Source Book in Bioethics Book

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Source Book in Bioethics

By Albert R. Jonsen,Robert M. Veatch,LeRoy Walters
  • ISBN Code: : 9781589014145
  • Publisher : Georgetown University Press
  • Pages : 524
  • Category : Medical
  • Reads : 202
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : source-book-in-bioethics.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Government agencies and commissions, courts, and legislatures have during the past several decades produced reports, rendered decisions, and passed laws that have both defined the fundamental issues in the field of bioethics and established ways of managing them in our society. Providing a history of these key bioethical decisions, this Source Book in Bioethics is the first and only comprehensive collection of the critical public documents in biomedical ethics, including many hard-to-find or out-of-print materials. Covering the period from 1947 to 1995, this volume brings together core legislative documents, court briefs, and reports by professional organizations, public bodies, and governments around the world. Sections on human experimentation, care of the terminally ill, genetics, human reproduction, and emerging areas in bioethics include such pivotal works as "The Nuremberg Code," "The Tuskegee Report," and "In the Matter of Baby M," as well less readily available documents as "The Declaration of Inuyama," the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences statement on genetic engineering, and "The Warnock Committee Report" on reproductive technologies from the United Kingdom. Three eminent scholars in the field provide brief introductions to each document explaining the significance of these classic sources. This historical volume will be a standard text for courses in bioethics, health policy, and death and dying, and a primary reference for anyone interested in this increasingly relevant field.

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Read Also This Books

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0199887837
  • Total of Pages : 400
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 596
  • Pdf File: observing-bioethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Observing Bioethics examines the history of bioethics as a discipline related not only to modern biology, medicine, and biotechnology, but also to the core values and beliefs of American society and its courts, legislatures, and media. The book is written from the perspective of two social scientists--a sociologist of medicine(Renee C. Fox) and a historian of medicine (Judith P. Swazey)--who have participated in bioethics since the emergence of this multidisciplinary field more than 30 years ago. Fox and Swazey draw on first-hand observations and experiences in a variety of American bioethical settings; face-to-face interviews with first- and second-generation figures in the genesis and early unfolding of bioethics; a detailed examination of the theatrical media coverage of what was considered to be a banner event in the annals of bioethics (the creation and birth of the cloned sheep, Dolly); case studies of how bioethics has internationally developed; and a large corpus of primary documents and secondary source materials. While recognizing the intellectual, moral, and sociological importance of American bioethics, Fox and Swazey are critical of its characteristics. Foremost among these are what they identify as the problems of thinking socially, culturally, and internationally in American bioethics; the 'tenuous interdisciplinarity' of the field; and the troubling extent to which the 'culture wars' have penetrated bioethics. This book will appeal to a wide range of doctors, scientists, and academics who are involved in the history and sociology of bioethics.

Rethinking Informed Consent in Bioethics

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Book Code : 1139463209
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 837
  • Pdf File: rethinking-informed-consent-in-bioethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Informed consent is a central topic in contemporary biomedical ethics. Yet attempts to set defensible and feasible standards for consenting have led to persistent difficulties. In Rethinking Informed Consent in Bioethics, first published in 2007, Neil Manson and Onora O'Neill set debates about informed consent in medicine and research in a fresh light. They show why informed consent cannot be fully specific or fully explicit, and why more specific consent is not always ethically better. They argue that consent needs distinctive communicative transactions, by which other obligations, prohibitions, and rights can be waived or set aside in controlled and specific ways. Their book offers a coherent, wide-ranging and practical account of the role of consent in biomedicine which will be valuable to readers working in a range of areas in bioethics, medicine and law.

