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Origin

By Dan Brown
  • ISBN Code: : 0385542690
  • Publisher : Anchor
  • Pages : 480
  • Category : Fiction
  • Reads : 764
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : origin.pdf

Book Excerpt :

The #1 New York Times Bestseller (October 2017) from the author of The Da Vinci Code. Robert Langdon, Harvard professor of symbology, arrives at the ultramodern Guggenheim Museum Bilbao to attend the unveiling of a discovery that “will change the face of science forever.” The evening’s host is Edmond Kirsch, a forty-year-old billionaire and futurist, and one of Langdon’s first students. But the meticulously orchestrated evening suddenly erupts into chaos, and Kirsch’s precious discovery teeters on the brink of being lost forever. Facing an imminent threat, Langdon is forced to flee. With him is Ambra Vidal, the elegant museum director who worked with Kirsch. They travel to Barcelona on a perilous quest to locate a cryptic password that will unlock Kirsch’s secret. Navigating the dark corridors of hidden history and extreme re­ligion, Langdon and Vidal must evade an enemy whose all-knowing power seems to emanate from Spain’s Royal Palace. They uncover clues that ultimately bring them face-to-face with Kirsch’s shocking discovery…and the breathtaking truth that has long eluded us.

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Read Also This Books

The Origins of Life

By John Maynard Smith,Eors Szathmary
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 0191647322
  • Total of Pages : 192
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 477
  • Pdf File: the-origins-of-life.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In this fascinating book, John Maynard Smith and Eors Szathmary present an original picture of evolution. They propose that during evolution there have been a number of major transitions in the way in which information is passed between generations. These transitions include the appearance of the first replicating molecules, the emergence of co-operative animal societies, and the unique language ability of humans. Containing many new ideas, this book is contemporary biology on the grandest scale, from the birth of life to the origin of language.

The Origin and Evolution of New Businesses

By Amar V. Bhide
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0199883572
  • Total of Pages : 432
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 891
  • Pdf File: the-origin-and-evolution-of-new-businesses.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is this mysterious activity we call entrepreneurship? Does success require special traits and skills or just luck? Can large companies follow their example? What role does venture capital play? In a field dominated by anecdote and folklore, this landmark study integrates more than ten years of intensive research and modern theories of business and economics. The result is a comprehensive framework for understanding entrepreneurship that provides new and penetrating insights. Examining hundreds of successful ventures, the author finds that the typical business has humble, improvised origins. Well-planned start-ups, backed by substantial venture capital, are exceptional. Entrepreneurs like Bill Gates and Sam Walton initially pursue small, uncertain opportunities, without much capital, market research, or breakthrough technologies. Coping with ambiguity and surprises, face-to-face selling, and making do with second-tier employees is more important than foresight, deal-making, or recruiting top-notch teams. Transforming improvised start-ups into noteworthy enterprises requires a radical shift, from "opportunistic adaptation" in niche markets to the pursuit of ambitious strategies. This requires traits such as ambition and risk-taking that are initially unimportant. Mature corporations have to pursue entrepreneurial activity in a much more disciplined way. Companies like Intel and Merck focus their resources on large-scale initiatives that scrappy entrepreneurs cannot undertake. Their success requires carefully chosen bets, meticulous planning, and the smooth coordination of many employees rather than the talents of a driven few. This clearly and concisely written book is essential for anyone who wants to start a business, for the entrepreneur or executive who wants to grow a company, and for the scholar who wants to understand this crucial economic activity.

