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The Metaphysics

By Aristotle
  • ISBN Code: : 0486119882
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Pages : 352
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Reads : 175
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : the-metaphysics.pdf

Book Excerpt :

The ancient philosopher's enduring treatise features a refutation of skepticism, a contrast of metaphysics to the other sciences, and a meditation on the nature of the infinite.

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Read Also This Books

The Metaphysics of Truth

By Douglas Edwards
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0191076457
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 315
  • Pdf File: the-metaphysics-of-truth.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is truth? What role does truth play in the connections between language and the world? What is the relationship between truth and being? The Metaphysics of Truth tackles these fundamental philosophical questions and proposes a distinctive metaphysical worldview. Douglas Edwards develops a detailed pluralist theory, which holds that there are different relationships between language and the world in different subject areas, or 'domains'. He explains what domains are; how different domains are individuated; which metaphysical frameworks apply in different domains; and how a pluralist view of truth plays a key role. The connections between truth and being are explored, yielding a form of ontological pluralism-the idea that there are different ways of being-which increases the explanatory power of the view. This project is carried out in a climate where the traditionally central issue of the nature of truth has diminished in significance due to the rise of deflationary and primitivist views, which deny that there are interesting and informative things to say about truth. Edwards responds to these views, and demonstrates the importance of the metaphysics of truth with regard to both the study of truth itself, and metaphysical debates more generally. Moreover, Edwards pays particular attention to domains which have not been given much consideration in debates about truth, namely the institutional and social domains, and connects work on the metaphysics of truth and being to key issues in social construction.

The Metaphysics of Truth

By Douglas Edwards
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0191076449
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 820
  • Pdf File: the-metaphysics-of-truth.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is truth? What role does truth play in the connections between language and the world? What is the relationship between truth and being? The Metaphysics of Truth tackles these fundamental philosophical questions and proposes a distinctive metaphysical worldview. Douglas Edwards develops a detailed pluralist theory, which holds that there are different relationships between language and the world in different subject areas, or 'domains'. He explains what domains are; how different domains are individuated; which metaphysical frameworks apply in different domains; and how a pluralist view of truth plays a key role. The connections between truth and being are explored, yielding a form of ontological pluralism-the idea that there are different ways of being-which increases the explanatory power of the view. This project is carried out in a climate where the traditionally central issue of the nature of truth has diminished in significance due to the rise of deflationary and primitivist views, which deny that there are interesting and informative things to say about truth. Edwards responds to these views, and demonstrates the importance of the metaphysics of truth with regard to both the study of truth itself, and metaphysical debates more generally. Moreover, Edwards pays particular attention to domains which have not been given much consideration in debates about truth, namely the institutional and social domains, and connects work on the metaphysics of truth and being to key issues in social construction.

Metaphysics

By Lukáš Novák,Daniel D. Novotný,Prokop Sousedík,David Svoboda
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Book Code : 3110322447
  • Total of Pages : 283
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 180
  • Pdf File: metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Throughout the greater part of the twentieth century, both in the analytic and continental traditions, metaphysics was deemed to be passé. The last few decades, however, have witnessed a remarkable growth of interest among analytic philosophers in various traditional metaphysical topics, such as modality, truth, causality, etc. which resulted in the emergence of various forms of analytic metaphysics. The new forms of metaphysics differ from its traditional forms mostly in their methodology (we may notice various applications of contemporary formal logical techniques) and in the range of proposed solutions to particular problems. Besides these and other differences, however, there are also many similarities and there are even some who intentionally develop traditional metaphysical themes using the contemporary analytical methods. All these developments call for detailed exploration, which is the general goal of the present publication Metaphysics: Aristotelian, Scholastic, Analytic. The publication is the fruit of the conference which took place in Prague in 2010 and which had for its aim to bring together those willing to explore relations between the traditional and contemporary concerns, both from among the leading analytic philosophers working in metaphysics and the historians of philosophy devoted to the study of the metaphysical tradition. The specific focus of the conference was a re-examination of topics such as categories, metaphysical structure, substance and accident, existence, modalities, and predication.

