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Nicomachean Ethics

By Aristotle
  • ISBN Code: : 048611564X
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Pages : 256
  • Category : Literary Collections
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Book Excerpt :

Enduringly profound treatise, whose lasting effect on Western philosophy continues to resonate. Aristotle identifies the goal of life as happiness and discusses its attainment through the contemplation of philosophic truth.

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The Nicomachean Ethics

By Aristotle
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  • Publisher : Jazzybee Verlag
  • Book Code : 3849648389
  • Total of Pages : 316
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 501
  • Pdf File: the-nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Nicomachean Ethics is Aristotle's best-known work on this subject. It consists of ten books and is based on notes from his lectures at the Lyceum. The theme of the work is the Socratic question of how men should best live. Before Socrates, philosophy was merely theoretical. This changed dramatically with Aristotle's works, which bind philosophy to human issues. The Nicomachean Ethics are therefore practical rather than theoretical, in the original Aristotelian senses of these terms. This edition is annotated with more than 250 notes.

Nicomachean Ethics

By Aristotle
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  • Publisher : Phoemixx Classics Ebooks
  • Book Code : 3986776443
  • Total of Pages : 333
  • Category : Philosophy
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  • Pdf File: nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle - The Nicomachean Ethics is one of Aristotle's most widely read and influential works. Ideas central to ethics—that happiness is the end of human endeavor, that moral virtue is formed through action and habituation, and that good action requires prudence—found their most powerful proponent in the person medieval scholars simply called "the Philosopher." Drawing on their intimate knowledge of Aristotle's thought, Robert C. Bartlett and Susan D. Collins have produced here an English-language translation of the Ethics that is as remarkably faithful to the original as it is graceful in its rendering. Aristotle is well known for the precision with which he chooses his words, and in this elegant translation his work has found its ideal match. Bartlett and Collins provide copious notes and a glossary providing context and further explanation for students, as well as an introduction and a substantial interpretive essay that sketch central arguments of the work and the seminal place of Aristotle's Ethics in his political philosophy as a whole. The Nicomachean Ethics has engaged the serious interest of readers across centuries and civilizations—of peoples ancient, medieval, and modern; pagan, Christian, Muslim, and Jewish—and this new edition will take its place as the standard English-language translation.

The Nicomachean Ethics

By Aristotle
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Book Code : 1625582080
  • Total of Pages : 153
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 907
  • Pdf File: the-nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Nicomachean Ethics focuses on the importance of habitually behaving virtuously and developing a virtuous character. Aristotle emphasized the importance of context to ethical behavior, and the ability of the virtuous person to recognize the best course of action. Aristotle argued that happiness and well being is the goal of life, and that a person's pursuit of such, rightly conceived, will result in virtuous conduct. "EVERY art and every inquiry, and similarly every action and pursuit, is thought to aim at some good; and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be that at which all things aim." -Aristotle

Nicomachean Ethics

By Aristotle
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  • Publisher : e-artnow
  • Book Code : 8027303338
  • Total of Pages : 181
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 773
  • Pdf File: nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Nicomachean Ethics is widely considered one of the most important philosophical works of Western Philosophy. The theme of the work is a Socratic question previously explored in the works of Plato, Aristotle's friend and teacher, of how men should best live. The Nicomachean Ethics had a crucial impact upon the European Middle Ages, becoming one of the core works of medieval philosophy. It therefore indirectly became critical in the development of all modern philosophy as well as European law and theology.

Nicomachean Ethics

By Aristotle
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  • Publisher : Cosimo, Inc.
  • Book Code : 1605203475
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 760
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Book Short Summary:

The writings of Greek philosopher ARISTOTLE (384BC322Bestudent of Plato, teacher of Alexander the Greatare among the most influential on Western thought, and indeed upon Western civilization itself. From theology and logic to politics and even biology, there is no area of human knowledge that has not been touched by his thinking. In Nicomachean Ethicsconsidered a companion piece to Aristotles Politicsthe philosopher explores concepts of virtue, character, and happiness. What is the essence of being human? Do people have an ultimate function? Can desire be virtuous? What is morality? How should ethics work in the larger culture? What is justice? How should we define evil? All these questions, and others, are discussed and debated in this, one of the worlds great books. Students and armchair philosophers will find it a challengingand rewardingread.

