Martial Arts Studies Book

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Martial Arts Studies

By Paul Bowman, Professor of Cultural Studies at Cardiff University, UK
  • ISBN Code: : 1783481293
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Pages : 208
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Reads : 547
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : martial-arts-studies.pdf

Book Excerpt :

This book disrupts disciplinary boundaries to make a case for the future direction and growth of martial arts studies as a unique field

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Read Also This Books

Martial Arts and the Body Politic in Meiji Japan

By Denis Gainty
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1135069891
  • Total of Pages : 208
  • Category : History
  • Members : 873
  • Pdf File: martial-arts-and-the-body-politic-in-meiji-japan.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In 1895, the newly formed Greater Japan Martial Virtue Association (Dainippon Butokukai) held its first annual Martial Virtue Festival (butokusai) in the ancient capital of Kyoto. The Festival marked the arrival of a new iteration of modern Japan, as the Butokukai’s efforts to define and popularise Japanese martial arts became an important medium through which the bodies of millions of Japanese citizens would experience, draw on, and even shape the Japanese nation and state. This book shows how the notion and practice of Japanese martial arts in the late Meiji period brought Japanese bodies, Japanese nationalisms, and the Japanese state into sustained contact and dynamic engagement with one another. Using a range of disciplinary approaches, Denis Gainty shows how the metaphor of a national body and the cultural and historical meanings of martial arts were celebrated and appropriated by modern Japanese at all levels of society, allowing them to participate powerfully in shaping the modern Japanese nation and state. While recent works have cast modern Japanese and their bodies as subject to state domination and elite control, this book argues that having a body – being a body, and through that body experiencing and shaping social, political, and even cosmic realities – is an important and underexamined aspect of the late Meiji period. Martial Arts and the Body Politic in Meiji Japan is an important contribution to debates in Japanese and Asian social sciences, theories of the body and its role in modern historiography, and related questions of power and agency by suggesting a new and dramatic role for human bodies in the shaping of modern states and societies. As such, it will be valuable to students and scholars of Japanese studies, Japanese history, modern nations and nationalisms, and sport and leisure studies, as well as those interested in the body more broadly.

Martial Arts and the Body Politic in Meiji Japan

By Denis Gainty
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1135069905
  • Total of Pages : 190
  • Category : History
  • Members : 194
  • Pdf File: martial-arts-and-the-body-politic-in-meiji-japan.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In 1895, the newly formed Greater Japan Martial Virtue Association (Dainippon Butokukai) held its first annual Martial Virtue Festival (butokusai) in the ancient capital of Kyoto. The Festival marked the arrival of a new iteration of modern Japan, as the Butokukai’s efforts to define and popularise Japanese martial arts became an important medium through which the bodies of millions of Japanese citizens would experience, draw on, and even shape the Japanese nation and state. This book shows how the notion and practice of Japanese martial arts in the late Meiji period brought Japanese bodies, Japanese nationalisms, and the Japanese state into sustained contact and dynamic engagement with one another. Using a range of disciplinary approaches, Denis Gainty shows how the metaphor of a national body and the cultural and historical meanings of martial arts were celebrated and appropriated by modern Japanese at all levels of society, allowing them to participate powerfully in shaping the modern Japanese nation and state. While recent works have cast modern Japanese and their bodies as subject to state domination and elite control, this book argues that having a body – being a body, and through that body experiencing and shaping social, political, and even cosmic realities – is an important and underexamined aspect of the late Meiji period. Martial Arts and the Body Politic in Meiji Japan is an important contribution to debates in Japanese and Asian social sciences, theories of the body and its role in modern historiography, and related questions of power and agency by suggesting a new and dramatic role for human bodies in the shaping of modern states and societies. As such, it will be valuable to students and scholars of Japanese studies, Japanese history, modern nations and nationalisms, and sport and leisure studies, as well as those interested in the body more broadly.

Politics and Identity in Chinese Martial Arts

By Lu Zhouxiang
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351610031
  • Total of Pages : 244
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 568
  • Pdf File: politics-and-identity-in-chinese-martial-arts.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Chinese martial arts is considered by many to symbolise the strength of the Chinese and their pride in their history, and has long been regarded as an important element of Chinese culture and national identity. Politics and Identity in Chinese Martial Arts comprehensively examines the development of Chinese martial arts in the context of history and politics, and highlights its role in nation building and identity construction over the past two centuries. ? This book explores how the development of Chinese martial arts was influenced by the ruling regimes’ political and military policies, as well as the social and economic environment. It also discusses the transformation of Chinese martial arts into its modern form as a competitive sport, a sport for all and a performing art, considering the effect of the rapid transformation of Chinese society in the 20th century and the influence of Western sports. The text concludes by examining the current prominence of Chinese martial arts on a global scale and the bright future of the sport as a unique cultural icon and national symbol of China in an era of globalisation. Politics and Identity in Chinese Martial Arts is important reading for researchers, students and scholars working in the areas of Chinese studies, Chinese history, political science and sports studies. It is also a valuable read for anyone with a special interest in Chinese martial arts.

Risk, Failure, Play

By Janet O'Shea
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0190871555
  • Total of Pages : 304
  • Category : Music
  • Members : 420
  • Pdf File: risk-failure-play.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Risk, Failure, Play illuminates the many ways in which competitive martial arts differentiate themselves from violence. Presented from the perspective of a dancer and writer, this book takes readers through the politics of everyday life as experienced through training in a range of martial arts practices such as jeet kune do, Brazilian jiu jitsu, kickboxing, Filipino martial arts, and empowerment self-defense. Author Janet OâShea shows how play gives us the ability to manage difficult realities with intelligence and demonstrates that physical play, with its immediacy and heightened risk, is particularly effective at accomplishing this task. Risk, Failure, Play also demonstrates the many ways in which physical recreation allows us to manage the complexities of our current social reality. Risk, Failure, Play intertwines personal experience with phenomenology, social psychology, dance studies, performance studies, as well as theories of play and competition in order to produce insights on pleasure, mastery, vulnerability, pain, agency, individual identity, and society. Ultimately, this book suggests that play allows us to rehearse other ways to live than the ones we see before us and challenges us to reimagine our social reality.

