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The Sumerians

By Samuel Noah Kramer
  • ISBN Code: : 0226452328
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Pages : 372
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 771
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : the-sumerians.pdf

Book Excerpt :

The Sumerians, the pragmatic and gifted people who preceded the Semites in the land first known as Sumer and later as Babylonia, created what was probably the first high civilization in the history of man, spanning the fifth to the second millenniums B.C. This book is an unparalleled compendium of what is known about them. Professor Kramer communicates his enthusiasm for his subject as he outlines the history of the Sumerian civilization and describes their cities, religion, literature, education, scientific achievements, social structure, and psychology. Finally, he considers the legacy of Sumer to the ancient and modern world. "There are few scholars in the world qualified to write such a book, and certainly Kramer is one of them. . . . One of the most valuable features of this book is the quantity of texts and fragments which are published for the first time in a form available to the general reader. For the layman the book provides a readable and up-to-date introduction to a most fascinating culture. For the specialist it presents a synthesis with which he may not agree but from which he will nonetheless derive stimulation."—American Journal of Archaeology "An uncontested authority on the civilization of Sumer, Professor Kramer writes with grace and urbanity."—Library Journal

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Read Also This Books

The Charm of a List

By Lucie Doležalová
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Book Code : 1443804258
  • Total of Pages : 199
  • Category : History
  • Members : 151
  • Pdf File: the-charm-of-a-list.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Lists, one of the most archaic literary genres, stand behind many of our complex mental or rhetorical structures and they often influence the way we conceptualize the world (even if we are unaware of it). They seem plain but may conceal a complicated inner logic. They are agrammatical but may tell a story. Their basic features – selection, order, and layout – may be enough to give them enormous power: by including they exclude, by ordering they create a hierarchy, by taking on particular physical aspects they place themselves into a specific context. These and other issues are discussed in the present transdisciplinary volume collecting the best revised contributions to a workshop on lists held at the Center for Theoretical Study in Prague in November 2008. Each of the 13 articles by researchers from seven countries provides a case study on the subject of list. The fields covered include late antique, medieval and early modern history, philology, philosophy, cognitive and computer science. The contributors aim both at presenting particular cases – specific lists or list-types – and, at the same time, at addressing methodological issues: exploring the ways of researching lists in their particular disciplines, formulating relevant research themes and questions, contextualizing the subject. Since theoretical discourse on lists has not been established yet, this volume should be seen as a first step in the process, showing the variety of possible research directions on a transdisciplinary level, and raising interest in the topic, which, although it may seem a bit obscure at first, has indeed a lot to offer.

Sumerian Mythology

By Samuel Noah Kramer
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Pickle Partners Publishing
  • Book Code : 1839742941
  • Total of Pages : 139
  • Category : History
  • Members : 889
  • Pdf File: sumerian-mythology.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Sumerians were a non-Semitic, non-Indo-European people who flourished in southern Babylonia from the beginning of the fourth to the end of the third millennium B.C. During this long stretch of time the Sumerians, whose racial and linguistic affiliations are still unclassifiable, represented the dominant cultural group of the entire Near East. This cultural dominance manifested itself in three directions: 1. It was the Sumerians who developed and probably invented the cuneiform system of writing which was adopted by nearly all the peoples of the Near East and without which the cultural progress of western Asia would have been largely impossible. 2. The Sumerians developed religious and spiritual concepts together with a remarkably well integrated pantheon which influenced profoundly all the peoples of the Near East, including the Hebrews and the Greeks. Moreover, by way of Judaism, Christianity, and Mohammedanism, not a few of these spiritual and religious concepts have permeated the modern civilized world. 3. The Sumerians produced a vast and highly developed literature, largely poetic in character, consisting of epics and myths, hymns and lamentations, proverbs and “words of wisdom.” These compositions are inscribed in cuneiform script on clay tablets which date largely from approximately 2000 B.C.

