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Ancient Music in Antiquity and Beyond

By Egert Pöhlmann
  • ISBN Code: : 3110664607
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Pages : 324
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Reads : 758
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : ancient-music-in-antiquity-and-beyond.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Since the Renaissance, scholars have attempted to reconstruct ancient Greek music mainly on the basis of literary testimonies. Since the late 19th c. evidence from inscriptions and papyri enriched the picture. This book explores the factors that guided such reconstructions, from Aristophanes’ comments on music to the influence of Roman music in late antiquity, thereby offering a crucial contribution to our understanding of ancient music’s legacy.

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Aristoxenus of Tarentum was a Greek Peripatetic philosopher, and a pupil of Aristotle. He was the most famous music theorist in antiquity and came to be referred to simply as "the musician." Most of his writings, which dealt with philosophy, ethics and music, have been lost, but one musical treatise, Elements of Harmony survives incomplete, as well as some fragments concerning rhythm and meter. The Elements is the chief source of our knowledge of ancient Greek music.

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Musical Receptions of Greek Antiquity: From the Romantic Era to Modernism is a rich contribution to a topic of increasing scholarly interest, namely, the impact of Greek antiquity on modern culture, with a particular focus on music of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This collection of essays offers a more comprehensive interdisciplinary examination of music’s interaction with Greek antiquity since the nineteenth century than has been attempted so far, analysing its connotations and repercussions. The volume sheds light on a number of hitherto underexplored case studies, and revisits and reassesses some well-known instances. Through scrutiny of a wide range of cases that extend from the Romantic era to experimentations of the second half of the twentieth century, the collection illuminates how the engagement with and interpretation of elements of ancient Greek culture in and through music reflect the specific historical, cultural and social contexts in which they took place. In analysing the multiple ways in which Greek antiquity inspired Western art music since the nineteenth century, the volume takes advantage of current interdisciplinary developments in musicology, as well as research on reception across various fields, including musicology, Slavic studies, modern Greek studies, Classics, and film studies. By encompassing a wide variety of case studies on repertories at the margins of the Western European art music tradition, while not excluding some central European ones, this volume broadens the focus of an increasingly rich field of research in significant ways.

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Book Short Summary:

The relationship between music and the nervous system is now the subject of intense interest for scientists and people in the humanities, but this is by no means a new phenomenon. This volume sets out the history of the relationship between neurology and music, putting the advances of our era into context.

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  • Pdf File: aristoxenus-of-tarentum.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Aristoxenus of Tarentum was reported to have been bitterly disappointed when Theophrastus was chosen instead of him to succeed Aristotle as the head of the Peripatetic School. He had a truly phenomenal output of some 453 volumes, most of which survive only in fragments. He was the most famous music theorist in antiquity and came to be referred to simply as “the musician.” In addition, he was a founder of Greek biography and wrote the life histories of Pythagoras, Archytas, Socrates, and Plato among others. This volume includes eleven selections, which are almost evenly divided between his work in music theory and biography. There is a chapter on his general biographical method as well as chapters on his specific treatments of the Pythagoreans, Socrates, and Plato. There are chapters evaluating the extent to which Aristoxenus was a historian of music, his account of music therapy, his views on musical “character,” the use of instruments and empiricism in his harmonic theory, and his relation to the “Neoclassical” Greek composers of the fourth century. This volume includes: “Did Aristoxenus Write Musical History?,” Andrew Barker; “Instruments and Empiricism in Aristoxenus’ Elementa harmonica,” David Creese; “Aristoxenus and Musical Ethos,” Eleonora Rocconi; “Aristoxenus and Music Therapy: Fr. 26 Wehrli Within the Tradition on Music and Catharsis,” Antonella Provenza; “Aristoxenus and the “Neoclassicists,” Timothy Power; “Apollonius on Theophrastus on Aristoxenus,” William W. Fortenbaugh; “Aristoxenus’ Biographical Method,” Stefan Schorn; “Aristoxenus and the Pythagoreans,” Leonid Zhmud; “Aristoxenus’ Life of Socrates,” Carl A. Huffman; “Aristoxenus’ Life of Plato,” John Dillon; and “Aristoxenus and the Early Academy,” Andrew Barker. Spanning close to three full decades, Transaction’s Rutgers University Studies in Classical Humanities Series continues to pioneer in the field of classical studies.

