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Rare Earth

By Peter D. Ward,Donald Brownlee
  • ISBN Code: : 0387218483
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Pages : 338
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 302
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : rare-earth.pdf

Book Excerpt :

What determines whether complex life will arise on a planet, or even any life at all? Questions such as these are investigated in this groundbreaking book. In doing so, the authors synthesize information from astronomy, biology, and paleontology, and apply it to what we know about the rise of life on Earth and to what could possibly happen elsewhere in the universe. Everyone who has been thrilled by the recent discoveries of extrasolar planets and the indications of life on Mars and the Jovian moon Europa will be fascinated by Rare Earth, and its implications for those who look to the heavens for companionship.

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Read Also This Books

Magnetic Properties of Rare Earth Metals

By R. Elliott
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1475756917
  • Total of Pages : 425
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 655
  • Pdf File: magnetic-properties-of-rare-earth-metals.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The rare earths have a unique place among the elements. Although very much alike chemically and in most phy~ical properties they each have very different and striking magnetic properties. The reason, of course, lies in their 4f electrons which determine the magnetic properties but have little effect on other chemical and physical behaviour. Although they are not rare, some indeed are among the more common heavy elements in the earth's crust, the difficulty of separation has meant that their intricate magnetic properties have only recently been unravelled. Now, however, the general pattern of their magnetism is well charted and the underlying theory is well understood. Both are thoroughly summarised in this book. It provides an excellent example of the kind of extensive synthesis which is possible with modem solid state physics. it represents only a high plateau in the ascent to complete understanding. But It will become clear to the reader that while the overall position is satisfactory there are many details still to be elucidated experimentally and much to be done theoretically before all the underlying forces are identified and estimated from a priori calculations. It is hoped that the book will provide a useful stimulus in this direction. It should also be of use to those who are interested in related disciplines, for example the rare earth compounds, or the transition metals. In addition rare earths promise to be important technologically as alloy constituents.

Geochemistry and Mineralogy of Rare Earth Elements

By Bruce R. Lipin,G.A. McKay
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Book Code : 1501509039
  • Total of Pages : 358
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 556
  • Pdf File: geochemistry-and-mineralogy-of-rare-earth-elements.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Volume 21 of Reviews in Mineralogy treats a short course on the rare earth elements to about 80 participants in San Francisco, California, December 1-3, 1989, just prior to the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union. Contents: Cosmochemistry of the Rare Earth Elements: Condensation and Evaporation Processes Radiogenic Isotope Geochemistry of Rare Earth Elements Partitioning of Rare Earth Elements between Major Silicate Minerals and Basaltic Melts An Approach to Trace Element Modeling Using a Simple Igneous System as an Example Rare Earth Elements in Upper Mantle Rocks Rare Earth Elements in Metamorphic Rocks Rare Earth Elements in Sedimentary Rocks: Influence of Provenance and Sedimentary Processes Aqueous Geochemistry of Rare Earth Elements Rare Earth Elements in Lunar Materials Compositional and Phase Relations among Rare Earth Element Minerals Economic Geology of Rare Earth Minerals Cathodoluminescence Emission Spectra of Rare Earth Element Activators in Minerals

Rare Earth Chemistry

By Rainer Pöttgen,Thomas Jüstel,Cristian A. Strassert
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Book Code : 311065492X
  • Total of Pages : 669
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 99
  • Pdf File: rare-earth-chemistry.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This work introduces into the chemistry, materials science and technology of Rare Earth Elements. The chapters by experienced lecturers describe comprehensively the recent studies of their characteristics, properties and applications in functional materials. Due to the broad range of covered topics as hydrogen storage materials, LEDs or permanent magnets this work gives an up-to-date presentation of this fascinating research.

Rare Earth Coordination Chemistry

By Chun-Hui Huang
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 0470824867
  • Total of Pages : 592
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 600
  • Pdf File: rare-earth-coordination-chemistry.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Edited by a highly regarded scientist and with contributions from sixteen international research groups, spanning Asia and North America, Rare Earth Coordination Chemistry: Fundamentals and Applications provides the first one-stop reference resource for important accomplishments in the area of rare earth. Consisting of two parts, Fundamentals and Applications, readers are armed with the systematic basic aspects of rare earth coordination chemistry and presented with the latest developments in the applications of rare earths. The systematic introduction of basic knowledge, application technology and the latest developments in the field, makes this ideal for readers across both introductory and specialist levels.