The Creative Mind

By Henri Bergson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Book Code : 0486119246
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 241
  • Pdf File: the-creative-mind.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Nobel Laureate discusses not only how and why he became a philosopher but also his conception of philosophy as a field distinct from science and literature.

Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Science

By Matthew Slater,Zanja Yudell
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0190669845
  • Total of Pages : 280
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 869
  • Pdf File: metaphysics-and-the-philosophy-of-science.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The question of the proper role of metaphysics in philosophy of science is both significant and contentious. The last few decades have seen considerable engagement with philosophical projects aptly described as "the metaphysics of science:" inquiries into natural laws and properties, natural kinds, causal relations, and dispositions. At the same time, many metaphysicians have begun moving in the direction of more scientifically-informed ("scientistic" or "naturalistic") metaphysics. And yet many philosophers of science retain a deep suspicion about the significance of metaphysical investigations into science. This volume of new essays explores a broadly methodological question: what role should metaphysics play in our philosophizing about science? These new essays, written by leading philosophers of science, address this question both through ground-level investigations of particular issues in the metaphysics of science and by more general methodological inquiry.

Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Science

By Matthew Slater,Zanja Yudell
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0199363226
  • Total of Pages : 304
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 322
  • Pdf File: metaphysics-and-the-philosophy-of-science.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The question of the proper role of metaphysics in philosophy of science is both significant and contentious. The last few decades have seen considerable engagement with philosophical projects aptly described as "the metaphysics of science:" inquiries into natural laws and properties, natural kinds, causal relations, and dispositions. At the same time, many metaphysicians have begun moving in the direction of more scientifically-informed ("scientistic" or "naturalistic") metaphysics. And yet many philosophers of science retain a deep suspicion about the significance of metaphysical investigations into science. This volume of new essays explores a broadly methodological question: what role should metaphysics play in our philosophizing about science? These new essays, written by leading philosophers of science, address this question both through ground-level investigations of particular issues in the metaphysics of science and by more general methodological inquiry.

Philosophy of Being

By Gerard Smith,Lottie H. Kendzierski
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1725276291
  • Total of Pages : 428
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 154
  • Pdf File: philosophy-of-being.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book Philosophy of Being

PHYSICS & METAPHYSICS

By Augustin Ostace
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Alpha & Omega Up-Sapiens Up-Publishing Being
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 55
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 156
  • Pdf File: physics-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is NOBEL ONE? NOBEL ONE is one of the greatest peak-prize of the humanity in physics as a whole, which requires an overcoming of oneself through its own metaphysics! What is PHYSICS? Physics is a scientific knowledge of Nature-physis, studying matter and its motion through their behavior in space-time-causality and all related entities of energy and forces, all through epistemological and gnoseological attributes of Species Sapiens. What is METAPHYSICS? Metaphysics is the correlations of the above physics definition and trans-definition, interacted and improved by human mind in a form of fundamental nature of reality, following the concept “ta meta ta phusika”, grounded by the Greek philosopher Aristotle through its masterpiece opera. What is the CONCEPTOLOGY of Physics and Metaphysics? It is the highest quality of the abstract substance of the 3th Millennium of our digital industry era, of our Cyber-culture industry era, of our E-Industry-Cult, into which the physics is metaphysics alike, both speaking through words and passwords towards a codifying creativity of concept, through the triad of becoming, re-becoming and trans-becoming of natural brain, computer brain and artificial brain. The Physicist of Metaphysical Concept