Origin of a Specie™

By Anoop Bungay
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : MQCC™ Money Quality Conformity Control Organization incorporated as MortgageQuote Canada Corp.
  • Book Code : 1999188470
  • Total of Pages : 1023
  • Category : Education
  • Members : 358
  • Pdf File: origin-of-a-specie.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Welcome to the public disclosure of the world's first body of required reading for ALL duly appointed, lawfully elected or employed persons in public office or in private enterprise, as leaders; legislators, policymakers; regulators; technical experts; scientists; members of Top Management; global professional liability insurers including corporate risk insurers; legal professionals; law enforcement; and business persons; promoters; consultants; investors; students - in at least 119 countries - who seek primary source, traceable, verifiable and immutable knowledge on the origins, commercialization, litigation-testing and National and International Standardization of the "Principles of 'BlockChain'" and related concept system subject matter: including but not limited electronic peer-to-peer finance (non-bank, non-institutional, non-syndicated, non-regulated or regulatory exempt, free trading; (P2P)/Private/Crypto/Secret/Shadow) utility tokens, securities token. This global public disclosure is designed to be your practical and scholarly, primary source knowledge commencing from at least as early as 14-August-2001 until present day (September 2019 - or as of latest update) on the origin of the "Principles of 'BlockChain'" and related concept system matter; and is designed to be relied upon as a legislative-, regulatory-, public policy-making-, academic-, business-, investment- , professional-, technical-, and scientific reference, now and into the future. As an electronic - (intellectual property token; trademark brand: MQCC InPUT™ ) - format encyclopedic authoritative reference, this First Edition will be continually improved until the next edition is published. If you are a lawfully elected or duly appointed public official (Head of State, Senator, Minister, Legislator, Policy Maker, Regulator); lawfully elected, duly appointed or employed member of a regulated, reporting or private organization in the role of Top Management (Chief Executive Officer (CEO)- level or Board of Director-level) member; a legal professional; an professional liability insurance/organization risk underwriter; an investor, academic or interested person: before you spend any of your personal money (or any more personal money) and your valuable personal time on 'BlockChain'-anything or 'crypto'-anything; put this electronic reference [intellectual property utility token (distinctively known as the MQCC™-registered, global trademark: MQCC InPUT™)] in your personal library and learn directly from the person (Author) who: <*> first identified and commercialized (starting at least as early as April 9, 2005) a globally accessible, peer-to-peer electronic finance system; (cryptofinancial network). <*> first registered (starting at least as early as May 9, 2008) a subordinate Quality Management System to ISO 9001:2000; ISO 9001:2008 and the current risk-based ISO 9001:2015 in order to publicly prove to "the world", that the globally accessible system-network methods and products are better, safer, more efficient and in order to establish at-a-glance (prima facie) levels of trust - at a global scale; <*> Over the past 19 years, has personally introduced and educated the following classes of people on the origins and over-14 years of successfully commercialized, National and International consensus-standards-based, application the overarching concept system including: the "Principles of 'BlockChain'; utility tokens, securities tokens, conformity science: *> public officials (Ministers, Legislators, Policy Makers, Regulators) *> lawyers employed by law enforcement agencies *> lawyers employed by public market securities regulators *> CEO's, Executive Officers, members of Top Management of regulated, reporting or private business organizations *> retail customers (investors and investees) *> and more <*> Developed, what is today, the world's most trusted and trustworthy global system-network of its kind that, for over 12 years, meets and exceeds United States a (US) Department of Defense (DoD), General Services Administration (GSA), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Higher-level contract quality requirements and integrates elements of the globally trusted US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Framework Core for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity. This encyclopedic authoritative reference takes you from the start, from at least as early as 14-August-2001 to Present day (September 2019). Now that this compendium is published, if any consultant or business promoter, anywhere in the world (at least in 119 countries where ISO 9000 is considered a National Standard class of family of standards) on matters claims to know what he or she is talking about and has not proven to you that they have read this important work of public disclosure, then they really don't know scientific-based, historically-accurate, information timeline. -> Learn how the Author has been telling CyrptoExchange CEO's to learn the MQCC Standards™, so they can make their cryptoexchanges better, safer and more efficient for the inexperienced global public and regulatory community -- months (and years) before sad events occurred when some exchanges suffered catastrophic shutdowns because Top Management did not have and still do not have, the historically proven systems that they need to assure better, safer and more efficient cryptofinancial operations; which MQCC developed. --> Learn how some CEO's or Top Management of Banks and Public Securities Exchanges have been explained that an over 14 year-old fully functional system built on the "Principles of 'BlockChain'" exists and will prevent corporate shareholder financial loss caused by risk due to uncertainty created by nonconformity events like mortgage fraud and ineffective public (reporting securities issuer) company operators. -> Learn how a proven regulatory-integrated framework of co-existence between public securities regulators and non-public securities regulators and regulatees has evolved since at least as early as August 14, 2001. -> Learn how the term Bungay Unification of Quantum Processes Algorithm also represented as the "Principles of 'BlockChain'" was abstracted from observation of the originating object or phenomenon. -> Learn how to find out who is a competent consultant and who is not a competent consultant on matters related to the "Principles of 'BlockChain'" -> Learn how to the global community has misunderstood the origins and wasted (in some cases, literally) millions of dollars in ideas that are "BlockChain-in-Name-Only". -> Learn how "The Principles of 'BlockChain'" have nothing to do with computer programming language C++; which was used to program the bitcoin, alpha-state, experimental software program. -> Learn about the discovery and commercialization of SYSTEMS-LEVEL Artificial Intelligence (SL) by the yours sincerely. -> Learn how commercially available suite of systems, technology, services and products work for any size organization: 1 owner-operator to an organization with 1,000,000 million employees and more. This encyclopedic authoritative reference will be your best investment in this subject matter, ever. More about this encyclopedic authoritative reference The "Principles of 'BlockChain'" were naturally discovered out of a need to create a governance and operating system for the world's first "peer-to-peer (P2P) electronic finance system-network" for the trade in non-bank, non-institutional, non-syndicated, non-regulated or regulatory exempt, free trading securities and related financial instruments; commencing from at least as early as August 14, 2001. As a reminder, before you invest or spend any money on "BlockChain"-anything, or "crypto"-anything; learn from from the person who first discovered and then commercialized it, since at least as early as April 9, 2005 at www.privatelender.org; a person who also happens to be the world's leading authority on National and International Standards-Class NISC™ (in at least 119 countries), Quality Management System-integrated, regulatory-integrated, litigation-tested, BlockChain-based Systems, Technology, Services and Products. WARNING: If you have any question of comprehension or understanding, seek professional counsel before you - another friendly reminder - spend even one more unit of fiat currency ("real" money) on any "BlockChain" or "Crypto" project. Ask your local legislator, lawyer or, in the future your local conformity scientist and PROFESSIONAL BLOCKCHAINEER™/®. Remember this authoritative encyclopedic reference is written by the person who developed the world's first commercialized an application of the "Principles of 'BlockChain'" in Commerce for a peer-to-peer electronic finance system. A body of transmundane knowledge encompassing a variety of knowledge disciplines. Having built "it" first and having built "it" right, means - despite being the CEO of a commercial finance sector organization - the Author is more or less "under the radar" from the scrutiny of the general public due to successful application of the sub-principle "effective disintermediation"; as such, nobody on Earth has really been afforded an opportunity to "look behind the history" - in a single, primary source compendium - to see how delicate, comprehensive, complex and beneficial conformity science and the "Principles of 'BlockChain'", truly are. Not to mention the painstaking diligent years of maintaining the momentum. 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This work of scientific-commercial-regulatory-financial literature is both a public service and an introduction to the foundational body of knowledge that led to the discovery of the "Principles of 'BlockChain'", the birth of binary digit non-bank, non-institutional, non-syndicated, non-regulated or regulatory exempt, free trading securities and related financial instruments; also known as Peer-to-Peer (P2P)/Private/Crypto/Secret/Shadow securities and related financial instruments; Binary Digit Financial Instruments or Digital Assets and the Discovery of Conformity Science. It is the foundation of evolutionary digital commerce (a new field of science for the study of the evolutionary (revolutionary, perhaps?) processes related to the discovery of the "Principles of 'BlockChain'" and production of binary digit financial instruments (digital assets), systems, technologies, services and products. 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Origin and Evolution of Earth