Sumerian Origins

By Norah Romney
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : DTTV PUBLICATIONS
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 200
  • Category : History
  • Members : 904
  • Pdf File: sumerian-origins.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A Mysterious Group of People came to settle in southern Mesopotamia, sometime around 5400BC. What is now the modern state of Iraq, the first city of Mesopotamia was founded named Eridu. Although historians have generally regarded this as the world’s first city, we have seen this challenged on numerous occasions by recent discoveries too numerous to mention here. Eridu had all the things we ordinarily associate with an ancient city: temples, administrative buildings, housing, agriculture, markets, art, and, of course, walls to keep out unsavoury characters.The elusive aspect is we have absolutely no idea where they acquired their language, and bizarre language it is, we have no idea what they originally looked like. Their language, which we call Sumerian, and the subsequent Akkadian derivative were linguistic isolates. Sumerian is the oldest known written language on Earth, and any languages it might have derived from or developed alongside have been lost to time. Figuring out what their baffling ethnic identity based on their art is a doomed effort, because their art was so stylized that a good case could be made that it portrays people of any ethnicity, or the people they encountered. The Sumerian language was not Semitic, and the Akkadian conquests of 2334 BCE disrupted the ethnic and cultural isolation of the Sumerian people. By about 2000 BCE, the Sumerians were speaking Akkadian and the Sumerian and Akkadian civilizations were regarded as a single enterprise.Does this mean that we’ll never know how the Sumerian language developed, or where the Sumerians originally came from? Well if any reasonably well-preserved Sumerian bones can be found DNA testing could tell us their ethnic origin. Although this all sounds murky, we have literature left in the form if cuneiform writing that speaks volumes on their day to day life and their highly unusual gods. The Sumerian pantheon reads like wild science fiction at times and although they often speak of their own origins in terms of their gods and family ties many have chosen to label this as mythology, ignore it, or merely treat it in a literature aspect.

In Ancient Mesopotamia

By Elizabeth Scholl
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Mitchell Lane Publishers, Inc.
  • Book Code : 1612280196
  • Total of Pages : 64
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Members : 446
  • Pdf File: in-ancient-mesopotamia.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Did you know the wheel was invented in Mesopotamia? Thousands of years ago in the area of Asia called The Fertile Crescent, people who had been nomadic hunters and gatherers settled in Mesopotomia and began to create some of the first civilizations. Before long, Mesopotamian farming villages grew into the world's first cities, where large buildings were built, beautiful art was created, and the first system of writing was developed, leading to the earliest literature known. Mesopotamians even had "modern" things that are hard to imagine people having thousands of years ago. They cooked gourmet meals using all kinds of ingredients and cooking techniques. They even had toilets that flushed! Step back into the world of the Sumerians, the Assyrians, and the Babylonians, and learn how many of their inventions and discoveries are still used by people all over the world today.

The Sumerians' Writing System and Literature - Ancient History Books 5th Grade | Children's Ancient History

By Baby Professor
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Speedy Publishing LLC
  • Book Code : 1541922182
  • Total of Pages : 64
  • Category : History
  • Members : 898
  • Pdf File: the-sumerians-writing-system-and-literature-ancient-history-books-5th-grade.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Why does a 5th grader have to learn about the Sumerian Writing System and Literature? Surely you don’t use Sumerian writing these days. However, it is important to learn these things to acquire a better understanding of the origin of cultures, traditions and learning. There could be links from then to now, and these could be presented in writing systems and literature. Study this book today!

The Indo-Sumerian Seals Deciphered - Discovering Sumerians of Indus Valley as Phoenicians, Barats, Goths & Famous Vedic Aryans 3100-2300 B.C.

By L. A. Waddell
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Read Books Ltd
  • Book Code : 1473391288
  • Total of Pages : 174
  • Category : History
  • Members : 236
  • Pdf File: the-indo-sumerian-seals-deciphered-discovering-sumerians-of-indus-valley-as-phoenicians-barats-goths-famous-vedic-aryans-3100-2300-b-c.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Within this fascinating volume the author explores the history of the Sumerians in light of contemporary archaeological discoveries at Indus Valley. The author examines these discoveries and explains how they hint to the fact that the “Sumerians” were the long lost 'Early Aryans', and that the people who colonised and civilised India, the Mediterranean, Northwestern Europe and Britain were also Aryans—specifically the Phoenician branch. “The Indo-Sumerian Seals Deciphered” is highly recommended for those with an interest in ancient history and the origins of civilisation. Contents include: “Sumerian Origin Of The Indo-Aryans”, “And Of Their Civilization And Date Of 'Invasion'”, “Sites Of The Indo-Sumerian Seals And Associated Buildings, Etc., In Indus Valley With Their Ancient History”, “The Seals, Their Stamp Shape And Animal 'symbols' And Division Into Official Signets And Grave-Amulets”, “Sumerian Script On Seals: Its General Form And Peculiarities And Its Language Aryan”, etc. Many vintage books such as this are increasingly scarce and expensive. It is with this in mind that we are republishing this volume now in an affordable, modern, high-quality edition complete with a specially-commissioned new biography of the author.