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0195134559
  • Total of Pages : 153
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 215
  • Pdf File: a-short-history-of-medical-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A physician says, "I have an ethical obligation never to cause the death of a patient," another responds, "My ethical obligation is to relieve pain even if the patient dies." The current argument over the role of physicians in assisting patients to die constantly refers to the ethical duties of the profession. References to the Hippocratic Oath are often heard. Many modern problems, from assisted suicide to accessible health care, raise questions about the traditional ethics of medicine and the medical profession. However, few know what the traditional ethics are and how they came into being. This book provides a brief tour of the complex story of medical ethics evolved over centuries in both Western and Eastern culture. It sets this story in the social and cultural contexts in which the work of healing was practiced and suggests that, behind the many different perceptions about the ethical duties of physicians, certain themes appear constantly, and may be relevant to modern debates. The book begins with the Hippocratic medicine of ancient Greece, moves through the Middle Ages, Renaissance and Enlightenment in Europe, and the long history of Indian 7nd Chinese medicine, ending as the problems raised modern medical science and technology challenge the settled ethics of the long tradition.

Rethinking Health Care Ethics

By Stephen Scher,Kasia Kozlowska
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 9811308306
  • Total of Pages : 169
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 499
  • Pdf File: rethinking-health-care-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

​The goal of this open access book is to develop an approach to clinical health care ethics that is more accessible to, and usable by, health professionals than the now-dominant approaches that focus, for example, on the application of ethical principles. The book elaborates the view that health professionals have the emotional and intellectual resources to discuss and address ethical issues in clinical health care without needing to rely on the expertise of bioethicists. The early chapters review the history of bioethics and explain how academics from outside health care came to dominate the field of health care ethics, both in professional schools and in clinical health care. The middle chapters elaborate a series of concepts, drawn from philosophy and the social sciences, that set the stage for developing a framework that builds upon the individual moral experience of health professionals, that explains the discontinuities between the demands of bioethics and the experience and perceptions of health professionals, and that enables the articulation of a full theory of clinical ethics with clinicians themselves as the foundation. Against that background, the first of three chapters on professional education presents a general framework for teaching clinical ethics; the second discusses how to integrate ethics into formal health care curricula; and the third addresses the opportunities for teaching available in clinical settings. The final chapter, "Empowering Clinicians", brings together the various dimensions of the argument and anticipates potential questions about the framework developed in earlier chapters.

The History and Future of Bioethics

By John H. Evans
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0199860866
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 641
  • Pdf File: the-history-and-future-of-bioethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

It seems like every day society faces a new ethical challenge raised by a scientific innovation. Human genetic engineering, stem cell research, face transplantation, synthetic biology - all were science fiction only a few decades ago, but now are all reality. How do we as a society decide whether these technologies are ethical? For decades professional bioethicists have served as mediators between a busy public and its decision-makers, helping people understand their own ethical concerns, framing arguments, discrediting illogical claims, and supporting promising ones. These bioethicists play an instrumental role in guiding governments' ethical policy decisions, consulting for hospitals faced with vital decisions, and advising institutions that conduct research on humans. Although the bioethics profession has functioned effectively for many years, it is now in crisis. Policy-makers are less inclined to take the advice of bioethics professionals, with many observers saying that bioethics debates have simply become partisan politics with dueling democratic and republican bioethicists. While this crisis is contained to the task of recommending ethical policy to the government, there is risk that it will spread to the other tasks conducted by bioethicists. To understand how this crisis came about and to arrive at a solution, John H. Evans closely examines the history of the bioethics profession. Bioethics debates were originally dominated by theologians, but came to be dominated by the emerging bioethics profession due to the subtle and slow involvement of the government as the primary consumer of bioethical arguments. After the 1980s, however, the views of the government changed, making bioethical arguments less legitimate. Exploring the sociological processes that lead to the evolution of bioethics to where it is today, Evans proposes a radical solution to the crisis. Bioethicists must give up its inessential functions, change the way they make ethical arguments, and make conscious and explicit steps toward re-establishing the profession's legitimacy as a mediator between the public and government decision-makers. "John Evans provides a trenchant reconstruction of the waxing and waning influence of theology on the bioethics canon, as well as an original proposal for a social science-based bioethics. This book will fascinate and instruct anyone interested in where we have been and where we should go in our societal conversation about deep human values."- Jonathan Moreno, University of Pennsylvania