The Bloomsbury Companion to Metaphysics

By Neil A. Manson,Robert W. Barnard
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1472585879
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 707
  • Pdf File: the-bloomsbury-companion-to-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Bridging the gap between the familiar figures of the history of philosophy and the technical approaches favoured by contemporary philosophers, The Bloomsbury Companion to Metaphysics introduces the key ideas and debates needed to understand analytic metaphysics. Presenting an effective syllabus for an introductory course in contemporary metaphysics, this companion brings together a team of leading metaphysicians. It begins with a comprehensive introduction to methodological problems and methods, before tackling the perennial metaphysical questions surrounding core topics such as: • Modality • Universals and Abstract Objects • Naturalism and Physicalism • Mind • Free Will • God

Historical Dictionary of Metaphysics

By Gary Rosenkrantz,Joshua Hoffman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Scarecrow Press
  • Book Code : 0810875152
  • Total of Pages : 402
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 841
  • Pdf File: historical-dictionary-of-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Historical Dictionary of Metaphysics focuses on metaphysics in Western philosophy, the metaphysical tradition that developed under the influence of Greek philosophy, and especially Plato and Aristotle. It offers a comprehensive, current guide to the many facets of metaphysics through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography and over 300 cross-referenced dictionary entries on concepts, people, works, and technical terms. This volume is an invaluable resource for student and scholar alike.

Reality

By Wynand De Beer
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1532686455
  • Total of Pages : 264
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 276
  • Pdf File: reality.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is reality? Most people in the modern world are ignorant of metaphysical realities, not to mention the prevalence of semantic confusion, and therefore Wynand de Beer aims to counter this ignorance and confusion. He employs numerous insights from classical Greek philosophy and traditional Christian theology in order to discuss the various levels of reality, ranging from the highest (the divine) to the lowest (the material). The author then deals with a range of philosophical and theological themes in the light of the preceding discussion. These include well-being and love, time and eternity, good and evil, truth and knowledge, and the survival of the soul beyond bodily death, which is the only kind of immortality that human beings may attain. A lengthy chapter also deals with the manifestation of higher levels of consciousness in religion, mathematics, and music. In the later chapters of the book, the author subjects salient aspects of the Western sociocultural phenomenon known as "political correctness" to critical scrutiny. In the process, these ideologically driven and media-promoted "isms" are contrasted with both Hellenic and Christian thought, and the penetrating writings of traditionalist and/or anti-modernist thinkers from different parts of the world.

The Metaphysics of Time

By Bradley Dowden
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • Book Code : 1442200596
  • Total of Pages : 150
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 901
  • Pdf File: the-metaphysics-of-time.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Seventh in the New Dialogues in Philosophy series, this book discusses the concept of time and shows in the simplest ways how time informs discussions about causality, creation, physics, consciousness of time, and much more. Creating a series of conversations between two fictional characters, Bradley Dowden uses the characters to explore nine metaphysical issues involving time. Through the dialogue between his two protagonists, Dowden offers well-known arguments in the field of metaphysics for positions on such topics as the finite nature of time, absolute versus relational time, and Zeno's paradoxes of motion. The book draws on the theories of numerous philosophers, including Aristotle, Quine, Chrysippus, St. Augustine, Earman, Van Fraassen, Liebniz, and Hawking.

The Foundations of Metaphysics in Science

By Harris, Errol E
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317852176
  • Total of Pages : 512
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 719
  • Pdf File: the-foundations-of-metaphysics-in-science.pdf

Book Short Summary:

First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Metaphysics and Ontology Without Myths