Gilgamesh: The History and Mythology of the Sumerian King

By History Titans
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Creek Ridge Publishing
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 76
  • Category : History
  • Members : 717
  • Pdf File: gilgamesh.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The name of Gilgamesh is one that resounds all over the world and has been well-known for thousands of years. Of all the most illustrious figures of history and human heritage, Gilgamesh also happens to be one of the most mysterious. This is because, in a way, there are two sides to Gilgamesh and two ways in which we approach his story. As far as official history is concerned, Gilgamesh was most likely an ancient Sumerian king who ruled the city-state of Uruk at some point between 2800 and 2500 BCE. In literature, folklore, and ancient traditions of Mesopotamia, Gilgamesh has become the subject of many legends and one of the most important heroes in Mesopotamian mythology. Gilgamesh's legendary life was a story of great triumphs, falls, loss, soul-searching, and a quest for meaning. It is a story that involves a great character arc since Gilgamesh's physical journey is matched only by the distance he had traveled toward growing as a ruler and as a man.

A Companion to Ancient Near Eastern Languages

By Rebecca Hasselbach-Andee
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 1119193893
  • Total of Pages : 560
  • Category : History
  • Members : 606
  • Pdf File: a-companion-to-ancient-near-eastern-languages.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Covers the major languages, language families, and writing systems attested in the Ancient Near East Filled with enlightening chapters by noted experts in the field, this book introduces Ancient Near Eastern (ANE) languages and language families used during the time period of roughly 3200 BCE to the second century CE in the areas of Egypt, the Levant, eastern Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Iran. In addition to providing grammatical sketches of the respective languages, the book focuses on socio-linguistic questions such as language contact, diglossia, the development of literary standard languages, and the development of diplomatic languages or “linguae francae.” It also addresses the interaction of Ancient Near Eastern languages with each other and their roles within the political and cultural systems of ANE societies. Presented in five parts, The Companion to Ancient Near Eastern Languages provides readers with in-depth chapter coverage of the writing systems of ANE, starting with their decipherment. It looks at the emergence of cuneiform writing; the development of Egyptian writing in the fourth and early third millennium BCI; and the emergence of alphabetic scripts. The book also covers many of the individual languages themselves, including Sumerian, Egyptian, Akkadian, Hittite, Pre- and Post-Exilic Hebrew, Phoenician, Ancient South Arabian, and more. Provides an overview of all major language families and writing systems used in the Ancient Near East during the time period from the beginning of writing (approximately 3200 BCE) to the second century CE (end of cuneiform writing) Addresses how the individual languages interacted with each other and how they functioned in the societies that used them Written by leading experts on the languages and topics The Companion to Ancient Near Eastern Languages is an ideal book for undergraduate students and scholars interested in Ancient Near Eastern cultures and languages or certain aspects of these languages.

From Sumer to Jerusalem

By John Sassoon
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Intellect Books
  • Book Code : 9781871516425
  • Total of Pages : 128
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 131
  • Pdf File: from-sumer-to-jerusalem.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Tradition says that the Jews are part of the Arab family of nations, but this is disputed. Archaeology has revealed a very early civilisation in the land known as Sumer in southern Mesopotamia, southern Iraq. This book argues that the Jews are not Semitic at all but the descendants of this culture, the earliest civilization in recorded history.

Sumer and Akkad | Children's Middle Eastern History Books

By Baby Professor
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Speedy Publishing LLC
  • Book Code : 1541908155
  • Total of Pages : 40
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 597
  • Pdf File: sumer-and-akkad.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Sumer and Akkad are two of the most ancient civilizations known to men. Reading this resource material will bring you back to Mesopotamia over 7,000 years ago. You will learn how the Sumerians established an advanced writing system, architecture and arts, mathematics and astronomy. You will also read how the Akkadians followed the Sumerians to create the world’s first empire. This book is a must-read!

Daily Life in Ancient Sumer

By Nick Hunter
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Raintree
  • Book Code : 1406298646
  • Total of Pages : 48
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Members : 333
  • Pdf File: daily-life-in-ancient-sumer.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book explores what life was really like for everyday people in Ancient Sumer. Using primary sources and information from archeological discoveries, it uncovers some fascinating insights and explodes some myths. Supported by timelines, maps and references to important events and people, children will really feel they are on a time-travelling journey when reading this book.