By National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Grand Research Questions in the Solid-Earth Sciences
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Book Code : 0309134307
  • Total of Pages : 150
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 694
  • Pdf File: origin-and-evolution-of-earth.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Questions about the origin and nature of Earth and the life on it have long preoccupied human thought and the scientific endeavor. Deciphering the planet's history and processes could improve the ability to predict catastrophes like earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, to manage Earth's resources, and to anticipate changes in climate and geologic processes. At the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Science Foundation, and U.S. Geological Survey, the National Research Council assembled a committee to propose and explore grand questions in geological and planetary science. This book captures, in a series of questions, the essential scientific challenges that constitute the frontier of Earth science at the start of the 21st century.

African Myths of Origin

By Stephen Belcher
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Book Code : 0141935316
  • Total of Pages : 544
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 684
  • Pdf File: african-myths-of-origin.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Gathering a wide range of traditional African myths, this compelling new collection offers tales of heroes battling mighty serpents and monstrous birds, brutal family conflict and vengeance, and desperate migrations across vast and alien lands. From impassioned descriptions of animal-creators to dramatic stories of communities forced to flee monstrous crocodiles, all the narratives found here concern origins - whether of the universe, peoples or families. Together, they create a kaleidoscopic picture of the rich and varied oral traditions that have shaped the culture and society of successive generations of Africans for thousands of years, throughout the long struggle to survive and explore this massive and environmentally diverse continent.