Sc, Y, La-Lu Rare Earth Elements

By
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 3662063662
  • Total of Pages : 363
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 981
  • Pdf File: sc-y-la-lu-rare-earth-elements.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The volume "Rare Earth Elements" C10 deals with the rare earth tellurides, oxide tellurides, tellurates, telluride halides, tellurate halides, sulfide tellurides, selenide tellurides, and alkali rare earth tellurates. Another topic of this volume are the compounds of the rare earth elements with polonium. Sofaras meaningful and as in all earlier volumes of "Rare Earth Elements" Series C ("Seltenerdelemente" Reihe C), comparative data are presented in sections preceding treatment of the individual compounds and systems. Gaseous telluride molecules are described in the first section. The subsequent sections deal mainly with the chemical and physical properties of the solid tellurides, of which SmTe, EuTe, and TmTe play the most important rote. The most prominent feature of SmTe is the pressure-induced valence transition from divalent Sm to the intermediate valence state, similar to SmSe (see "Rare Earth Elements" C9). Main topics of the section on EuTe are the magnetic and spectroscopic investigations, which show only antiferromagnetic ordering at low temperatures, unlike the complex magnetic properties of EuSe. The magnetic phase diagram, magnetic resonances, exchange interactions, and anisotropies have been ex tensively studied. A pressure-induced valence change is also observed in TmTe with divalent Tm under ambient conditions. The valence changewas also reached by alloying with TmSe. The oxide tellurides have been studied less intensively than the other oxide chalcogenides and only the type M0 Te is known. Data on preparation, crystallographic, and magnetic 2 2 properties dominate this section.

Rare-Earth Borides

By Dmytro S. Inosov
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1000345726
  • Total of Pages : 912
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 423
  • Pdf File: rare-earth-borides.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Rare-earth borides have attracted continuous interest for more than half a century both from the point of view of fundamental condensed matter physics and for practical applications in various fields of engineering. They demonstrate a wealth of unusual electronic and magnetic properties that have been closely investigated in recent decades using advanced spectroscopies and state-of-the-art physical characterization methods. Authored by leading experts in the field, this book features a comprehensive collection of reviews offering a cutting-edge summary of the research on rare-earth borides from various viewpoints. It includes chapters on the growth and characterization of single-crystal and thin-film samples, detailed description of their lattice structure and dynamics, electronic and magnetic properties in the bulk and at the surface, low-temperature ordering phenomena, and theoretical and experimental description of the unusual spectroscopic properties from the perspective of modern x-ray and neutron scattering, Raman spectroscopy, and electron spin resonance. The book will appeal to anyone interested in the physics and chemistry of solids and low-temperature physics, especially to researchers and postgraduate students who study magnetic and electronic properties of rare-earth compounds.

Handbook of Rare Earth Elements

By Alfred Golloch
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Book Code : 3110391252
  • Total of Pages : 418
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 754
  • Pdf File: handbook-of-rare-earth-elements.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Handbook of Rare Earth Elements focuses on the essential role of modern instrumental analytics in the recycling, purification and analysis of rare earth elements. Due to their numerous applications, e.g. in novel magnetic materials for computer hardware, mobile phones and displays, rare earth elements have become a strategic and valuable resource. The detailed knowledge of rare earth element contents at every step of their life cycle is of great importance. This reference work was compiled with contribution from an international team of expert authors from Academia and Industry to presend a comprehensive discussion on the state-of-the-art of rare earth element analysis for industrial and scientific purposes, recycling processes and purification of REEs from various sources. Written with Analytical Chemists, Inorganic Chemists, Spectroscopists as well as Industry Practitioners in mind, the Handbook of Rare Earth Elements is an indispensable reference for everyone working with rare earth elements.