Chinese Martial Arts and Media Culture

By Tim Trausch
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Book Code : 1786609037
  • Total of Pages : 238
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 491
  • Pdf File: chinese-martial-arts-and-media-culture.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Signs and images of the Chinese martial arts genre are increasingly included in the media of global popular culture. As tropes of martial arts are not restricted to what is constructed as one medium, one region, or one (sub)genre, neither are the essays in this collection.

The Creation of Wing Chun

By Benjamin N. Judkins,Jon Nielson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : State University of New York Press
  • Book Code : 1438456956
  • Total of Pages : 366
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 738
  • Pdf File: the-creation-of-wing-chun.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Looks at southern Chinese martial arts traditions and how they have become important to local identity and narratives of resistance. This book explores the social history of southern Chinese martial arts and their contemporary importance to local identity and narratives of resistance. Hong Kong’s Bruce Lee ushered the Chinese martial arts onto an international stage in the 1970s. Lee’s teacher, Ip Man, master of Wing Chun Kung Fu, has recently emerged as a highly visible symbol of southern Chinese identity and pride. Benjamin N. Judkins and Jon Nielson examine the emergence of Wing Chun to reveal how this body of social practices developed and why individuals continue to turn to the martial arts as they navigate the challenges of a rapidly evolving environment. After surveying the development of hand combat traditions in Guangdong Province from roughly the start of the nineteenth century until 1949, the authors turn to Wing Chun, noting its development, the changing social attitudes towards this practice over time, and its ultimate emergence as a global art form. Benjamin N. Judkins holds a doctoral degree in political science from Columbia University. Jon Nielson is chief instructor at Wing Chun Hall in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Taekwondo Studies: Advanced Theory and Practice

By Michael DeMarco, M.A., et al.
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Via Media Publishing
  • Book Code : 1893765180
  • Total of Pages : 204
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 253
  • Pdf File: taekwondo-studies.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Taekwondo is unlike any other martial art and it deserves some special attention because of its importance as a sport with a unique history and influence. This anthology, as part of our projects to provide stellar articles from the Journal of Asian Martial Arts, provides high quality materials about taekwondo you will not find elsewhere. Topics include fascets of taekwondo history, practice, competition, health, education, character, techniques, and sport/athletics. You’ll find the notes, bibliographies, illustrations, and index are also valuable. We have been very fortunate to include the writings of Dr. Willy Pieter, a pioneer in the scientific study of taekwondo. Other articles in this book provide details of taekwondo history, such as the detailed work by Dakin Burdick. The earlier version as published in the journal caused quite a stir among Korean martial art afficionados, particularly in the clear exposition that taekwondo’s roots are found in Japanese/Okinawan traditions. Some chapters focus on specific techniques, especially the pieces by Udo Moenig, Louis Bercades and Willy Pieter. The interview by José Suporta with Juan Moreno is very insightful as it includes a discussion of the differences of taekwondo practices for the martial artist and sport athlete. In her chapter, Marzena Czarneca uncovers the social relationships that often develop between students and teachers. The emotional and psychological bonds formed during classes are often difficult to notice and define, but she does so with a unique research methodology. Van Reenam’s chapter gives a refreshing portrait of childhood development through taekwondo practice. His conclusions will benefit those who teach, as well as the youngsters and parents involved in taekwondo. Authoritative works dealing with taekwondo are published occasionally. This book is a milestone in taekwondo literature. Hopefully you will enjoy reading each page of this important anthology. Besides being a convenient collection of special readings on taekwondo, we also hope the chapters will inspire future research and writing in this field.

5,000 Years of Korean Martial Arts

By R. Barry Harmon
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Dog Ear Publishing
  • Book Code : 1598585630
  • Total of Pages : 248
  • Category : History
  • Members : 580
  • Pdf File: 5-000-years-of-korean-martial-arts.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"5000 Years of Korean Martial Art" is a one of a kind history book. No other Korean martial art history book on the market is as complete and in-depth. Citing historical references for support, and featuring many rare pictures and some images that are not available from any other published source. This book attempts to place Korean martial arts in it's proper historical perspective in relationship to Chinese and Japanese martial arts. Both Chinese and Japanese martial arts have well known and documented histories, so much so that they have completely overshadowed Korean martial art history. I have attempted to compensate for that overshadowing by focusing on the successes of the Korean martial arts throughout history. Barry Harmon has a BA degree in "Psychosomatics and Alternative Healing Studies" from San Francisco State University. He has an acupuncture degree from the San Francisco College of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. He is certified nationally through the NCCAOM and license to practice acupuncture in Texas. In addition to his academics, he has been training and studying martial arts since 1965 and Kuk Sool Won since 1971. In 2002 KBS (Korean Broadcasting System) featured Master Harmon and his family in an hour long documentary which was aired throughout South Korea. Master Harmon currently holds an 9th degree black belt in Kuk Sool Won and has been featured in numerous martial arts magazines. In 2005 he was chosen by Tae Kwan Do Times magazine as instructor of the year. He has taught martial arts in many countries around the world including South Korea."