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Georgetown University Press
  • Book Code : 1626161690
  • Total of Pages : 480
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 704
  • Pdf File: transplantation-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Although the history of organ transplant has its roots in ancient Christian mythology, it is only in the past fifty years that body parts from a dead person have successfully been procured and transplanted into a living person. After fourteen years, the three main issues that Robert Veatch first outlined in his seminal study Transplantation Ethics still remain: deciding when human beings are dead; deciding when it is ethical to procure organs; and deciding how to allocate organs, once procured. However, much has changed. Enormous strides have been made in immunosuppression. Alternatives to the donation model are debated much more openly—living donors are used more widely and hand and face transplants have become more common, raising issues of personal identity. In this second edition of Transplantation Ethics, coauthored by Lainie F. Ross, transplant professionals and advocates will find a comprehensive update of this critical work on transplantation policies.

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  • Publisher : American Library Association
  • Book Code : 0838912214
  • Total of Pages : 488
  • Category : Computers
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  • Pdf File: guide-to-reference-in-medicine-and-health.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Drawn from the extensive database of Guide to Reference, this up-to-date resource provides an annotated list of print and electronic biomedical and health-related reference sources, including internet resources and digital image collections. Readers will find relevant research, clinical, and consumer health information resources in such areas as Medicine Psychiatry Bioethics Consumer health and health care Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences Dentistry Public health Medical jurisprudence International and global health Guide to Reference entries are selected and annotated by an editorial team of top reference librarians and are used internationally as a go-to source for identifying information as well as training reference professionals. Library staff answering health queries as well as library users undertaking research on their own will find this an invaluable resource.

Methods in Medical Ethics

By Jeremy Sugarman MD, MPH, MA,Daniel P. Sulmasy MD, PhD, OFM
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Georgetown University Press
  • Book Code : 1589016238
  • Total of Pages : 376
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 735
  • Pdf File: methods-in-medical-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Medical ethics draws upon methods from a wide array of disciplines, including anthropology, economics, epidemiology, health services research, history, law, medicine, nursing, philosophy, psychology, sociology, and theology. In this influential book, outstanding scholars in medical ethics bring these many methods together in one place to be systematically described, critiqued, and challenged. Newly revised and updated chapters in this second edition include philosophy, religion and theology, virtue and professionalism, casuistry and clinical ethics, law, history, qualitative research, ethnography, quantitative surveys, experimental methods, and economics and decision science. This second edition also includes new chapters on literature and sociology, as well as a second chapter on philosophy which expands the range of philosophical methods discussed to include gender ethics, communitarianism, and discourse ethics. In each of these chapters, contributors provide descriptions of the methods, critiques, and notes on resources and training. Methods in Medical Ethics is a valuable resource for scholars, teachers, editors, and students in any of the disciplines that have contributed to the field. As a textbook and reference for graduate students and scholars in medical ethics, it offers a rich understanding of the complexities involved in the rigorous investigation of moral questions in medical practice and research.

A Companion to Bioethics

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 1444345400
  • Total of Pages : 640
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 227
  • Pdf File: a-companion-to-bioethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This second edition of A Companion to Bioethics, fully revised and updated to reflect the current issues and developments in the field, covers all the material that the reader needs to thoroughly grasp the ideas and debates involved in bioethics. Thematically organized around an unparalleled range of issues, including discussion of the moral status of embryos and fetuses, new genetics, life and death, resource allocation, organ donations, AIDS, human and animal experimentation, health care, and teaching Now includes new essays on currently controversial topics such as cloning and genetic enhancement Topics are clearly and compellingly presented by internationally renowned bioethicists A detailed index allows the reader to find terms and topics not listed in the titles of the essays themselves

Bioethics Across the Globe

By Akira Akabayashi
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 9811535728
  • Total of Pages : 146
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 402
  • Pdf File: bioethics-across-the-globe.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This open access book addresses a variety of issues relating to bioethics, in order to initiate cross-cultural dialogue. Beginning with the history, it introduces various views on bioethics, based on specific experiences from Japan. It describes how Japan has been confronted with Western bioethics and the ethical issues new to this modern age, and how it has found its foothold as it decides where it stands on these issues. In the last chapter, the author proposes discarding the overarching term ‘Global Bioethics’ in favor of the new term, ‘Bioethics Across the Globe (BAG)’, which carries a more universal connotation. This book serves as an excellent tool to help readers understand a different culture and to initiate deep and genuine global dialogue that incorporates local and global thinking on bioethics. Bioethics Across the Globe is a valuable resource for researchers in the field of bioethics/medical ethics interested in adopting cross-cultural approaches, as well as graduate and undergraduate students of healthcare and philosophy.