Rare Earth and Transition Metal Doping of Semiconductor Materials

By Volkmar Dierolf,Ian Ferguson,John M Zavada
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Book Code : 008100060X
  • Total of Pages : 470
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 476
  • Pdf File: rare-earth-and-transition-metal-doping-of-semiconductor-materials.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Rare Earth and Transition Metal Doping of Semiconductor Material explores traditional semiconductor devices that are based on control of the electron’s electric charge. This book looks at the semiconductor materials used for spintronics applications, in particular focusing on wide band-gap semiconductors doped with transition metals and rare earths. These materials are of particular commercial interest because their spin can be controlled at room temperature, a clear opposition to the most previous research on Gallium Arsenide, which allowed for control of spins at supercold temperatures. Part One of the book explains the theory of magnetism in semiconductors, while Part Two covers the growth of semiconductors for spintronics. Finally, Part Three looks at the characterization and properties of semiconductors for spintronics, with Part Four exploring the devices and the future direction of spintronics. Examines materials which are of commercial interest for producing smaller, faster, and more power-efficient computers and other devices Analyzes the theory behind magnetism in semiconductors and the growth of semiconductors for spintronics Details the properties of semiconductors for spintronics

Binary Rare Earth Oxides

By G. Adachi,Nobuhito Imanaka,Z.C. Kang
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1402025696
  • Total of Pages : 257
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 760
  • Pdf File: binary-rare-earth-oxides.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Binary Rare Earth Oxides is the first book in the field of rare earth oxides that provides coverage from the basic science through to recent advances. This book introduces the unique characteristics of the binary rare earth oxides with their chemistry, physics and applications. It provides a comprehensive review of all the characteristics of rare earth oxides, essential for scientists and engineers involved with rare earths, oxides, inorganic materials, ceramics, and structures. The binary rare earth oxides bring us a variety of interesting characteristics. Understanding their fundamental mechanisms builds a bridge between solid-state chemistry and materials science. The book begins with a brief introduction to binary rare earth oxides, their physical and chemical stabilities, polymorphism, crystal structures and phase transformation and the association with current applications. The book goes on to present the band structure of the oxides using several quantum chemical calculations, which belong to a newly developed area in the binary rare earth oxides. Central to this chapter are the characterizations of electrical, magnetic and optical properties, as well as details of single crystal growth and particle preparation methods that have progressed in recent years. Later chapters concentrate on thermo-chemical properties and trace determination techniques. The final chapter contains a variety of useful applications in various fields such as phosphors, glass abrasives, automotive catalysts, fuel cells, solid electrolytes, sunscreens, iron steels, and biological materials. This book is an invaluable resource for materials scientists and solid-state physicists and chemists with an interest in rare earth oxides, as well as advanced students and graduates who require an approach to familiarize them with this field. This book provides guidance through a comprehensive review of all the characteristics of binary rare earth oxides.

Advanced Rare Earth-Based Ceramic Nanomaterials

By Sahar Zinatloo-Ajabshir
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 0323899587
  • Total of Pages : 412
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 340
  • Pdf File: advanced-rare-earth-based-ceramic-nanomaterials.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Advanced Rare Earth-Based Ceramic Nanomaterials focuses on recent advances related to preparation methods and applications of advanced rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials. Different approaches for synthesizing rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials are discussed, along with their advantages and disadvantages for applications in various fields. Sections cover rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials like ceria and rare earth oxides (R2O3), rare earth vanadates, rare earth titanates, rare earth zirconates, rare earth stannates, rare earth-based tungstates, rare earth-based manganites, ferrites, cobaltites, nickelates, rare earth doped semiconductor nanomaterials, rare earth molybdates, rare earth-based nanocomposites, rare earth-based compounds for solar cells, and laser nanomaterials based on rare-earth compounds. Reviews the chemistry and processing of rare earth doped ceramic nanomaterials and their characteristics and applications Covers a broad range of materials, including ceria and rare earth oxides (R2O3), vanadates, titanates, zirconates, stannates, tungstates, manganites, ferrites, cobaltites, nickelates, rare earth doped semiconductor nanomaterials, rare earth molybdates, rare earth-based nanocomposites, rare earth-based compounds for solar cells, and laser nanomaterials based on rare-earth compounds Includes different approaches to synthesizing each family of rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials, along with their advantages and disadvantages Provides green chemistry-based methods for the preparation of advanced rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials

Separation Hydrometallurgy of Rare Earth Elements

By Jack Zhang,Baodong Zhao,Bryan Schreiner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3319282352
  • Total of Pages : 259
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 705
  • Pdf File: separation-hydrometallurgy-of-rare-earth-elements.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book describes in a comprehensive manner the technical aspects of separation of rare earth elements into individual elements for industrial and commercial use. The authors include details on and differentiate among the effective separation of rare earth elements for various parts of the world. They introduce new applications of separation of rare earth elements from concentrates of diverse ore types.

