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Stratification

By Wendy Bottero
  • ISBN Code: : 1134460910
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 333
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reads : 206
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : stratification.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Offering a fresh and exciting new perspective on differentiation and inequality, this absorbing book investigates how our most personal choices (of sexual partners, friends, consumption items and lifestyle) are influenced by hierarchy and social difference. Exploring the topics of assortative mating; social capital; friendship networks and cultural identity; the book examines how hierarchy affects our tastes and leisure time activities, and who we choose (and hang on to) as our friends and partners. This book: * introduces debates on stratification by exploring its effect on everyday social relations * relates class inequalities to broader processes of social division and cultural differentiation, exploring the associational and cultural aspects of hierarchy * explores how groups draw on social, economic and cultural resources, using cultural 'cues', to admit some and exclude others from their social circle * explores new theoretical approaches to stratification: drawing on cultural theories of class, social interaction approaches, and research on differential association The book has a novel and fresh new way of looking at a well-established area in sociology - social stratification.

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Read Also This Books

Max Weber on Power and Social Stratification

By Catherine Brennan
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 0429833547
  • Total of Pages : 325
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 273
  • Pdf File: max-weber-on-power-and-social-stratification.pdf

Book Short Summary:

First published in 1997, this book revolves around a textual analysis of the Weberian thesis that 'classes', 'status groups' and 'parties’ are phenomena of the distribution of power within a 'community'. An internal reconstruction of Weber’s own ideas on what is called social stratification in contemporary sociological discourse is undertaken. The reason for this reconstruction inheres in the fact that Weber’s thought (especially in the field of social stratification) has been modified and misappropriated to such an extent that Weber himself is usually lost in the commentaries. Moreover, this reconstruction is crucial because the secondary literature does not contain a single account teasing out the analytic structure underlying Weber’s statements on the nature of social inequality in various societies. It is the principal intention of the book, then, to retrieve the essential form and significance of Weber’s ideas on social stratification.

Nonlinear Waves in Waveguides

By Sergei B. Leble
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 3642754201
  • Total of Pages : 163
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 995
  • Pdf File: nonlinear-waves-in-waveguides.pdf

Book Short Summary:

S.B. Leble's book deals with nonlinear waves and their propagation in metallic and dielectric waveguides and media with stratification. The underlying nonlinear evolution equations (NEEs) are derived giving also their solutions for specific situations. The reader will find new elements to the traditional approach. Various dispersion and relaxation laws for different guides are considered as well as the explicit form of projection operators, NEEs, quasi-solitons and of Darboux transforms. Special points relate to: 1. the development of a universal asymptotic method of deriving NEEs for guide propagation; 2. applications to the cases of stratified liquids, gases, solids and plasmas with various nonlinearities and dispersion laws; 3. connections between the basic problem and soliton- like solutions of the corresponding NEEs; 4. discussion of details of simple solutions in higher- order nonsingular perturbation theory.

Concepts of Social Stratification

By A. Hess
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 0230629210
  • Total of Pages : 190
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 329
  • Pdf File: concepts-of-social-stratification.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book looks at how sociological concepts that were first 'invented' and applied to describe social inequality in Europe were also used to understand and explain inequality in the United States. However, under very different circumstances and conditions the concepts needed to be adjusted - either through changing their precise meaning or by using related concepts. In Concepts of Social Stratification the author tries to analyse this change by looking at how some of the most prominent American sociologists have tried to conceptualise their own society while at the same time addressing the complex relationship between an assumed political equality and de facto social inequality.

