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The Cosmic Zoo

By Dirk Schulze-Makuch,William Bains
  • ISBN Code: : 3319620452
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Pages : 232
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 756
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : the-cosmic-zoo.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Are humans a galactic oddity, or will complex life with human abilities develop on planets with environments that remain habitable for long enough? In a clear, jargon-free style, two leading researchers in the burgeoning field of astrobiology critically examine the major evolutionary steps that led us from the distant origins of life to the technologically advanced species we are today. Are the key events that took life from simple cells to astronauts unique occurrences that would be unlikely to occur on other planets? By focusing on what life does - it's functional abilities - rather than specific biochemistry or anatomy, the authors provide plausible answers to this question. Systematically exploring the various pathways that led to the complex biosphere we experience on planet Earth, they show that most of the steps along that path are likely to occur on any world hosting life, with only two exceptions: One is the origin of life itself – if this is a highly improbable event, then we live in a rather “empty universe”. However, if this isn’t the case, we inevitably live in a universe containing a myriad of planets hosting complex as well as microbial life - a “cosmic zoo”. The other unknown is the rise of technologically advanced beings, as exemplified on Earth by humans. Only one technological species has emerged in the roughly 4 billion years life has existed on Earth, and we don’t know of any other technological species elsewhere. If technological intelligence is a rare, almost unique feature of Earth's history, then there can be no visitors to the cosmic zoo other than ourselves. Schulze-Makuch and Bains take the reader through the history of life on Earth, laying out a consistent and straightforward framework for understanding why we should think that advanced, complex life exists on planets other than Earth. They provide a unique perspective on the question that puzzled the human species for centuries: are we alone?

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Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: cosmic-intelligence-and-you.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

A groundbreaking argument for why alien life will evolve to be much like life here on Earth We are all familiar with the popular idea of strange alien life wildly different from life on earth inhabiting other planets. Maybe it's made of silicon! Maybe it has wheels! Or maybe it doesn't. In The Equations of Life, biologist Charles S. Cockell makes the forceful argument that the laws of physics narrowly constrain how life can evolve, making evolution's outcomes predictable. If we were to find on a distant planet something very much like a lady bug eating something like an aphid, we shouldn't be surprised. The forms of life are guided by a limited set of rules, and as a result, there is a narrow set of solutions to the challenges of existence. A remarkable scientific contribution breathing new life into Darwin's theory of evolution, The Equations of Life makes a radical argument about what life can--and can't--be.


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Book Short Summary:

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  • Publisher : World Scientific
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  • Total of Pages : 624
  • Category :
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  • Pdf File: critical-dialogues-in-cosmology.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A special forum on critical issues in cosmology in celebraton of Princeton University's 250th birthday.The proceedings of this conference, held as part of Princeton University's 250th birthday celebrations, features lectures and discussions by many of the world's leading scientists on the status and future of modern cosmology.The volume offers the non-specialist a fascinating insight into the current status of cosmology and the issues of contention at the research frontiers of the science. It constitutes the proceedings of a special conference, held as part of Princeton University's 250 birthday celebrations, featuring lectures and discussions by many of the world's leading scientists on the status and future of modern cosmology. The volume is based on the format of a series of debates in which a range of conventional wisdom is reviewed, defended and critcised by renowned specialists in each field.The technical level of the volume is accessible to a very broad audience of non-specialists. This innovative exchange of ideas at the cutting edge of cosmology therefore offers an unusual opportunity for the average reader to savour the excitement of probing into the ultimate secrets of the universe.

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3319227955
  • Total of Pages : 506
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 442
  • Pdf File: the-lost-constellations.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Casual stargazers are familiar with many classical figures and asterisms composed of bright stars (e.g., Orion and the Plough), but this book reveals not just the constellations of today but those of yesteryear. The history of the human identification of constellations among the stars is explored through the stories of some influential celestial cartographers whose works determined whether new inventions survived. The history of how the modern set of 88 constellations was defined by the professional astronomy community is recounted, explaining how the constellations described in the book became permanently “extinct.” Dr. Barentine addresses why some figures were tried and discarded, and also directs observers to how those figures can still be picked out on a clear night if one knows where to look. These lost constellations are described in great detail using historical references, enabling observers to rediscover them on their own surveys of the sky. Treatment of the obsolete constellations as extant features of the night sky adds a new dimension to stargazing that merges history with the accessibility and immediacy of the night sky.