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  • Pdf File: the-politics-of-appropriation.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Politics of Appropriation uncovers a largely forgotten chapter in music history by considering the intersection of music and Hellenism in nineteenth-century Germany. While the influence of Greece on the literature, art, architecture, and philosophy of this period has been much discussed, its significance for music has received considerably less attention. Beginning in 1841 with Felix Mendelssohn's wildly popular score for the groundbreaking Prussian court production of Sophocles' Antigone, author Jason Geary draws on research from the fields of musicology, history, classical studies, and theater studies, to explore the trend of combining music and Greek tragedy that also included productions of Euripides' Medea, Sophocles' Oedipus at Colonus, and Sophocles' celebrated Oedipus the King with music by Wilhelm Taubert, Mendelssohn, and Franz Lachner, respectively. Staged at royal courts in Berlin and Munich, these productions reflect an effort by the rulers who commissioned them to appropriate the legacy of Greece for the creation of a German cultural and national identity, while the music involved seemed to its contemporaries to mark the advent of an entirely new Romantic genre. By drawing a line between these compositions and Wagner's very different approach to recovering classical tragedy, Geary offers a reassessment of the composer's reception of the Greeks, highlighting the degree to which he was reacting against works such as Mendelssohn's Antigone when he called for the creation of a music drama rooted in the spirit of Attic tragedy. Geary further argues that Wagner's Ring cycle can be understood as the composer's attempt to reclaim the mythic significance of the Oedipus myth in the service of his own aesthetic aims. Placing these developments within the context of Germany's longstanding obsession with Greece, The Politics of Appropriation demonstrates the enduring significance of antiquity as a trope that helped to shape the European cultural and artistic landscape of the nineteenth century.

Antiquity and the Middle Ages

By James McKinnon
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1349211575
  • Total of Pages : 337
  • Category : Music
  • Members : 866
  • Pdf File: antiquity-and-the-middle-ages.pdf

Book Short Summary:

From the series examining the development of music in specific places during particular times, this book looks at ancient and medieval music, from Classical and Christian antiquity to the emergence of the Gregorian chant and the medieval town and Court.

Aristoxenus's Ghost

By Mitzi DeWhitt
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
  • Book Code : 1465332057
  • Total of Pages : 156
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 778
  • Pdf File: aristoxenus-s-ghost.pdf

Book Short Summary:

As Vyasa, scribe of the epic Mahabarata, said, This book is about you. At first glance the material may seem to be about the specter of ancient Greek musical theory, the ghostly remains that concern a musical system long past and forgotten. However, first glances are often very deceiving. What is offered within its pages goes far beyond arid musical theorizing. As the reader soon begins to discover, permeating through-and-through, in every word on every page, is the archetypal portrait of the ever-present Self. The original and revelatory information, overflowing with meaning, emerges into the world-at-large not only from the extensive research that comes from books and libraries and institutions of higher learning, but also from the deep, quiet, inner searching for the soul. The ideas are unquestionably rich in the nutrients that feed the mind, while also nourishing the heart. Assimilating their message cannot help but inform and transform the reader. Utilizing simple but irrefutable musical mathematics, the author deftly erases centuries-long misunderstandings and speculations by bringing to light what has been lost for twenty-five hundred years: the enharmonic genus. Her point of departure is the Greek musician, Aristoxenus [c. 360 B. C.], a pupil of the philosopher Aristotle. Aristoxenus, the son of a musician, penned a seven-part treatise about music, called Elementa Harmonica. Harmonics was the science concerned with the laws of world creation and world maintenance: how they came into existence and how they were organized. Harmonics revealed the fundamental blueprint of creation, and subsequent theoretical structures. The Elementa Harmonica is considered the oldest theory text still in existence. Its influence was considerable and its theoretical ideas were passed on as doctrine by musical theorist of antiquity. Even so, much of what Aristoxenus wrote in Elementa Harmonica has been lost. Of its last three sections (Modes, Modulation, and Construction) very little remains, while the first four categories (Genera, Intervals, Notes, and Systems) continue to be the basis for heated controversy and endless confusion among scholars. The perplexities are immediately cleared up by the recovery of the enharmonic genus. Suddenly, with discovery of the long lost key, we are able to read the basic blueprint, or matrix, that reveals the universal laws. What today we call the matrix, the ancient Greeks named the katapyknosis. From the shifts within the matrix structure comes the organization of the ancient Harmonia, a word that means soul. Harmonics is really about the soul: of what it is composed, and how it is made. Being the reconciling factor, the soul integrates the inner and outer octaves, enabling the image-formation that is uniquely human. By the measure of the soul one is able to view both the world and oneself objectively. Taking a more intuitive approach than what is permitted in academia, the author describes how Aristoxenuss seven musical categories, beginning with the key of the recovered enharmonic genus, actually reveal the expanded viewpoint of an underlying hermetic tradition, one effectively preserved and transmitted by the very information contained within Elementa Harmonica itself. The bold and innovative interpretations in this work may, in all likelihood, set off a storm of controversy that will go beyond the confines of the academic community. What has been dared is the revivifying of ideas, long considered cold and dead, so they once again vibrate the eternal truths of physical and metaphysical principles. Uniquely original yet universal, crossing the lines of science and religion and philosophy, the information emerges into the world-at-large just in the nick of time, as the world approaches the brink of an abyss that cannot be bridged by the usual attempts at diplo