Research in Social Stratification and Mobility

By Kevin T Leicht
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 9780080460581
  • Total of Pages : 392
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 971
  • Pdf File: research-in-social-stratification-and-mobility.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Research in Social Stratification and Mobility continues its tradition of publishing the best and most innovative research on the changing landscape of social inequality the world over. This issue focuses on different dimensions of social closure and their relationship to social inequality processes, including the changing role that education plays in sorting people into favorable and unfavorable labor market positions across a global diversity of cultural settings. This issue also examines the fluid boundaries of race and ethnicity in contentious political settings, relationships between attitudes and collective action, and the role that technology and political context plays in promoting economic development and well-being. These topics and the research methodologies they represent display the vitality of social science research dealing with social stratification and the wide array of methods, contexts, and policies that directly affect the life chances of most of the world's peoples. This issue also marks a continuation of the ties developed between RSSM and the Social Stratification and Mobility section of the International Sociological Association (RC-28). This collaboration promises to promote and disseminate social inequality research throughout the world through an established network of distinguished international contributors and commentators.

Social Stratification

By David B. Grusky
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 042996319X
  • Total of Pages : 1196
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 540
  • Pdf File: social-stratification.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The book covers the research on economic inequality, including the social construction of racial categories, the uneven and stalled gender revolution, and the role of new educational forms and institutions in generating both equality and inequality.

Stratification and Power

By John Scott
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 0745687792
  • Total of Pages : 296
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 676
  • Pdf File: stratification-and-power.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume presents a systematic discussion of the leading theoretical approaches to social stratification. It is both an accessible overview and a distinctive contribution to the analysis of class, status and power. John Scott argues that Max Weber's conceptual framework - reconstructed and enlarged - provides the basis for integrating what have been considered up to now as divergent approaches to stratification studies. Marxist theories of class and economic division, normative functionalist theories of status and cultural division, and elitist theories of command and authoritarian division all find their place in the proposed framework. Each theoretical approach is illustrated through empirical investigations undertaken by writers associated with them. Recent work by Dahrendorf, Wright and Goldthorpe is also examined, and it is shown how their arguments contribute to a theoretical synthesis in the analysis of stratification. Stratification and Power will be much appreciated by students and academics alike in the social sciences. The clarity of its style and the significance of its contribution have made it a leading text in its field.

Social Class and Stratification

By Peter Saunders
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134952732
  • Total of Pages : 152
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 828
  • Pdf File: social-class-and-stratification.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The questions raised by a study of class and inequality are important, but often complex. This book succeeds in making them understandable without oversimplifying, and its breadth, originality, and easy style will appeal to a wide readership. Peter Saunders covers theories of social class as well as evidence on class inequalities in the contemporary period. He analyses why class inequalities exist, whether they are inevitable, whether they are unjust, and how they are changing. The analysis is comprehensive and up-to-date and includes information on how the distribution of wealth and income and social mobility chances have been changing during the Thatcher years. It also explores how the class structure is being affected by developments such as the spread of privatization and individual shareholdings, the rise of the 'yuppies', and the emergence of an underclass. On the theoretical side Professor Saunders gives equal weight to marxist, social-democratic, and neo-liberal perspectives on class and inequality, and writers as diverse a Karl Marx, John Rawls, and Friedrich Hayek all receive serious and balanced consideration.

Social Class and Stratification

By Peter Saunders
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134952740
  • Total of Pages : 152
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 943
  • Pdf File: social-class-and-stratification.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The questions raised by a study of class and inequality are important, but often complex. This book succeeds in making them understandable without oversimplifying, and its breadth, originality, and easy style will appeal to a wide readership. Peter Saunders covers theories of social class as well as evidence on class inequalities in the contemporary period. He analyses why class inequalities exist, whether they are inevitable, whether they are unjust, and how they are changing. The analysis is comprehensive and up-to-date and includes information on how the distribution of wealth and income and social mobility chances have been changing during the Thatcher years. It also explores how the class structure is being affected by developments such as the spread of privatization and individual shareholdings, the rise of the 'yuppies', and the emergence of an underclass. On the theoretical side Professor Saunders gives equal weight to marxist, social-democratic, and neo-liberal perspectives on class and inequality, and writers as diverse a Karl Marx, John Rawls, and Friedrich Hayek all receive serious and balanced consideration.