Jumpstarters for World History, Grades 4 - 8

By Wendi Silvano
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Mark Twain Media
  • Book Code : 1580377165
  • Total of Pages : 48
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Members : 238
  • Pdf File: jumpstarters-for-world-history-grades-4-8.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Bring history to life for students in grades 4 and up using Jumpstarters for World History: Short Daily Warm-Ups for the Classroom! This 48-page resource covers ancient civilizations, such as the Sumerians, the Vikings, the Celts, the Aztecs, and the Romans. It includes five warm-ups per reproducible page, answer keys, and suggestions for use.

Eden in Sumer on the Niger

By Catherine Obianuju Acholonu
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Chinazor Onianwah
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 250
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 592
  • Pdf File: eden-in-sumer-on-the-niger.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"EDEN IN SUMER ON THE NIGER" provides archeological, linguistic, genetic, and inscribed evidence of the West African origin of mankind, language, religion and civilization. It provides multidisciplinary evidence of the actual geographical location in West Africa of the Garden of Eden, Atlantis and the original homeland of the Sumerian people before their migration to the "Middle East". By translating hitherto unknown pre-cuneiform inscriptions of the Sumerians, Catherine Acholonu and Sidney Davis have uncovered thousands of years of Africa's lost pre-history and evidences of the West African origins of the earliest Pharaohs and Kings of Egypt and Sumer such as Menes and Sargon the Great. This book provides answers to all lingering questions about the African Cavemen (Igbos/Esh/Adamas/Adites) original guardians of the human races, Who gave their genes for the creation of Homo Sapiens (Adam) and were the teachers in the First Age of the world.

The Literature of Ancient Sumer

By Jeremy Black,Graham Cunningham,Eleanor Robson,Gábor Zólyomi
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 019155572X
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : Literary Collections
  • Members : 394
  • Pdf File: the-literature-of-ancient-sumer.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This anthology of Sumerian literature constitutes the most comprehensive collection ever published, and includes examples of most of the different types of composition written in the language, from narrative myths and lyrical hymns to proverbs and love poetry. The translations have benefited both from the work of many scholars and from our ever-increasing understanding of Sumerian. In addition to reflecting the advances made by modern scholarship, the translations are written in clear, accessible English. An extensive introduction discusses the literary qualities of the works, the people who created and copied them in ancient Iraq, and how the study of Sumerian literature has evolved over the last 150 years.

Epics of Sumerian Kings

By Herman L. J. Vanstiphout
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Society of Biblical Lit
  • Book Code : 1589830830
  • Total of Pages : 176
  • Category : History
  • Members : 191
  • Pdf File: epics-of-sumerian-kings.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book Epics of Sumerian Kings

The Nothing that Is

By Robert Kaplan
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0198029454
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 441
  • Pdf File: the-nothing-that-is.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A symbol for what is not there, an emptiness that increases any number it's added to, an inexhaustible and indispensable paradox. As we enter the year 2000, zero is once again making its presence felt. Nothing itself, it makes possible a myriad of calculations. Indeed, without zero mathematics as we know it would not exist. And without mathematics our understanding of the universe would be vastly impoverished. But where did this nothing, this hollow circle, come from? Who created it? And what, exactly, does it mean? Robert Kaplan's The Nothing That Is: A Natural History of Zero begins as a mystery story, taking us back to Sumerian times, and then to Greece and India, piecing together the way the idea of a symbol for nothing evolved. Kaplan shows us just how handicapped our ancestors were in trying to figure large sums without the aid of the zero. (Try multiplying CLXIV by XXIV). Remarkably, even the Greeks, mathematically brilliant as they were, didn't have a zero--or did they? We follow the trail to the East where, a millennium or two ago, Indian mathematicians took another crucial step. By treating zero for the first time like any other number, instead of a unique symbol, they allowed huge new leaps forward in computation, and also in our understanding of how mathematics itself works. In the Middle Ages, this mathematical knowledge swept across western Europe via Arab traders. At first it was called "dangerous Saracen magic" and considered the Devil's work, but it wasn't long before merchants and bankers saw how handy this magic was, and used it to develop tools like double-entry bookkeeping. Zero quickly became an essential part of increasingly sophisticated equations, and with the invention of calculus, one could say it was a linchpin of the scientific revolution. And now even deeper layers of this thing that is nothing are coming to light: our computers speak only in zeros and ones, and modern mathematics shows that zero alone can be made to generate everything. Robert Kaplan serves up all this history with immense zest and humor; his writing is full of anecdotes and asides, and quotations from Shakespeare to Wallace Stevens extend the book's context far beyond the scope of scientific specialists. For Kaplan, the history of zero is a lens for looking not only into the evolution of mathematics but into very nature of human thought. He points out how the history of mathematics is a process of recursive abstraction: how once a symbol is created to represent an idea, that symbol itself gives rise to new operations that in turn lead to new ideas. The beauty of mathematics is that even though we invent it, we seem to be discovering something that already exists. The joy of that discovery shines from Kaplan's pages, as he ranges from Archimedes to Einstein, making fascinating connections between mathematical insights from every age and culture. A tour de force of science history, The Nothing That Is takes us through the hollow circle that leads to infinity.