Rare Earth Intermetallics

By W.E. Wallace
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  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 032315803X
  • Total of Pages : 278
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 231
  • Pdf File: rare-earth-intermetallics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Rare Earth Intermetallics provides an account of the magnetic characteristics of rare earth intermetallics. This book discusses bulk magnetic characteristics, such as temperature dependence of susceptibility, saturation magnetization, nature of the cooperative magnetic phase, low temperature specific heats, and related thermal properties. Other topics include the magnetic interactions, crystal field interaction by the operator equivalent method, and rare earth-nontransition metal systems. The miscellaneous IVA compounds, rare earth substitution, variation in the iron moment, and compounds with 4d and 5d transition metals are also elaborated in this text. This publication is recommended for students and researchers interested in rare earth intermetallics.

The Political Economy of Rare Earth Elements

By Ryan David Kiggins
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  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137364246
  • Total of Pages : 228
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 560
  • Pdf File: the-political-economy-of-rare-earth-elements.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The contributors argue that rare earths are essential to the information technology revolution on which humans have come to depend for communication, commerce, and, increasingly, engage in conflict. They demonstrate that rare earths are a strategic commodity over which political actors will and do struggle for control.

The Political Economy of Rare Earth Elements

By Ryan David Kiggins
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137364246
  • Total of Pages : 228
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 327
  • Pdf File: the-political-economy-of-rare-earth-elements.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The contributors argue that rare earths are essential to the information technology revolution on which humans have come to depend for communication, commerce, and, increasingly, engage in conflict. They demonstrate that rare earths are a strategic commodity over which political actors will and do struggle for control.

Magnetooptical Spectroscopy of the Rare-Earth Compounds: Development and Application

By Uygun V. Valiev ,John B. Gruber ,Gary. W. Burdick
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. USA
  • Book Code : 1618960547
  • Total of Pages : 139
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 638
  • Pdf File: magnetooptical-spectroscopy-of-the-rare-earth-compounds.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A comparison of theory with experiment is made for rare-earth compounds with garnet structure and orthoaluminate whose optical, magnetic and magnetooptical features have been studied sufficiently well by now.

New Frontiers in Rare Earth Science and Applications

By Xu Guangxian,Xiao Jimei
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 1483259633
  • Total of Pages : 833
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 336
  • Pdf File: new-frontiers-in-rare-earth-science-and-applications.pdf

Book Short Summary:

New Frontiers in Rare Earth Science and Applications, Volume II documents the proceedings of the International Conference on Rare Earth Development and Applications held in Beijing on September 10-14, 1985. This compilation discusses quenching and sensitization of rare earth luminescence, magnetic properties of rare earth intermetallics, and microcapsulated rare earth-nickel hydride-forming materials. The effect of rare earth on the quality and properties of hot-rolled steel strips and role of yttrium in heavy section spheroidal graphite cast iron are also elaborated. This book likewise covers the application of scandium oxide in an electron emission material and study on the effect of rare earth elements on the yield of wheat. This publication is beneficial to researchers and scientists conducting work in the field of earth science.

Rare Earth Mettle

By Al Smith
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 135017694X
  • Total of Pages : 160
  • Category : Drama
  • Members : 418
  • Pdf File: rare-earth-mettle.pdf

Book Short Summary:

You don't tell an American to switch off her light; you build her a better light bulb. A leading British doctor with a radical plan to save the NHS and a Silicon Valley billionaire with a radical plan to halt climate change, meet outside an abandoned train on a salt flat in South America. A landscape so bright in its whiteness that it isn't easy to look at, and so uninterrupted in its flatness there's no echo. For Kimsa and his daughter who live there, the arrival of these strangers initially seems like an opportunity. Until they both stake their claim on the land, each following their ruthless pursuit of 'the greater good'. Al Smith's landmark play premieres at the Royal Court following his 2016 hit Harrogate which saw him nominated for Most Promising Playwright at the 2017 Evening Standard Theatre Awards.