Social Stratification and Economic Change

By David Rose
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000562654
  • Total of Pages : 305
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 227
  • Pdf File: social-stratification-and-economic-change.pdf

Book Short Summary:

First published in 1988, Social Stratification and Economic Change brings together, for the first time in textbook form, some of the most significant work both theoretical and empirical on stratification in Britain. In part I, David Rose provides on overview of stratification research, and papers from David Lockwood, John Goldthorpe, Gordon Marshall, Ray Pahl, and Claire Wallace tackle key theoretical issues. In part II, six papers commissioned for the book report on empirical studies and their implications. By bringing together an outstanding group of authors, all at the forefront of their field, the book makes an important contribution to debates on social stratification and will be invaluable for both students and researchers in sociology.

The Credential Society

By Randall Collins
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Book Code : 0231549784
  • Total of Pages : 303
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 394
  • Pdf File: the-credential-society.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Credential Society is a classic on the role of higher education in American society and an essential text for understanding the reproduction of inequality. Controversial at the time, Randall Collins’s claim that the expansion of American education has not increased social mobility, but rather created a cycle of credential inflation, has proven remarkably prescient. Collins shows how credential inflation stymies mass education’s promises of upward mobility. An unacknowledged spiral of the rising production of credentials and job requirements was brought about by the expansion of high school and then undergraduate education, with consequences including grade inflation, rising educational costs, and misleading job promises dangled by for-profit schools. Collins examines medicine, law, and engineering to show the ways in which credentialing closed these high-status professions to new arrivals. In an era marked by the devaluation of high school diplomas, outcry about the value of expensive undergraduate degrees, and the proliferation of new professional degrees like the MBA, The Credential Society has more than stood the test of time. In a new preface, Collins discusses recent developments, debunks claims that credentialization is driven by technological change, and points to alternative pathways for the future of education.

Social Capital, Social Support and Stratification

By Ronald S. Burt,Yanjie Bian,Lijun Song,Nan Lin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Book Code : 1789907284
  • Total of Pages : 272
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 737
  • Pdf File: social-capital-social-support-and-stratification.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This insightful book explores the spread of network imagery in three areas of sociology – social capital, social support, and China – using as its protagonist a man active in all three: Nan Lin. Social Capital, Social Support and Stratification provides a unique combination of Nan Lin’s core contributions to the field presented alongside new and original analyses.

Redrawing the Class Map

By D. Oesch
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 0230504590
  • Total of Pages : 257
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 773
  • Pdf File: redrawing-the-class-map.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Have de-industrialization, expanding services and occupational upgrading put an end to class divisions? Drawing on extensive empirical research, this book adds new insights to the debate about the end of class and shows that Western European societies remain decidedly stratified with respect to material advantages and citizenship rights.

Mainstream Traditions Of Social Stratification Theory

By Rajendra Pandey
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Mittal Publications
  • Book Code : 9788170991564
  • Total of Pages : 207
  • Category : Books
  • Members : 420
  • Pdf File: mainstream-traditions-of-social-stratification-theory.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book Mainstream Traditions Of Social Stratification Theory

Generating Images of Stratification

By Thomas J. Fararo,Kenji Kosaka
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9401701237
  • Total of Pages : 204
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 709
  • Pdf File: generating-images-of-stratification.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Generating Images of Stratification is a self-contained presentation of a theoretical research program that deals with a significant explanatory problem relating to social inequality and that constructs generative theoretical models in doing so. In more detail: -Self-contained presentation - In respect to the background sociological facts and theoretical ideas and also the formal methods the book provides clear and simple accounts accompanied by examples. - A theoretical research program - The emphasis is on theory development, involving a series of theoretical models constructed within a core framework of principles and methods. - Deals with a significant explanatory problem relating to social inequality - We know from research that how people perceive the stratification system of a society depends upon their position in that system. So the problem is: What process generates this regularity and thereby explains empirical generalizations about the social structuration of images? - Constructs generative theoretical models - The book is an extended presentation of "generative theory" in sociology, a formal method of producing effective theoretical explanations. Generating Images of Stratification is of interest to mathematical sociologists and formal theorists in sociology; sociologists interested in social stratification; methodologists, both in sociology and in other fields; philosophers of social science; and theoretical scientists and mathematicians who are interested in applying their analytical tools to social science topics.