The Origin of Life Patterns

By Alan Rayner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3319546066
  • Total of Pages : 108
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 222
  • Pdf File: the-origin-of-life-patterns.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Understanding the relationship between human cultural psychology and the evolutionary ecology of living systems is currently limited by abstract perceptions of space and boundaries as sources of definitive discontinuity. This Brief explores the new understandings possible when space and boundaries are perceived instead as sources of receptive continuity and dynamic distinction between local identities and phenomena. It aims to identify the recurrent patterns in which life is expressed over diverse scales in natural ecosystems and to explore how a new awareness of their evolutionary origin in the natural inclusion of space in flux can be related to human cultural psychology. It explains why these patterns cannot adequately be represented or understood in terms of conventional logic and language that definitively isolates the material content from the spatial context of natural systems. Correspondingly, the Brief discusses how the perception of natural space as an infinite, intangible, receptive presence, and of natural informational boundaries as continuous energetic flux, revolutionizes our understanding of evolutionary processes. The mutual natural inclusion of receptive space and informative flux in all distinguishable local phenomena enables evolutionary diversification to be understood as a fluid dynamic exploration of renewing possibility, not an eliminative ‘survival of the fittest’. Self-identity is recognized to be a dynamic inclusion of natural neighborhood, not a definitive exception from neighborhood. The Origins of Life Patterns will be of interest to psychologists, philosophers, anthropologists, evolutionary biologists, ecologists, mathematicians, and physicists.

The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State

By Friedrich Engels
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Book Code : 0141958340
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : History
  • Members : 426
  • Pdf File: the-origin-of-the-family-private-property-and-the-state.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State (1884), was a provocative and profoundly influential critique of the Victorian nuclear family. Engels argued that the traditional monogamous household was in fact a recent construct, closely bound up with capitalist societies. Under this patriarchal system, women were servants and, effectively, prostitutes. Only Communism would herald the dawn of communal living and a new sexual freedom and, in turn, the role of the state would become superfluous.

A History and Critique of the Origin of the Marcan Hypothesis, 1835-1866

By Hajo Uden Meyboom
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Mercer University Press
  • Book Code : 9780865544079
  • Total of Pages : 234
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 804
  • Pdf File: a-history-and-critique-of-the-origin-of-the-marcan-hypothesis-1835-1866.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book A History and Critique of the Origin of the Marcan Hypothesis, 1835-1866

Planets and Their Atmospheres: Origin and Evolution

By Lewis
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Book Code : 0080954642
  • Total of Pages : 469
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 392
  • Pdf File: planets-and-their-atmospheres.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Planets and Their Atmospheres: Origin and Evolution

The Origin Of Species

By Charles Darwin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Book Code : 1101126752
  • Total of Pages : 576
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 512
  • Pdf File: the-origin-of-species.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Charles Darwin’s classic that exploded into public controversy, revolutionized the course of science, and continues to transform our views of the world. Few other books have created such a lasting storm of controversy as The Origin of Species. Darwin’s theory that species derive from other species by a gradual evolutionary process and that the average level of each species is heightened by the “survival of the fittest” stirred up popular debate to fever pitch. Its acceptance revolutionized the course of science. As Sir Julian Huxley, the noted biologist, points out in his illuminating introduction, the importance of Darwin’s contribution to modern scientific knowledge is almost impossible to evaluate: “a truly great book, one which can still be read with profit by professional biologist.” Includes an Introduction by Sir Julian Huxley

The Logic of Chance

By Eugene V. Koonin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : FT Press
  • Book Code : 9780132623179
  • Total of Pages : 528
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 569
  • Pdf File: the-logic-of-chance.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Logic of Chance offers a reappraisal and a new synthesis of theories, concepts, and hypotheses on the key aspects of the evolution of life on earth in light of comparative genomics and systems biology. The author presents many specific examples from systems and comparative genomic analysis to begin to build a new, much more detailed, complex, and realistic picture of evolution. The book examines a broad range of topics in evolutionary biology including the inadequacy of natural selection and adaptation as the only or even the main mode of evolution; the key role of horizontal gene transfer in evolution and the consequent overhaul of the Tree of Life concept; the central, underappreciated evolutionary importance of viruses; the origin of eukaryotes as a result of endosymbiosis; the concomitant origin of cells and viruses on the primordial earth; universal dependences between genomic and molecular-phenomic variables; and the evolving landscape of constraints that shape the evolution of genomes and molecular phenomes. "Koonin's account of viral and pre-eukaryotic evolution is undoubtedly up-to-date. His "mega views" of evolution (given what was said above) and his cosmological musings, on the other hand, are interesting reading." Summing Up: Recommended Reprinted with permission from CHOICE, copyright by the American Library Association.