Freedom and Despair

By David Shulman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Book Code : 022656679X
  • Total of Pages : 224
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 660
  • Pdf File: freedom-and-despair.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Lately, it seems as if we wake up to a new atrocity each day. Every morning is now a ritual of scrolling through our Twitter feeds or scanning our newspapers for the latest updates on fresh horrors around the globe. Despite the countless protests we attend, the phone calls we make, or the streets we march, it sometimes feels like no matter how hard we fight, the relentless crush of injustice will never abate. David Shulman knows intimately what it takes to live your beliefs, to return, day after day, to the struggle, despite knowing you are often more likely to lose than win. Interweaving powerful stories and deep meditations, Freedom and Despair offers vivid firsthand reports from the occupied West Bank in Palestine as seen through the eyes of an experienced Israeli peace activist who has seen the Israeli occupation close up as it impacts on the lives of all Palestinian civilians. Alongside a handful of beautifully written and often shocking tales from the field, Shulman meditates deeply on how to understand the evils around him, what it means to persevere as an activist decade after decade, and what it truly means to be free. The violent realities of the occupation are on full display. We get to know and understand the Palestinian shepherds and farmers and Israeli volunteers who face this situation head-on with nonviolent resistance. Shulman does not hold back on acknowledging the daily struggles that often leave him and his fellow activists full of despair. Inspired by these committed individuals who are not prepared to be silent or passive, Shulman suggests a model for ordinary people everywhere. Anyone prepared to take a risk and fight their oppressive political systems, he argues, can make a difference—if they strive to act with compassion and to keep hope alive. This is the moving story of a man who continues to fight for good in the midst of despair. An indispensable book in our era of reactionary politics and refugee crises, political violence and ecological devastation, Freedom and Despair is a gripping memoir of struggle, activism, and hope for peace.

Days of Destiny - Cosmic Prophecies for the 21St Century

By Robert Ghost Wolf
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Trafford Publishing
  • Book Code : 1412214351
  • Total of Pages : 216
  • Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Members : 767
  • Pdf File: days-of-destiny-cosmic-prophecies-for-the-21st-century.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"There is no judement, there is only choice and consequence for your actions, or non-actions. You hold the Keys to Destiny in your hands. If you knew the power you command no one could ever enslave you again... and in a moment... you could change the outcome of eternity..." I Am only the Messenger May Great Spirit be with you... Dr. Robert Ghost Wolf

When Peace Is Not Enough

By Atalia Omer
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Book Code : 022600824X
  • Total of Pages : 376
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 404
  • Pdf File: when-peace-is-not-enough.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The state of Israel is often spoken of as a haven for the Jewish people, a place rooted in the story of a nation dispersed, wandering the earth in search of their homeland. Born in adversity but purportedly nurtured by liberal ideals, Israel has never known peace, experiencing instead a state of constant war that has divided its population along the stark and seemingly unbreachable lines of dissent around the relationship between unrestricted citizenship and Jewish identity. By focusing on the perceptions and histories of Israel’s most marginalized stakeholders—Palestinian Israelis, Arab Jews, and non-Israeli Jews—Atalia Omer cuts to the heart of the Israeli-Arab conflict, demonstrating how these voices provide urgently needed resources for conflict analysis and peacebuilding. Navigating a complex set of arguments about ethnicity, boundaries, and peace, and offering a different approach to the renegotiation and reimagination of national identity and citizenship, Omer pushes the conversation beyond the bounds of the single narrative and toward a new and dynamic concept of justice—one that offers the prospect of building a lasting peace.

