The English Armada Book

The English Armada | Download eBook Read Pdf-ePub-Kindle

Download full pdf book The English Armada by Luis Gorrochategui Santos available in full 336 pages, and make sure to check out other latest books History related to The English Armada below.

The English Armada

By Luis Gorrochategui Santos
  • ISBN Code: : 1350016985
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Pages : 336
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 126
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : the-english-armada.pdf

Book Excerpt :

During the year between July 1588, when the Spanish Armada set sail from Spain and July 1589, when the survivors of the English counterpart of this fleet, the little-known English Armada, reached port in England, two of history's worst naval catastrophes took place. A great deal of attention has been dedicated to the former and precious little to the latter. This book presents a full-scale account of an event which has been neglected for more than four centuries. It reconstructs the military operations day by day for the first time, taking apart the established notion that, with the defeat of the Spanish Armada, England achieved maritime supremacy and the decay of Spain began. This book clearly and in a rigorously documented fashion shows how the defeat of the English Armada counterbalanced that of the Spanish, frustrating England's intention of seizing Philip II's American empire and changing the tide of the war.

Recommended Books For Reading


  • The English Armada
    The English Armada

    A Book written by Luis Gorrochategui Santos, published by Bloomsbury Publishing 2018-02-22 - 336 pages - part of History books.

    Get eBook
  • The Spanish Armada
    The Spanish Armada

    A Book written by Robert Hutchinson, published by Macmillan 2014-06-10 - 432 pages - part of History books.

    Get eBook
  • The Spanish Armada
    The Spanish Armada

    A Book written by Jay Williams, published by New Word City 2015-10-28 - 155 pages - part of History books.

    Get eBook
  • Armada 1588
    Armada 1588

    A Book written by John Barratt, published by Pen and Sword 2006-03-19 - 192 pages - part of History books.

    Get eBook
  • The Last Armada: Queen Elizabeth, Juan del Águila, and Hugh O'Neill: The Story of the 100-Day Spanish Invasion
    The Last Armada: Queen Elizabeth, Juan del Águila, and Hugh O'Neill: The Story of the 100-Day Spanish Invasion

    A Book written by Des Ekin, published by Simon and Schuster 2016-01-15 - 420 pages - part of History books.

    Get eBook
  • In Search of a Kingdom
    In Search of a Kingdom

    A Book written by Laurence Bergreen, published by HarperCollins 2021-03-16 - 464 pages - part of History books.

    Get eBook
  • The Literary Side of the Armada
    The Literary Side of the Armada

    A Book written by Cristina Vallaro, published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing 2021-09-17 - 201 pages - part of Literary Criticism books.

    Get eBook

Read Also This Books

Ruled Britannia

By Harry Turtledove
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Book Code : 1101212519
  • Total of Pages : 576
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 638
  • Pdf File: ruled-britannia.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The year is 1597. For nearly a decade, the island of Britain has been under the rule of King Philip in the name of Spain. The citizenry live under an enforced curfew—and in fear of the Inquisition’s agents, who put heretics to the torch in public displays. And with Queen Elizabeth imprisoned in the Tower of London, the British have no symbol to unite them against the enemy who occupies their land. William Shakespeare has no interest in politics. His passion is writing for the theatre, where his words bring laughter and tears to a populace afraid to speak out against the tyranny of the Spanish crown. But now Shakespeare is given an opportunity to pen his greatest work—a drama that will incite the people of Britain to rise against their persecutors—and change the course of history.

The Spaniard

By Calvin J. Boal
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : WestBow Press
  • Book Code : 1973644371
  • Total of Pages : 314
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 611
  • Pdf File: the-spaniard.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Near the end of the sixteenth century as significant events unfold on the world stage, a twenty-year-old man emerges from the small village of Boal located along the northern coast of Spain. As he accompanies his father on the fifteen-mile trek down a winding mountain road to the town of Puerto de Navia, Jaime Montero believes he is on a mission to seek more experience as a sailor. But little does he know he is about to become embroiled in the Anglo-Spanish War. After a chain of events leads Jaime to sail with Sir Francis Drake to the New World to raid the Spanish Main, he soon finds himself fighting for Spain and sailing with the famed and doomed Spanish Armada of 1588. After enduring a battle at sea and many challenges while sailing for home, Jaime’s vessel wrecks on the shores of Ireland. Now he must somehow find the strength to survive more hardships and brutal floggings before he can reunite with his love, Erin MacDonnell. The Spaniard: Soldier of the Spanish Armada is the rousing historical tale of a young Spaniard’s courageous journey as he endures numerous battles, captivity, and a shipwreck with the hope of eventually reconciling with his beautiful Irish love.