The Origin of Chirality in the Molecules of Life

By Albert Guijarro
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Book Code : 1839163690
  • Total of Pages : 228
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 196
  • Pdf File: the-origin-of-chirality-in-the-molecules-of-life.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book provides an interdisciplinary review of one of the great unsolved mysteries that has fascinated scientists for over 150 years: the origin of chirality in biomolecules. Current advances in fields as diverse as space exploration, prebiotic chemistry and high-energy physics may help to provide an answer. Important pieces of information will come from observations at the two frontiers of science: outer space and the subatomic world. Observation of distant planets, galaxies, and even actual sampling of celestial objects from beyond the solar system are projects currently underway. At the other end of the spectrum, there are experiments that study the elemental properties of matter, such as symmetry, and interactions with the fundamental forces. Completely revised and updated this new edition once again unifies all the theories of the origin of biomolecular homochirality together in a single source. This complete, interdisciplinary review of an intriguing subject condenses a large and disparate range of contributions from journals in almost every scientific field. The various theories have been organized, interrelated and explained in a unified way. It is fundamental, comprehensive and structured to be accessible for educational purposes.

Acquiring Genomes

By Lynn Margulis,Dorion Sagan
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • Book Code : 0786722606
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 650
  • Pdf File: acquiring-genomes.pdf

Book Short Summary:

How do new species evolve? Although Darwin identified inherited variation as the creative force in evolution, he never formally speculated where it comes from. His successors thought that new species arise from the gradual accumulation of random mutations of DNA. But despite its acceptance in every major textbook, there is no documented instance of it. Lynn Margulis and Dorion Sagan take a radically new approach to this question. They show that speciation events are not, in fact, rare or hard to observe. Genomes are acquired by infection, by feeding, and by other ecological associations, and then inherited. Acquiring Genomes is the first work to integrate and analyze the overwhelming mass of evidence for the role of bacterial and other symbioses in the creation of plant and animal diversity. It provides the most powerful explanation of speciation yet given.

The Origin and Permanent Value of the Old Testament

By Charles Foster Kent
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Good Press
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 202
  • Category : History
  • Members : 749
  • Pdf File: the-origin-and-permanent-value-of-the-old-testament.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"The Origin and Permanent Value of the Old Testament" by Charles Foster Kent. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

On the Origin of Species

By Charles Darwin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 0191568821
  • Total of Pages : 432
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 727
  • Pdf File: on-the-origin-of-species.pdf

Book Short Summary:

'can we doubt ... that individuals having any advantage, however slight, over others, would have the best chance of surviving and of procreating their kind?' In the Origin of Species (1859) Darwin challenged many of the most deeply held beliefs of the Western world. His insistence on the immense length of the past and on the abundance of life-forms, present and extinct, dislodged man from his central position in creation and called into question the role of the Creator. He showed that new species are achieved by natural selection, and that absence of plan is an inherent part of the evolutionary process. Darwin's prodigious reading, experimentation, and observations on his travels fed into his great work, which draws on material from the Galapagos Islands to rural Staffordshire, from English back gardens to colonial encounters. The present edition provides a detailed and accessible discussion of his theories and adds an account of the immediate responses to the book on publication. The resistances as well as the enthusiasms of the first readers cast light on recent controversies, particularly concerning questions of design and descent. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

The African Origin of Civilization

By Cheikh Anta Diop,Mercer Cook
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Chicago Review Press
  • Book Code : 1613747365
  • Total of Pages : 336
  • Category : History
  • Members : 240
  • Pdf File: the-african-origin-of-civilization.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Now in its 30th printing, this classic presents historical, archaeological, and anthropological evidence to support the theory that ancient Egypt was a black civilization.

Molecular Evolution: Towards the Origin of Metazoa

By Werner E.G. Müller
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 3642722369
  • Total of Pages : 185
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 422
  • Pdf File: molecular-evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Recently, new genes and their proteins that revealed striking new insights into the early evolution of multicellular animals have been identified and characterized from members of the lowest metazoan phylum, the porifera (sponges). The unexpected result was that the sequences obtained from sponge displayed high similarity to those found in higher metazoa; in consequence, it was concluded that during the transition from protozoa to metazoa the major structural and regulatory proteins evolved only once. The data gathered are now powerful arguments to establish monophyly of metazoa; in addition, new insights on the evolutionary diversification of metazoa were obtained.