Bioethics in a European Perspective

By H.A. Ten Have,Bert Gordijn
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9401597065
  • Total of Pages : 548
  • Category : Science
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  • Pdf File: bioethics-in-a-european-perspective.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book gives an overview of the most salient themes in present-day bioethics. The book focuses on perspectives typical for the European context. This highlights not only particular bioethical themes such as social justice, choices in health care, and health policy (e.g., in post-communist countries), it also emphasizes specific approaches in ethical theory, in relation to Continental philosophies such as phenomenology and hermeneutics.

Bioethics and the Future of Stem Cell Research

By Insoo Hyun
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Book Code : 1107067073
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 574
  • Pdf File: bioethics-and-the-future-of-stem-cell-research.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Despite years of heated social controversy over the use of human embryos in embryonic stem cell research, the caravan of stem cell science continues to proceed at an unrelenting pace all around the world. Bioethics and the Future of Stem Cell Research urges readers to look beyond the embryo debate to a much wider array of ethical issues in basic stem cell science and clinical translational research, including research involving adult and induced pluripotent stem cells. Insoo Hyun offers valuable insights into complex ethical issues ranging from pre-clinical animal studies to clinical trials and stem cell tourism, all presented through a unique blend of philosophy, literature and the history of science, as well as with Dr Hyun's extensive practical experiences in international stem cell policy formation. This thoughtful book is an indispensable resource for anyone interested in the science of stem cells and the practical and philosophical elements of research ethics.

Cross-cultural Issues in Bioethics

By Heiner Roetz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rodopi
  • Book Code : 9042016094
  • Total of Pages : 470
  • Category : History
  • Members : 145
  • Pdf File: cross-cultural-issues-in-bioethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Human cloning is a main focus of current bioethical discussion. Involving the self-understanding of the human species, it has become one of the most debated topics in biomedical ethics, not only on the national, but also on the international level. This book brings together articles by bioethicists from several countries who address questions of human cloning within the context of different cultural, religious and regional settings against the background of globalizing biotechnology. It explores on a cross-cultural level the problems and opportunities of global bioethics.

A Theory of Bioethics

By David DeGrazia,Joseph Millum
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Book Code : 1009032550
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 221
  • Pdf File: a-theory-of-bioethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume offers a carefully argued, compelling theory of bioethics while eliciting practical implications for a wide array of issues including medical assistance-in-dying, the right to health care, abortion, animal research, and the definition of death. The authors' dual-value theory features mid-level principles, a distinctive model of moral status, a subjective account of well-being, and a cosmopolitan view of global justice. In addition to ethical theory, the book investigates the nature of harm and autonomous action, personal identity theory, and the 'non-identity problem' associated with many procreative decisions. Readers new to particular topics will benefit from helpful introductions, specialists will appreciate in-depth theoretical explorations and a novel take on various practical issues, and all readers will benefit from the book's original synoptic vision of bioethics. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.

Scratching the Surface of Bioethics

By Matti Häyry,Tuija Takala
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rodopi
  • Book Code : 9789042010062
  • Total of Pages : 176
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 177
  • Pdf File: scratching-the-surface-of-bioethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Is bioethics only about medicine and health care? Law? Philosophy? Social issues? No, on all accounts. It embraces all these and more. In this book, fifteen notable scholars from the North West of England critically explore the main approaches to bioethics—and make a scratch on its polished surface.

