Origins of the Hussite Uprising Book

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Origins of the Hussite Uprising

By Thomas A. Fudge
  • ISBN Code: : 1000032914
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 280
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 639
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : origins-of-the-hussite-uprising.pdf

Book Excerpt :

The Hussite Chronicle is the most important single source for the events of the early Hussite movement. The author is Laurence of Březová (c.1370–c.1437), a member of the Czech lower nobility and a supporter of the Hussite creed. The movement arose as an initiative for religious and social reform in fifteenth-century Bohemia and was energized by the burning of the priest Jan Hus in 1415. Church and empire attempted to suppress the movement and raised five crusades against the dissenters. The chronicle offers to history and scholarship a nuanced understanding of what can be regarded as an essential component for a proper understanding of late medieval religion. It is also a considered account of aspects of the later crusades. This is the first English-language translation of the chronicle.

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  • Pdf File: the-trial-of-jan-hus.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Six hundred years ago, the Czech priest Jan Hus (1371-1415) traveled out of Bohemia, never to return. After a five-year legal ordeal that took place in Prague, in the papal curia, and finally in southern Germany, the case of Jan Hus was heard by one of the largest and most magnificent church gatherings in medieval history: the Council of Constance. Before a huge audience, Hus was burned alive as a stubborn and disobedient heretic. His trial sparked intense reactions and opinions ranging from satisfaction to accusations of judicial murder. Thomas A. Fudge offers the first English-language examination of the indictment, relevant canon law, and questions of procedural legality. In the modern world, there is instinctive sympathy for a man burned alive for his convictions, and it is presumed that any court that sanctioned such an action must have been irregular. Was Hus guilty of heresy? Were his doctrinal convictions contrary to established ideas espoused by the Latin Church? Was his trial legal? Despite its historical significance and the controversy it provoked, the trial of Jan Hus has never before been the subject of a thorough legal analysis or assessed against prevailing canonical legislation and procedural law in the later Middle Ages. The Trial of Jan Hus shows how this popular and successful priest became a criminal suspect and a convicted felon, and why he was publicly executed, providing critical insight into what may have been the most significant heresy trial of the Middle Ages.

The Szekler Nation and Medieval Hungary

By Nathalie Kalnoky
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1786726262
  • Total of Pages : 264
  • Category : History
  • Members : 231
  • Pdf File: the-szekler-nation-and-medieval-hungary.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In 13th century, the Szeklers were granted a territory (Terra Sirulorum) on the eastern border of the kingdom of Hungary. These lands were donated by the king to the community as a whole, in exchange for the armed border guard service. The use of Szekler customary law, based on a military-judicial -- and most likely multi-ethnic – clan structure was confirmed by the Hungarian crown. Based on extensive archival sources from the 13th to 16th centuries, this fascinating book examines how customary law maintains complex structures of clan membership as a condition of access to judicial and military dignities, and how the Szeklers developed rules for land ownership and devolution. These documents recall legal principles in which the clan has pre-eminence over individuals, all free and equal before their laws. In this period, one can observe an evolution towards individual property, a factor of inequality, constantly shaped and limited by the Szeklers' determination to safeguard their freedom. This unique text is vital reading for scholars interested in Hungarian history, medieval law, and clan structures.

A History of the Hussite Revolution

By Howard Kaminsky
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1592446310
  • Total of Pages : 600
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 717
  • Pdf File: a-history-of-the-hussite-revolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The religious reformation in fifteenth century Bohemia was also a social, political, and cultural revolution - the first of the great upheavals that transformed the medieval into the modern world. Beginning with a revival of evangelical pietism among the people of Prague, then coming under the leadership of the Czech intelligentsia of Prague's university, the reform movement reached its highest point under Master John Hus, who fused the fervor of pietism with the systematic political program developed by the English reformer John Wyclif. When Hus passed from the scene by submitting himself to the Council of Constance, leadership of the movement was taken up by the more radical Jakoubek of Stribro - pioneer of what was to become Hussitism's most characteristic practice, lay communion in both kinds (utraquism). At the same time, the propagation of the reform by Jakoubek's disciples among the townsmen and peasantry of the realm balanced the more conservative tendencies of the university masters and the Hussite feudality; by 1417 the Hussite movement was an uneasy coalition of religio-political tendencies ranging from extreme conservatism to Waldensian sectarianism. Out of the interplay among the Hussite parties and their various reactions to the pressures from Pope and Emporer there emerged two main types of reformation - one centered in Prague, the other in Tabor. Both were condemned by the Roman church, but the movement in Prague, less extreme, never ceased to hope for a reversal of that decision. Tabor, on the other hand, went all the way to heresy, schism, and revolution, ending with the form of the autonomous congregational community, organized as a city-state, in 'de facto' secession from the medieval order. Religious reformism, sectarian heresy of every sort, national passions, class hatreds, laicization, and anticlericalism - all the disturbing factors at work in late-medieval Europe came together in the Hussite revolution, which provided examples of virtually every form of change with which Europe would be concerned for the next three centuries.

Nationalizing the Past

By S. Berger,C. Lorenz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 023029250X
  • Total of Pages : 545
  • Category : History
  • Members : 344
  • Pdf File: nationalizing-the-past.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Historians traditionally claim to be myth-breakers, but national history since the nineteenth century shows quite a record in myth-making. This exciting new volume compares how national historians in Europe have handled the opposing pulls of fact and fiction and shows which narrative strategies have contributed to the success of national histories.