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  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Book Code : 1633888002
  • Total of Pages : 325
  • Category : Science
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  • Pdf File: bioverse.pdf

Book Short Summary:

For as long as humans have been on Earth, we have looked up to the stars for clues to our own existence. Medical doctor and evolutionary biologist William B. Miller, Jr. suggests that we may find more meaningful solutions at the end of a microscope rather than a telescope. Using powerful analogies and exacting science, Bioverse explores the wonders of the perpetual partnership between our personal cells and the microbial world, resulting in an entirely new view of our living planet. To understand life in all its varieties, we must undertake to understand our cells. While the partnership between our cells and our microbes has largely been thought of as that of “host” and “guest,” Miller reveals the true partnership under which both our microbial fraction and our own personal cells conduct a life-long dialogue, redefining our traditional conceptions of intelligence and problem-solving. This radical new approach explains exactly how our human choices are centered within the same cellular rules that enable our cells to seamlessly sustain our lives. We are now entering the “Era of the Cell,” a time in history during which medical and scientific innovations have spurred growth far beyond ever imagined by our ancestors. For the first time, we are not only building machines to enhance our lives but engineering living organisms to assist our futures. From the biological origins of evolution to the invention of the compound microscope by a Dutch lens maker in the 17th century, to new research that reveals surprising links between our microbiome and our moods and behavior, and surprising stories of the cellular world from the deepest oceans, wildest jungles, and outer reaches of our solar system, Miller introduces readers to a greater understanding of our impact on the planet and the world’s reciprocal impact on each of us. By exploring the extent of our deeply integrated cellular world, Bioverse provides profound insights about ourselves, our health and well-being, our social systems, and our permanent relationship to the planet and the cosmos.

A Ghost Takes You to Dinner

By Ulisses Capozzoli
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Edições Sesc SP
  • Book Code : 8594930550
  • Total of Pages : 80
  • Category : Reference
  • Members : 640
  • Pdf File: a-ghost-takes-you-to-dinner.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In what way could using a GPS to circulate in city traffic be connected to cosmic stars lying a billion light-years away from planet Earth? The intriguing answer is that they are irrevocably bound by a relation that traverses centuries of scientific knowledge, quasars located billions of light-years away from the Milky Way and names like Galileo Galilei, Max Planck, Tycho Brahe, Newton, Kepler, Copernicus , Herschel and Albert Einstein. In an inventive and information-rich narrative, the journalist and Master and Doctor of Science Ulisses Capozzoli starts out from the commonplace use of satellite-based geolocation systems to illustrate how science reveals itself in much of our daily lives. The book is the first title of the Science in Everyday Life series, published exclusively in digital format.

The Environment and Evolution of Galaxies

By J.M. Shull,Harley A. Thronson Jr.
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9401118825
  • Total of Pages : 585
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 167
  • Pdf File: the-environment-and-evolution-of-galaxies.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In July 1992, over 300 astronomers attended the Third Tetons Summer School on the subject of `The Environment and Evolution of Galaxies'. This book presents 28 papers based on invited review talks and a panel discussion on `The Nature of High Redshift Objects'. The major themes include: the Interstellar and Intergalactic Medium, Galaxy Formation and Evolution, Cooling Flows, Quasars and Radiation Backgrounds, and Interactions between Galaxies/AGNs and their Environment. Recent advances with the ROSAT, COBE and Hubble Space Telescope are discussed, together with current theoretical developments. The tutorial nature of the papers make this book a valuable supplement for professional astonomers, graduate students, and senior undergraduates. As with previous Tetons conferences, this book provides both the current state of observational and theoretical research and material complementary to courses in extragalactic and interstellar astrophysics.