Bioethics in America

By M. L. Tina Stevens
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Book Code : 0801876974
  • Total of Pages : 224
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 536
  • Pdf File: bioethics-in-america.pdf

Book Short Summary:

That is, the public was reassured by bioethical oversight of biomedicine; in reality, however, bioethicists belonged to the same mainstream that produced the doctors and researchers whom the bioethicists were guiding.

Literature Search Strategies for Interdisciplinary Research

By Linda G. Ackerson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Scarecrow Press
  • Book Code : 1461669367
  • Total of Pages : 150
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 950
  • Pdf File: literature-search-strategies-for-interdisciplinary-research.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The amount of published literature can be overwhelming for scientists and researchers moving from a broad disciplinary research area to a more specialized one, particularly in fields that use information from more than one discipline. Without a focused inquiry, the researcher may find too little information or may be overcome by too much. Striking the correct balance of information is the focus of Literature Search Strategies for Interdisciplinary Research. This useful reference tool studies diverse interdisciplinary areas revealing the general and individual qualities that dictate the strategies of successful searches. Beginning with a bare-bones search strategy for finding primary research in interdisciplinary areas, the book then goes on to provide hints for research in specific disciplines, as the unique traits of the individual fields compound the difficulties in interdisciplinary research. Individual chapters, written by experts in that particular area, address ten research fields in depth, disclosing the common qualities of interdisciplinary research. The study areas covered include Paleontology, Crystallography, Quaternary Research, Human Factors Engineering, Nanotechnology, Atmospheric Chemistry, Bioethics, Computational Biology, Engineering Entrepreneurship, and Machine Learning. For scientists and engineers new to their fields, as well as librarians whose responsibilities include collecting library materials for newly-emerging interdisciplinary research areas, Linda Ackerson's guide provides all that is needed to develop a successful search strategy.

The Picture of Health

By Henri Colt,Silvia Quadrelli,Friedman Lester
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 9780199876006
  • Total of Pages : 656
  • Category : Medical
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  • Pdf File: the-picture-of-health.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Film and literature have long been mined for interesting examples and case studies in order to teach biomedical ethics to students. This volume presents a collection of about 80 very brief, accessible essays written by international experts from medicine, social sciences, and the humanities, all of whom have experience using film in their teaching of medical ethics. Each essay focuses on a single scene and the ethical issues it raises, and the volume editors have provided strict guidelines for what each essay must do, while also allowing for some creative freedom. While some of the films are obvious candidates with medical themes -- "Million Dollar Baby", "The Diving Bell and the Butterfly" -- some are novel choices, such as "Pan's Labyrinth" or "As Good as it Gets". The book will contain several general introductory chapters to major sections, and a complete filmography and cross-index at the end of the book where readers can look up individual films or ethical issues.

Bioethics Education in a Global Perspective

By Henk A.M.J. ten Have
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 9401792321
  • Total of Pages : 221
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 517
  • Pdf File: bioethics-education-in-a-global-perspective.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book critically analyses experiences with bioethics education in various countries across the world and identifies common challenges and interests. It presents ethics teaching experiences in nine different countries and the basic question of the goals of bioethics education. It addresses bioethics education in resource-poor countries, as the conditions and facilities are widely different and set limits and provide challenges to bioethics educators. Further, the question of how bioethics education can be improved is explored by the contributors. Despite the volume of journal publications agreement on bioethics education is rather limited. There are only few examples of core curricula, demonstrating consensus on the contents, goals, methods and assessment of teaching programs. We need ask: How can agreement on the best modalities of bioethics education be promoted?.

Building Bioethics

By L.M. Kopelman
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 0306468719
  • Total of Pages : 254
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 357
  • Pdf File: building-bioethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

K. Danner Clouser is one of the most important figures in establishing and shaping the fields of medical ethics, bioethics, and the philosophy of education in the second half of the twentieth century. Clouser challenged many established approaches to moral theory and offered innovative strategies for integrating the humanities into professional education, especially that of physicians and nurses. The contributions published in Building Bioethics: Conversations with Clouser and Friends on Medical Ethics are unique both in their devotion to a critical review of his contributions, and in bringing together internationally known figures in bioethics, medical ethics, and philosophy of medicine to comment upon Clouser's work. These leaders of the field include Tom Beauchamp, Daniel Callahan, James Childress, Nancy Dubler, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Al Jonsen, Loretta Kopelman, Larry McCullough, John Moskop, and Robert Veatch. This book merits special attention from those interested in bioethics, philosophy of medicine, medical ethics, philosophy, medical education, religious studies, and nursing education.