The Tsar's Last Armada

By Constantine V Pleshakov
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • Book Code : 0786725494
  • Total of Pages : 416
  • Category : History
  • Members : 280
  • Pdf File: the-tsar-s-last-armada.pdf

Book Short Summary:

On May 14-15, 1905, in the Tsushima Straits near Japan, an entire Russian fleet was annihilated, its ships sunk, scattered, or captured by the Japanese. In the deciding battle of the Russo-Japanese War, the Japanese lost only three destroyers but the Russians lost twenty-two ships and thousands of sailors. It was the first modern naval battle, employing all the new technology of destruction. The old imperial navy was woefully unprepared. The defeat at Tsushima was the last and greatest of many indignities suffered by the Russian fleet, which had traveled halfway around the world to reach the battle, dogged every mile by bad luck and misadventure. Their legendary admiral, dubbed "Mad Dog," led them on an extraordinary eighteen-thousand-mile journey from the Baltic Sea, around Europe, Africa, and Asia, to the Sea of Japan. They were burdened by the Tsar's incompetent leadership and the old, slow ships that he insisted be included to bulk up the fleet. Moreover, they were under constant fear of attack, and there were no friendly ports to supply coal, food, and fresh water. The level of self-sufficiency attained by this navy was not seen again until the Second World War. The battle of Tsushima is among the top five naval battles in history, equal in scope and drama to those of Lepanto, Trafalgar, Jutland, and Midway, yet despite its importance it has been long neglected in the West. With a novelist's eye and a historian's authority, Constantine Pleshakov tells of the Russian squadron's long, difficult journey and fast, horrible defeat.

Defending The Island

By Norman Longmate
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Random House
  • Book Code : 1446475751
  • Total of Pages : 544
  • Category : History
  • Members : 675
  • Pdf File: defending-the-island.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In a brilliantly imaginative blend of military, social and diplomatic history, Norman Longmate retells our island story from the perspective of its defenders, in a narrative which stretches from the Celtic tribes who unsuccessfully fought against Ceasar to the great seabourne defence against the Armada of Philip of Spain. He has gone back to the original sources and investigated the original battlegrounds and weak spots in Britain's defences. But the real strength of his book is its seamless narrative of history, which uncovers the truth behind the legends. A mass of solidly researched fact, not readily found elsewhere, is seasoned with lively, humorous and occassionally gruesome anecdote. The result, providing at once an invaluable sourcebook for the specialist and an enthralling narrative for the general reader, is by far the most comprehensive and accessible history of England versus invasion ever published.

English Privateering Voyages to the West Indies, 1588-1595

By Kenneth R. Andrews
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Book Code : 1317142950
  • Total of Pages : 448
  • Category : History
  • Members : 362
  • Pdf File: english-privateering-voyages-to-the-west-indies-1588-1595.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Documents, some summarized entirely or in part, relating to twenty-five voyages, drawn mainly from the records of the High Court of Admiralty, with selections from narratives printed by Hakluyt and from a quantity of translations by I.A. Wright of originals (1593-5) in the Archivo General de Indias in Seville intended for a further volume on English West Indies Voyages (see Second Series 66, 71 and 99). The Introduction gives an account of the Court itself and of privateering during the Spanish war and in the West Indies. This is a new print-on-demand hardback edition of the volume first published in 1959.

Never Greater Slaughter

By Michael Livingston
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1472849280
  • Total of Pages : 241
  • Category : History
  • Members : 280
  • Pdf File: never-greater-slaughter.pdf

Book Short Summary:

'No one has done more than Michael Livingston to revive memories of the battle, and you could not hope for a better guide.' BERNARD CORNWELL Bestselling author of The Last Kingdom series Late in AD 937, four armies met in a place called Brunanburh. On one side stood the shield-wall of the expanding kingdom of the Anglo-Saxons. On the other side stood a remarkable alliance of rival kings – at least two from across the sea – who'd come together to destroy them once and for all. The stakes were no less than the survival of the dream that would become England. The armies were massive. The violence, when it began, was enough to shock a violent age. Brunanburh may not today have the fame of Hastings, Crécy or Agincourt, but those later battles, fought for England, would not exist were it not for the blood spilled this day. Generations later it was still called, quite simply, the 'great battle'. But for centuries, its location has been lost. Today, an extraordinary effort, uniting enthusiasts, historians, archaeologists, linguists, and other researchers – amateurs and professionals, experienced and inexperienced alike – may well have found the site of the long-lost battle of Brunanburh, over a thousand years after its bloodied fields witnessed history. This groundbreaking new book tells the story of this remarkable discovery and delves into why and how the battle happened. Most importantly, though, it is about the men who fought and died at Brunanburh, and how much this forgotten struggle can tell us about who we are and how we relate to our past.