The Shaolin Monastery

By Meir Shahar
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Hawaii Press
  • Book Code : 0824865022
  • Total of Pages : 296
  • Category : History
  • Members : 639
  • Pdf File: the-shaolin-monastery.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Written in clear and lucid style and ambitious both in scope and methodology, this book offers a fascinating window into Chinese culture, religion, and history. Ranging from historical and ethnographic documents to a wide variety of literary sources, it weaves them all into a compelling narrative. In this fashion, Shahar is uniquely able to bring together social, historical, and mythological elements, providing a demythologized account of martial Chinese traditions such as Shaolin Boxing. This is sinology at its best.—Bernard Faure, Columbia University "The book clearly belongs in a new group of books challenging conventional understandings of Buddhism and violence. Meir Shahar documents with meticulous accuracy and mellifluous prose the fighting monks of Shaolin monastery in China, who appear first in the Tang dynasty (618–907) and continue to the present. Scholars of Buddhism and Chinese history will learn much from the author's scrupulous analysis of the historical record—particularly the texts on stone steles at the monastery—that documents the monastery's traditions of fighting. Anyone interested in martial arts or Bruce Lee films will find it fascinating to learn about the actual history of the monastery’s fighting techniques. I found the book a powerful and compelling read." —Valerie Hansen, Yale University "Meir Shahar's book will assure that the martial arts of Shaolin take a prominent place in the history of Chinese Buddhism. Shahar has mastered a prodigious amount of secondary scholarship, pored over a wealth of primary documents, and brought a critical rigor to the study of these materials that is unprecedented in any language. Throughout, his analysis is cogent and clear. The result is a delightful tour of one of the most enigmatic and compelling stories of Chinese religion: the emergence and development of martial arts at Shaolin Si. Entertaining as the book is, it delivers as well a meditation on the sources of Chinese religion, and how fiction and scripture, myth and history combine to produce novel traditions. The Shaolin Monastery will appeal not only to scholars of Chinese religion, but to those interested in military history, self-cultivation, martial arts, and popular culture."—John Kieschnick, University of Bristol The Shaolin Monastery charts, for the first time in any language, the history of the Shaolin Temple and the evolution of its world-renowned martial arts. In this meticulously researched and eminently readable study, Meir Shahar considers the economic, political, and religious factors that led Shaolin monks to disregard the Buddhist prohibition against violence and instead create fighting techniques that by the twenty-first century have spread throughout the world. He examines the monks’ relations with successive Chinese regimes, beginning with the assistance they lent to the seventh-century Emperor Li Shimin and culminating more than a millennium later with their complex relations with Qing rulers, who suspected them of rebellion. He reveals the intimate connection between monastic violence and the veneration of the violent divinities of Buddhism and analyzes the Shaolin association of martial discipline and the search for spiritual enlightenment. Shahar’s exploration of the evolution of Shaolin fighting techniques serves as a prism through which to consider martial-art history in general. He correlates the emergence of the famous bare-handed techniques of Taiji Quan, Xingyi Quan, and Shaolin Quan in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries to the social, political, and religious trends of that age. He then goes on to argue that these techniques were created not only for fighting, but also for religious and therapeutic purposes. Thus his work fills an important gap in the understanding of Chinese religion and medicine as well as the martial arts. The Shaolin Monastery is the most exhaustive study to date on the topic and the most systematic introduction to the history and the religious context of the Chinese martial arts tradition. It will engage those interested in Chinese religion and history and martial arts, illuminating for specialists, martial artists, and general readers alike the history and nature of a martial tradition that continues to grow in popularity in its native land and abroad.

Theorizing Bruce Lee

By Paul Bowman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rodopi
  • Book Code : 9042027770
  • Total of Pages : 255
  • Category : Art
  • Members : 193
  • Pdf File: theorizing-bruce-lee.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"Bruce Lee is a complex and contradictory figure, and it's a formidable task to take on the multiple facets of his legacyûfighter, film star, philosopher, nationalist, multiculturalist, innovator. With an approach as multidisciplinary and iconoclastic as Lee's approach to martial arts, Bowman provides an original and exhilarating account of Lee as 'cultural event'. No one has done a better job of explaining why the martial arts 'legend' remains such an important and provocative figure."ûLeon Hunt (Brunel University), author of Kung Fu Cult Masters: From Bruce Lee to Crouching Tiger. "Taking on Martin Heidegger and Slavoj ÄiPek as well as drawing on Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Guy Debord, Jacques RanciFre, Rey Chow, and Stuart Hall, among others, Bowman shows how Bruce Lee 'speaks' to the philosophical debates that frame our understanding of global popular culture today. Although Bowman may not be able to resolve the philosophical battles surrounding our ability to 'know' Bruce Lee, he does a remarkable job of articulating why Bruce Lee remains an essential force within not only world cinema but global culture û both 'high' and 'low.' Armoured with his philosophical nunchakus, Bowman goes to battle with anyone who may doubt Lee's ongoing importance, and this book will undoubtedly become essential reading for everyone (from philosopher to kung fu practitioner) interested in popular culture and Asian cinema."ûGina Marchetti (University of Hong Kong), author of Romance and the "Yellow Peril": Race, Sex and Discursive Strategies in Hollywood Fiction, and From Tian'anmen to Times Square: Transnational China and the Chinese Diaspora on Global Screens, 1989-1997. Theorizing Bruce Lee is a unique work, which uses cultural theory to analyse and assess Bruce Lee, and uses Bruce Lee to analyse and assess cultural theory. Lee is shown to be a major 'event' in both global film and global popular culture û a figure who is central to many intercultural encounters, texts, and practices. Many key elements of film and cultural theory are employed to theorize Bruce Lee, and Lee is shown to be a complex û and consequential û multimedia, multidisciplinary and multicultural phenomenon. Theorizing Bruce Lee is essential reading for anyone interested in Bruce Lee in popular culture and as an object of academic study.