Bioethics in Social Context

By Barry Hoffmaster
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Temple University Press
  • Book Code : 9781439901168
  • Total of Pages : 252
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 483
  • Pdf File: bioethics-in-social-context.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Arguing for?and against?the value and practice of ethnography in medicine.

Empirical Bioethics

By Jonathan Ives,Michael Dunn,Alan Cribb
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Book Code : 1316849074
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 173
  • Pdf File: empirical-bioethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Bioethics has long been accepted as an interdisciplinary field. The recent 'empirical turn' in bioethics is, however, creating challenges that move beyond those of simple interdisciplinary collaboration, as researchers grapple with the methodological, empirical and meta-ethical challenges of combining the normative and the empirical, as well as navigating the difficulties that can arise from attempts to transcend traditional disciplinary boundaries. Empirical Bioethics: Theoretical and Practical Perspectives brings together contributions from leading experts in the field which speak to these challenges, providing insight into how they can be understood and suggestions for how they might be overcome. Combining discussions of meta-ethical challenges, examples of different methodologies for integrating empirical and normative research, and reflection on the challenges of conducting and publishing such work, this book will both introduce the novice to the field and challenge the expert.

Biomedical Ethics and Decision-Making

By Matthew A. Butkus
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Gegensatz Press
  • Book Code : 1621308014
  • Total of Pages : 544
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 319
  • Pdf File: biomedical-ethics-and-decision-making.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Drawing from clinical experience, philosophy, psychology, and current health law and policy, Biomedical Ethics and Decision-Making is a detailed survey of persistent issues in health care ethics, emphasizing the complexities and nuances of practical decision-making and yielding a multifaceted and systematic approach to solving problems. As a useful resource for both students and clinicians, it includes references for further exploration of ethical issues as well as provocative questions for discussion in classroom and clinical settings. As a textbook, it stands alongside such standard works as Beauchamp's and Childress's Principles of Biomedical Ethics; DeGrazia's, Mappes's, and Ballard's Biomedical Ethics; Munson's Intervention and Reflection; and Vaughn's Bioethics. Besides presenting current dilemmas in health care, it reviews elements of cognitive psychology, describes common errors in critical thinking, offers techniques for evaluating and integrating evidence into ethical reasoning, assesses professionals and professionalism, invites readers to dissect philosophical analyses to bolster their critical thinking skills, and provides opportunities to engage in self-reflection on contemporary challenges in health care policy and delivery.

Genomics and Bioethics: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Technologies and Advancements

By Hongladarom, Soraj
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Book Code : 1616928859
  • Total of Pages : 332
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 903
  • Pdf File: genomics-and-bioethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"This book focuses on ethical, social, cultural, and legal implications of genetics, genomics and genetic databanking as they relate to concrete cultural and historical traditions"--Provided by publisher.

Practical Decision Making in Health Care Ethics

By Raymond J. Devettere
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Georgetown University Press
  • Book Code : 1589017625
  • Total of Pages : 528
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 624
  • Pdf File: practical-decision-making-in-health-care-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