Spanish Galleon vs English Galleon

By Mark Lardas
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1472839889
  • Total of Pages : 81
  • Category : History
  • Members : 177
  • Pdf File: spanish-galleon-vs-english-galleon.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Between 1550–1600, Europe witnessed a rapid evolution in the art of ship design which enabled safer and more efficient transatlantic travel. This was the pinnacle of the Age of Discovery and Exploration for the European powers, in which the galleon played a crucial role. Galleons were both the main vessels in maritime commerce and the principal warships used by the opposing fleets throughout the Age of Exploration. This period also saw a large amount of naval combat, much of it between individual ships belonging to the competing powers of England and Spain as they sought to control and exploit the rich mineral, material, agricultural and human resources of the New World. The conflict between the English Sea Dogs and the Spanish Adventurers has been a source of fascination for over four centuries. This exciting addition to the Duel series explores how the galleons used by Spain and England were built and armed, and examines the effectiveness of the cannon they used. It also compares how they were sailed and manoeuvred, showing the strengths and weaknesses of each design, and explaining how these played out in several of their most prominent battles, including the Battle of San Juan de Ulúa, the fight between the Golden Hind and the Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, an action from the Spanish Armada, and the last fight of the Revenge.

Spanish Galleon vs English Galleon

By Mark Lardas
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1472839919
  • Total of Pages : 81
  • Category : History
  • Members : 334
  • Pdf File: spanish-galleon-vs-english-galleon.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Between 1550–1600, Europe witnessed a rapid evolution in the art of ship design which enabled safer and more efficient transatlantic travel. This was the pinnacle of the Age of Discovery and Exploration for the European powers, in which the galleon played a crucial role. Galleons were both the main vessels in maritime commerce and the principal warships used by the opposing fleets throughout the Age of Exploration. This period also saw a large amount of naval combat, much of it between individual ships belonging to the competing powers of England and Spain as they sought to control and exploit the rich mineral, material, agricultural and human resources of the New World. The conflict between the English Sea Dogs and the Spanish Adventurers has been a source of fascination for over four centuries. This exciting addition to the Duel series explores how the galleons used by Spain and England were built and armed, and examines the effectiveness of the cannon they used. It also compares how they were sailed and manoeuvred, showing the strengths and weaknesses of each design, and explaining how these played out in several of their most prominent battles, including the Battle of San Juan de Ulúa, the fight between the Golden Hind and the Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, an action from the Spanish Armada, and the last fight of the Revenge.

Radicals in Exile

By Freddy Cristóbal Domínguez
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penn State Press
  • Book Code : 0271086750
  • Total of Pages : 392
  • Category : History
  • Members : 459
  • Pdf File: radicals-in-exile.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Facing persecution in early modern England, some Catholics chose exile over conformity. Some even cast their lot with foreign monarchs rather than wait for their own rulers to have a change of heart. This book studies the relationship forged by English exiles and Philip II of Spain. It shows how these expatriates, known as the “Spanish Elizabethans,” used the most powerful tools at their disposal—paper, pens, and presses—to incite war against England during the “messianic” phase of Philip’s reign, from the years leading up to the Grand Armada until the king’s death in 1598. Freddy Cristóbal Domínguez looks at English Catholic propaganda within its international and transnational contexts. He examines a range of long-neglected polemical texts, demonstrating their prominence during an important moment of early modern politico-religious strife and exploring the transnational dynamic of early modern polemics and the flexible rhetorical approaches required by exile. He concludes that while these exiles may have lived on the margins, their books were central to early modern Spanish politics and are key to understanding the broader narrative of the Counter-Reformation. Deeply researched and highly original, Radicals in Exile makes an important contribution to the study of religious exile in early modern Europe. It will be welcomed by historians of early modern Iberian and English politics and religion as well as scholars of book history.

The British Navy Book

By Cyril Field
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : DigiCat
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 377
  • Category : History
  • Members : 344
  • Pdf File: the-british-navy-book.pdf

Book Short Summary:

DigiCat Publishing presents to you this special edition of "The British Navy Book" by Cyril Field. DigiCat Publishing considers every written word to be a legacy of humankind. Every DigiCat book has been carefully reproduced for republishing in a new modern format. The books are available in print, as well as ebooks. DigiCat hopes you will treat this work with the acknowledgment and passion it deserves as a classic of world literature.

The Safeguard of the Sea

By N A M Rodger
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Book Code : 014191257X
  • Total of Pages : 744
  • Category : History
  • Members : 221
  • Pdf File: the-safeguard-of-the-sea.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Throughout Britain's history, one factor above all others has determined the fate of the nation: its navy. N. A. M. Rodger's definitive account reveals how the political and social progress of Britain has been inextricably intertwined with the strength - and weakness - of its sea power, from the desperate early campaigns against the Vikings to the defeat of the great Spanish Armada. Covering policy, strategy, ships, recruitment and weapons, this is a superb tapestry of nearly 1,000 years of maritime history. 'No other historian has examined the subject in anything like the detail found here. The result is an outstanding example of narrative history' Barry Unsworth, Sunday Telegraph