Nicomachean Ethics

By Aristotle
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  • Publisher : ReadHowYouWant.com
  • Book Code : 1442935421
  • Total of Pages : 258
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 536
  • Pdf File: nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"Nicomachean Ethics" is considered as one of the greatest work by Aristotle. In this book he argues that virtue is more significant for human beings than pride, pleasure and happiness. According to him virtue can be described in two ways, moral virtue and intellectual virtue. A balanced combination of both is the key to an ideal life. Thought-provoking!

Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics

By Aristotle
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  • Publisher : e-artnow
  • Book Code : 8027244587
  • Total of Pages : 180
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 961
  • Pdf File: aristotle.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This eBook edition of "The Nicomachean Ethics" has been formatted to the highest digital standards and adjusted for readability on all devices. The Nicomachean Ethics is the Aristotle's best-known work on ethics. The work, which plays a pre-eminent role in defining Aristotelian ethics, consists of ten books, originally separate scrolls, and is understood to be based on notes from his lectures at the Lyceum. The theme of the work is a Socratic question previously explored in the works of Plato, Aristotle's friend and teacher, of how men should best live. In his Metaphysics, Aristotle described how Socrates, the friend and teacher of Plato, had turned philosophy to human questions, whereas pre-Socratic philosophy had only been theoretical. Ethics, as now separated out for discussion by Aristotle, is practical rather than theoretical, in the original Aristotelian senses of these terms. In other words, it is not only a contemplation about good living, because it also aims to create good living. It is therefore connected to Aristotle's other practical work, the Politics, which similarly aims at people becoming good. Ethics is about how individuals should best live, while the study of politics is from the perspective of a law-giver, looking at the good of a whole community.

Aristotle's Dialogue with Socrates

By Ronna Burger
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  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Book Code : 0226080544
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 319
  • Pdf File: aristotle-s-dialogue-with-socrates.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is the good life for a human being? Aristotle’s exploration of this question in the Nicomachean Ethics has established it as a founding work of Western philosophy, though its teachings have long puzzled readers and provoked spirited discussion. Adopting a radically new point of view, Ronna Burger deciphers some of the most perplexing conundrums of this influential treatise by approaching it as Aristotle’s dialogue with the Platonic Socrates. Tracing the argument of the Ethics as it emerges through that approach, Burger’s careful reading shows how Aristotle represents ethical virtue from the perspective of those devoted to it while standing back to examine its assumptions and implications. “This is the best book I have read on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. It is so well crafted that reading it is like reading the Ethics itself, in that it provides an education in ethical matters that does justice to all sides of the issues.”—Mary P. Nichols, Baylor University

The Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle

By Sir David Ross
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  • Publisher : Read Books Ltd
  • Book Code : 1447488571
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 927
  • Pdf File: the-nicomachean-ethics-of-aristotle.pdf

Book Short Summary:

One of the philosopher's most studied works, the Nicomachean Ethics, is here made available in the same translation in the World's Classics. Notes of primarily textual importance have been omitted, leaving only those of more general philosophical interest the index has been adapted for this edition and there is a new Introduction by the translator. Though Aristotle at hisdeath left other ethical works, and this book is therefore called after its first editor Nicomachus, it is this which is usually meant when Aristotle's Ethics is referred to. As such it is of fundamental importance in the development of philosophy.Keywords: Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle Philosophical Interest Philosophy Fundamental Importance Philosopher Translator Translation

The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

By Richard Kraut
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 1405153148
  • Total of Pages : 384
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 309
  • Pdf File: the-blackwell-guide-to-aristotle-s-nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethicsilluminates Aristotle’s ethics for both academics andstudents new to the work, with sixteen newly commissioned essays bydistinguished international scholars. The structure of the book mirrors the organization of theNichomachean Ethics itself. Discusses the human good, the general nature of virtue, thedistinctive characteristics of particular virtues, voluntariness,self-control, and pleasure.