By Fabio Bacchini
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Book Code : 1443868272
  • Total of Pages : 190
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 873
  • Pdf File: metaphysics-and-ontology-without-myths.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Metaphysics and ontology feature among the traditional and fundamental concerns of philosophers. Gaining a picture of the world and the kind of objects that exist out there is for most philosophers (past and present) a preliminary aim upon which other theoretical activities depend. In fact, it seems that sound conclusions on topics relevant to ethics, aesthetics, psychology, and common and scientific knowledge can be achieved only after one has been given a picture of that sort. What is worth stressing, though, is that from time to time the tribunal of history has managed to put its finger on some flawed conclusions. To take a time-worn example, who would now accept Plato’s claim that the spatiotemporal world is just an imperfect copy of a world of abstract objects conceived of as perfect unchanging models of concrete things? The picture Plato gave us is nothing but a myth – an account which is too far away from what common sense and science could accept, too detached from the usual ways of conducting a rational discussion. Therefore, pictures of this kind appear to be supported by nothing but dogmas, i.e. uncompromising principles taken as true without any previous critical analysis. And Plato has no shortage of company. Issues of this kind revolving around metaphysics and ontology are tackled in the essays in this volume, which approach a secular debate in fresh and original ways, providing the necessary tools for clearing the field of unpalatable metaphysical and ontological items.

From Semiotics towards Philosophical Metaphysics

By Abraham Solomonick
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Book Code : 1443892637
  • Total of Pages : 312
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 482
  • Pdf File: from-semiotics-towards-philosophical-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book introduces new approaches to semiotics and metaphysical philosophy, innovations that show how mature semiotics naturally leads to new vistas in philosophical thinking. It also demonstrates how researchers change their initial formulations over the course of their research, arriving at fresh results that sometimes conflict with their original interpretations. In order to do this, the book gathers together a series of papers by the author composed over the course of more than 30 years of semiotic studies. The ideas presented in these essays lead to conclusions that differ significantly from some currently accepted philosophical views. The volume concludes with a section that presents some practical implementations of these theoretical concepts, related to issues such as the construction of new scientific languages, and introduces a new format for bibliographies that may be more helpful to readers of scientific literature than the standard presentation in use today.

Meta-metaphysics

By Jiri Benovsky
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3319253344
  • Total of Pages : 135
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 449
  • Pdf File: meta-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Metaphysical theories are beautiful. At the end of this book, Jiri Benovsky defends the view that metaphysical theories possess aesthetic properties and that these play a crucial role when it comes to theory evaluation and theory choice.Before we get there, the philosophical path the author proposes to follow starts with three discussions of metaphysical equivalence. Benovsky argues that there are cases of metaphysical equivalence, cases of partial metaphysical equivalence, as well as interesting cases of theories that are not equivalent. Thus, claims of metaphysical equivalence can only be raised locally. The slogan is: the best way to do meta-metaphysics is to do first-level metaphysics.To do this work, Benovsky focuses on the nature of primitives and on the role they play in each of the theories involved. He emphasizes the utmost importance of primitives in the construction of metaphysical theories and in the subsequent evaluation of them.He then raises the simple but complicated question: how to make a choice between competing metaphysical theories? If two theories are equivalent, then perhaps we do not need to make a choice. But what about all the other cases of non-equivalent "equally good" theories? Benovsky uses some of the theories discussed in the first part of the book as examples and examines some traditional meta-theoretical criteria for theory choice (various kinds of simplicity, compatibility with physics, compatibility with intuitions, explanatory power, internal consistency,...) only to show that they do not allow us to make a choice.But if the standard meta-theoretical criteria cannot help us in deciding between competing non-equivalent metaphysical theories, how then shall we make that choice? This is where Benovsky argues that metaphysical theories possess aesthetic properties – grounded in non-aesthetic properties – and that these play a crucial role in theory choice and evaluation. This view, as well as all the meta-metaphysical considerations discussed throughout the book, then naturally lead the author to a form of anti-realism, and at the end of the journey he offers reasons to think better of the kind of anti-realist view he proposes to embrace. www.jiribenovsky.org

Gilles Deleuze and Metaphysics

By Alain Beaulieu,Edward Kazarian,Julia Sushytska
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Book Code : 0739174762
  • Total of Pages : 266
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 406
  • Pdf File: gilles-deleuze-and-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This collection examines an aspect of Gilles Deleuze’s thought that has largely been neglected; whether or not Deleuze was a metaphysician. Answering this question may reveal the problematic nature of so-called postmodernism and the critique it leveled at the first philosophy, and it may help readers to better understand philosophy’s fate.