Origin of Elements in the Solar System

By Oliver K. Manuel
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 0306469278
  • Total of Pages : 646
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 900
  • Pdf File: origin-of-elements-in-the-solar-system.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Based on an American Chemical Society Symposium organized by Professors Glenn Seaborg and Oliver Manuel, this volume provides a comprehensive record of different views on this important subject at the end of the 20th century. They have assembled a blend of highly respected experimentalists and theorists from astronomy, geology, meteoritics, planetology and nuclear chemistry and physics to discuss the origin of elements in the solar system. The intent was to include all points of view and let history judge their validity.

The Origin of Buddhist Meditation

By Alexander Wynne
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134097409
  • Total of Pages : 16
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 928
  • Pdf File: the-origin-of-buddhist-meditation.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Having identified early material that goes back to the Buddha himself, the author argues that the two teachers of the Buddha were historical figures. Based on the early Brahminic literature, namely the early Upanishads and Moksadharma, the author asserts the origin of the method of meditation learned by the Buddha from these teachers, and attempts to use them to identify some authentic teachings of the Buddha on meditation. Stimulating debate within the field of Buddhist Studies, the following claims are put forward: the Buddha was taught by Alara Kalama and Uddaka Ramaputta, as stated in the literature of numerous early Buddhist sects, is historically authentic Alara Kalama and Uddaka Ramaputta taught a form of early Brahminic meditation the Buddha must consequently have been trained in a meditative school whose ideology was provided by the philosophical portions of early Upanishads Shedding new light on a fascinating aspect of the origins of Buddhism, this book will be of interest to academics in the field of Buddhist studies, Asian religion and South Asian studies.

The Evo-Devo Origin of the Nose, Anterior Skull Base and Midface

By Roger Jankowski
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 2817804228
  • Total of Pages : 210
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 219
  • Pdf File: the-evo-devo-origin-of-the-nose-anterior-skull-base-and-midface.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The phylontogenic theory proposes an original understanding of nose, sinus and midface formation and development by looking back in evolution for the first traces of the olfactory organ and then tracing its successive phyletic transformations to become part of the respiratory apparatus and finally the central point of human facial anatomy. Von Baer’s, Darwin’s, Haeckel’s, Garstang’s, Gould’s and Buss’ explorations of parallels between phylogeny and ontogeny help to trace the nose and midface story. The paradigm of existing parallels between ontogeny and phylogeny proves useful both in seeking to understand the holoprosencephalic spectrum of facial malformations (which represent radically different pathways of facial development after the life’s tape has been started to run again) and in formulating hypotheses on chordate to vertebrate evolution. The phylontogenic theory leads to new medical hypotheses on nose and sinus diseases and opens the field of evolution and development-based medicine.

Gulf of Mexico Origin, Waters, and Biota

By Darryl L. Felder
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Texas A&M University Press
  • Book Code : 1603442693
  • Total of Pages : 1312
  • Category : NATURE
  • Members : 124
  • Pdf File: gulf-of-mexico-origin-waters-and-biota.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This landmark scientific reference for scientists, researchers, and students of marine biology tackles the monumental task of taking a complete biodiversity inventory of the Gulf of Mexico with full biotic and biogeographic information. Presenting a comprehensive summary of knowledge of Gulf biota through 2004, the book includes seventy-seven chapters, which list more than fifteen thousand species in thirty-eight phyla or divisions and were written by 138 authors from seventy-one institutions in fourteen countries.This first volume of Gulf of Mexico Origin, Waters, and Biota, a multivolumed set edited by John W. Tunnell Jr., Darryl L. Felder, and Sylvia A. Earle, provides information on each species' habitat, biology, and geographic range, along with full references and a narrative introduction to the group, which opens each chapter.

Origin And Evolution Of The Universe: From Big Bang To Exobiology (Second Edition)

By Matthew A Malkan,Benjamin M Zuckerman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Book Code : 9811206473
  • Total of Pages : 248
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 129
  • Pdf File: origin-and-evolution-of-the-universe.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The book provides a broad overview of what we currently know about the Origin and Evolution of the Universe. The goal is to be scientifically comprehensive but concise. We trace the origins from the Big Bang and cosmic expansion, to the formation of galaxies, heavy elements, stars and planets as abodes for life. This field has made stunning progress since the first edition of this book. At that time, there were no known planets outside of our own Solar System (compared with the many thousands currently being studied). The origin of massive black holes was pure speculation (compared with the very recent detection of the first gravitational waves from space, produced by the cataclysmic merger of two surprisingly large black holes). And the most important energy in the Universe, now known as the Dark Energy which is accelerating the expansion, had not been discovered. We aim to bring lay readers with an interest in science 'up to speed' on all of these key discoveries that are part of the panorama of cosmic evolution, which has ultimately lead to our existence on Earth.