Three Men Seeking Monsters

By Nick Redfern
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Book Code : 141650057X
  • Total of Pages : 272
  • Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Members : 869
  • Pdf File: three-men-seeking-monsters.pdf

Book Short Summary:

They sought out the strange. They investigated the inexplicable. They had one hell of a hangover. On an odyssey of oddities that would take them all to the very limits of their imagination (and inebriation), bestselling author Nick Redfern teamed up with professional monster-hunters Jonathan Downes and Richard Freeman. For six weeks in the summer of 2001, the intrepid-yet-hard-partying trio rampaged across the remote wilds of Great Britain in hot pursuit of werewolves, lake monsters, giant cats, ghostly devil dogs, and ape-men. Their adventures led them deep into ancient forests, into the dark corridors of a mansion hiding a wild man, and to the shores of the legendary Loch Ness -- along the way encountering all manner of curious characters, including witches, government agents, and eyewitnesses who claim to have seen monsters firsthand. And only at journey's end did the hard questions posed at the start of their quest begin to reveal some mind-bending answers. That monsters truly do exist in our world. And that we are responsible for their existence! Whether you're seeking a glimpse into the bizarre reaches of reality, or just looking for a good time, Three Men Seeking Monsters is a uniquely gonzo trek with a trio of adventurers who pushed themselves to the edge -- and went right over it.

Exogenesis: Hybrid Humans

By Bruce R. Fenton,Daniella Fenton
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Red Wheel/Weiser
  • Book Code : 1632657600
  • Total of Pages : 242
  • Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Members : 259
  • Pdf File: exogenesis.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"Exogenesis is a milestone in understanding our past." —Erich von Däniken, author of Chariots of the Gods Exogenesis: the hypothesis that life originated elsewhere in the universe and was spread to Earth. Exogenesis: Hybrid Humans offers a deep dive into the strongest ever scientific evidence that supports the popular belief that Earth has been visited in prehistory, but goes even further, concluding that there is also compelling evidence of alien involvement with the human genome. The broader history of possible extraterrestrial contact is explored alongside a look at current events in the subject of alien disclosure with the result of highlighting evidence of a contact continuum that has continued since the dawn of humanity. The data brought together suggests that the next stage in human evolution may involve the manifestation of full open contact with the visitors in our lifetimes. Exogenesis: Hybrid Humans explores: An ancient sacred Aboriginal artifact Wreckage from a huge colony ship gets identified along with associated NASA studies concluding it is a material found in only one place on Earth Genetic engineering of Homo sapiens from an early hominin species is confirmed with a lengthy list of DNA anomalies only explainable by humans being an alien ‘hybrid’ creation The recent NASA sea change with certain academics calling for serious study of UFOs and other anomalous phenomena The theory that an extraterrestrial modified retrovirus was used to deliver some of the genetic information into the upgraded humans

The Doomsday Calculation

By William Poundstone
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Little, Brown Spark
  • Book Code : 031644071X
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 205
  • Pdf File: the-doomsday-calculation.pdf

Book Short Summary:

From the author of Are You Smart Enough to Work at Google?, a fascinating look at how an equation that foretells the future is transforming everything we know about life, business, and the universe. In the 18th century, the British minister and mathematician Thomas Bayes devised a theorem that allowed him to assign probabilities to events that had never happened before. It languished in obscurity for centuries until computers came along and made it easy to crunch the numbers. Now, as the foundation of big data, Bayes' formula has become a linchpin of the digital economy. But here's where things get really interesting: Bayes' theorem can also be used to lay odds on the existence of extraterrestrial intelligence; on whether we live in a Matrix-like counterfeit of reality; on the "many worlds" interpretation of quantum theory being correct; and on the biggest question of all: how long will humanity survive? The Doomsday Calculation tells how Silicon Valley's profitable formula became a controversial pivot of contemporary thought. Drawing on interviews with thought leaders around the globe, it's the story of a group of intellectual mavericks who are challenging what we thought we knew about our place in the universe. The Doomsday Calculation is compelling reading for anyone interested in our culture and its future.