Rare Earth Mettle

By Al Smith
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1350176958
  • Total of Pages : 160
  • Category : Drama
  • Members : 715
  • Pdf File: rare-earth-mettle.pdf

Book Short Summary:

You don't tell an American to switch off her light; you build her a better light bulb. A leading British doctor with a radical plan to save the NHS and a Silicon Valley billionaire with a radical plan to halt climate change, meet outside an abandoned train on a salt flat in South America. A landscape so bright in its whiteness that it isn't easy to look at, and so uninterrupted in its flatness there's no echo. For Kimsa and his daughter who live there, the arrival of these strangers initially seems like an opportunity. Until they both stake their claim on the land, each following their ruthless pursuit of 'the greater good'. Al Smith's landmark play premieres at the Royal Court following his 2016 hit Harrogate which saw him nominated for Most Promising Playwright at the 2017 Evening Standard Theatre Awards.

Magnesium Alloys Containing Rare Earth Metals

By L.L. Rokhlin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1482265168
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 730
  • Pdf File: magnesium-alloys-containing-rare-earth-metals.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Magnesium-based alloys containing rare-earth metals are important structural materials, as they combine low density with high-strength properties. This makes them particularly attractive for industry, especially in cases where the low weight of constructions is critical, as in aircraft and space apparatus construction. One of the remarkable features of alloys is the significant difference made by individual rare-earth metals when they are added to magnesium. This second edition of Magnesium Alloys Containing Rare-Earth Metals: Structure and Properties describes the constitution and properties of magnesium-based alloys containing rare-earth metals. It presents the dependence of their characteristics on their atomic number and place in the periodic table and discusses new ideas for rare-earth metals as alloying additives to magnesium. This volume consists mainly of research from Russian scientists but also contains western literature making it a valuable reference tool for students, researchers and professionals in materials science and metallurgy.

Rare Earth (A Marc Royce Thriller Book #2)

By Davis Bunn
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Baker Books
  • Book Code : 1441271074
  • Total of Pages : 368
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 439
  • Pdf File: rare-earth.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Davis Bunn Strikes Gold Once Again! Marc Royce stares down from the helicopter on the Rift Valley slashing across Africa like a scar. Tribal feuds, drought, and dislocation have left their devastation. And he sees a new wound--a once-dormant volcano oozing molten lava across the dry landscape--and clouds of ash obscure his vision. His undercover assignment is similarly obscured. Supposedly dispatched to audit a relief organization's accounts, Marc finds himself amid the squalor and chaos of Kenyan refugee camps caught in a stranglehold of corruption and ruthlessness. But his true task relates to the area's reserves of once-obscure metals now indispensible to high-tech industry. The value of this rare earth inflames tensions on the world's stage as well as among warring tribes. When an Israeli medical administrator, Kitra, seeks Marc's help with her humanitarian efforts, they forge an unexpected link between impoverished African villages and another Silicon Valley rising in the Israeli desert. Precious metals and inventive minds promise new opportunities for prosperity, secure futures, and protection of valuable commodities from terrorists. As Marc prepares to report back to Washington, he seizes a chance to restore justice to this troubled land. This time, he may have gone too far.

Rare Earth Metals: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition

By
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  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Book Code : 1464925968
  • Total of Pages : 156
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 746
  • Pdf File: rare-earth-metals.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Rare Earth Metals: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Rare Earth Metals. The editors have built Rare Earth Metals: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Rare Earth Metals in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Rare Earth Metals: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