For nearly fifteen years Practical Decision Making in Health Care Ethics has offered scholars and students a highly accessible and teachable alternative to the dominant principle-based theories in the field. Devettere’s approach is not based on an ethics of abstract obligations and duties, but, following Aristotle, on how to live a fulfilled and happy life—in short, an ethics of personal well-being grounded in prudence, the virtue of ethical decision making. This third edition is revised and updated and includes discussions of several landmark cases, including the tragic stories of Terri Schiavo and Jesse Gelsinger (the first death caused by genetic research). Devettere addresses new topics such as partial-birth abortion law, embryonic stem cell research, infant euthanasia in The Netherlands, recent Vatican statements on feeding tubes, organ donation after cardiac death, new developments in artificial hearts, clinical trials developed by pharmaceutical companies to market new drugs, ghostwritten scientific articles published in major medical journals, and controversial HIV/AIDS research in Africa. This edition also includes a new chapter on the latest social and political issues in American health care. Devettere’s engaging text relies on commonsense moral concepts and avoids academic jargon. It includes a glossary of legal, medical, and ethical terms; an index of cases; and thoroughly updated bibliographic essays at the end of each chapter that offer resources for further reading. It is a true classic, brilliantly conceived and executed, and is now even more valuable to undergraduates and graduate students, medical students, health care professionals, hospital ethics committees and institutional review boards, and general readers interested in philosophy, medicine, and the rapidly changing field of health care ethics.

Medicine and Shariah

By Aasim I. Padela
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Notre Dame Pess
  • Book Code : 0268108390
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 256
  • Pdf File: medicine-and-shariah.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Medicine and Shariah brings together experts from various fields, including clinicians, Islamic studies experts, and Muslim theologians, to analyze the interaction of the doctors and jurists who are forging the field of Islamic bioethics. Although much ink has been spilled in generating Islamic responses to bioethical questions and in analyzing fatwas, Islamic bioethics still remains an emerging field. How are Islamic bioethical norms to be generated? Are Islamic bioethical writings to be considered as part of the broader academic discourse in bioethics? What even is the scope of Islamic bioethics? Taking up these and related questions, the essays in Medicine and Shariah provide the groundwork for a more robust field. The volume begins by furnishing concepts and terms needed to map out the discourse. It concludes by offering a multidisciplinary model for ethical deliberation that accounts for the various disciplines needed to derive Islamic moral norms and to understand biomedical contexts. In between these bookends, contributors apply various analytic, empirical, and normative lenses to examine the interaction between biomedical knowledge (represented by physicians) and Islamic law (represented by jurists) in Islamic bioethical deliberation. By providing a multidisciplinary model for generating Islamic bioethics rulings, Medicine and Shariah provides the critical foundations for an Islamic bioethics that better attends to specific biomedical contexts and also accurately reflects the moral vision of Islam. The volume will be essential reading for bioethicists and scholars of Islam; for those interested in the dialectics of tradition, modernity, science, and religion; and more broadly for scholarly and professional communities that work at the intersection of the Islamic tradition and contemporary healthcare. Contributors: Ebrahim Moosa, Aasim I. Padela, Vardit Rispler-Chaim, Abul Fadl Mohsin Ebrahim, Muhammed Volkan Yildiran Stodolsky, Mohammed Amin Kholwadia, Hooman Keshavarzi, and Bilal Ali.

A Liberal Catholic Bioethics

By James F. Drane
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : LIT Verlag Münster
  • Book Code : 382586877X
  • Total of Pages : 290
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 402
  • Pdf File: a-liberal-catholic-bioethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A Liberal Catholic Bioethics opens a new dialogue between Christian reasoning and belief and secular positions in bioethics. The well documented book covers in detail internal and external debates and positions of Roman Catholic theology and hierarchy: issues of contraception and abortion, palliative care and euthanasia, caring humanely for the demented, the use and abuse of modern technology in medicine. The doctrine of Papal infalliability is identified as a main reason in hindering and suppressing a dialogue within the church, with the faithful and with other religious and humanist positions. Were the Borgia Popes infalliable, was Pope Urban infalliabe when he condemned Gallileo, the author asks. He thus carries the debate far beyond specific bioethics issues towards a more humane medicine and culture.