Stellar Engineering

By Greg Matloff,C Bangs
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : SCB Distributors
  • Book Code : 0993400299
  • Total of Pages : 200
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 596
  • Pdf File: stellar-engineering.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In terms of the scale of the galaxy, both in space and time, we humans are new comers. Though we are newly on the scene, we are already thinking about how to create large structures in space. Recently, analysis of data from one of the stars in the Kepler data set has led to speculation regarding huge artificial structures (called Stapledon/Dyson Spheres) constructed by advanced extraterrestrial civilizations. The NASA Kepler space observatory has been observing light curves of about 100,000 stars in the constellations of Cygnus and Lyre. This star, popularly dubbed “Tabby’s Star” after the first name of the astronomer leading one of the data reduction teams, shows intriguing periodic dips in its luminosity. Stellar Engineering starts by considering terrestrial organisms, and early humans, who have constructed, on their scale, “megastructures,” and continues with a history of the development of the stellar engineering concept. Kepler data on the subject star is reviewed as is observational data on other possible Stapledon/Dyson Sphere candidates. Possible applications of such enormous constructs are discussed, as well as the intriguing speculation that we might live in a Stapledon/Dyson swarm of alien space habitats within our Solar System’s Kuiper Belt. The chapter frontispiece art illuminates the ideas presented.


By R. C. W. Ettinger
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Universal-Publishers
  • Book Code : 1599429799
  • Total of Pages : 428
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 368
  • Pdf File: youniverse.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Youniverse is about you and the way things really are--how to improve your chances of a much longer and more satisfying life. It could be called an extension of an old and honorable tradition, that of enlightened self-interest. Traditional ideologies teach sacrifice for something "greater" than yourself, but in the era of cryonics and anti-senescence research, with a little brains and a little luck, you can do much better.

American Zoo

By David Grazian
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Book Code : 1400873614
  • Total of Pages : 344
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 745
  • Pdf File: american-zoo.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Orangutans swing from Kevlar-lined fire hoses. Giraffes feast on celebratory birthday cakes topped with carrots instead of candles. Hi-tech dinosaur robots growl among steel trees, while owls watch animated cartoons on old television sets. In American Zoo, sociologist David Grazian takes us on a safari through the contemporary zoo, alive with its many contradictions and strange wonders. Trading in his tweed jacket for a zoo uniform and a pair of muddy work boots, Grazian introduces us to zookeepers and animal rights activists, parents and toddlers, and the other human primates that make up the zoo's social world. He shows that in a major shift away from their unfortunate pasts, American zoos today emphasize naturalistic exhibits teeming with lush and immersive landscapes, breeding programs for endangered animals, and enrichment activities for their captive creatures. In doing so, zoos blur the imaginary boundaries we regularly use to separate culture from nature, humans from animals, and civilization from the wild. At the same time, zoos manage a wilderness of competing priorities—animal care, education, scientific research, and recreation—all while attempting to serve as centers for conservation in the wake of the current environmental and climate-change crisis. The world of the zoo reflects how we project our own prejudices and desires onto the animal kingdom, and invest nature with meaning and sentiment. A revealing portrayal of comic animals, delighted children, and feisty zookeepers, American Zoo is a remarkable close-up exploration of a classic cultural attraction.

The Discovery of the Universe

By Carolyn Collins Petersen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Amberley Publishing Limited
  • Book Code : 1445684144
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 425
  • Pdf File: the-discovery-of-the-universe.pdf

Book Short Summary:

How the discoveries of observatories have unlocked the secrets of the Universe, from Stonehenge to Hubble.

Strings '90

By R Arnowitt,R Bryan,M J Duff,D V Nanopoulos,C N Pope,E Sezgin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Book Code : 9814520071
  • Total of Pages : 548
  • Category :
  • Members : 988
  • Pdf File: strings-90.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Some topics covered during the workshop include String Theory, Conformal Field Theory, Physics in 2+1 Dimensions, String Phenomenology and Quantum Cosmology. Contents:Non-Perturbative String Theory (D J Gross)Random Superstrings (W Siegel)The BRST Cohomology of an N = 1 Superparticle (M Green and C M Hull)Singularities in String Theory (G T Horowitz)Thermal Properties of Open Strings in Lower Dimensions (L Clavelli)Super-W Algebras and Generalized Super-KdV Equations (T Inami)Fermionic Conformal Field Theory (L Dolan)Moduli Space of Calabi–Yau Manifolds (P Candelas and X C de la Ossa)Cosmology as a Probe of (Almost) Planck Scale Physics (R M Brandenberger)and other papers Readership: High energy physicists and mathematical physicists.