The Downfall of the Spanish Armada in Ireland

By Ken Douglas
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Gill & Macmillan Ltd
  • Book Code : 0717151492
  • Total of Pages : 272
  • Category : History
  • Members : 101
  • Pdf File: the-downfall-of-the-spanish-armada-in-ireland.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The English navy inflicted a narrow defeat on the Armada, but it was the Irish coast that encompassed its downfall. 'Heed that coast!' The Duke of Medina Sidonia wanted only to guide La Felissima Armada home safely. In the North Sea he issued sailing instructions, which, if they had been followed, would have given the Armada a safety margin of at least 300 miles. He particularly ordered them to '...take great heed lest you fall upon the island of Ireland for fear of the harm that may happen unto you upon that coast.' They were in no doubt that Ireland was to be avoided. His words proved to be more than a warning: they were a prophecy, which was inexorably fulfilled. A siren of alluring beauty, the Irish coast also conceals deadly danger. Destiny was to conspire to transform it into an instrument of terrible destruction and tragic loss of life. In the Atlantic the Armada encountered continuous southerly winds and unknown ocean currents. It was two centuries before it became possible to calculate longitude at sea, and they were unaware that they had not sailed far enough westwards to give themselves the prescribed safety margin. They became separated and lost, and when they at last turned southwards, scattered groups unintentionally descended on Ireland, arriving at fourteen different locations from Donegal to Kerry. Many found shelter, but a few were lost. But on 21 September 1588 fourteen ships were destroyed by hurricane force winds: the only occasion during the entire voyage when ships were completely destroyed by the weather. 'A most extreme and cruel storm' the Irish described it. The Spanish recorded that 'in the morning it began to blow from the west with a most terrible fury, bright and with little rain.' Ships that had stayed at sea survived. In Donegal Bay the galleass Girona had sheltered with about 1,000 men. In October, Don Alonso de Leyva arrived with almost 1,000 more. His entourage included young men from all the noble families of Spain. After being repaired, the Girona departed for Scotland at the end of October, overloaded with 1,300 survivors. She so nearly got there, but foundered near the Giant's Causeway with the loss of de Leyva and the flower of Spanish nobility. In all, 24 Spanish ships were lost in Ireland and about 5,000 men died, far greater losses than had been suffered in the English Channel. The English navy inflicted a narrow defeat on the Armada, but it was the Irish coast that encompassed its downfall. Long before it had been surveyed and charted, when it was almost as unknown to mariners as the surface of the moon, for a few brief months in the autumn of 1588, the Irish coast was caught in the headlights of history.

Armada's Wake

By J. D. Davies
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Canelo
  • Book Code : 178863232X
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 315
  • Pdf File: armada-s-wake.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The beacons are lit – the Armada is sighted off the English coast. The thrilling final instalment of the Navy Royal trilogy. 1588: The greatest naval force of its age bears down upon England. As a devastating battle looms, a nation holds its breath. Jack Stannard, grandson of the original Jack, is stationed on Drake’s warship Revenge. His father, Tom, commands his own vessel and even his grandfather is close by. Each must be ready for the greatest battle of their lives. Everything is at stake: the fleet, the Queen, England and behind it all something even more binding. Family. On every front they must triumph... A brilliant and intricate portrait of one of the world's most important sea battles and its aftermath, Armada's Wake is a masterpiece of historical adventure, perfect for fans of Patrick O’Brian, C. S. Forester and Bernard Cornwell.

Under Drake's Flag

By G. A. Henty
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Book Code : 0486116123
  • Total of Pages : 304
  • Category : Juvenile Fiction
  • Members : 404
  • Pdf File: under-drake-s-flag.pdf

Book Short Summary:

DIVAdventure on the high seas as seen through the eyes of young Ned Hearne, who experiences a harsh seafaring life, visits strange lands, and witnesses the destruction of the Spanish Armada. /div

Under Drake's Flag

By G.A. Henty
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Book Code : 1625581165
  • Total of Pages : 261
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 179
  • Pdf File: under-drake-s-flag.pdf

Book Short Summary:

From the "Prince of Storytellers," an exciting account of life on the high seas as seen through the eyes of young Ned Hearne. The brave 16th-century teen sails with Francis Drake, experiences a harsh seafaring life, visits unexplored lands, and witnesses the great naval battle between the English fleet and the Spanish Armada.

De Broglie's Armada

By Sudipta Das
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University Press of America
  • Book Code : 9780761843962
  • Total of Pages : 120
  • Category : History
  • Members : 509
  • Pdf File: de-broglie-s-armada.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This study represents the first published translation and analysis of an intriguing scheme of invasion of the British Isles that formed the foundation of all later invasion plans drawn up in the ivory towers of French diplomacy. References to invasion plans—made by Spain in the Spanish Armada (1585-98), or by the French Directory (1795-99) against Ireland and England in the later 1790s, or those of Napoleon Bonaparte (1799-1815), or 'Operation Sea Lion,' the German plan of invasion during the Nazi era—have been based on published information of earlier plans, at the heart of which was De Broglie's grand project.