The Structure of Rare-Earth Metal Surfaces

By S D Barrett,S S Dhesi
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Book Code : 1783262028
  • Total of Pages : 260
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 398
  • Pdf File: the-structure-of-rare-earth-metal-surfaces.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Structure of Rare-Earth Metal Surfaces introduces the concepts of surface crystallography and surface-structure determination, outlines the principles of the most widely used experimental techniques and theoretical simulations, and reviews their application to the surfaces of rare-earth metals. In particular, the results of quantitative low-energy electron-diffraction experiments and multiple-scattering calculations are covered in some depth. The book is aimed at science graduates with an interest in surface crystallography. Contents:Introduction to the Rare EarthsThe Basics of Surface StructureSurface Structure TechniquesCrystal Growth and Surface PreparationRare-Earth Surface ScienceQuantitative Low-Energy Electron DiffractionQuantitative LEED ResultsSummary — Past, Present and Future Readership: Researchers in surface and interface science, crystallography, condensed matter physics and computational physics. Keywords:Rare-Earth Metal;Surface Crystallography;Surface Structure;Electron-Diffraction Experiment;Multiple-Scattering CalculationReviews:“The first chapter provides an excellent overview to the rare-earths … The book is aimed at graduate students with an interest in crystallography, but has minimized the rigorous mathematical treatment favored by physicists.”RIC News

Rare Earth Element Resources: Indian Context

By Yamuna Singh
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 3030413535
  • Total of Pages : 395
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 476
  • Pdf File: rare-earth-element-resources.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume presents a brief introduction to the Rare Earth Elements (REE) and their discovery, mineralogy, deposit types and applications. The book focusses on the aspects of both natural and industrial REE resources of India. It covers geological, structural, geochemical, petrological, mineralogical and genetic aspects of the natural deposits, and provides an account of the available industrial sources. The relative merits and potential of the several resources for future development and directions for inputs in REE exploration are discussed at the end of the monograph.

China Standard: GB/T 14635-2008 Chemical analysis method for rare earth metals and their compounds—Determination of total rare earth content

By www.1clicktong.com
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Risk Management 1 Click Tong
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 20
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 152
  • Pdf File: china-standard.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The method provides a method for determining the total amount of rare earth in a single and mixed rare earth metal and its compounds. The method is applicable to the determination of the total amount of rare earth in single and mixed rare earth metals and their compounds, and the measurement range is shown in Table 1. The method is not applicable to the determination of the total amount of rare earths in single and mixed rare earth metals and their compounds having a lead content (mass fraction) of more than 0.1%, such as ruthenium, osmium, iridium, osmium, iridium or ruthenium.

Sc, Y, La-Lu Rare Earth Elements

By
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 366206345X
  • Total of Pages : 529
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 759
  • Pdf File: sc-y-la-lu-rare-earth-elements.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book Sc, Y, La-Lu Rare Earth Elements

Rare-Earth-Activated Phosphors

By Vikas Dubey,Neha Dubey,Marta Michalska Domanska,M Jayasimhadri,Sanjay J. Dhoble
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 0323886051
  • Total of Pages : 436
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 358
  • Pdf File: rare-earth-activated-phosphors.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Rare-Earth-Activated Phosphors: Chemistry and Applications outlines important fundamentals and properties and explores successful application that address key problems across the sciences. Sections introduce phosphors and luminescence, explore their properties, characteristics, synthesis and degradation and highlight key applications across telecommunications, lighting, electroluminescent devices, (bio-)analytical sensors, bio-imaging set-ups, drug delivery and sustainable energy devices. Drawing on the knowledge of an expert team of contributors, the book provides useful insight into successfully harnessing the properties of rare earth activated phosphors for a range of important applications. Rare-earth nano-phosphors offer an interesting array of characteristics, including sharp emission bands, exceptional optical damage thresholds, low toxicity, high selectivity and stability, and long luminescence lifetimes. Understanding these properties can help researchers effectively manipulate them for a range of important applications. Provides a good introduction to the useful properties and characteristics of rare earth activated phosphors Analyzes the use of rare earth activated phosphors for a broad variety of important applications, bridging the gap between theory and application Encourages further discourse and development for improving the energy-efficiency of devices based on rare earth activated phosphors

Principal Rare Earth Elements Deposits of the U. S.

By Keith R. Long
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Book Code : 1437942989
  • Total of Pages : 96
  • Category :
  • Members : 745
  • Pdf File: principal-rare-earth-elements-deposits-of-the-u-s.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The rare earth elements (REE) are 15 elements with atomic no. 57 through 71, from lanthanum to lutetium, plus yttrium. Although industrial demand for these elements is relatively small in tonnage terms, they are essential for a diverse and expanding array of high-tech applications. REE-containing magnets, metal alloys for batteries and lightweight structures, and phosphors are essential for many current and emerging alternative energy technologies, such as electric vehicles, energy-efficient lighting, and wind power. REE are also critical for a number of key defense systems. This study provides a non-technical overview of domestic reserves and resources of REE and possibilities for utilizing those resources. Illus. This is a print on demand report.