Nicomachean Ethics

By Aristotle
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : e-artnow
  • Book Code : 8026893018
  • Total of Pages : 180
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 468
  • Pdf File: nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Nicomachean Ethics is the Aristotle's best-known work on ethics. The work, which plays a pre-eminent role in defining Aristotelian ethics, consists of ten books, originally separate scrolls, and is understood to be based on notes from his lectures at the Lyceum. The theme of the work is a Socratic question previously explored in the works of Plato, Aristotle's friend and teacher, of how men should best live. In his Metaphysics, Aristotle described how Socrates, the friend and teacher of Plato, had turned philosophy to human questions, whereas pre-Socratic philosophy had only been theoretical. Ethics, as now separated out for discussion by Aristotle, is practical rather than theoretical, in the original Aristotelian senses of these terms. In other words, it is not only a contemplation about good living, because it also aims to create good living. It is therefore connected to Aristotle's other practical work, the Politics, which similarly aims at people becoming good. Ethics is about how individuals should best live, while the study of politics is from the perspective of a law-giver, looking at the good of a whole community.

Aristotle's 'Nicomachean Ethics'

By Christopher Warne
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  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1441113509
  • Total of Pages : 166
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 602
  • Pdf File: aristotle-s-nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, based on lectures that he gave in Athens in the fourth century BCE, is one of the most significant works of moral philosophy ever written. Aristotle, though of course influenced by the works of Plato, diverges sharply from his predecessor by making the practice, rather than the possession, of virtue the key to human happiness. By converting ethics from a theoretical to a practical science, and by introducing psychology into his study of behaviour, Aristotle both widened the field of moral philosophy and simultaneously made it more accessible to anyone who seeks an understanding of human nature. The theory of 'Virtue Ethics' Aristotle put forward still continues to be a major position of ethical thought to this day, his influence being strongly present in the work of Elizabeth Anscombe, Phillipa Foot and Alisdair McIntyre.

Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Book VII

By Carlo Natali
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  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 9780191565380
  • Total of Pages : 306
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 349
  • Pdf File: aristotle-s-nicomachean-ethics-book-vii.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A distinguished international team of scholars under the editorship of Carlo Natali have collaborated to produce a systematic, chapter-by-chapter study of one of the most influential texts in the history of moral philosophy. The seventh book of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics discusses weakness of will in its first ten chapters, then turns in the last four chapters to pleasure and its relation to the supreme human good.

NICOMACHEAN ETHICS

By Aristotle
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  • Publisher : YouHui Culture Publishing Company
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 326
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 556
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Book Short Summary:

NICOMACHEAN ETHICS by Aristotle translated by W. D. Ross BOOK I 1 EVERY art and every inquiry, and similarly every action and pursuit, is thought to aim at some good; and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be that at which all things aim. But a certain difference is found among ends; some are activities, others are products apart from the activities that produce them. Where there are ends apart from the actions, it is the nature of the products to be better than the activities. Now, as there are many actions, arts, and sciences, their ends also are many; the end of the medical art is health, that of shipbuilding a vessel, that of strategy victory, that of economics wealth. But where such arts fall under a single capacity- as bridle-making and the other arts concerned with the equipment of horses fall under the art of riding, and this and every military action under strategy, in the same way other arts fall under yet others- in all of these the ends of the master arts are to be preferred to all the subordinate ends; for it is for the sake of the former that the latter are pursued. It makes no difference whether the activities themselves are the ends of the actions, or something else apart from the activities, as in the case of the sciences just mentioned.

Nicomachean Ethics

By Aristotle
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Hackett Publishing
  • Book Code : 1624668178
  • Total of Pages : 424
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 736
  • Pdf File: nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Terence Irwin’s edition of the Nicomachean Ethics offers more aids to the reader than are found in any modern English translation. It includes an Introduction, headings to help the reader follow the argument, explanatory notes on difficult or important passages, and a full glossary explaining Aristotle’s technical terms. The Third Edition offers additional revisions of the translation as well as revised and expanded versions of the notes, glossary, and Introduction. Also new is an appendix featuring translated selections from related texts of Aristotle.

Happiness as Actuality in Nicomachean Ethics

By Sorin Sabou
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  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 153265992X
  • Total of Pages : 158
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 326
  • Pdf File: happiness-as-actuality-in-nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This is a study about the meaning of happiness (εὐδαιμονία) in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics (EN). It is argued that εὐδαιμονία in EN means actuality, and it has to be interpreted through the lenses of two metaphors used by Aristotle in EN 1.7 1098a21 and 10.6 1176a30: the "perimeter of good" and the "imprint of happiness." To explain the meaning of happiness Aristotle first has to delineate the "perimeter of good" of human beings, and he does that with the help of two criteria: the final end [τέλος] and the function of humanity [ἔργον ἀνθρώπου]. These two criteria are metaphysical concepts which describe the "good" as the final metaphysical aim of every person, and the best every person can be. This metaphysical teleological aim is the "actuality of the soul" according with excellence. This is the "perimeter" within which Aristotle enquires about εὐδαιμονία--the good of humans.