Gilgamesh, Enkidu, and the Netherworld and the Sumerian Gilgamesh Cycle

By Alhena Gadotti
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Book Code : 161451545X
  • Total of Pages : 446
  • Category : History
  • Members : 901
  • Pdf File: gilgamesh-enkidu-and-the-netherworld-and-the-sumerian-gilgamesh-cycle.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Alhena Gadotti offers a much needed new edition of the Sumerian composition Gilgamesh, Enkidu, and the Netherworld, last published by Aaron Shaffer in his 1963 doctoral dissertation. Since then, several new manuscripts have come to light, prompting not only a new edition of the text, but also a re-examination of the composition. In this book, Gadotti argues that Gilgamesh, Enkidu, and the Netherworld was the first, not the last of the Sumerian stories about Gilgamesh. She also suggests that a Sumerian Gilgamesh Cycle, currently only attested in old Babylonian manuscripts (ca. 18th century BCE), was in fact developed during the Ur III period (ca. 2100-2000 BCE). Providing a new way to look at the Sumerian Gilgamesh stories, this book is relevant not only to scholars of the ancient Near East, but also to anyone interested in epic and epic cycle.

Signs from Silence

By Charvát, Petr
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Charles University in Prague, Karolinum Press
  • Book Code : 802463130X
  • Total of Pages : 322
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 262
  • Pdf File: signs-from-silence.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The monograph Signs from Silence: Ur of the first Sumerians tells the story of the Sumerian city of Ur at the beginning of the third pre-Christian millennium (c. 2,900–2,700). In terms of research focusing on the emergence of one of the first statehood foci of human history—the pristine state of ancient Mesopotamia—, the author takes up evidence on a critical phase of early Mesopotamian social development. At the beginning of the third pre-Christian millennium, the men and women of Ur took up actions that decided whether the material and spiritual heritage of the preceding Late Uruk cultural-development phase (c. 3,500–3,200), when the first state, organized religion, sciences and the arts had emerged in ancient Mesopotamia, will stand up to the test of time, or whether it will vanish into thin air, as it happened in other civilizational complexes. The author has based his conclusions on the testimony of written texts, archaeology and iconography. Guided by this evidence, he portrays the ways and means by which the men and women of Ur treated the material and spiritual heritage of the Late Uruk civilization. Their activities defined the coordinates system within which the early Mesopotamian state subsequently developed through the nearly three millennia of its existence.

Sand Talk

By Tyson Yunkaporta
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : HarperCollins
  • Book Code : 0062975633
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 766
  • Pdf File: sand-talk.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A paradigm-shifting book in the vein of Sapiens that brings a crucial Indigenous perspective to historical and cultural issues of history, education, money, power, and sustainability—and offers a new template for living. As an indigenous person, Tyson Yunkaporta looks at global systems from a unique perspective, one tied to the natural and spiritual world. In considering how contemporary life diverges from the pattern of creation, he raises important questions. How does this affect us? How can we do things differently? In this thoughtful, culturally rich, mind-expanding book, he provides answers. Yunkaporta’s writing process begins with images. Honoring indigenous traditions, he makes carvings of what he wants to say, channeling his thoughts through symbols and diagrams rather than words. He yarns with people, looking for ways to connect images and stories with place and relationship to create a coherent world view, and he uses sand talk, the Aboriginal custom of drawing images on the ground to convey knowledge. In Sand Talk, he provides a new model for our everyday lives. Rich in ideas and inspiration, it explains how lines and symbols and shapes can help us make sense of the world. It’s about how we learn and how we remember. It’s about talking to everyone and listening carefully. It’s about finding different ways to look at things. Most of all it’s about a very special way of thinking, of learning to see from a native perspective, one that is spiritually and physically tied to the earth around us, and how it can save our world. Sand Talk include 22 black-and-white illustrations that add depth to the text.