Fraught with Hazard

By Paul &Julia Cooley Altrocchi
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : iUniverse
  • Book Code : 1491766808
  • Total of Pages : 268
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 234
  • Pdf File: fraught-with-hazard.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Riddled with cannonball holes from their stunning defeat by the English Navy after trying to invade Queen Elizabeth’s Protestant realm in 1588 to restore Catholicism, the Spanish Armada sailed north around the Orkneys and Hebrides in their attempt to return home. The worst storms in fifty years, however, drove 24 Spanish ships relentlessly onto the rocky Irish coast, tearing them apart. Thousands of sailors and soldiers drowned; hundreds of unarmed Spaniards were slaughtered on the beaches. Those who fled across Ireland to reach Scotland faced daily peril for months. The story of those few who didn’t die was told only once, by Captain Francisco de Cuellar. This true saga of survival against all odds, based upon Cuellar’s manuscript which lay hidden for 300 years, is vividly described in remarkable detail by historical novelists Paul Altrocchi and Julia Cooley Altrocchi, placing Captain Cuellar among the great heroes and legendary wanderers of history alongside Jason, seeker of the Golden Fleece; Sigurd, ancient Norse hero; and Homer’s Odysseus. “Fraught With Hazard describes one of history’s most dramatic and least-known tales—the fate of Spanish Armada survivors in Ireland after the English navy and stormy weather caused many of their warships to wreck on the treacherous Irish coast. “Based on the sole witness-account of Captain Francisco de Cuellar, who endured seemingly endless death-defying crises before making it back to Spain, this enthralling epic is grippingly told by Paul and Julia Altrocchi. They breathe dazzling new life into a memorable 400 year-old saga of Homeric proportions.” - Hank Whittemore, author of the compelling non-fiction books So That Others May Live and The Monument. “It is hard to believe that the perilous adventures of Francisco de Cuellar are true but they are, and the Altrocchis’ breathtaking account of his daredevil escapades on the high-seas and on hostile shores is more vivid than the best that Hollywood has ever been able to offer. This is historical writing at its brightest, liveliest and very best.” - English writer Alexander Waugh, author of the best-selling The House of Wittgenstein: A Family at War, and Fathers and Sons: The Autobiography of a Family.

The Year after the Armada, and Other Historical Studies

By Martin A. S. Hume
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : DigiCat
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 281
  • Category : History
  • Members : 360
  • Pdf File: the-year-after-the-armada-and-other-historical-studies.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is a monograph on the history of the Spanish Armada. It provides new clues to the history of the Spanish maritime fleet in the late 16th century and its important tasks. As the preface says, "From such treasure-trove as this, and from other sources which have generally been overlooked or neglected by English historians, the studies contained in the present book have been drawn; and it is hoped that some fresh knowledge as well as amusement may be gained from them."

The Year after the Armada, and Other Historical Studies

By Martin Andrew Sharp Hume
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Library of Alexandria
  • Book Code : 146561236X
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 904
  • Pdf File: the-year-after-the-armada-and-other-historical-studies.pdf

Book Short Summary:

On the night of Sunday, the 28th of July, 1588, the great Armada was huddled, all demoralised and perplexed, in Calais roads. Only a week before the proudest fleet that ever rode the seas laughed in derision at the puny vessels that alone stood between it and victory over the heretic Queen and her pirate countrymen, who for years had plundered and insulted with impunity the most powerful sovereign in Europe. Gilded prows and fluttering pennons, great towering hulls which seemed to defy destruction, the fervid approbation of all Latin Christendom, and the assurance of Divine protection, combined to produce in the men of the Armada absolute confidence in an easy conquest. But six days of desultory fighting in the Channel had opened their eyes to facts thitherto undreamed of. Handy ships, that could sail several points closer to the wind than their unwieldy galleons, could harass and distress them without coming to close quarters. At first they shouted that the English were afraid of them, but as the sense of their own impotence gradually grew upon them their spirits sank. Brave they were, but, said they, of what use is bravery against foes who will not fight with us hand to hand in the only way we wot of? And so from day to day, whilst they straggled up the Channel, their boasting gave place to dismay and disorganisation. They saw their ships were being sunk and disabled one after the other, whilst the English vessels were suffering little damage and had safe ports of refuge behind them. Thus at the end of the week they found themselves with a dangerous shoally coast to leeward, in an exposed roadstead surrounded by the reinforced English fleet. They were ripe for panic, for their commander was a fool and a craven in whom they had no confidence; and when the English fireships drifted down upon them with the wind, flaring in the darkness of the summer night, abject paralysing terror turned the huge fleet into a hustling mob of ships, in which the sole thought was that of flight. From that moment the Armada was beaten. The storms on the northern and Irish coasts, the cold, the rotten food and putrid water, pestilence and panic, added dramatic completeness to their discomfiture; but superior ships, commanders, and seamanship had practically defeated them when they slipped their cables and anchors and crowded through the narrow sea with the English fleet to windward and sandbanks on their lee. But the Armada had represented the labour, the thought, and the sacrifice of years. Every nerve had been strained to render it irresistible. Spain and the Indies had been squeezed to the last doubloon, careful Sixtus V. had been cajoled into partnership in the enterprise, and the Church throughout Christendom had emptied its coffers to crush heresy for once and for ever. All along the coast of Ireland from the Giant's Causeway to Dingle Bay the wreckage of the splendid galleons was awash, and many of the best and bravest of Spain's hidalgos, dead and mutilated, scattered the frowning shore; or, alive, starved, naked, and plundered, were slowly done to death with every circumstance of inhumanity by the Irish kerns or their English conquerors. It could hardly be expected, therefore, that on the receipt of the dreadful news Spain should calmly resign itself to defeat. Such lessons as this are only slowly and gradually brought home to the heart of a nation; and after Mendoza's lying stories of victory had been contradicted, and the fell truth ran through Spain as the battered, plague-stricken wrecks of what was left of the Armada crept into Santander, the first heart-cry was for vengeance and a re-vindication of the national honour.