Bubishi

By
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Tuttle Publishing
  • Book Code : 1462918530
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 858
  • Pdf File: bubishi.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Treasured for centuries by karate's top masters, the Bubishi is a classic Chinese work on philosophy, strategy, medicine, and technique as they relate to the martial arts. Referred to as the "bible of karate" by famous master Chojun Miyagi, for hundreds of years the Bubishiwas a secret text passed from master to student in China and later in Okinawa. All of karate's legendary masters have studied it, applied its teachings, or copied passages from it. No other classic work has had as dramatic an impact on the shaping and development of karate as the Bubishi. Karate historian and authority Patrick McCarthy spent over ten years researching and studying the Bubishi and the arts associated with it. The first English translation of this remarkable martial arts manual includes numerous explanations and notes. McCarthy's work also includes groundbreaking research on Okinawan and Chinese history, as well as the fighting and healing traditions that developed in those countries, making it a gold mine for researchers and practitioners alike. For the final word on the true origins and spirit of classic Okinawan martial arts, one need look no further. This karate book is one of the best karate training supplements available.

Ultimate Flexiblity

By Sang H. Kim
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Turtle Press
  • Book Code : 1934903981
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 910
  • Pdf File: ultimate-flexiblity.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Ultimate Flexibility is the book you've been waiting for. More than a collection of exercises or an explanation of technique, Ultimate Flexibility is a complete guide to stretching for martial arts, from the very basics of why you should stretch to detailed workout guidelines for every style and level of martial arts practice.Written by acclaimed author and martial artist Sang H. Kim, Ultimate Flexibility is your guide to achieving maximum flexibility in your training. Begin with an in depth look at the hows and whys of flexibility and stretching.

Grit

By Angela Duckworth
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : HarperCollins
  • Book Code : 144344233X
  • Total of Pages : 368
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 586
  • Pdf File: grit.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In this must-read book for anyone striving to succeed, pioneering psychologist Angela Duckworth shows parents, educators, athletes, students, and business people-both seasoned and new-that the secret to outstanding achievement is not talent but a focused persistence called "grit." Why do some people succeed and others fail? Sharing new insights from her landmark research on grit, MacArthur “genius” Angela Duckworth explains why talent is hardly a guarantor of success. Rather, other factors can be even more crucial such as identifying our passions and following through on our commitments.Drawing on her own powerful story as the daughter of a scientist who frequently bemoaned her lack of smarts, Duckworth describes her winding path through teaching, business consulting, and neuroscience, which led to the hypothesis that what really drives success is not “genius” but a special blend of passion and long-term perseverance. As a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, Duckworth created her own “character lab” and set out to test her theory. Here, she takes readers into the field to visit teachers working in some of the toughest schools, cadets struggling through their first days at West Point, and young finalists in the National Spelling Bee. She also mines fascinating insights from history and shows what can be gleaned from modern experiments in peak performance. Finally, she shares what she’s learned from interviewing dozens of high achievers-from JP Morgan CEO Jamie Dimon to the cartoon editor of The New Yorker to Seattle Seahawks Coach Pete Carroll. Winningly personal, insightful, and even life-changing, Grit is a book about what goes through your head when you fall down, and how that-not talent or luck-makes all the difference.

Teaching and Learning Japanese Martial Arts Vol. 1: Scholarly Perspectives

By Michael DeMarco
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Via Media Publishing
  • Book Code : 1544223331
  • Total of Pages : 160
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 304
  • Pdf File: teaching-and-learning-japanese-martial-arts-vol-1.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In contrast to the overabundance of writings about martial arts that are often promotional and misinformative, there are rare works by scholars that are praiseworthy for their sincere, unbiased approach to writing. This is the very definition of “scholarly.” This two-volume anthology brings together the best scholarly works published in the Journal of Asian Martial Arts on the topic of teaching and learning Japanese martial arts. In this volume, you’ll find ten chapters that dive deep into Japanese martial traditions, combining aspects of history and culture that explain how teaching methods developed and evolved. Dr. Harrison-Pepper’s chapter sets the tone with a focus on the fundamental student–teacher relationship that is responsible for the transmission of any art. She uses sociological and performance studies to analyze the martial art’s maturing process. Understanding the teacher-student relationship is vital for all involved Japanese combative arts. Since Japan was ruled by a warrior class for nearly 700 years, it is necessary to understand the method by which warriors were educated through the ryuha system. Nyle Monday’s chapter presents this system. Dr. Lewis Hershey explores the way in which a martial art can serve as a vehicle for non-discursive intercultural exchange in the teaching process. His chapter provides a discussion of the importance of embodying the feeling or aesthetic of a particular system as a way of knowing and understanding martial techniques. The next three chapters were originally prepared for a meeting of the Association for Asian Studies. Dr. Paul Varley states that most who have written about martial arts practice are not trained scholars and their writings vary greatly in quality. He discusses the state of writing in this field and introduces the other authors. Dr. Cameron Hurst discusses the characteristics of the martial arts that place them squarely into the category of “artistic ways” along with such familiar arts as Noh, the tea ceremony, and flower arranging. This reflects the “family headship” system of instruction to carry on the school’s traditions. Dr. Karl Friday defines the term ryuha as “branch of the current,” representing the onward flow of a stream of thought; the branches betoken the splitting off that occurs as insights are passed from master to students, generation after generation. His chapter shows how ryuha exist to hand on knowledge with pattern practice (kata) being the core of transmission. Is it warrior’s individualism that is prized in modern conformity-ridden Japanese culture, or is this an erroneous interpretation of the idealized warrior image by Westerners? In the next chapter, Dr. Wayne VanHorne’s research is persuading, showing that the ultimate goal of the training is to foster individuals to contribute to the betterment of the collective society with social responsibility. In the following chapter, Dr. John Donohue analyzes the organizational components of traditional martial arts training and relates them to modern pedagogical theories. He concludes that the instructional theory embedded in martial arts training is at least as sophisticated and highly developed as are the techniques and philosophies of these systems. In the next chapter, he examines kata training as (1) a cultural activity that has been shaped by the structural characteristics of Japanese culture, and kata training as (2) a highly structured and effective mechanism for imparting technical skill in the martial arts. Kim Taylor provides the final chapter dealing with “progressive instruction” found in many kata-based martial arts. Using iaido (sword drawing) as an example, he demonstrates how a set of practice can build—one kata after the other—from simple to more complex ideas and provide a deeper understanding of the entire set. If you are interested in Japanese martial traditions, you will find much in these ten chapters that clarify why the arts are taught according to a longstanding tradition—and also why there have been evolutionary changes in the instructional methods. There is sound logic for the old traditions, as well as for the changes. The scholarly research presented in this anthology will improve a teacher’s way of instructing and help a student understand what to expect out of his or her studies.