Origins

By Jim Baggott
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0192561979
  • Total of Pages : 432
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 933
  • Pdf File: origins.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is life? Where do we come from and how did we evolve? What is the universe and how was it formed? What is the nature of the material world? How does it work? How and why do we think? What does it mean to be human? How do we know? There are many different versions of our creation story. This book tells the version according to modern science. It is a unique account, starting at the Big Bang and travelling right up to the emergence of humans as conscious intelligent beings, 13.8 billion years later. Chapter by chapter, it sets out the current state of scientific knowledge: the origins of space and time; energy, mass, and light; galaxies, stars, and our sun; the habitable earth, and complex life itself. Drawing together the physical and biological sciences, Baggott recounts what we currently know of our history, highlighting the questions science has yet to answer.

Origins

By Jim Baggott
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 0191017337
  • Total of Pages : 350
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 954
  • Pdf File: origins.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is life? Where do we come from and how did we evolve? What is the universe and how was it formed? What is the nature of the material world? How does it work? How and why do we think? What does it mean to be human? How do we know? There are many different versions of our creation story. This book tells the version according to modern science. It is a unique account, starting at the Big Bang and travelling right up to the emergence of humans as conscious intelligent beings, 13.8 billion years later. Chapter by chapter, it sets out the current state of scientific knowledge: the origins of space and time; energy, mass, and light; galaxies, stars, and our sun; the habitable earth, and complex life itself. Drawing together the physical and biological sciences, Baggott recounts what we currently know of our history, highlighting the questions science has yet to answer.

The Origin of Humanness in the Biology of Love

By Humberto Maturana Romesín,Gerda Verden-Zöller
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Andrews UK Limited
  • Book Code : 1845403770
  • Total of Pages : 247
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 761
  • Pdf File: the-origin-of-humanness-in-the-biology-of-love.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The central concern of this book is us human beings. The authors’ basic question is: ‘How is it that we can live in mutual care, have ethical concerns, and at the same time deny all that through the rational justification of aggression?’ The authors answer this basic question indirectly by providing a look into the fundaments of our biological constitution, concentrating on what they term emotioning, that is the flow of emotions in daily life that guides the flow of the systemic conservation of a manner of living. Maturana and Verden-Zöller claim that the fundamental emotion that gave rise to humans as sapient languaging beings was love, and that this remains our fundament even when other emotions become socially prevalent.

The Origin of the World According to Revelation and Science

By Sir John William Dawson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Library of Alexandria
  • Book Code : 1465606645
  • Total of Pages : 438
  • Category : Bible and science
  • Members : 922
  • Pdf File: the-origin-of-the-world-according-to-revelation-and-science.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Have we or can we have any certain solution of those two great questions—Whence are all things? and Whither do all things tend? No thinking man is content to live merely in a transitory present, ever emerging out of darkness and ever returning thither again, without knowing any thing of the origin and issue of the world and its inhabitants. Yet it would seem that to-day men are as much in uncertainty on these subjects as at any previous time. It even appears as if all our added knowledge would only, for a time at least, deprive us of the solutions to which we trusted, and give no others in their room. Christians have been accustomed to rest on the cosmogony and prophecy of the Bible; but we are now frankly told on all hands that these are valueless, and that even ministers of religion more or less "sacrifice their sincerity" in making them the basis of their teachings. On the other hand, we are informed that nothing can be discerned in the universe beyond matter and force, and that it is by a purely material and spontaneous evolution that all things exist. But when we ask as to the origin of matter and force, and the laws which regulate them—as to the end to which their movement is tending, as to the manner in which they have evolved the myriad forms of life and the human intelligence itself—the only answer is that these are "insoluble mysteries." Are we, then, to fall back on the real or imagined revelations and traditions of the past, and to endeavor to find in them some foothold of assurance; or are we to wait till further progress in science may have cleared up some of the present mysteries? Whatever may be said of the former alternative, all honest students of science will unite with me in the admission that the latter is hopeless. We need not seek to belittle the magnificent triumphs of modern science. They have been real and stupendous. But it is of their very nature to conduct us to ultimate facts and laws of which science can give no explanation; and the further we push our inquiries the more insuperably does the wall of mystery rise before us. It is true we can furnish the materials for philosophical speculations which may be built on scientific facts and principles; but these are in their nature uncertain, and must constantly change as knowledge advances. They can not solve for us the great practical problems of our origin and destiny. In these circumstances no apology is needed for a thorough and careful inquiry into those foundations of religious belief which rest on the idea of a revelation of origins and destinies made to man from without, and on which we may build the superstructure of a rational religion, giving guidance for the present and hope for the future. In the following pages I propose to enter upon so much of this subject as relates to the origin and earliest history of the world, in so far as these are treated of in the Bible and in the traditions of the more ancient nations; and this with reference to the present standpoint of science in relation to these questions.