The Poetics of Piracy

By Barbara Fuchs
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Pennsylvania Press
  • Book Code : 0812207769
  • Total of Pages : 200
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Members : 204
  • Pdf File: the-poetics-of-piracy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

With its dominance as a European power and the explosion of its prose and dramatic writing, Spain provided an irresistible literary source for English writers of the early modern period. But the deep and escalating political rivalry between the two nations led English writers to negotiate, disavow, or attempt to resolve their fascination with Spain and their debt to Spanish sources. Amid thorny issues of translation and appropriation, imperial competition, the rise of commercial authorship, and anxieties about authenticity, Barbara Fuchs traces how Spanish material was transmitted into English writing, entangling English literature in questions of national and religious identity, and how piracy came to be a central textual metaphor, with appropriations from Spain triumphantly reimagined as heroic looting. From the time of the attempted invasion by the Spanish Armada of the 1580s, through the rise of anti-Spanish rhetoric of the 1620s, The Poetics of Piracy charts this connection through works by Ben Jonson, William Shakespeare, Francis Beaumont, John Fletcher, and Thomas Middleton. Fuchs examines how their writing, particularly for the stage, recasts a reliance on Spanish material by constructing narratives of militaristic, forcible use. She considers how Jacobean dramatists complicated the texts of their Spanish contemporaries by putting them to anti-Spanish purposes, and she traces the place of Cervantes's Don Quixote in Beaumont's The Knight of the Burning Pestle and Shakespeare's late, lost play Cardenio. English literature was deeply transnational, even in the period most closely associated with the birth of a national literature. Recovering the profound influence of Spain on Renaissance English letters, The Poetics of Piracy paints a sophisticated picture of how nations can serve, at once, as rivals and resources.

British Flag Officers in the French Wars, 1793-1815

By John Morrow
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1474277691
  • Total of Pages : 352
  • Category : History
  • Members : 143
  • Pdf File: british-flag-officers-in-the-french-wars-1793-1815.pdf

Book Short Summary:

During the French wars (1793-1801, 1803-1815) the system of promotion to flag rank in the Royal Navy produced a cadre of admirals numbering more than two hundred at its peak. These officers competed vigorously for a limited number of appointments at sea and for the high honours and significant financial rewards open to successful naval commanders. When on active service admirals faced formidable challenges arising from the Navy's critical role in a global conflict, from the extraordinary scope of their responsibilities, and from intense political, public and professional expectations. While a great deal has been written about admirals' roles in naval operations, other aspects of their professional lives have not been explored systematically. British Flag Officers in the French Wars, 1793-1815 considers the professional lives of well-known and more obscure admirals, vice-admirals and rear-admirals. It examines the demands of naval command, flag officers' understanding of their authority and their approach to exercising it, their ambitions and failures, their professional interactions, and their lives afloat and onshore. In exploring these themes, it draws on a wide range of correspondence and other primary source material. By taking a broad thematic approach, this book provides a multi-faceted account of admirals' professional lives that extends beyond the insights that are found in biographical studies of individual flag officers. As such, it will be of great interest to students and scholars of British naval history.