Happiness as Actuality in Nicomachean Ethics

By Sorin Sabou
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1532659903
  • Total of Pages : 158
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 254
  • Pdf File: happiness-as-actuality-in-nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This is a study about the meaning of happiness (εὐδαιμονία) in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics (EN). It is argued that εὐδαιμονία in EN means actuality, and it has to be interpreted through the lenses of two metaphors used by Aristotle in EN 1.7 1098a21 and 10.6 1176a30: the “perimeter of good” and the “imprint of happiness.” To explain the meaning of happiness Aristotle first has to delineate the “perimeter of good” of human beings, and he does that with the help of two criteria: the final end [τέλος] and the function of humanity [ἔργον ἀνθρώπου]. These two criteria are metaphysical concepts which describe the “good” as the final metaphysical aim of every person, and the best every person can be. This metaphysical teleological aim is the “actuality of the soul” according with excellence. This is the “perimeter” within which Aristotle enquires about εὐδαιμονία—the good of humans.

Happy Lives and the Highest Good

By Gabriel Richardson Lear
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  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Book Code : 9781400826087
  • Total of Pages : 248
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 282
  • Pdf File: happy-lives-and-the-highest-good.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Gabriel Richardson Lear presents a bold new approach to one of the enduring debates about Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics: the controversy about whether it coherently argues that the best life for humans is one devoted to a single activity, namely philosophical contemplation. Many scholars oppose this reading because the bulk of the Ethics is devoted to various moral virtues--courage and generosity, for example--that are not in any obvious way either manifestations of philosophical contemplation or subordinated to it. They argue that Aristotle was inconsistent, and that we should not try to read the entire Ethics as an attempt to flesh out the notion that the best life aims at the "monistic good" of contemplation. In defending the unity and coherence of the Ethics, Lear argues that, in Aristotle's view, we may act for the sake of an end not just by instrumentally bringing it about but also by approximating it. She then argues that, for Aristotle, the excellent rational activity of moral virtue is an approximation of theoretical contemplation. Thus, the happiest person chooses moral virtue as an approximation of contemplation in practical life. Richardson Lear bolsters this interpretation by examining three moral virtues--courage, temperance, and greatness of soul--and the way they are fine. Elegantly written and rigorously argued, this is a major contribution to our understanding of a central issue in Aristotle's moral philosophy.

Michael of Ephesus: On Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics 10 with Themistius: On Virtue

By
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  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 135008509X
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 997
  • Pdf File: michael-of-ephesus.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The two texts translated in this volume of the Ancient Commentators on Aristotle series both compare the happiness of the practical life, which is subject to the hazards of fortune, with the happiness of the life of philosophical contemplation, which is subject to fewer needs. The first is Michael of Ephesus' 12th-century commentary on Book 10 of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, written (alongside his commentaries on Books 5 and 9) to fill gaps in the Neoplatonists' commentaries from the 6th century. He recognizes that lives of practicality and philosophy may be combined, and gives his own account of the superiority of the contemplative. The second is Themistius' text On Virtue, written in the 4th century AD. He was an important teacher and commentator on Aristotle, an orator and leading civil servant in Constantinople. His philosophical oration is here argued to be written in support of the Emperor Julian's insistence against the misuse of free speech by a Cynic Heraclius, who had satirised him. Julian had previously criticised Themistius but here he combines his political and philosophical roles in seeking to mend relations with his former pupil.

Investigating the Relationship Between Aristotle’s Eudemian and Nicomachean Ethics

By Giulio Di Basilio
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  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Book Code : 1000601250
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : History
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  • Pdf File: investigating-the-relationship-between-aristotle-s-eudemian-and-nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Specifically focusing on the relationship between the Eudemian and the Nicomachean Ethics, this collection of essays studies major themes from Aristotle’s ethics. This volume builds on a recent revival of interest in Aristotle's Eudemian Ethics, which offers an invaluable complement to the Nicomachean Ethics in the study of the development of Aristotle's ethical ideas. It brings together a series of new studies by leading scholars covering the main points of inquiry raised by the relationship between the two works, exploring their continuities and divergences. At the same time, it showcases a variety of approaches to and perspectives on the main questions posed by Aristotle’s ethical thought. Investigating the Relationship Between Aristotle’s Eudemian and Nicomachean Ethics is offered as a contribution to long-standing debates over Aristotle's ethical thinking, as well as an inspiration for new approaches, which take both of his surviving ethical treatises seriously. The volume will be of interest to students and scholars of ancient philosophy and ethics, particularly Aristotle’s two ethics.