Social Stratification In Japan

By Kosaka
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136159223
  • Total of Pages : 236
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 200
  • Pdf File: social-stratification-in-japan.pdf

Book Short Summary:

First Published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Power of Looks

By Bonnie Berry
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317019563
  • Total of Pages : 154
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 196
  • Pdf File: the-power-of-looks.pdf

Book Short Summary:

There is a saying that beauty is in the eye of the beholder, implying that beauty is subjective. But can it be said that 'better looking' people have more social power? This book provides a fascinating insight into the social stratification of people based on looks - the artificial placement of people into greater and lesser power strata based on physical appearance. The author analyzes different aspects of physical appearance such as faces, breasts, eye shapes, height and weight as they are related to social power and inequality. For example, tall people are often associated with power, with tall people being seen publicly as more capable and thus more deserving of power than shorter people. The author moreover assesses how people's physical appearance affects their chances of marriage, employment, education, and other social and economic opportunities. The book contributes to and differentiates itself from current literature by emphasizing sociological theory - including constructionism and critical theory - and research to understand the phenomenon of social aesthetics, a term coined by the author to refer to the social reaction to physical appearance.

Does Class Matter?

By Tan Ern Ser
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Book Code : 981448279X
  • Total of Pages : 140
  • Category : Books
  • Members : 125
  • Pdf File: does-class-matter.pdf

Book Short Summary:

' This book provides a comprehensive portrait of class structure, dynamics, and orientations in Singapore — understood as a new nation, a capitalist and emerging knowledge economy, a largely middle-class society, and a polity with a strong state — at the turn of the new millennium. It introduces a wide array of recent data on a broad range of topics relating to social stratification in Singapore: class structure, political participation, political alienation, national pride, welfarism, success values, unionism, social mobility, the digital divide, and the sandwich generation. To capture the lived experiences of people from different social classes, thereby complementing the numerous tables presented, the book also profiles six case studies of individuals or families, highlighting the challenges they face and the options they possess. Contents: Singapore: Market Economy and Meritocratic, Middle-Class Society?Methodology: Questionnaire, Sampling, and FieldworkSingapore Class StructureSocial Orientations by Class, Age, and EthnicityWork Career and Social MobilityProblem Areas: Digital Divide and Sandwich Generation1-to-2 Roomers, 3-Roomers, and Citizen Population ComparedConclusion: Does Class Matter in Singapore? Readership: Undergraduates, graduate students, researchers and professionals in sociology, social issues and political science. Keywords:Singapore;Social Class;Social Stratification;Social Mobility;Class Structure;Class Orientations;Digital Divide;Sandwich Generation;Political Orientations;Success Values;WelfarismReviews:“… Tan's report should … interest those fishing for an inside and contemporary sociological scoop on the country. (His) findings also constitute important society-level input to globalization watchers … The most interesting aspect of the book … is the six case studies provided in Appendix I.”Asia Times Online “This volume is highly readable and is certainly filled with interesting viewpoints about the ‘class society’ that Singaporeans may be surprised to learn that they should consider seriously. In the book, a quick introduction is provided on the conceptualization of class and its relevance to societies like Singapore's … the author poses the intriguing question of the challenges faced by the nation-building project that is superimposed upon a capitalist economy.”Asian Journal of Social Science '

Changing Classes

By Gøsta Esping-Andersen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Book Code : 1849208255
  • Total of Pages : 273
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 287
  • Pdf File: changing-classes.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book makes a significant contribution towards understanding the new class structures of post-industrial societies and the changing processes of social stratification and mobility. Drawing together comparative research on the dynamics of social stratification in a number of key western societies, the authors develop a framework for the analysis of post-industrial class formation. They illustrate the significance of the relations between the welfare state and the household, and the critical interface between gender and class. Case studies of the USA, the UK, Canada, Germany, Norway and Sweden examine the differing application of these ideas in individual welfare states.

