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Responding to afghanistan's opium economy challenge

By William A. Byrd
  • ISBN Code: : N.a
  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Pages : 30
  • Category : Afghanistan
  • Reads : 493
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : responding-to-afghanistan-s-opium-economy-challenge.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Abstract: Opium, Afghanistan's leading economic activity, lies at the heart of the challenges the country faces in state building, governance, security, and development. With their narrow law enforcement focus and limited recognition of development, security, and political implications, current global counter-narcotics polices impose a heavy burden on Afghanistan. This paper first provides a summary overview of Afghanistan's opium economy and the factors determining rural households' decisions on cultivating opium poppy. It then discusses the dynamic evolution of the Afghan drug industry in recent years, in particular its consolidation around fewer, powerful, politically-connected actors and the associated compromising of parts of some government agencies by drug industry interests. The paper reviews the experience with different counter-narcotics interventions, analyzes some proposals not yet tried in Afghanistan, and draws lessons and policy implications. Unfortunately there are no "silver bullets"-easy, quick, or one-dimensional solutions, and a longer-term horizon along with sustained commitment and resources will be required in order to phase out the opium economy over time. The paper concludes by putting forward some broad principles and approaches of a "smart strategy" against drugs in Afghanistan.

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Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: financial-market-regulations-and-legal-challenges-in-south-asia.pdf

Book Short Summary:

South Asia has experienced a long period of robust economic growth. While many regulatory policies have helped usher in this prosperous growth, some markets have plateaued due to hardships such as the decline in foreign remittance and international credit lines, and a contraction of exports. To continue to grow, the nations in this region must begin to integrate into the globalized world economy. Financial Market Regulations and Legal Challenges in South Asia addresses the difficulties and challenges of the regulatory environment in South Asia. This research-based publication outlines the apparent issues and resolutions as these developing nations transition into global economic players. This book is an excellent resource for policy makers, researchers and students in the financial field, government officials, bankers, and financial market regulators.

Encyclopedia of Drug Policy

By Mark A. R. Kleiman,James E. Hawdon
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Book Code : 1506338240
  • Total of Pages : 1008
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 549
  • Pdf File: encyclopedia-of-drug-policy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Request a free 30-day online trial to this title at www.sagepub.com/freetrial! Spanning two volumes of approximately 450 entries in an A-to-Z format, this encyclopedia explores the controversial drug war through the lens of varied disciplines. A full spectrum of articles explains topics from Colombian cartels and Mexican kingpins to television reportage; from "just say no" advertising to heroin production; and from narco-terrorism to more than $500 billion in U.S. government expenditures. Key Themes- Cases- Conferences and Conventions- Countries (Affecting U.S. Drug Policy)- Drug Trade and Trafficking- Laws and Policies- Organizations and Agencies- People-Presidential Administrations- Treatment and Addiction- Types of Drugs

World Drug Report 2010

By United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : United Nations
  • Book Code : 9210543033
  • Total of Pages : 307
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 907
  • Pdf File: world-drug-report-2010.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In order to prepare the World Drug Report, UNODC relies on Member States to provide data, primarily through the Annual Reports Questionnaire (ARQ). The ARQ was distributed to 192 Member States, and UNODC received 110 replies to the drug abuse section and 114 replies to the illicit supply of drugs section from Member States (and territories). In general, most countries’ ability to provide information on illicit drug supply is significantly better than their ability to provide demand-related data. Despite commendable progress, for example in the area of prevalence estimates, far more remains to be done to provide a solid, reliable basis for trend and policy analysis. The report includes in-depth and cross-sectoral analyses of transnational drug markets (chapter 1) as well as the latest statistical data and trends regarding the world drug situation (chapter 2). This year, the report also discusses the impact of transnational drug trafficking on transit countries (chapter 3).

The Extinction Market

By Vanda Felbab Brown
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0190911700
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 959
  • Pdf File: the-extinction-market.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The planet is currently experiencing alarming levels of species loss caused in large part by intensified poaching and wildlife trafficking driven by expanding demand, for medicines, for food, and for trophies. Affecting many more species than just the iconic elephants, rhinos, and tigers, the rate of extinction is now as much as 1000 times the historical average and the worst since the dinosaurs died out 65 million years ago. In addition to causing irretrievable biodiversity loss, wildlife trafficking also poses serious threats to public health, potentially triggering a global pandemic. The Extinction Market explores the causes, means, and consequences of poaching and wildlife trafficking, with a view to finding ways of suppressing them. Vanda Felbab-Brown travelled to the markets of Latin America, South and South East Asia, and eastern and southern Africa, to evaluate the effectiveness of various tools, including bans on legal trade, law enforcement, and interdiction; allowing legal supply from hunting or farming; alternative livelihoods; anti- money-laundering efforts; and demand reduction strategies. This is an urgent book offering meaningful solutions to one of the world's most pressing crises.