Martial Art Essays from Beijing, 1760

By Michael A. DeMarco, MA
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Via Media Publishing
  • Book Code : 1893765989
  • Total of Pages : 144
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 693
  • Pdf File: martial-art-essays-from-beijing-1760.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The themes in this book—drawn from Chinese history, culture, and martial arts experience—are entwined in a fictional narrative to animate events envisaged to have occurred during the mid-eighteenth century. From the outset, a thin veil separates fact from fiction. Our story starts with a discovery. While conducting research at the Vatican Library on the Jesuit missions in China, two scholars find a folder of papers written in Chinese among documents belonging to Giuseppe Castiglione (1688–1766), a painter at the royal court in Beijing. The papers turn out to be written by a fellow court painter, Yang Mingbin (c. 1664–1765). Yang’s handwritten essays provide revelations vital for understanding the ingenuity of Chinese martial arts. Yang’s text is organized under sixty-four subheadings. The author elucidates theory and practice methods in a fashion unlike any other writings on this subject. This is a rare early text written during a transitional period for martial arts. It is the time when the Qing Dynasty (1644 to 1912) was at its peak of cultural splendor and expanding its borders by military expeditions. Cannons and smaller firearms show the Western influence, but traditional martial arts were ubiquitous in the village, province, and national levels. Master Yang offers fascinating reading on all aspects of the Chinese fighting traditions. He places great emphasis on the importance of the “martial arts family” and the role of secrecy in lethal arts. The arts are also adapted for health and entertainment. All reflect an infusion of philosophy and practices from Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism. How one thinks affects how one practices martial arts. Yang describes the qualities associated with different skill levels, from beginner to most advanced. As he does this, we learn secrets that set forth key ways for improving defensive and offensive applications. These topics include body alignment, coordination, spontaneity, naturalness, balance, distancing, relaxation, and power. The same principles apply to bare-hand and weapons practice, as well as martial arts for health. Yang’s learning methodology for studying martial arts can be useful in other areas, as in his work as a master painter at court.

The Philosophy of Mixed Martial Arts

By Jason Holt,Marc Ramsay
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000450449
  • Total of Pages : 194
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 202
  • Pdf File: the-philosophy-of-mixed-martial-arts.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Mixed martial arts (MMA)—unarmed fighting games permitting techniques derived from a variety of martial arts and combat sports— has exploded from the fringes of sport into a worldwide phenomenon, a sport as controversial as it is compelling. This is the first book to pay MMA the serious philosophical attention it deserves. With contributions from leading international scholars of the philosophy of sport and martial arts, the book explores topics such as whether MMA qualifies as a martial art, the differences between MMA and the traditional martial arts, the aesthetic dimensions of MMA, the limits of consent and choice in MMA and whether MMA can promote moral virtues. It also explores cutting-edge practical and ethical topics, including the role of gender in MMA, and the question of whether trans athletes should be allowed to compete in the women’s divisions. The contributors to this anthology take down, ground and pound, and submit many essential questions about this fascinating recent development in the culture of sport and spectacle. This is important reading for anybody with an interest in combat sports, martial arts, or the philosophy, sociology, culture or history of sport.

The Virtual Ninja Manifesto

By Chris Goto-Jones
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Book Code : 1783489839
  • Total of Pages : 186
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 568
  • Pdf File: the-virtual-ninja-manifesto.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Draws on the traditions of the martial arts to ask whether playing violent videogames actually transform gamers into better people.

Indigenous Sports History and Culture in Asia

By Fan Hong,Liu Li
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000461629
  • Total of Pages : 170
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 849
  • Pdf File: indigenous-sports-history-and-culture-in-asia.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This is the first book in English that adopts a critical socio-historical perspective to examine the important themes and challenges of Asian indigenous culture and sport. Written by leading sport historians and scholars, the chapters in the book contain real-life case studies and comparative studies in Asian sport. The book examines the history, contemporary governance and management, gender, and ethnic issues embedded in folk sports and physical culture, and the challenges faced by Asian indigenous sports and their evolution. Based on cutting-edge research from China, Japan, Korea, Israel and beyond, this book will be a valuable addition to any course in sport history, sport culture, sport development and sport sociology. It will stimulate those who are seeking ways to promote and develop indigenous sports, from intangible cultural heritage protection to global sport partnership. It will also be of interest to students, researchers, and practitioners, who wish to understand the changing face of Asian society and Asian indigenous sport. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of The International Journal of the History of Sport.

Routledge International Handbook of Masculinity Studies

By Lucas Gottzén,Ulf Mellström,Tamara Shefer
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351676288
  • Total of Pages : 524
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 235
  • Pdf File: routledge-international-handbook-of-masculinity-studies.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Routledge International Handbook of Masculinity Studies provides a contemporary critical and scholarly overview of theorizing and research on masculinities as well as emerging ideas and areas of study that are likely to shape research and understanding of gender and men in the future. The forty-eight chapters of the handbook take an interdisciplinary approach to a range of topics on men and masculinities related to identity, sex, sexuality, culture, aesthetics, technology and pressing social issues. The handbook’s transnational lens acknowledges both the localities and global character of masculinity. A clear message in the book is the need for intersectional theorizing in dialogue with feminist, queer and sexuality studies in making sense of men and masculinities. Written in a clear and direct style, the handbook will appeal to students, teachers and researchers in the social sciences and humanities, as well as professionals, practitioners and activists.