From Marx to Warner

By Jacek Tittenbrun
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Book Code : 1527509419
  • Total of Pages : 579
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 823
  • Pdf File: from-marx-to-warner.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The book offers an in-depth analysis of several important theories of social class and stratification, both past and present. This critique is underpinned by a single, coherent analytic framework organised around the notion of ownership. This original approach allows the book to offer alternative treatments of the issues dealt with by the thinkers discussed here. The central argument here is that there are only two classical theories of social class, namely those developed by Marx and Weber, and this clear systematisation of the main attributes of approaches to class and stratification makes it possible to see that many theories traditionally considered as class ones refer, in fact, to social stratification.

Social Stratification in Poland: Eight Empirical Studies

By Kazimierz M. Slomczynski,Tadeusz K. Krauze
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351711520
  • Total of Pages : 204
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Members : 462
  • Pdf File: social-stratification-in-poland.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The American press and American television news have been filled with stories from Gdansk, Warsaw, Krakow, Lódz, and other Polish cities and towns. The names of a number of Polish leaders have become almost as familiar to Americans as the names of their own leaders, and the word " Solidarity" has acquired an important new meaning for Americans as well as Poles. The editor's identify that this interest of the American public has not been matched by corresponding interest from American sociologists, stating that Polish society is seldom mentioned either in major scholarly journals or in the textbooks written for students. This collection of studies seeks to address some of this issue, looking at works and the systems in Poland since 1956.

Dynamics of Class and Stratification in Poland – 1945–2015

By Irina Tomescu-Dubrow,Kazimierz M. Słomczynski, Henryk Domanski,Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow,Zbigniew Sawinski, Dariusz Przybysz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Central European University Press
  • Book Code : 9633861551
  • Total of Pages : 310
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 398
  • Pdf File: dynamics-of-class-and-stratification-in-poland-1945-2015.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is about long-term changes to class and inequality in Poland. Drawing upon major social surveys, the team of authors from the Polish Academy of Sciences offer the rare comprehensive study of important changes to the social structure from the communist era to the present. The core argument is that, even during extreme societal transformations, key features of social life have long-lasting, stratifying effects. The authors analyse the core issues of inequality research that best explain “who gets what and why:” social mobility, status attainment and their mechanisms, with a focus on education, occupation, and income. The transition from communist political economy to liberal democracy and market capitalism offers a unique opportunity for scholars to understand how people move from one stratifi cation regime to the next. There are valuable lessons to be learned from linking past to present. Classic issues of class, stratification, mobility, and attainment have endured decades of radical social change. These concepts remain valid even when society tries to eradicate them.

Dynamics of Class and Stratification in Poland

By Irina Tomescu-Dubrow,Kazimierz M. Słomczyński,Henryk Domański,Joshua Kjerulf Dubrow,Zbigniew Sawiński,Dariusz Przybysz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Central European University Press
  • Book Code : 963386156X
  • Total of Pages : 312
  • Category : History
  • Members : 257
  • Pdf File: dynamics-of-class-and-stratification-in-poland.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is about long-term changes to class and inequality in Poland. Drawing upon major social surveys, the team of authors from the Polish Academy of Sciences offer the rare comprehensive study of important changes to the social structure from the communist era to the present. The core argument is that, even during extreme societal transformations, key features of social life have long-lasting, stratifying effects. The authors analyse the core issues of inequality research that best explain “who gets what and why:” social mobility, status attainment and their mechanisms, with a focus on education, occupation, and income. The transition from communist political economy to liberal democracy and market capitalism offers a unique opportunity for scholars to understand how people move from one stratifi cation regime to the next. There are valuable lessons to be learned from linking past to present. Classic issues of class, stratification, mobility, and attainment have endured decades of radical social change. These concepts remain valid even when society tries to eradicate them.