General Metaphysics

By John Patrick Noonan
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1725272644
  • Total of Pages : 286
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 770
  • Pdf File: general-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book General Metaphysics

Metaphysics to Metafictions

By Paul S. Miklowitz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : State University of New York Press
  • Book Code : 1438413068
  • Total of Pages : 252
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 838
  • Pdf File: metaphysics-to-metafictions.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Examines the key role played by Nietzsche in the undoing of the Hegelian system of totality.

Metaphysics and Cognitive Science

By Alvin I. Goldman,Brian P. McLaughlin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0190639687
  • Total of Pages : 352
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 204
  • Pdf File: metaphysics-and-cognitive-science.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume illustrates how the methodology of metaphysics can be enriched with the help of cognitive science. Few philosophers nowadays would dispute the relevance of cognitive science to the metaphysics of mind, but this volume mainly concerns the relevance of metaphysics to phenomena that are not themselves mental. The volume is thus a departure from standard analytical metaphysics. Among the issues to which results from cognitive science are brought to bear are the metaphysics of time, of morality, of meaning, of modality, of objects, and of natural kinds, as well as whether God exists. A number of chapters address the enterprise of metaphysics in general. In traditional analytical metaphysics, intuitions play a prominent role in the construction of, and assessment of theories. Cognitive science can be brought to bear on the issue of the reliability of intuitions. Some chapters point out how results from cognitive science can be deployed to debunk certain intuitions, and some point out how results can be deployed to help vindicate certain intuitions. Many metaphysicians have taken to heart the moral that physics should be taken into account in addressing certain metaphysical issues. The overarching point of the volume is that in many instances beyond the nature of the mind itself, cognitive science should also be consulted.

The Metaphysics of Good and Evil

By David S. Oderberg
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000712508
  • Total of Pages : 226
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 549
  • Pdf File: the-metaphysics-of-good-and-evil.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Metaphysics of Good and Evil is the first, full-length contemporary defence, from the perspective of analytic philosophy, of the Scholastic theory of good and evil – the theory of Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas, and most medieval and Thomistic philosophers. Goodness is analysed as obedience to nature. Evil is analysed as the privation of goodness. Goodness, surprisingly, is found in the non-living world, but in the living world it takes on a special character. The book analyses various kinds of goodness, showing how they fit into the Scholastic theory. The privation theory of evil is given its most comprehensive contemporary defence, including an account of truthmakers for truths of privation and an analysis of how causation by privation should be understood. In the end, all evil is deviance – a departure from the goodness prescribed by a thing’s essential nature. Key Features: Offers a comprehensive defence of a venerable metaphysical theory, conducted using the concepts and methods of analytic philosophy. Revives a much neglected approach to the question of good and evil in their most general nature. Shows how Aristotelian-Thomistic theory has more than historical relevance to a fundamental philosophical issue, but can be applied in a way that is both defensible and yet accessible to the modern philosopher. Provides what, for the Scholastic philosopher, is arguably the only solid metaphysical foundation for a separate treatment of the origins of morality.

Radical Metaphysics

By Richard Schain
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
  • Book Code : 1462844243
  • Total of Pages : 172
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 168
  • Pdf File: radical-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Radical Metaphysics is a project of existential thought aiming to establish the reality of the metaphysical dimension of the mind. The author opposes the prevailing materialist monism of current times with an appeal to the intuition of a metaphysical self - historically called the soul. This book argues that the creative power of the mind is at the heart of reality for homo sapiens ; abdication of this capacity in the modern world is nothing else than trading one's metaphysical birthright for a mess of reality-poor technological pottage. The will to development is described as the basic manifestation of the metaphysical self. A cosmovision is espoused, which involves an extratemporal firmament of metaphysical being.