Ur

By Harriet Crawford
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1472522192
  • Total of Pages : 192
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 825
  • Pdf File: ur.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The ancient Mesoptamian city of Ur was a Sumerian city state which flourished as a centre of trade and civilisation between 2800–2000 BCE. However, in the recent past it suffered from the disastrous Gulf war and from neglect. It still remains a potent symbol for people of all faiths and will have an important role to play in the future. This account of Ur's past looks at both the ancient city and its evolution over centuries, and its archaeological interpretation in more recent times. From the 19th century explorers and their identification of the site of Mukayyar as the Biblical city of Ur, the study proceeds to look in detail at the archaeologist Leonard Woolley and his key discoveries during the 1920s and 30s. Using the findings as a framework and utilising the latest evidence from environmental, historical and archaeological studies, the volume explores the site's past in chronological order from the Ubaid period in the 5th millennium to the death of Alexander. It looks in detail at the architectural remains: the sacred buildings, royal graves and also the private housing which provides a unique record of life 4000 years ago. The volume also describes the part played by Ur in the Gulf war and discusses the problems raised for archaeologists in the war's aftermath.

Our Ancient Ancestors' Lost History Reconstructed

By William Lucas
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Balboa Press
  • Book Code : 1982218010
  • Total of Pages : 316
  • Category : History
  • Members : 287
  • Pdf File: our-ancient-ancestors-lost-history-reconstructed.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Most of the researchers, archaeologists, anthropologists, and many more who have appeared on the History Channel’s Ancient Aliens have admitted their belief that extraterrestrials created humanity. And those creators were none other than the Anunnaki (those who came from heaven) of the Sumerians. Why has no one realized the Anunnaki needed someone to create bodies for them? It is obvious they couldn’t use the bodies they used on higher worlds on our earth. People don’t realize the Sumerians were just as much in the dark as people of today are. The Anunnaki came to our planet over two hundred thousand years before the Sumerians’ time, and those Anunnaki are the same beings that the Western world’s Bible calls sons of God, in Genesis 6:4, where it’s stated that the sons of God gave children to the daughters of men. The Urantia Book claims that surgeons from a higher universe came to our planet and took genes from the most advanced humans and, with bioengineering, created bodies for those sons of God in Genesis 6:4. This is where all the confusion originates. Instead of the Anunnaki creating the humans, humans’ bodies were created for the Anunnaki. They came to help civilize humanity. There were one hundred of these sons of God that came—fifty men and fifty women. The Bible often calls both men and women sons of God; there’s no distinction, Hebrew 12:6-7. This happened during the time of Lucifer’s rebellion. Sixty of the sons of God rebelled along with Lucifer; they are the ones that had children by humans with bodies made of human genes. In the book of Enoch, they are referred to as Watchers and fallen angels, emphasizing that they were from higher worlds or heaven.

A Companion to the Ancient Near East

By Daniel C. Snell
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 1405137398
  • Total of Pages : 560
  • Category : History
  • Members : 222
  • Pdf File: a-companion-to-the-ancient-near-east.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A Companion to the Ancient Near East offers students and general readers a comprehensive overview of Near Eastern civilization from the Bronze Age to the conquests of Alexander the Great. Covers the civilizations of the Sumerians, Hittites, Babylonians, Assyrians, Israelites and Persians Places particular emphasis on social and cultural history Covers the legacy of the Ancient Near East in the medieval and modern worlds Provides a useful bibliographical guide to this field of study

Who Were the Babylonians?

By Bill T. Arnold
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : SBL Press
  • Book Code : 158983870X
  • Total of Pages : 160
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 833
  • Pdf File: who-were-the-ba.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This engaging and informative introduction to the the Babylonians were important not only because of their many historical contacts with ancient Israel but because they and their predecessors, the Sumerians, established the philosophical and social infrastructure for most of Western Asia for nearly two millennia. Beginning and advanced students as well as biblical scholars and interested nonspecialists will read this introduction to the history and culture of the Babylonians with interest and profit.