Social Security in Latin America

By Carmelo Mesa-Lago
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Pre
  • Book Code : 082297620X
  • Total of Pages : 372
  • Category : History
  • Members : 229
  • Pdf File: social-security-in-latin-america.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A comprehensive and sophisticated study of the relationship between social security policy and inequality in Latin America. Individual case studies of Chile, Uruguay, Peru, Argentina, and Mexico are presented, that provide a historical analysis of each country's social security policy, the pressure groups involved, the present structure of the systems, and a statistical examination of the inequality among these pressure groups.

The Shape of Social Inequality

By David Bills
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 9780080459356
  • Total of Pages : 506
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 711
  • Pdf File: the-shape-of-social-inequality.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume brings together former students, colleagues, and others influenced by the sociological scholarship of Archibald O. Haller to celebrate Haller's many contributions to theory and research on social stratification and mobility. All of the chapters respond to Haller's programmatic agenda for stratification research: "A full program aimed at understanding stratification requires: first, that we know what stratification structures consist of and how they may vary; second, that we identify the individual and collective consequences of the different states and rates of change of such structures; and third, seeing that some degree of stratification seems to be present everywhere, that we identify the factors that make stratification structures change." The contributors to this Festschrift address such topics as the changing nature of stratification regimes, the enduring significance of class analysis, the stratifying dimensions of race, ethnicity, and gender, and the interplay between educational systems and labor market outcomes. Many of the chapters adopt an explicitly cross-societal comparative perspective on processes and consequences of social stratification. The volume offers both conceptually and empirically important new analyses of the shape of social stratification.

The Prehistory of Iberia

By María Cruz Berrocal,Leonardo García Sanjuán,Antonio Gilman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1135098018
  • Total of Pages : 424
  • Category : History
  • Members : 273
  • Pdf File: the-prehistory-of-iberia.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The origin and early development of social stratification is essentially an archaeological problem. The impressive advance of archaeological research has revealed that, first and foremost, the pre-eminence of stratified or class society in today’s world is the result of a long social struggle. This volume advances the archaeological study of social organisation in Prehistory, and more specifically the rise of social complexity in European Prehistory. Within the wider context of world Prehistory, in the last 30 years the subject of early social stratification and state formation has been a key subject on interest in Iberian Prehistory. This book illustrates the differing forms of resistances, the interplay between change and continuity, the multiple paths to and from social complexity, and the ‘failures’ of states to form in Prehistory. It also engages with broader questions, such as: when did social stratification appear in western European Prehistory? What factors contributed to its emergence and consolidation? What are the relationships between the notions of social complexity, social inequality, social stratification and statehood? And what are the archaeological indicators for the empirical analysis of these issues? Focusing on Iberia, but with a permanent connection to the wider geographical framework, this book presents, for the first time, a chronologically comprehensive, up-to-date approach to the issue of state formation in prehistoric Europe.

Education, Inequality and Social Class

By Ron Thompson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351393766
  • Total of Pages : 220
  • Category : Education
  • Members : 701
  • Pdf File: education-inequality-and-social-class.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Education, Inequality and Social Class provides a comprehensive discussion of the empirical evidence for persistent inequality in educational attainment. It explores the most important theoretical perspectives that have been developed to understand class-based inequality and frame further research. With clear explanations of essential concepts, this book draws on empirical data from the UK and other countries to illustrate the nature and scale of inequalities according to social background, discussing the interactions of class-based inequalities with those according to race and gender. The book relates aspects of inequality to the features of educational systems, showing how policy choices impact on the life chances of children from different class backgrounds. The relationship between education and social mobility is also explored, using the concepts of social closure, positionality and social congestion. The book also provides detailed discussions of the work of Pierre Bourdieu and Basil Bernstein, two important theorists whose contributions have generated thriving research traditions much used in contemporary educational research. Education, Inequality and Social Class will be essential reading for postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students engaged in the study of education, childhood studies and sociology. It will also be of great interest to academics, researchers and teachers in training.