Global Justice and Bioethics

By Joseph Millum,Ezekiel J. Emanuel
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0199701830
  • Total of Pages : 336
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 834
  • Pdf File: global-justice-and-bioethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Despite the massive scale of global inequalities, until recently few political philosophers or bioethicists addressed their ethical implications. Questions of justice were thought to be primarily internal to the nation state. Over the last decade or so, there has been an explosion of interest in the philosophical issues surrounding global justice. These issues are of direct relevance to bioethics. The links between poverty and health imply that we cannot separate questions of global health from questions about fair distribution of global resources and the institutions governing the world order. Similarly, as increasing numbers of medical trials are conducted in the developing world, researchers and their sponsors have to confront the special problems of doing research in an unjust world, with corresponding obligations to correct injustice and avoid exploitation. This book presents a collection of original essays by leading thinkers in political theory, philosophy, and bioethics. They address the key issues concerning global justice and bioethics from two perspectives. The first is ideal theory, which is concerned with the social institutions that would regulate a just world. What is the relationship between human rights and the provision of health care? How, if at all, should a global order distinguish between obligations to compatriots and others? The second perspective is from non-ideal theory, which governs how people should behave in the unjust world in which we actually find ourselves. What sort of medical care should actual researchers working in impoverished countries offer their subjects? What should NGOs do in the face of cultural practices with which they deem unethical? If coordinated international action will not happen, what ought individual states to do? These questions have more than theoretical interest; their answers are of direct practical import for policymakers, researchers, advocates, NGOs, scholars, and others. This book is the first collection to comprehensively address the intersection of global justice and bioethical dilemmas.

Professionalism and Ethics in Medicine

By Laura Weiss Roberts, MD, MA,Daryn Reicherter, MD
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1493916866
  • Total of Pages : 159
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 436
  • Pdf File: professionalism-and-ethics-in-medicine.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Professionalism and Ethics in Medicine: A Study Guide for Physicians and Physicians-in-Training is a unique self-study guide for practitioners and trainees covering the core competency areas of professionalism, ethics, and cultural sensitivity. This novel title presents real-world dilemmas encountered across the specialties of medicine, offering guidance and relevant information to assist physicians, residents, and medical students in their decision-making. The text is divided into two parts: Foundations and Questions with Answers. The first part provides a substantive foundation of knowledge in the principles, scholarship, policy guidelines, and decision-making strategies of the modern health professions. The second part assists practitioners and trainees in preparing for the complex issues that arise each day in the settings where health professionals work and train – clinics, research centers, educational contexts, and communities. Developed by renowned leaders in a broad range of clinical fields, Professionalism and Ethics in Medicine: A Study Guide for Physicians and Physicians-in-Training is a major, invaluable contribution to the literature and an indispensable reference for clinicians at all levels.

ReAction!

By Mark A. Griep,Marjorie L. Mikasen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0199734402
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 884
  • Pdf File: reaction.pdf

Book Short Summary:

ReAction! gives a scientist's and artist's response to the dark and bright sides of chemistry found in 140 films, most of them contemporary Hollywood feature films but also a few documentaries, shorts, silents, and international films. Even though there are some examples of screen chemistry between the actors and of behind-the-scenes special effects, this book is really about the chemistry when it is part of the narrative. It is about the dualities of Dr. Jekyll vs. inventor chemists, the invisible man vs. forensic chemists, chemical weapons vs. classroom chemistry, chemical companies that knowingly pollute the environment vs. altruistic research chemists trying to make the world a better place to live, and, finally, about people who choose to experiment with mind-altering drugs vs. the drug discovery process. Little did Jekyll know when he brought the Hyde formula to his lips that his personality split would provide the central metaphor that would come to describe chemistry in the movies. This book explores the two movie faces of this supposedly neutral science. Watching films with chemical eyes, Dr. Jekyll is recast as a chemist engaged in psychopharmaceutical research but who becomes addicted to his own formula. He is balanced by the often wacky inventor chemists who make their discoveries by trial-and-error.

Medical Ethics and Humanities

By Frederick Adolf Paola,Robert Walker,Lois LaCivita Nixon
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
  • Book Code : 144966279X
  • Total of Pages : 454
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 434
  • Pdf File: medical-ethics-and-humanities.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Medical Ethics and Humanities is a survey of medical ethics and humanities geared toward physician assistants, analyzing important ethics, humanities, and law topics. The book explains the various approaches to ethical analysis and illustrates their application through the use of cases.