hao)My Days as a Student of Prof. Hao (1982–1986) (Mingzhou Ding)Teacher and Friend (Yong-Shi Wu) Readership: This book is suitable for students of physics and mathematics and all members of the general public interested in science. Keywords:Hao Bailin;Virial Expansion;Chaos;Complex Systems;Glassy Systems'

Evolution of Order and Chaos

By Hermann Haken
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 364268808X
  • Total of Pages : 290
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 937
  • Pdf File: evolution-of-order-and-chaos.pdf

Book Short Summary:

These proceedings contain the invited lectures presented at the International Sym posium on Synergetics at Schloss Elmau in April, 1982. This symposium marked the th 10 anniversary of symposia on synergetics, the first of which was held at Schloss Elmau in 1972. As is now weIl known, these symposia are devoted to the study of the formation of structures in physical systems far from thermal equilibrium, as weIl as in nonphysical systems such as those in biology and sociology. While the first proceedings were published by Teubner Publishing Company in 1973 and the second by North Holland Publishing Company in 1974, the subsequent proceed ings have been published in the Springer Series in Synergetics. I believe that these proceedings give a quite faithful picture of the developments in this new interdisciplinary field over the past decade. As H.J. Queisser recently noted, the prefix "non", which is used quite frequent ly in modern scientific literature in words such as "nonequilibrium", "nonlinear", etc., indicates a new development in scientific thinking. Indeed, this new develop ment was anticipated and given a framework in the introduction of "synergetics" more than a decade ago.

Calcium Waves, Gradients and Oscillations

By Gregory R. Bock,Kate Ackrill
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 0470514701
  • Total of Pages : 302
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 310
  • Pdf File: calcium-waves-gradients-and-oscillations.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Renowned contributors provide comprehensive coverage of calcium gradients, waves and oscillations in diverse systems. Discusses the mechanisms initiating and sustaining calcium waves and their role in cell function. Describes studies using the latest techniques for measuring calcium ion gradients including chemiluminescent indicators.

Wave Propagation in Structures

By James F. Doyle
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 3030596796
  • Total of Pages : 421
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 289
  • Pdf File: wave-propagation-in-structures.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This third edition builds on the introduction of spectral analysis as a means of investigating wave propagation and transient oscillations in structures. Each chapter of the textbook has been revised, updated and augmented with new material, such as a modified treatment of the curved plate and cylinder problem that yields a relatively simple but accurate spectral analysis. Finite element methods are now integrated into the spectral analyses to gain further insights into the high-frequency problems. In addition, a completely new chapter has been added that deals with waves in periodic and discretized structures. Examples for phononic materials meta-materials as well as genuine atomic systems are given.

Spirals and Vortices

By Kinko Tsuji,Stefan C. Müller
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3030057984
  • Total of Pages : 298
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 224
  • Pdf File: spirals-and-vortices.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This richly illustrated book explores the fascinating and ubiquitous occurrence of spirals and vortices in human culture and in nature. Spiral forms have been used as elements in the arts for thousands of years, whereas their role in nature and science – from DNA and sea shells to galaxies – is still a topic of investigation in numerous fields. Following an introduction to the cultural history of spiral forms, the book presents contributions from leading experts, who describe the origins, mechanisms and dynamics of spirals and vortices in their special fields. As a whole the book provides a valuable source of information, while also taking the reader on an aesthetic and scientific journey through the world of spiral forms.

Wave Scattering from Statistically Rough Surfaces

By F. G. Bass,I. M. Fuks
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 1483187756
  • Total of Pages : 540
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 129
  • Pdf File: wave-scattering-from-statistically-rough-surfaces.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Wave Scattering from Statistically Rough Surfaces discusses the complications in radio physics and hydro-acoustics in relation to wave transmission under settings seen in nature. Some of the topics that are covered include radar and sonar, the effect of variations in topographic relief or ocean waves on the transmission of radio and sound waves, the reproduction of radio waves from the lower layers of the ionosphere, and the oscillations of signals within the earth-ionosphere waveguide. The book begins with some fundamental idea of wave transmission theory and the theory of random processes as used to rough surfaces and to wave fields. This discussion is followed by an analysis of the average fields of sound and electromagnetic waves. A section on spatial correlation characteristics in the approximation of small perturbations is then given. Another chapter of the text explains the Kirchhoff method. The book will provide useful information to physicists, mechanical engineer, students, and researchers in the field of acoustics.

Unified Field Mechanics: Natural Science Beyond The Veil Of Spacetime - Proceedings Of The Ix Symposium Honoring Noted French Mathematical Physicist Jean-pierre Vigier

By Amoroso Richard L,Kauffman Louis H,Rowlands Peter
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Book Code : 9814719072
  • Total of Pages : 620
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 772
  • Pdf File: unified-field-mechanics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Unified Field Mechanics, the topic of the 9th international symposium honoring noted French mathematical physicist Jean-Pierre Vigier cannot be considered highly speculative as a myopic critic might surmise. The 8th Vigier Symposium proceedings 'The Physics of Reality' should in fact be touted as a companion volume because of its dramatic theoretical Field Mechanics in additional dimensionality. Many still consider the Planck-scale zero-point field stochastic quantum foam as the 'basement of reality'. This could only be considered true under the limitations of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum theory. As we enter the next regime of Unified Field Mechanics we now know that the energy-dependent Einstein-Minkowski manifold called spacetime has a finite radius beyond which a large-scale multiverse beckons. So far a battery of 14 experiments has been designed to falsify the model. When the 1st is successfully performed, a revolution in Natural Science will occur! This volume strengthens and expands the theoretical and experimental basis for that immanent new age.

Concise Handbook of Mathematics and Physics

By Alexander G. Alenitsyn,Eugene I. Butikov,Alexander S. Kondratyev
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1000161528
  • Total of Pages : 528
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 804
  • Pdf File: concise-handbook-of-mathematics-and-physics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Concise Handbook of Mathematics and Physics presents a unified and coherent treatment of all the major aspects of modern elementary physics and mathematics. This complete text/reference includes definitions of fundamental notations and physical and mathematical quantities, formulas that express the laws of physics, axioms and theorems of mathematics, and more. The information is organized logically (instead of alphabetically) for better comprehension and quick, convenient access. The book contains extensive cross-referencing between the mathematical and physical sections. reflecting the considerable overlap between these two areas of study and increasing the usefulness of this handbook. Fundamental concepts, theorems, and laws are demonstrated through numerous practical examples and tasks to help build problem-solving skills.