East Asian Pedagogies

By David Lewin,Karsten Kenklies
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 3030456730
  • Total of Pages : 225
  • Category : Education
  • Members : 869
  • Pdf File: east-asian-pedagogies.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book opens up philosophical spaces for comparative discussions of education across ‘East and West’. It develops an intercultural dialogue by exploring the Anglo-American traditions of educational trans-/formation and European constructions of Bildung, alongside East Asian traditions of trans-/formation and development. Comparatively little research has been done in this area, and many questions concerning the commensurability of North American, European and East Asian pedagogies remain. Despite this dearth of theoretical research, there is ample evidence of continued interest in (self-)formation through various East Asian practices, from martial arts to health and spiritual practices (e.g. Aikido, Tai Chi, Yoga, mindfulness etc.), suggesting that these ‘traditional’ practices and pedagogical relations have something important to offer, despite their marginal standing in educational discourse. This book will appeal to all researchers and students of comparative education studies with an interest in issues of interpretation and translation between different traditions and cultures.

A Companion to the Action Film

By James Kendrick
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 1119100763
  • Total of Pages : 512
  • Category : Performing Arts
  • Members : 531
  • Pdf File: a-companion-to-the-action-film.pdf

Book Short Summary:

An authoritative guide to the action-packed film genre With 24 incisive, cutting-edge contributions from esteemed scholars and critics, A Companion to the Action Filmprovides an authoritative and in-depth guide to this internationally popular and wide-ranging genre. As the first major anthology on the action film in more than a decade, the volume offers insights into the genre’s historical development, explores its production techniques and visual poetics, and provides reflections on the numerous social, cultural, and political issues it has and continues to embody. A Companion to the Action Film offers original research and critical analysis that examines the iconic characteristics of the genre, its visual aesthetics, and its narrative traits; considers the impact of major directors and stars on the genre’s evolution; puts the action film in dialogue with various technologies and other forms of media such as graphic novels and television; and maps out new avenues of critical study for the future. This important resource: Offers a definitive guide to the action film Contains insightful contributions from a wide range of international film experts and scholars Reviews the evolution of the genre from the silent era to today’s age of digital blockbusters Offers nuanced commentary and analysis of socio-cultural issues such as race, nationality, and gender in action films Written for scholars, teachers and students in film studies, film theory, film history, genre studies, and popular culture, A Companion to the Action Film is an essential guide to one of international cinema’s most important, popular, and influential genres.

Affective Dimensions of Fieldwork and Ethnography

By Thomas Stodulka,Samia Dinkelaker,Ferdiansyah Thajib
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 3030208311
  • Total of Pages : 365
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 683
  • Pdf File: affective-dimensions-of-fieldwork-and-ethnography.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book illustrates the role of researchers’ affects and emotions in understanding and making sense of the phenomena they study during ethnographic fieldwork. Whatever methods ethnographers apply during field research, however close they get to their informants and no matter how involved or detached they feel, fieldwork pushes them to constantly negotiate and reflect their subjectivities and positionalities in relation to the persons, communities, spaces and phenomena they study. The book highlights the idea that ethnographic fieldwork is based on the attempt of communication, mutual understanding, and perspective-taking on behalf of and together with those studied. With regard to the institutionally silenced, yet informally emphasized necessity of ethnographers’ emotional immersion into the local worlds they research (defined as “emic perspective,” “narrating through the eyes of the Other,” “seeing the world from the informants’ point of view,” etc.), this book pursues the disentanglement of affect-related disciplinary conventions by means of transparent, vivid and systematic case studies and their methodological discussion. The book provides nineteen case studies on the relationship between methodology, intersubjectivity, and emotion in qualitative and ethnographic research, and includes six section introductions to the pivotal issues of role conflict, reciprocity, intimacy and care, illness and dying, failing and attuning, and emotion regimes in fieldwork and ethnography. Affective Dimensions of Fieldwork and Ethnography is a must-have resource for post-graduate students and researchers across the disciplines of social and cultural anthropology, medical anthropology, psychological anthropology, cultural psychology, critical theory, cultural phenomenology, and cultural sociology.

Combat Sports Medicine

By Ramin Kordi,Nicola Maffulli,Randall R. Wroble,W. Angus Wallace
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9781848003545
  • Total of Pages : 325
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 490
  • Pdf File: combat-sports-medicine.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Sports medicine and sports science are relatively new and rapidly developing fields of knowledge. During the past 2 decades, a significant body of scientific knowledge has been published in these areas. However, there is a demand for practical ref- ences which address sports medicine and science in the context of different sports. This demand is higher in some sports including combat sports, which are highly physically and mentally demanding, and cause challenging issues such as risk of blood-borne infections, weight reduction, head injuries, stress management, and safety for women and children. This book has been developed to meet the needs of the practitioners who work with combat sports athletes in order to improve their health and performance. Combat sports include four Olympic sports (boxing, wrestling, judo, and t- kwondo) and other popular sports such as karate, kick boxing, and Wushu. These sports are popular in most countries of the world, both at competitive and rec- ational levels. Combat sports are practiced by people of different ages for a variety of reasons such as to gain fitness and health benefits and to learn self-defense.