Emerson's Metaphysics

By Joseph Urbas
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Book Code : 1498524516
  • Total of Pages : 272
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 384
  • Pdf File: emerson-s-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book gives the first complete, fully historicized account of Emerson's metaphysics of cause and effect and its foundational position in his philosophy as a whole. Joseph Urbas proposes an intellectual biography of Emerson the metaphysician but also the life-story of a concept synonymous, in the Transcendentalist period, with life itself—the story of the principle at the origin of all being and change.

Method and Metaphysics

By Jonathan Barnes
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 019161873X
  • Total of Pages : 590
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 354
  • Pdf File: method-and-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Method and Metaphysics presents twenty-six essays in ancient philosophy by Jonathan Barnes, one of the most admired and influential scholars of his generation. The essays span four decades of his career, and are drawn from a wide variety of sources: many of them will be relatively unknown even to specialists in ancient philosophy. Several essays are now translated from the original French and made available in English for the first time; others have been substantially revised for republication here. The volume opens with eight essays about the interpretation of ancient philosophical texts, and about the relationship between philosophy and its history. The next five essays examine the methods of ancient philosophers. The third section comprises thirteen essays about metaphysical topics, from the Presocratics to the late Platonists. This collection will be a rich feast for students and scholars of ancient philosophy.

Metaphysics from a Biological Point of View

By S. Boulter
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  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137322829
  • Total of Pages : 179
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 484
  • Pdf File: metaphysics-from-a-biological-point-of-view.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Many philosophers in the analytic tradition are now convinced that metaphysical questions are worth pursuing, but we still lack a convincing meta-metaphysics and methodology. This essay offers an account of how we should conduct our business qua metaphysicians.

Indian Epistemology and Metaphysics

By Joerg Tuske
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1472534476
  • Total of Pages : 416
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 213
  • Pdf File: indian-epistemology-and-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Indian Epistemology and Metaphysics introduces the reader to new perspectives on Indian philosophy based on philological research within the last twenty years. Concentrating on topics such as perception, inference, skepticism, consciousness, self, mind, and universals, some of the most notable scholars working in classical Indian philosophy today examine core epistemological and metaphysical issues. Philosophical theories and arguments from a comprehensive range of Indian philosophical traditions (including the Nyaya, Mimamsa, Saiva, Vedanta, Samkhya, Jain, Buddhist, materialist and skeptical traditions, as well as some 20th century thought) are covered. The contributors to this volume approach the topics from both a philosophical and a philological perspective. They demonstrate the importance of the subject matter for an understanding of Indian thought in general and they highlight its wider philosophical significance. By developing an appreciation of classical Indian philosophy in its own terms, set against the background of its unique assumptions and historical and cultural development, Indian Epistemology and Metaphysics is an invaluable guide to the current state of scholarship on Indian philosophy. It is a timely and much-needed reference resource, the first of its kind.

The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna's Metaphysics

By Dag Nikolaus Hasse,Amos Bertolacci
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
  • Book Code : 3110215764
  • Total of Pages : 406
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 971
  • Pdf File: the-arabic-hebrew-and-latin-reception-of-avicenna-s-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Avicenna’s Metaphysics (in Arabic Ilâhiyyât) is one of the most important metaphysical treatises after Aristotle. This volume presents studies on its direct and indirect influence on Arabic, Hebrew, and Latin culture from the early 11th through the 16th century. Among the philosophical topics which receive particular attention are the distinction between essence and existence, the theory of universals, the concept of God as the necessary being, and the theory of emanation. The studies also address the philological and historical circumstances of the textual tradition in three medieval cultures.