While the Music Lasts

By David A. Powell
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bucknell University Press
  • Book Code : 9780838754740
  • Total of Pages : 381
  • Category : Music
  • Members : 809
  • Pdf File: while-the-music-lasts.pdf

Book Short Summary:

At the same time, Sand's musical referencing techniques afford a culturally based method for looking at French society and the need for a humanist reform, all the while exploring feminist statements, narrative strategies, love plots, and questions of communication, language, and nationhood."--BOOK JACKET.

The Directory of Museums & Living Displays

By Kenneth Hudson,Ann Nicholls
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1349070149
  • Total of Pages : 1047
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 637
  • Pdf File: the-directory-of-museums-living-displays.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book The Directory of Museums & Living Displays

An Introduction to the Crusades

By S.J. Allen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Toronto Press
  • Book Code : 1442600276
  • Total of Pages : 216
  • Category : History
  • Members : 584
  • Pdf File: an-introduction-to-the-crusades.pdf

Book Short Summary:

An Introduction to the Crusades, part of the Companions to Medieval Studies series, is an accessible guide to studying the complex history of the Crusades. The book begins by defining the Crusades, giving the political and social context of Byzantium, Western Europe, the Islamic States, and Jewish communities to set the scene for crusading from the eleventh century to the end of the medieval period. It then immerses the reader in the logistics of crusading and the day-to-day life of a crusader, explaining arms and armor, strategy and tactics, and siege warfare. Topics explored in depth include women on crusade, pilgrimage, the Mongols, crusade charters, and the use of crusader rhetoric throughout history. A case study chapter on the negotiations for Jerusalem between Saladin and Richard I provides insight into the process of historical inquiry and methods for engaging with primary sources. The book is pedagogically grounded through the inclusion of questions for reflection, sixteen images, four maps, a detailed chronology, a glossary, a "Who's Who" of the crusading world, and a bibliography.

The Crusade against Heretics in Bohemia, 1418–1437

By Thomas A. Fudge
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351892096
  • Total of Pages : 446
  • Category : History
  • Members : 902
  • Pdf File: the-crusade-against-heretics-in-bohemia-1418-1437.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This selection of over 200 texts, nearly all appearing for the first time in English translation, provides a close-up look at the crusades against the Hussite heretics of 15th-century Bohemia, from the perspective of the official Church - or at their struggles for religious freedom, from the Hussites' own point of view. It also throws light on the meaning of the crusading movement and on the nature of warfare in the late Middle Ages. There is no single documentary account of the conflict, but the riveting events can be reconstructed from a wide range of contemporary sources: chronicles, sermons, manifestos, songs, bulls, imperial correspondence, military and diplomatic communiqués, liturgy, military ordinances, trade embargos, epic poems, letters from the field, Jewish documents, speeches, synodal proceedings, and documents from popes, bishops, emperors and city councils. These texts reveal the zeal and energy of the crusaders but also their deep disunity, growing frustration and underlying fears - and likewise the heresy, determination and independence of the Hussites. Five times the cross was preached and the vastly superior forces of the official church and the empire marched into Bohemia to suppress the peasant armies. Five times they were humiliated and put to flight.

ENGLISH SOCIAL AND CULTURAL HISTORY

By CHOUDHURY, BIBHASH
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
  • Book Code : 9388028864
  • Total of Pages : 416
  • Category : History
  • Members : 579
  • Pdf File: english-social-and-cultural-history.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The second edition of the book, with its emending and updated text, provides a glimpse into the English life and culture, starting from the middle ages to the twenty-first century. As the English life and culture are inextricably interwoven with the literary traditions of England and its myriad aspects, this study provides significant insights into the field of English literature and the contexts it emerges from. The text begins with a description of English life and culture from the Medieval period to the Renaissance. The author gives a masterly analysis of such subjects as Feudalism, Medieval Drama and literature, the Renaissance, the Reformation and most significantly, the Elizabethan Theatre. A new sub-section on 'Women Writers of the Renaissance' has been added to this chapter. Then, the text goes on to describe in detail about the Restoration Period and the Age of Reason. Besides, the book gives a wealth of information on important topics like Romanticism, the Industrial Revolution, Victorianism and Victorian literature. The text concludes with a chapter that deals on Modernism, Literature and Culture in the Postmodern World, and Aspects of Contemporary Culture and Society. In the last chapter, two sub-sections have been introduced on 'British Fiction in the Twenty-First Century' and 'Brexit'. What distinguishes the text is the provision of a Glossary at the end of each chapter, which gives not only the meaning and definition of the terms but also provides the entire cultural background and the history that these terms are associated with. Students of English literature—both undergraduate honours and postgraduate students—will find this book highly informative, enlightening, and refreshing in its style. In addition, all those who have an abiding interest in English life and culture will find reading this text a stimulating and rewarding experience TARGET AUDIENCE • BA (Hons.) English • MA English Literature/English

Repentance and Revolt

By Richard Freeman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press
  • Book Code : 9780838674710
  • Total of Pages : 247
  • Category : History
  • Members : 724
  • Pdf File: repentance-and-revolt.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A discussion of the differences among societies with respect to their religion, culture, political institutions, social structures and foreign imperialistic policies that takes into account geographic and economic circumstances, but stresses the psychological background. Freeman points out that fear, apprehension, obsession with status, aggression, guilt feelings and the need for a sense of belonging have all entered into the great drama of history.