The Martial Arts Business Arena: Investment, Politics, Profit

By H. Richard Friman, Ph.D. et al.,Yong-jae Ko, Ph.D.,Andrew Tharp, Ph.D.,Jin-Bing Yang, Ph.D.
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Via Media Publishing
  • Book Code : 1893765369
  • Total of Pages : 60
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 187
  • Pdf File: the-martial-arts-business-arena.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Martial art business-related aspects are found at the base level in individual schools and mushroom to a global level in international organizations. This anthology includes writings by professionals who offer information and insights into the financial side of the martial arts. Chapters focus on related practical matters as profit, politics and investment. In the first chapter, Dr. Richard Friman asks: If the martial arts are supposed to offer paths to personal growth and enlightenment, why are they, in practice, plagued with displays of rampant egos, politics, and battles over turf by their practitioners? The experience of instruction in the United States suggests that the pursuit of the arts is becoming lost in the pursuit of profit. The next chapter by Dr. Yong Jae Ko presents the evolution of the martial arts industry into a global consumer products industry and examines the application of modern business techniques on this industry, with a particular focus on marketing strategy. It also discusses future opportunities and challenges facing the martial arts industry, and offers helpful suggestions. In the following chapter, Dr. Ko and coauthor Dr. Jin Bin Yang discuss the global expansion and integration of Asian martial arts. Such factors as sportification and standardization are closely examined as significant driving forces for the growth of the martial arts industry. This chapter also examines important issues influencing the development and the martial arts’ industry future growth. “The next chapter by Dr. Yong Jae Ko presents the evolution of the martial arts industry into a global consumer products industry and examines the application of modern business techniques on this industry, with a particular focus on marketing strategy. It also discusses future opportunities and challenges facing the martial arts industry, and offers helpful suggestions. In the following chapter, Dr. Ko and coauthor Dr. Jin Bin Yang discuss the global expansion and integration of Asian martial arts. Such factors as sportification and standardization are closely examined as significant driving forces for the growth of the martial arts industry. This chapter also examines important issues influencing the development and the martial arts’ industry future growth. The final chapter by Andrew Tharp presents the history that influenced the value of Japanese swords as works of art. The Japanese have created a legal system that has preserved their historical weapons in a way no other society has done. Historical sources and current statutes will show how the Japanese created a monopoly that successfully conserved their culture for future generations. Although this Japanese phenomenon is extraordinary, it also serves to show possibilities for those interested in investing in weaponry from other cultures and augments our appreciation of militaria for their aesthetics. Reading this anthology will help martial art students better understand differences between traditional schools and those that focus solely on profit. Owners can deepen their business acumen and utilize information provided in these chapters to shape their schools’ program. Of course many are influenced by martial art organizations that may be established on a local level, national or international. As an addition to your regular studies of martial art techniques and traditions, the information you’ll find here can certainly broaden one’s view of the martial arts as a business arena.

Trajectories of Empire

By Jerome C. Branche
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Vanderbilt University Press
  • Book Code : 0826504612
  • Total of Pages : 270
  • Category : History
  • Members : 562
  • Pdf File: trajectories-of-empire.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Trajectories of Empire extends from the beginning of the Iberian expansion of the mid-fifteenth century, through colonialism and slavery, and into the twentieth and twenty-first centuries in Latin American republics. Its point of departure is the question of empire and its aftermath, as reflected in the lives of contemporary Latin Americans of African descent, and of their ancestors caught up in the historical process of Iberian colonial expansion, colonization, and the Atlantic slave trade. The book's chapters explore what it's like to be Black today in the so-called racial democracies of Brazil, Colombia, and Cuba; the role of medical science in the objectification and nullification of Black female personhood during slavery in Brazil in the nineteenth century; the deployment of visual culture to support insurgency for a largely illiterate slave body again in the nineteenth century in Cuba; aspects of discourse that promoted the colonial project as evangelization, or alternately offered resistance to its racialized culture of dominance in the seventeenth century; and the experiences of the first generations of forced African migrants into Spain and Portugal in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, as the discursive template was created around their social roles as enslaved or formerly enslaved people. Trajectories of Empire's contributors come from the fields of literary criticism, visual culture, history, anthropology, popular culture (rap), and cultural studies. As the product of an interdisciplinary collective, this book will be of interest to scholars in Iberian or Hispanic Studies, Africana Studies, Postcolonial Studies, and Transatlantic Studies, as well as the general public.

The Routledge Handbook of Sport in Asia

By Fan Hong,Lu Zhouxiang
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 042959027X
  • Total of Pages : 616
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 639
  • Pdf File: the-routledge-handbook-of-sport-in-asia.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This is the first book to offer a comprehensive overview of the history, development and contemporary significance of sport in Asia. It addresses a wide range of issues central to sport in the context of Asian culture, politics, economy and society. The book explores diverse topics, including the history of traditional Asian sport; the rise of modern sport in Asia; the Olympic Movement in Asia; mega sport events in Asia; sport governance and policy; gender, class and ethnicity in Asian sport, and Asia’s sporting heroes and heroines. With contributions from 74 leading international scholars, it offers a new perspective on understanding Asian sport and society, telling the story of how sport in this mega-region is coming together and reshaping the world in the process. It also provides readers with a wide lens through which to better contextualise the relationships between Asia and the world within the global sport community. The Routledge Handbook of Sport in Asia is a vital resource for students and scholars studying the history, politics, sociology, culture and policy of sport in Asia, as well as sport management, sport history, sport sociology, and sport policy and politics. It is also valuable reading for those working in international sport organisations.