Contra Armada

By Luis Gorrochategui
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Editorial Crítica
  • Book Code : 8491992510
  • Total of Pages : 448
  • Category : History
  • Members : 123
  • Pdf File: contra-armada.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Muchas obras se han ocupado de estudiar la Armada Invencible y su impacto en la historia de Europa, pero hay un episodio relacionado con ella que apenas es conocido: un año después, en 1589, Inglaterra lanza contra España una flota de superiores proporciones: la Contra Armada. Tras ser repelida en La Coruña por la tenaz resistencia que encumbrará a María Pita, la Contra Armada será rematada en Lisboa por tierra y mar, abocándose a una catástrofe que duplicó las pérdidas de su predecesora y cambió el signo de la guerra, permitiendo a España continuar dominando los océanos. Este libro, basado en documentos inéditos de archivos españoles, reconstruye día a día, y por primera vez, el destino de aquella empresa. Y su autor, el historiador Luis Gorrochategui, trata de arrojar luz sobre el porqué dos episodios similares han recibido tratamientos tan dispares.

Elizabeth I

By Judith M. Richards
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136588264
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : History
  • Members : 278
  • Pdf File: elizabeth-i.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Elizabeth I was Queen of England for almost forty-five years. The daughter of Henry VIII and Ann Boleyn, as an infant she was briefly accepted as her father’s heir. After her mother was executed at her father’s command she was declared illegitimate and led a sometimes scandalous existence until her accession to the throne at the age of twenty-five. Elizabeth oversaw a vibrant age of exploration and literature and established herself, the "Virgin Queen", a national icon that lives on in the popular imagination. But Elizabeth was England’s second female monarch, and was greatly influenced by the experiences and mistakes of the reign of her half-sister, Mary I, before her. During her reign, Elizabeth had to perform a complicated balancing act in religious matters. As religious wars raged in Europe, Elizabeth herself a moderate Protestant, had to manage an inherited Catholic realm and the demands of zealous Protestants. The importance of such familiar features of Elizabeth’s reign as the presence in England of Mary Queen of Scots and her enduring efforts to take the throne, the Spanish armada, and the origins of English colonial expansion beyond the British archipelago all receive fresh attention in this engaging book. This new biography sheds light on Elizabeth’s early life, influences and on her personal religious beliefs as well as examining her reign, politics and reassesses Elizabeth’s reluctance to marry, a matter for which she has been much praised, but which is here judged one of the second queen regnant’s more problematic decisions. Judith M. Richards takes an objective and rounded view of Elizabeth’s whole life and provides the perfect introduction for students and general readers alike.

Marlowe's Soldiers: Rhetorics of Masculinity in the Age of the Armada

By Alan Shepard
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351753746
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 913
  • Pdf File: marlowe-s-soldiers.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This title was first published in 2002: In the topsy-turvy 1580s and 1590s, as the episodic Anglo-Spanish war became the greatest threat to "English" security since circa 1066, Marlowe rose up in the London theatres like some Phaeton of the entertainment industry, taking war itself as a central subject of his art. This book reads his plays - especially "Tamburlaine", "Edward II", "The Massacre at Paris", and "Doctor Faustus" - as part of a bright new conversation then taking place in London about the nature of state security and martial law, the decorum of playing "the soldier" on stage, the rhetoric of warfever, and the necessity for draconian prescriptions about English manhood. Those public conversations, spilling out of Whitehall, the church pulpits, and the pubs, took center stage during the few years the playwright worked in London. Shepard argues that the Marlowe plays wrestle with the philosophical assumptions about the nature of war and the role and status of soldiers in English culture that were being embedded in those years in contemporary military handbooks penned by veterans of war, in homilies, royal proclamations, poems, pamphlets, and other plays, Shakespeare's included. Drawing on early modern theories and uses of classical rhetoric, stage history, queer theory, historicist strategies and even magical realism, "Marlowe's Soldiers" investigates how and why Marlowe's plays make entertainment of a wealth of historically and geopolitically divergent fantasies about martial law and its discontents.

A Guide to the Exhibition of English Medals

By British Museum. Department of Coins and Medals,Herbert A. Grueber
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Good Press
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 753
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 412
  • Pdf File: a-guide-to-the-exhibition-of-english-medals.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"A Guide to the Exhibition of English Medals" by British Museum. Department of Coins and Medals, Herbert A. Grueber. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

The Complete Idiot's Guide to European History

By Nathan Barber
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Book Code : 1101460504
  • Total of Pages : 464
  • Category : History
  • Members : 193
  • Pdf File: the-complete-idiot-s-guide-to-european-history.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A 700-year odyssey from Italy’s boot to Switzerland’s Alps. Without an understanding of events and personalities in Europe, it’s impossible to truly appreciate the development of contemporary institutions, the role of continuity and change in present-day society and politics, and the evolution of current forms of artistic and intellectual expressions. This guide provides a fascinating, easy-to-understand, fact-filled glimpse of hundreds of years of European cultural, economic, political, and social history.