Contemporary Debates in Metaphysics

By Theodore Sider,John Hawthorne,Dean W. Zimmerman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 1118712323
  • Total of Pages : 416
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 986
  • Pdf File: contemporary-debates-in-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In a series of thought-provoking and original essays, eighteenleading philosophers engage in head-to-head debates of nine of themost cutting edge topics in contemporary metaphysics. Explores the fundamental questions in contemporary metaphysicsin a series of eighteen original essays - 16 of which are newlycommissioned for this volume Features an introductory essay by the editors on the nature ofmetaphysics to prepare the reader for ongoing discussions Offers readers the unique opportunity to observe leadingphilosophers engage in head-to-head debate on cutting-edgemetaphysical topics Provides valuable insights into the flourishing field ofcontemporary metaphysics

Hegelian Metaphysics

By Robert Stern
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  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 0191568910
  • Total of Pages : 408
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 973
  • Pdf File: hegelian-metaphysics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The great German idealist philosopher G. W. F. Hegel has exerted an immense influence on the development of philosophy from the early 19th century to the present. But the metaphysical aspects of his thought are still under-appreciated. In a series of essays Robert Stern traces the development of a distinctively Hegelian approach to metaphysics and certain central metaphysical issues. The book begins with an introduction that considers this theme as a whole, followed by a section of essays on Hegel himself. Stern then focuses on the way in which certain key metaphysical ideas in Hegel's system, such as his doctrine of the 'concrete universal' and his conception of truth, relate to the thinking of the British Idealists on the one hand, and the American Pragmatists on the other. The volume concludes by examining a critique of Hegel's metaphysical position from the perspective of the 'continental' tradition, and in particular Gilles Deleuze.

Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

By Jaegwon Kim
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  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 019162506X
  • Total of Pages : 326
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 255
  • Pdf File: essays-in-the-metaphysics-of-mind.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Jaegwon Kim presents a selection of his essays from the last two decades. The volume includes three new essays, on an agent-centered first-person account of action explanation, the concepts of realization and their bearings on the mind-body problem, and the nonexistence of laws in the special sciences. Among other topics covered are emergence and emergentism, the nature of explanation and of theories of explanation, reduction and reductive explanation, mental causation and explanatory exclusion. Kim tackles questions such as: How should we understand the concept of "emergence", and what are the prospects of emergentism as a doctrine about the status of minds? What does an agent-centered, first-person account of explanation of human actions look like? Why aren't there strict laws in the special sciences - sciences like biology, psychology, and sociology? The essays will be accessible to attentive readers without an extensive philosophical background.

The Metaphysics of Technology

By David Skrbina
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134757352
  • Total of Pages : 314
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 499
  • Pdf File: the-metaphysics-of-technology.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is technology? Why does it have such power in our lives? Why does it seemingly progress of its own accord, and without regard to social or environmental well-being? The quest for the essence of technology is an old one, with roots in the pre-Socratic philosophy of ancient Greece. It was then that certain thinkers first joined the ideas of technê and logos into a single worldview. The Greeks saw it as a kind of world-force, present in both the works of men and in nature itself. It was the very creative power of the cosmos. In the 20th century, German thinkers like Dessauer, Juenger, and Heidegger sought the metaphysical basis of technology, with varying success. French theologian Jacques Ellul argued persuasively that technology was an autonomous force of nature that determined all aspects of human existence, but he neglected the metaphysical underpinnings. Recent writers in the philosophy of technology have generally eschewed metaphysics altogether, preferring to concentrate on constructivist models or pragmatic analyses. In the present work, Skrbina returns to a classic metaphysical approach, seeking not so much an essence of technology but rather a deep and penetrating analysis of the entire technological phenomenon. Drawing on the Greeks, he argues for a teleological metaphysics in which increasing order in the universe is itself defined as a technological process. On this reading, all of reality constitutes a technical sphere, a "pantechnikon," of universal scope. This work — the first-ever book-length treatment of the topic — breaks new ground by providing an in-depth and critical study of the metaphysics of technology, as well as drawing out the practical consequences. Technology poses significant risks to humanity and the planet, risks that can be mitigated through a detailed philosophical analysis.