Absolute Music

By Mark Evan Bonds
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 019938472X
  • Total of Pages : 400
  • Category : Music
  • Members : 542
  • Pdf File: absolute-music.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is music, and why does it move us? From Pythagoras to the present, writers have struggled to isolate the essence of "pure" or "absolute" music in ways that also account for its profound effect. In Absolute Music: The History of an Idea, Mark Evan Bonds traces the history of these efforts across more than two millennia, paying special attention to the relationship between music's essence and its qualities of form, expression, beauty, autonomy, as well as its perceived capacity to disclose philosophical truths. The core of this book focuses on the period between 1850 and 1945. Although the idea of pure music is as old as antiquity, the term "absolute music" is itself relatively recent. It was Richard Wagner who coined the term, in 1846, and he used it as a pejorative in his efforts to expose the limitations of purely instrumental music. For Wagner, music that was "absolute" was isolated, detached from the world, sterile. His contemporary, the Viennese critic Eduard Hanslick, embraced this quality of isolation as a guarantor of purity. Only pure, absolute music, he argued, could realize the highest potential of the art. Bonds reveals how and why perceptions of absolute music changed so radically between the 1850s and 1920s. When it first appeared, "absolute music" was a new term applied to old music, but by the early decades of the twentieth century, it had become-paradoxically--an old term associated with the new music of modernists like Schoenberg and Stravinsky. Bonds argues that the key developments in this shift lay not in discourse about music but rather the visual arts. The growing prestige of abstraction and form in painting at the turn of the twentieth century-line and color, as opposed to object-helped move the idea of purely abstract, absolute music to the cutting edge of musical modernism. By carefully tracing the evolution of absolute music from Ancient Greece through the Middle Ages to the twentieth-century, Bonds not only provides the first comprehensive history of this pivotal concept but also provokes new thoughts on the essence of music and how essence has been used to explain music's effect. A long awaited book from one of the most respected senior scholars in the field, Absolute Music will be essential reading for anyone interested in the history, theory, and aesthetics of music.

Music of the Sirens

By Linda Austern,Inna Naroditskaya
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Book Code : 9780253112071
  • Total of Pages : 440
  • Category : Music
  • Members : 426
  • Pdf File: music-of-the-sirens.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Whether referred to as mermaid, usalka, mami wata, or by some other name, and whether considered an imaginary being or merely a person with extraordinary abilities, the siren is the remarkable creature that has inspired music and its representations from ancient Greece to present-day Africa and Latin America. This book, co-edited by a historical musicologist and an ethnomusicologist, brings together leading scholars and some talented newcomers in classics, music, media studies, literature, and cultural studies to consider the siren and her multifaceted relationships to music across human time and geography.

Reconstructing Damon

By Robert W. Wallace
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 0191508896
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : History
  • Members : 286
  • Pdf File: reconstructing-damon.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Fifth-century Athenian musical and political theorist Damon was the first to study music's psychological, behavioural, and political effects, profoundly influencing debates on music theory throughout antiquity. Considered by Isokrates to be the most intelligent Athenian of his age, Damon worked alongside Perikles during the most vibrant decades of Athens' democracy. Probably using fourth-century BC sources, Olympiodoros records that 'Damon taught Perikles the songs through which Perikles harmonized the city'. However, musical and political entanglements caused this teacher-theorist to be ostracized from Athens for ten years, at the height of Perikles' power. Reconstructing Damon is the first comprehensive study of the most important theorist of music and poetic meter in ancient Athens, detailing his extensive influence, and providing the first systematic collection, translation, and critical examination of all ancient testimonia for him. In doing so, this volume makes an important contribution to a number of key fields, including classical Greek music and music theory, fifth-century philosophy (particularly the sophists), political history including the growth of democracy, and the life and career of Perikles.