The Routledge Guidebook to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

By Gerard J Hughes
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136181245
  • Total of Pages : 276
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 231
  • Pdf File: the-routledge-guidebook-to-aristotle-s-nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Written by one of the most important founding figures of Western philosophy, Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics represents a critical point in the study of ethics which has influenced the direction of modern philosophy. The Routledge Guidebook to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics introduces the major themes in Aristotle’s great book and acts as a companion for reading this key work, examining: The context of Aristotle’s work and the background to his writing Each separate part of the text in relation to its goals, meanings and impact The reception the book received when first seen by the world The relevance of Aristotle’s work to modern philosophy, its legacy and influence. With further reading included throughout, this text is essential reading for all students of philosophy, and all those wishing to get to grips with this classic work.

Happiness and External Goods in Nicomachean Ethics

By Sorin Sabou
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  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1532693648
  • Total of Pages : 148
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 909
  • Pdf File: happiness-and-external-goods-in-nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In this volume, Sorin Sabou explores the dependency of happiness on external goods in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Sabou defends the following thesis: the dependency of happiness on external goods, in EN, is interpreted in the light of its political self-sufficiency, and in the light of our political humanity; this dependency is of three kinds: (1) enhancing-instrumental, (2) constitutive, and (3) subsistent.

Happiness and External Goods in Nicomachean Ethics

By Sorin Sabou
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1532693621
  • Total of Pages : 148
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 544
  • Pdf File: happiness-and-external-goods-in-nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In this volume, Sorin Sabou explores the dependency of happiness on external goods in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Sabou defends the following thesis: the dependency of happiness on external goods, in EN, is interpreted in the light of its political self-sufficiency, and in the light of our political humanity; this dependency is of three kinds: (1) enhancing-instrumental, (2) constitutive, and (3) subsistent.

Taking Life Seriously

By F.E. Sparshott
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  • Publisher : University of Toronto Press
  • Book Code : 1442639679
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 643
  • Pdf File: taking-life-seriously.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This is the first book in modern times that makes sense of the Nicomachean Ethics in its entirety as an interesting philosophical argument, rather than as a compilation of relatively independent essays. In Taking Life Seriously Francis Sparshott expounds Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics as a single continuous argument, a chain of reasoned exposition on the problems of human life. He guides the reader through the whole text passage by passage, showing how every part of it makes sense in the light of what has gone before, as well as indicating problems in Aristotle's argument. No knowledge of Greek is required. When the argument does depend on the precise wording of the Greek text, translations and explanatory notes are provided, and there is a glossary of Greek terms. Sparshott offers insightful and useful criticism, making Taking Life Seriously the best available companion to a first reading of the Ethics.

Hellenistic Philosophy

By
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  • Publisher : Hackett Publishing
  • Book Code : 1603848789
  • Total of Pages : 438
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 518
  • Pdf File: hellenistic-philosophy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This new edition of Hellenistic Philosophy--including nearly 100 pages of additional materia--offers the first English translation of the account of Stoic ethics by Arius Didymus, substantial new sources on Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Scepticism, expanded representation of Plutarch and Cicero, and a fuller presentation of papyrological evidence. Inwood and Gerson maintain the standard of consistency and accuracy that distinguished their translations in the first edition, while regrouping some material into larger, more thematically connected passages. This edition is further enhanced by a new, more spacious page design.