Fifty-two Stories of the British Navy, from Damme to Trafalgar

By Alfred H. Miles
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Good Press
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 477
  • Category : History
  • Members : 808
  • Pdf File: fifty-two-stories-of-the-british-navy-from-damme-to-trafalgar.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"Fifty-two Stories of the British Navy, from Damme to Trafalgar" by Alfred H. Miles. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

The Great Rescue

By Peter Hernon
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : HarperCollins
  • Book Code : 0062433881
  • Total of Pages : 384
  • Category : History
  • Members : 583
  • Pdf File: the-great-rescue.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Published in commemoration of the centennial of America’s entry into World War I, the story of the USS Leviathan, the legendary liner turned warship that ferried U.S. soldiers to Europe—a unique war history that offers a fresh, compelling look at this epic time. When war broke out in Europe in August 1914, the new German luxury ocean liner SS Vaterland was interned in New York Harbor, where it remained docked for nearly three years—until the United States officially entered the fight to turn the tide of the war. Seized by authorities for the U.S. Navy once war was declared in April 2017, the liner was renamed the USS Leviathan by President Woodrow Wilson, and converted into an armed troop carrier that transported thousands of American Expeditionary Forces to the battlefields of France. For German U-Boats hunting Allied ships in the treacherous waters of the Atlantic, no target was as prized as the Leviathan, carrying more than 10,000 Doughboys per crossing. But the Germans were not the only deadly force threatening the ship and its passengers. In 1918, a devastating influenza pandemic—the Spanish flu—spread throughout the globe, predominantly striking healthy young adults, including soldiers. Peter Hernon tells the ship’s story across multiple voyages and through the experiences of a diverse cast of participants, including the ship’s captain, Henry Bryan; General John Pershing, commander of the American Expeditionary Force; Congressman Royal Johnson, who voted against the war but enlisted once the resolution passed; Freddie Stowers, a young black South Carolinian whose heroism was ignored because of his race; Irvin Cobb, a star war reporter for the Saturday Evening Post; and Elizabeth Weaver, an army nurse who saw the war’s horrors firsthand; as well as a host of famous supporting characters, including a young Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Thoroughly researched, dramatic, and fast-paced, The Great Rescue is a unique look at the Great War and the diverse lives it touched.

Summary of John Barratt's Armada 1588

By Everest Media
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Everest Media LLC
  • Book Code : 1669399427
  • Total of Pages : 22
  • Category : History
  • Members : 239
  • Pdf File: summary-of-john-barratt-s-armada-1588.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Please note: This is a companion version & not the original book. Sample Book Insights: #1 The Tudor dynasty maintained friendly relations with Spain, but when Henry VIII divorced his Spanish wife, Catherine of Aragon, and in defiance of the pope established the Church of England with himself as its head, relations between England and Spain became strained. #2 The relationship between England and Spain grew cooler during the half-hearted proposals that Philip marry Elizabeth, the daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn. However, the situation changed gradually. #3 By the 1560s, Philip II was ruler of a vast empire, including Spain, Naples, Sicily, the East Indies, possessions in the Americas and the Netherlands. The Spanish economy was increasingly dependent on the resources of her New World settlements, particularly their gold and silver. #4 The attack on Hawkins was a major embarrassment for Elizabeth, and she had to respond. The subsequent uproar in England forced her to retaliate. She seized Spanish ships carrying 160,000 ducats, intended as pay for the Spanish Army of Flanders, and gave some indirect aid to the Dutch by seizing their ships.

Women during the English Reformations

By K. Kramer,Julie Chappell
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137465670
  • Total of Pages : 198
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 783
  • Pdf File: women-during-the-english-reformations.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Catholic or Protestant, recusant or godly rebel, early modern women reinvented their spiritual and gendered spaces during the reformations in religion in England during the sixteenth century and beyond. These essays explore the ways in which some Englishwomen struggled to erase, rewrite, or reimagine their religious and gender identities.

The Oxford History of Britain

By Kenneth O. Morgan
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0192577913
  • Total of Pages : 896
  • Category : History
  • Members : 254
  • Pdf File: the-oxford-history-of-britain.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A new edition of this best-selling history of Britain, from Roman times, now updated to cover the first decade of the 21st century. The Oxford History of Britain tells the story of Britain and its people over two thousand years, from the coming of the Roman legions to the present day. Encompassing political, social, economic, and cultural developments throughout the British Isles, the dramatic narrative is taken up in turn by ten leading historians who offer the fruits of the best modern scholarship to the general reader in an authoritative form. A vivid, sometimes surprising picture emerges of a continuous turmoil of change in every period, and the wider social context of political and economic tension is made clear. But consensus, no less than conflict, is a part of the story: in focusing on elements of continuity down the centuries, the authors bring out that special awareness of identity which has been such a distinctive feature of British society. By relating both these factors in the British experience, and by exploring the many ways in which Britain has shaped and been shaped by contact with Europe and the wider world, this landmark work brings the reader face to face with the past, and the foundations of modern British society. This updated new edition (by the original editor) adds great richness by taking the story down from the economic crisis of 2008 to the conflict over Europe at the present day.