Power and Privilege

By Gerhard E. Lenski
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : UNC Press Books
  • Book Code : 1469611104
  • Total of Pages : 525
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 616
  • Pdf File: power-and-privilege.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Power and Privilege seeks to answer the central question of the field of social stratification: Who gets what and why? Using a dialectical view of the development of thought in the discipline, Gerhard Lenski describes the outlines of an emerging synthesis of theories. He shows that perspectives as diverse and contradictory as those of Marx, Spencer, Sumner, Veblen, Mosca, Pareto, Sorokin, Parsons, and Dahrendorf are parts of an evolving and systematic body of theory.

Caste, Class and Power

By André Béteille
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0199088721
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 371
  • Pdf File: caste-class-and-power.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In Caste, Class and Power, André Béteille recounts the gradual transformation of a social system that, till the end of the nineteenth century, was structured primarily on distinctions of caste—between the Brahmins, the middle-level non-Brahmins and the Adi-Dravidas. Based on extensive field study carried out in a South Indian village, the book presents the different ways of studying the themes of caste and class.

Social Inequalities and Occupational Stratification

By Paul Lambert,Dave Griffiths
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137022531
  • Total of Pages : 384
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 522
  • Pdf File: social-inequalities-and-occupational-stratification.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book explores how structures of social inequality are linked to the social connections that people hold. The authors focus upon occupational inequalities where they see, for example, that the typical friendship patterns of people from one occupation are often very different to those of people from another. Social Inequalities and Occupational Stratification leverages empirical data about differences in social connections to chart structures of social distance and social inequality. Several of its chapters provide coverage of the long-standing Cambridge Social Interaction and Stratification scale (CAMSIS) project and its approach to analysing social interaction patterns in terms of a single dimension related to social inequality.

Gender Stratification in the IT Industry

By Kenneth W. Koput,Barbara A. Gutek
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Book Code : 1849809089
  • Total of Pages : 160
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 846
  • Pdf File: gender-stratification-in-the-it-industry.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This illuminating monograph introduces a status-equilibrating, social capital explanation for the persistent gender stratification in the field of information technology. The authors analyze why the workforce has become increasingly male-dominated over time by looking at how pre-employment conditions provide different experiences and opportunities for women and men. Employing a large-scale, longitudinal data set, this book forays further into the field than other contemporary studies, where all too often the debate focuses on broad and potentially too-far-reaching differences between men and women that are difficult to prove, making for spirited conversation but little else. The authors collect, analyze and present data on social interactions, sex-role attitudes and behavior, leadership, demographics, program retention, job placement, and career attitudes for five cohorts of undergraduate students spanning their last two years in a management information science program and through the job search process. By testing novel theory against their data, the authors demonstrate how structural factors interact with individual characteristics to determine not only who enters the field, but also how they enter it and whether they are likely to stay. These and other analyses ultimately lead to concrete suggestions for addressing gender stratification in the IT industry.

Social Stratification and Mobility in Central Veracruz

By Hugo G. Nutini
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • Book Code : 0292778813
  • Total of Pages : 192
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 959
  • Pdf File: social-stratification-and-mobility-in-central-veracruz.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Since the Revolution of 1910, Mexican society has undergone a profound transformation, characterized by the disempowerment of the landed aristocracy and the rise of a new ruling class of plutocrats and politicians; the development of a middle class of white-collar professionals; and the upward mobility of formerly disenfranchised Indians who have become urban, working-class Mestizos. Indeed, Mexico's class system today increasingly resembles that of Western industrialized nations, proving that, while further democratic reforms are needed, the Revolution initiated an ongoing process of change that has created a more egalitarian society in Mexico with greater opportunities for social advancement. This authoritative ethnography examines the transformation of social classes in the Córdoba-Orizaba region during the latter half of the twentieth century to create a model of provincial social stratification in Mexico. Hugo Nutini focuses on the increased social mobility that has affected all classes of society, especially the rural Indians who have taken advantage of education, job opportunities, and contact with the wider world to achieve Mestizo status. He also traces the transfer of power that followed the demise of the hacienda system, as well as the growing importance of the middle class. This description and analysis of the provincial social stratification system complements the work Nutini has done on the national class system, centered in Mexico City, to offer a comprehensive picture of social stratification and mobility in Mexico today.