India's National Security

By Satish Kumar
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136704906
  • Total of Pages : 510
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 860
  • Pdf File: india-s-national-security.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Each year, this annual gives readers an in-depth and up-to-date account of India’s external and internal threats in a deteriorating global security environment. It shows that while partnerships with some countries have strengthened, anxieties persist with others such as China and Pakistan. Similarly, India has not been able to cope with the challenges of internal security emerging from violence in Kashmir, insurgency in the northeast, to mention a few. A unique series with contributions from academics, political commentators and military personnel.

The Central Asia–Afghanistan Relationship

By Marlene Laruelle
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Book Code : 1498546552
  • Total of Pages : 282
  • Category : History
  • Members : 819
  • Pdf File: the-central-asia-afghanistan-relationship.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This collection provides a broad analysis of Afghanistan and its neighbors in recent decades and investigates the various historical and political contexts into which the region has been placed. It examines the legacy of Soviet intervention, patterns of cooperation and conflict among regional states, and recent US strategic initiatives.

Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2018

By International Narcotics Control Board
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : United Nations
  • Book Code : 9210476859
  • Total of Pages : 140
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 664
  • Pdf File: report-of-the-international-narcotics-control-board-for-2018.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This annual report prepared by The Board provides a comprehensive account of the global drug situation, analyses trends in drug abuse and drug trafficking and suggests necessary remedial action. Divided into four parts, it covers the following topics: drugs and corruption, functioning of the international drug control system, analysis of the world situation and finally, a set of recommendations to governments, the United Nations and other relevant international and regional organizations. A set of Annexes follows.

From coalition to ISAF command in Afghanistan : the purpose and impact of the transition : hearing

By
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Book Code : 9781422324509
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category :
  • Members : 304
  • Pdf File: from-coalition-to-isaf-command-in-afghanistan.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book From coalition to ISAF command in Afghanistan : the purpose and impact of the transition : hearing

The Border Challenge

By T. Michael Andrews
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University Press of America
  • Book Code : 0761857095
  • Total of Pages : 144
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 495
  • Pdf File: the-border-challenge.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book presents an insider’s view of the federal government’s dual mission to stop the flow of illegal drugs across our borders and to prevent streams of drug money from financing drug cartels, insurgents, and terrorists. Andrews focuses on current challenges facing federal drug enforcement agencies.

A Concise History of Afghanistan in 25 Volumes

By Hamid Wahed Alikuzai
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Trafford Publishing
  • Book Code : 1490714421
  • Total of Pages : 952
  • Category : History
  • Members : 713
  • Pdf File: a-concise-history-of-afghanistan-in-25-volumes.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Afghanistan Literature is Worlds greatest and richest without Afghan- Literature no European (German, French, Spanish or English) Literature would exist today The Vedas, Zoroastrian, and Buddhist, among the oldest known Literature of Afghanistan, originating from the Great capital of Bactria present day Balkh, and Aria present day Herat, Sanskrit is the reference to the original history of Afghanistan. The Saxon Europeans influence during the Great Games of the mid nineteenth century affected the Afghan language, religion and Territories size, which previously had extended from India to North Africa at 2.6 million square kilometers. The Great Games continued at any cost evolving into present-day conflicts of 2013.

Transboundary Water Resources in Afghanistan

By John F. Shroder,Sher Jan Ahmadzai
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 0128018615
  • Total of Pages : 544
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 592
  • Pdf File: transboundary-water-resources-in-afghanistan.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Transboundary Water from Afghanistan: Climate Change, and Land-Use Implications brings together diverse factual material on the physical geography and political, cultural, and economic implications of Southwest Asian transboundary water resources. It is the outgrowth of long-term deep knowledge and experience gained by the authors, as well as the material developed from a series of new workshops funded by the Lounsbery Foundation and other granting agencies. Afghanistan and Pakistan have high altitude mountains providing vital water supplies that are highly contentious necessities much threatened by climate change, human land-use variation, and political manipulation, which can be managed in new ways that are in need of comprehensive discussions and negotiations between all the riparian nations of the Indus watershed (Afghanistan, China, India, and Pakistan). This book provides a description of the basic topographic configuration of the Kabul River tributary to the Indus river, together will all its tributaries that flow back and forth across the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the basic elements that are involved with the hydrological cycle and its derivatives in the high mountains of the Hindu Kush and Himalaya. Synthesizes information on the physical geography and political, cultural, and economic implications of Southwest Asian transboundary water resources Offers a basic topographic description of the Indus River watershed Provides local water management information not easily available for remote and contentious border areas Delivers access to the newest thinking from chief personnel on both sides of the contentious border Features material developed from a series of new workshops funded by the Lounsbery Foundation and other granting agencies