Arts martiaux. Étude des pratiques et des valeurs contemporaines

By Olivier Bernard
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Presses de l'Université Laval
  • Book Code : 2763747868
  • Total of Pages : 194
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 754
  • Pdf File: arts-martiaux-Étude-des-pratiques-et-des-valeurs-contemporaines.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Ce sixième opus de la collection aborde les arts martiaux et les sports de combat sous l’angle de la diversité des pratiques. Parce que le panorama social est pluriel, ces disciplines doivent être envisagées dans leur forme individuelle et singulière pour en saisir toute la complexité. Les textes présentés dans cet ouvrage montrent comment les arts martiaux et les sports de combat existent et évoluent dans nos sociétés selon différentes finalités : la manière dont certains praticiens s’investissent dans la recherche ; comment les milieux sociaux des disciplines influent sur les praticiens ; la construction sociale des valeurs chez les praticiens ; la façon dont les blessures sont vécues et interprétées ; la place du corps dans les entraînements exigeants en fonction d’une recherche de haute performance ; ainsi que le rapport aux disciplines au sein d’une société qui cherche à maintenir ses pratiques traditionnelles dans un monde en changement. Cet ouvrage réunit des collaborations de chercheurs universitaires. Tous ont en commun l’intérêt de l’avancement des connaissances sur la thématique des arts martiaux et des sports de combat par le moyen des sciences sociales. Ont contribué à cet ouvrage les auteurs suivants : Olivier Bernard, Paul Bowman, Frédéric Dubois, Aurélie Épron, Christophe Gobbé, Louis-Étienne Pigeon, David Pineault, Alexandra Rouleau et Cheikh Tidiane Wane.

The Routledge Companion to Cult Cinema

By Ernest Mathijs,Jamie Sexton
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317362233
  • Total of Pages : 500
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 920
  • Pdf File: the-routledge-companion-to-cult-cinema.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Routledge Companion to Cult Cinema offers an overview of the field of cult cinema – films at the margin of popular culture and art that have received exceptional cultural visibility and status mostly because they break rules, offend, and challenge understandings of achievement (some are so bad they’re good, others so good they remain inaccessible). Cult cinema is no longer only comprised of the midnight movie or the extreme genre film. Its range has widened and the issues it broaches have become battlegrounds in cultural debates that typify the first quarter of the twenty-first century. Sections are introduced with the major theoretical frameworks, philosophical inspirations, and methodologies for studying cult films, with individual chapters excavating the most salient criticism of how the field impacts cultural discourse at large. Case studies include the worst films ever; exploitation films; genre cinema; multiple media formats cult cinema is expressed through; issues of cultural, national, and gender representations; elements of the production culture of cult cinema; and, throughout, aspects of the aesthetics of cult cinema – its genre, style, look, impact, and ability to yank viewers out of their comfort zones. The Routledge Companion to Cult Cinema goes beyond the traditional scope of Anglophone and North American cinema by including case studies of East and South Asia, continental Europe, the Middle East, and Latin America, making it an innovative and important resource for researchers and students alike.

The Routledge Companion to Gender and Japanese Culture

By Jennifer Coates,Lucy Fraser,Mark Pendleton
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351716786
  • Total of Pages : 424
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 974
  • Pdf File: the-routledge-companion-to-gender-and-japanese-culture.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This Companion is a comprehensive examination of the varied ways in which gender issues manifest throughout culture in Japan, using a range of international perspectives to examine private and public constructions of identity, as well as gender- and sexuality-inflected cultural production. The Routledge Companion to Gender and Japanese Culture features both new work and updated accounts of classic scholarship, providing a go-to reference work for contemporary scholarship on gender in Japanese culture. The volume is interdisciplinary in scope, with chapters drawing from a range of perspectives, fields, and disciplines, including anthropology, art history, history, law, linguistics, literature, media and cultural studies, politics, and sociology. This reflects the fundamentally interdisciplinary nature of the dual focal points of this volume—gender and culture—and the ways in which these themes infuse a range of disciplines and subfields. In this volume, Jennifer Coates, Lucy Fraser, and Mark Pendleton have brought together an essential guide to experiences of gender in Japanese culture today—perfect for students, scholars, and anyone else interested in Japan, culture, gender studies, and beyond.

Hong Kong History

By Man-Kong Wong,Chi-Man Kwong
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 9811628068
  • Total of Pages : 284
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 133
  • Pdf File: hong-kong-history.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book aims at providing an accessible introduction to and summary of the major themes of Hong Kong history that has been studied in the past decades. Each chapter also suggests a number of key historical figures and works that are essential for the understanding of a particular theme. However, the book is by no means merely a general survey of the recent studies of Hong Kong history; it tries to suggest that the best way to approach Hong Kong history is to put it firmly in its international context.

Enigma - 
 Ignorance Liquidation - part №3

By Oleg Viktorovich Maltsev
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Scientific Research Institute of world martial art traditions study and criminalistic research of weapon handling
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 57
  • Category : Sports & Recreation
  • Members : 524
  • Pdf File: enigma-ignorance-liquidation-part-3.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The book in your hands is the third one in the series of Enigma Ignorance Liquidation. According to a dictionary «Enigma» means: “something that is mysterious and seems impossible to understand completely”. Correspondingly, this book was not titled this way without a reason. The fact is that people rarely see the essence in ordinary things; modern approach often excludes the capability to understand the history of the phenomenon, its structure, its functional designation of elements of its structure. Respectively, one who is going to use that kind of approach, will find very difficult to see the effectiveness of what he has. We recommend to start with such a concept as «LOGIC» of ignorance liquidation in the context of this book. With all due respect to colleagues, scientists, historians, and people who are interested in different systems and martial arts, the notion of martial art logic as such is not even taken into account. Within the book «Enigma 3. Ignorance Liquidation» reader is invited to look at martial arts from a different position, not exactly ordinary one. Needless to say, you will see a line of reasoning; we recommended to bring into view the logic of presentment of this reasoning, to historical facts and circumstances, to motor patterns from perspective of effectiveness and to an extent to which your understanding of martial arts will change, as “before and after” studying this book. Ultimately, this kind of logical approach is adaptable to different kinds of critically important life categories as well.