Aristoxenus of Tarentum

By Carl Huffman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351531255
  • Total of Pages : 400
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 852
  • Pdf File: aristoxenus-of-tarentum.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Aristoxenus of Tarentum was reported to have been bitterly disappointed when Theophrastus was chosen instead of him to succeed Aristotle as the head of the Peripatetic School. He had a truly phenomenal output of some 453 volumes, most of which survive only in fragments. He was the most famous music theorist in antiquity and came to be referred to simply as "the musician." In addition, he was a founder of Greek biography and wrote the life histories of Pythagoras, Archytas, Socrates, and Plato among others. This volume includes eleven selections, which are almost evenly divided between his work in music theory and biography. There is a chapter on his general biographical method as well as chapters on his specific treatments of the Pythagoreans, Socrates, and Plato. There are chapters evaluating the extent to which Aristoxenus was a historian of music, his account of music therapy, his views on musical "character," the use of instruments and empiricism in his harmonic theory, and his relation to the "Neoclassical" Greek composers of the fourth century. This volume includes: "Did Aristoxenus Write Musical History?, " Andrew Barker; "Instruments and Empiricism in Aristoxenus' Elementa harmonica," David Creese; "Aristoxenus and Musical Ethos," Eleonora Rocconi; "Aristoxenus and Music Therapy: Fr. 26 Wehrli Within the Tradition on Music and Catharsis," Antonella Provenza; "Aristoxenus and the "Neoclassicists," Timothy Power; "Apollonius on Theophrastus on Aristoxenus," William W. Fortenbaugh; "Aristoxenus' Biographical Method," Stefan Schorn; "Aristoxenus and the Pythagoreans," Leonid Zhmud; "Aristoxenus' Life of Socrates," Carl A. Huffman; "Aristoxenus' Life of Plato," John Dillon; and "Aristoxenus and the Early Academy," Andrew Barker. Spanning close to three full decades, Transaction's Rutgers University Studies in Classical Humanities Series continues to pioneer in the field of classical studies.

The Homeric Hymns

By Diane J. Rayor
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Book Code : 0520957822
  • Total of Pages : 192
  • Category : Literary Collections
  • Members : 320
  • Pdf File: the-homeric-hymns.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Homeric Hymns have survived for two and a half millennia because of their captivating stories, beautiful language, and religious significance. Well before the advent of writing in Greece, they were performed by traveling bards at religious events, competitions, banquets, and festivals. These thirty-four poems invoking and celebrating the gods of ancient Greece raise questions that humanity still struggles with—questions about our place among others and in the world. Known as "Homeric" because they were composed in the same meter, dialect, and style as Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey, these hymns were created to be sung aloud. In this superb translation by Diane J. Rayor, which deftly combines accuracy and poetry, the ancient music of the hymns comes alive for the modern reader. Here is the birth of Apollo, god of prophecy, healing, and music and founder of Delphi, the most famous oracular shrine in ancient Greece. Here is Zeus, inflicting upon Aphrodite her own mighty power to cause gods to mate with humans, and here is Demeter rescuing her daughter Persephone from the underworld and initiating the rites of the Eleusinian Mysteries. This updated edition incorporates twenty-eight new lines in the first Hymn to Dionysos, along with expanded notes, a new preface, and an enhanced bibliography. With her introduction and notes, Rayor places the hymns in their historical and aesthetic context, providing the information needed to read, interpret, and fully appreciate these literary windows on an ancient world. As introductions to the Greek gods, entrancing stories, exquisite poetry, and early literary records of key religious rituals and sites, the Homeric Hymns should be read by any student of mythology, classical literature, ancient religion, women in antiquity, or the Greek language.

Dissonance

By Sean Alexander Gurd
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Fordham Univ Press
  • Book Code : 0823269663
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Music
  • Members : 156
  • Pdf File: dissonance.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In the four centuries leading up to the death of Euripides, Greek singers, poets, and theorists delved deeply into auditory experience. They charted its capacity to develop topologies distinct from those of the other senses; contemplated its use as a communicator of information; calculated its power to express and cause extreme emotion. They made sound too, artfully and self-consciously creating songs and poems that reveled in sonorousness. Dissonance reveals the commonalities between ancient Greek auditory art and the concerns of contemporary sound studies, avant-garde music, and aesthetics, making the argument that “classical” Greek song and drama were, in fact, an early European avant-garde, a proto-exploration of the aesthetics of noise. The book thus develops an alternative to that romantic ideal which sees antiquity as a frozen and silent world.