The Old Testament Speaks, Fifth Edition

By Samuel J. Schultz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Harper Collins
  • Book Code : 0062319876
  • Total of Pages : 464
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 977
  • Pdf File: the-old-testament-speaks-fifth-edition.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Here is a freshly updated edition of one of the most popular introductions to the history and literature of the Old Testament. The Old Testament Speaks offers a clear picture of the archaeological, geographical, historical, and linguistic dimensions of God's covenant with his people from the time of Abraham to the coming of the Messiah. The Old Testament Speaks examines the historical and religious life of the Hebrews, integrates the development of non-hebraic cultures with conventional biblical history, and reviews the best modern scholarly research in placing the Scriptures in their Near Eastern setting. Samuel J. Schultz emphasizes the importance of letting the Scriptures tell their own stories. He makes selective use of the best and latest literature in Old Testament studies, and offers a balanced perspective. Schultz sifts the facts and follows them to their inevitable conclusions. However, when the evidence is not definitive, he exercises caution, presenting his own interpretation as only one of several possible views. Schultz also appraises the impact of recent archaeological and historical findings on the understanding of key portions of the Old Testament. The Old Testament Speaks contains all the relevant material -- biblical and nonbiblical -- necessary for classroom use or personal study of the Old Testament. Schultz provides outlines that reflect the historical background and summarize the contents of each biblical book, as well as charts and maps to help visualize the biblical narrative. He has also revised and updated the biblio-graphies at the end of each chapter.

Woman Ruler

By Elin Sand
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : iUniverse
  • Book Code : 9781475902563
  • Total of Pages : 548
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 288
  • Pdf File: woman-ruler.pdf

Book Short Summary:

please find in Description.doc

The Cosmic Code

By Zecharia Sitchin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Book Code : 1591439140
  • Total of Pages : 304
  • Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Members : 649
  • Pdf File: the-cosmic-code.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Reveals Zecharia Sitchin's groundbreaking research into the code left behind by the creators of humanity. • Explains how the Anunnaki were not merely the mythical gods of the Sumerians, but rather the founders of human life on Earth. • Using Biblical and ancient Sumerian sources, explains how to decode these messages our star ancestors left behind. Daring to challenge our long-held beliefs about the origins of man, Zecharia Sitchin suggests that humans are not the children of God, but rather the children of the Anunnaki, an ancient race from the planet Nibiru. His revolutionary theories are supported by his intense scrutiny of not only ancient Sumerian texts but also stone structures all over the world. The similarities and astrological significance of these formations suggests that rather than looking for guidance from leaders here on Earth, humanity should instead look to the sky for answers. The Earth Chronicles deal with the history and prehistory of Earth and humankind. Each book in the series is based upon information written on clay tablets by the ancient civilizations of the Near East. For the first time, the entire Earth Chronicles series is now available in a hardcover collector's edition.

The King Is Here

By Michael Adi Nachman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : iUniverse
  • Book Code : 9781475913934
  • Total of Pages : 628
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 627
  • Pdf File: the-king-is-here.pdf

Book Short Summary:

From Mashiach to Rabbi Kaduri: Dear Yitzhak It is written,Th e Scripture cannot be broken, and I say to you the Mishnah cannot be ignored. The Holy Spirit is on the move. Hillel says There is no more Mashiach for Israel. Akiva says No, No, No, It is Bar Kosiba, Chabad says But is it not Rabbi Sneerson of New York? Israels halakah as we see it today was born after the destruction of the first and second temple. It is a faith lived out from the center of the Synagogue not the Temple. Many of her Torah practices were responses to the Temples destruction. Was it not born in Yavneh under the Sadducee Yochanan Ben Zaccheus? Is not its first book the Mishnah of Judah ha Nasi? They are waiting for Eliyah, the Mashiach and the Temple to be rebuilt. Was not the Bar Enosh given authority in Zion in year 3790? Was he not authorised at the resurrection of his head, Rav Yahushua seed of Eve? Th e Good News of the revival of the dead and the age to come was taken to the twelve tribes of Israel and the seventy nations. The age of righteousness and justice where the Bar Enosh will judge the world begins on the seventh day from Adams descent from Paradise. (ca 5797). Is it time for the talmidim of Yavneh and the talmidim of Rabbi Yahushua to stop lying about one another and to start walking together in the Spirit? It is not by might, nor by power but my my Spirit Says Yahuah. with the Spirit of his lips shall he slay the wicked (Is 11) In year 5766 (2006) a great master of the secrets of the Torah the late Rabbi Yitzchak Kaduri left a secret note with the name of Mashiach encoded on it and a prophecy. To the shock of the Jewish world the name he gave for the Mashiach was Yahushua, the same name as the head of the Notzrim, the anointed ones. How will Mashiach fulfill Rav Kaduris prophecy? This book is about that.

Empire and Communications

By Harold Adams Innis
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Good Press
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 189
  • Category : History
  • Members : 894
  • Pdf File: empire-and-communications.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"Empire and Communications" by Harold Adams Innis. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.