Rare Earth Permanent Magnets

By A.S. Nowick
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 0323160069
  • Total of Pages : 214
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 104
  • Pdf File: rare-earth-permanent-magnets.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Rare Earth Permanent Magnets presents the discussion of the metallurgy and properties of rare earth permanent magnet alloys. The monograph initially provides the elementary aspects of magnetism to enable the reader sufficient understanding of permanent magnetism. The book then discusses the rare earth elements and their alloys with cobalt, copper, and iron; the magnetic properties of various intermetallic compounds relevant to permanent magnets; a detailed account of cast permanent magnets of the Co-Cu-Sm and Co-Cu-Ce systems and their modifications; the important methods of making and manufacturing rare earth permanent magnets by powder metallurgy methods; and comparisons between the well-known permanent magnets and the new rare earth materials. This text will be of value to students, materials engineers, and scientists.

Molecular Catalysis of Rare-Earth Elements

By Peter W. Roesky
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3642128114
  • Total of Pages : 250
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 272
  • Pdf File: molecular-catalysis-of-rare-earth-elements.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Alexander L. Reznichenko and Kai C. Hultzsch: Catalytic -Bond Metathesis Zhichao Zhang, Dongmei Cui, Baoli Wang, Bo Liu, Yi Yang: Polymerization of 1,3-Conjugated Dienes with Lanthanide Precursors Frank T. Edelmann: Homogeneous Catalysis using Lanthanide Amidinates and Guanidinates Tianshu Li, Jelena Jenter, Peter W. Roesky: Rare Earth Metal Post-metallocene Catalysts with Chelating Amido Ligands

Rare-Earth Permanent Magnets

By I.R. Harris
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 0080983634
  • Total of Pages : 142
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 616
  • Pdf File: rare-earth-permanent-magnets.pdf

Book Short Summary:

These papers provide an interesting collection of contributions on fundamental magnetic behaviour, microstructural studies, processing methods and applications of rare earth, iron-rich, high performance permanent magnets. The remarkably versatile nature of the Nd-Fe-B-type alloys with respect to magnet processing is very evident in these proceedings. Thus there are papers which describe the production of magnets by the die-upset-forging of melt-spun ribbon, by cold-compaction of melt-spun-ribbon with soft metals, by mechanical alloying and by hot working of cast material. Work is also reported on the production of new permanent magnets from melt-spun material based on the alloys Nd4Fe78B18 and SmFe11.5Ti1.04. Both these alloys look promising and the former appears to be close to commercial exploitation.

Rare Earth Metal-Organic Framework Hybrid Materials for Luminescence Responsive Chemical Sensors

By Bing Yan
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Book Code : 0323914306
  • Total of Pages : 536
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 787
  • Pdf File: rare-earth-metal-organic-framework-hybrid-materials-for-luminescence-responsive-chemical-sensors.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Rare Earth Metal-Organic Framework Hybrid Materials for Luminescence Responsive Chemical Sensors primarily focuses on rare earth functionalized metal-organic framework (MOF) hybrid materials for sensing applications. Sections cover an introduction to the field and key concepts like luminescence, rare earth ion luminescence and luminescence response for chemical sensing. Other section emphasize the luminescence response mode and sensing mechanisms of these important materials, including single mode and dual mode sensing, as well as chemical sensing mechanisms. Final sections outline different kinds of sensing analytes by rare earth functionalized MOFs hybrids and delve into emerging application. This book is suitable for materials scientists and engineers, materials chemists, chemists and chemical engineers. In addition, the material is appropriate for those working in academia and R&D in industry. Authored by one of the world’s leading experts on rare earth metal-organic framework hybrid materials Introduces advanced concepts in luminescence and sensing mechanisms of metal-organic framework hybrid materials Discusses the use of luminescence responsive chemical sensors (based on metal organic frameworks) for logic gate or imaging applications