Discourse on the Origin of Inequality

By Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Book Code : 0486111865
  • Total of Pages : 64
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 869
  • Pdf File: discourse-on-the-origin-of-inequality.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A powerful, passionate explanation of the roots of social inequality, Rousseau's Discourse influenced virtually every major philosopher of the Enlightenment. It remains among the 18th-century's most provocative and frequently studied works.

The Origin Myths and Holy Places in the Old Testament

By Lukasz Niesiolowski-Spano,Jacek Laskowski
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134938373
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : History
  • Members : 234
  • Pdf File: the-origin-myths-and-holy-places-in-the-old-testament.pdf

Book Short Summary:

'Origin Myths and Holy Places in the Old Testament' examines the biblical narratives which describe the origins of holy places. It argues for the Hellenistic origin or redaction of most of these narratives. Three central questions are addressed: are there common features in biblical accounts about the foundation of places of worship; are there elements in the aetiological stories that reveal the 'real' mythology/rituals of the sanctuary; what were the circumstances of the creation of such narratives?

On the Origin of MONEY

By Carl Menger
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cosimo Classics
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category :
  • Members : 200
  • Pdf File: on-the-origin-of-money.pdf

Book Short Summary:

On the Origins of Money is a discussion of the history of money and currency, from its crudest form as cowrie shells, animal pelts, and salt in early societies to the coin and paper money we use today. Rather than focusing on the type or shape of the money, author and economist Carl Menger looks at the reasons behind monetary exchange and why money is so valuable (or where it gets its inherent value). His argument centers on the "saleableness" of the goods or commodities being sold-in other words, the more "saleable" (or valuable or in demand) an item is, the more money it is worth. Hence, money gets its value from the objects it pays for. This short work is an insightful look into the history and value of money for any student or professional economist.

The Origin of the New Testament

By Adolf Harnack
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1592445918
  • Total of Pages : 246
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 148
  • Pdf File: the-origin-of-the-new-testament.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Adolf Harnack viewed the formation of the Christian canon as a mixed blessing. He was concerned about the exclusion of some early documents as well as the risks involved with Christianity becoming a religion of the book. This volume engages these concerns and others with scholarly creativity. Among other topics, Harnack examines reasons for the inclusion of four gospels in the New Testament rather than one. He concludes that the selection was a compromise between dominant churches, each invested in a particular gospel. This is classic Harnack and a true picture of the thought and mind of the last great 19th century theologian.

The Origin of Ideas

By Mark Turner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0199988838
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 444
  • Pdf File: the-origin-of-ideas.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What makes human beings so innovative, so adept at rapid, creative thinking? Where do new ideas come from, and once we have them, how can we carry them mentally into new situations? What allows our thinking to range easily over time, space, causation, and agency-so easily that we take this truly remarkable ability for granted? In The Origin of Ideas, Mark Turner offers a provocative new theory to answer these and many other questions. While other species do what we cannot-fly, run amazingly fast, see in the dark-only human beings can innovate so rapidly and widely. Turner argues that this distinctively human spark was an evolutionary advance that developed from a particular kind of mental operation, which he calls "blending": our ability to take two or more ideas and create a new idea in the "blend." Turner begins by looking at the "lionman," a 32,000-year-old ivory figurine, one of the earliest examples of blending. Here, the concepts "lion" and "man" are merged into a new figure, the "lionman." Turner argues that at some stage during the Paleolithic Age, humans reached a tipping point. Before that, we were a bunch of large, unimaginative mammals. After that, we were poised to take over the world. Once biological evolution hit upon making brains that could do advanced blending, we possessed the capacity to invent and maintain culture. Cultural innovation could then progress by leaps and bounds over biological evolution itself, leading to the highest forms of human cognition and creativity. For anyone interested in how and why our minds work the way they do, The Origin of Ideas offers a wealth of original insights-and is itself a brilliant example of the innovative thinking it describes.