Aspasius, Michael of Ephesus, Anonymous: On Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics 8-9

By Michael of Ephesus,Aspasius
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  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1780939094
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Philosophy
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  • Pdf File: aspasius-michael-of-ephesus-anonymous.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Aristotle devotes books 8-9 of the Nicomachean Ethics to friendship, distinguishing three kinds: a primary kind motivated by the other's character; and other kinds motivated by utility or pleasure. He takes up Plato's idea that one knows oneself better as reflected in another's eyes, as providing one of the benefits of friendship, and he also sees true friendship as modelled on true self-love. He further compares friendship with justice, and illustrates the ubiquity of friendship by referring to the way in which we help wayfarers as if they were kin (oikeion), a word he takes from Plato's discussion of love. In many of these respects he probably influenced the Stoic theory of justice as based on the natural kinship (oikeiotes) one feels initially for oneself at birth and, eventually, for lost wayfarers. Of the three commentaries translated here, that by the second-century AD Aristotelian Aspasius is the earliest extant commentary on Aristotle; the second is by Michael of Ephesus in the twelfth century; the third is of unknown date and authorship. Aspasius worries whether there is only one kind of friendship with a single definition.But he plumps for a verdict not given by Aristotle, that the primary kind of friendship serves as a focal point for defining the other two. Aspasius picks up connections with his Stoic contemporaries. Michael cites Christians and draws from Neoplatonists the idea that there is a self-aware part of the soul, and that Aristotle saw individuals as bundles of properties.

Reading Aristotle's Ethics

By Aristide Tessitore
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  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • Book Code : 1438421974
  • Total of Pages : 155
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 326
  • Pdf File: reading-aristotle-s-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Presents the Nicomachean Ethics as a work of political philosophy, emphasizing the interplay between its practical political concerns and its underlying philosophic perspective and arguing that it is rhetorical in the precise Aristotelian meaning of the term.

Public Relations Ethics

By Dick Martin,Donald K. Wright
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Business Expert Press
  • Book Code : 1631571478
  • Total of Pages : 262
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 190
  • Pdf File: public-relations-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book represents a practical guide to ethical decision-making tailored specifically to the needs of those who practice and study public relations. It traces the development of ethical theory from ancient Greece through the works of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle to modern day public relations executives including Harold Burson, Robert Dilenschneider, and Richard Edelman. This book helps readers build personal frameworks for ethical reasoning that will enable them not only to recognize the ethical issues at play in public relations practice but also to analyze the conflicting duties and loyalties in these situations. This volume fills a gap in the currently available books on the subject, most of which either lack theoretical grounding or practical application. Illustrative cases used in this book span a wide range of public relations functions. To update readers on issues discussed in this book, the authors have started an online conversation. Please join the discussion at Updates.PRethics.com.

Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals

By Immanuel Kant
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Hackett Publishing
  • Book Code : 160384452X
  • Total of Pages : 92
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 865
  • Pdf File: grounding-for-the-metaphysics-of-morals.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This expanded edition of James Ellington’s preeminent translation includes Ellington’s new translation of Kant’s essay Of a Supposed Right to Lie Because of Philanthropic Concerns in which Kant replies to one of the standard objections to his moral theory as presented in the main text: that it requires us to tell the truth even in the face of disastrous consequences.

Aristotle for Everybody

By Mortimer J. Adler
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Book Code : 9781439104910
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 726
  • Pdf File: aristotle-for-everybody.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Adler instructs the world in the "uncommon common sense" of Aristotelian logic, presenting Aristotle's understandings in a current, delightfully lucid way. Aristotle (384 - 322 B.C.) taught logic to Alexander the Great and, by virtue of his philosophical works, to every philosopher since, from Marcus Aurelius, to Thomas Aquinas, to Mortimer J. Adler. Now Adler instructs the world in the "uncommon common sense" of Aristotelian logic, presenting Aristotle's understandings in a current, delightfully lucid way. He brings Aristotle's work to an everyday level. By encouraging readers to think philosophically, Adler offers us a unique path to personal insights and understanding of intangibles, such as the difference between wants and needs, the proper way to pursue happiness, and the right plan for a good life.

An Analysis of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

By Giovanni Gellera
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1351352555
  • Total of Pages : 106
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Members : 233
  • Pdf File: an-analysis-of-aristotle-s-nicomachean-ethics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Aristotle, a student of Plato, wrote Nicomachean Ethics in 350 BCE, in a time of extraordinary intellectual development. Over two millennia later, his thorough exploration of virtue, reason, and the ultimate human good still forms the basis of the values at the heart of Western civilization. According to Aristotle, the ultimate human good is eudaimonia, or happiness, which comes from a life of virtuous action. He argues that virtues like justice, restraint, and practical wisdom cannot simply be taught but must be developed over time by cultivating virtuous habits, which can be developed by using practical wisdom and recognizing the desirable middle ground between extremes of human behavior.