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Hume

By Don Garrett
  • ISBN Code: : 1136309357
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 360
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Reads : 189
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : hume.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Beginning with an overview of Hume's life and work, Don Garrett introduces in clear and accessible style the central aspects of Hume's thought. These include Hume's lifelong exploration of the human mind; his theories of inductive inference and causation; skepticism and personal identity; moral and political philosophy; aesthetics; and philosophy of religion. The final chapter considers the influence and legacy of Hume's thought today. Throughout, Garrett draws on and explains many of Hume's central works, including his Treatise of Human Nature, Enquiries Concerning Human Understanding, and Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. Hume is essential reading not only for students of philosophy, but anyone in the humanities and social sciences and beyond seeking an introduction to Hume's thought.

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Read Also This Books

Hume

By Farhang Zabeeh
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9401507074
  • Total of Pages : 236
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 436
  • Pdf File: hume.pdf

Book Short Summary:

David Hume is the most influential precursor of modern empiri cism. By modern empiricism, I intend a belief that all cognitive conflicts can be resolved, in principle, by either appeal to matters off act, via scientific procedure, or by appeal to some sets of natural or conventional standards, whether linguistic, mathematical, aes thetic or political. This belief itself is a consequent of an old appre hension that all synthetic knowledge is based on experience, and that the rest can be reduced to a set of self-evident truths. In this broad sense, Modern Empiricism encompasses classes, such as Logi cal Empiricism, Logical Atomism and Philosophical Analysis, and unique individuals such as Russell and Moore. It excludes, thereby, the present day continental philosophies, such as Thomism, Exist entialism, and Dialectical Materialism. Modem empiricists, to be sure, are influenced by many other phi losophers. Locke, Berkeley, and Mill, among the classical empiri cists, and Leibniz and Kant, among the rationalists (the former especially on the logico-mathematical side) in one way or other are responsible for the appearance of empiricism in its new form. But none of them were as influential as Hume. This, by itself is not news. Weinberg, in his well-known book, An Examination of Logical Positivism, observes that: Many, if not all, of the principal doctrines of contemporary positivism derive from Hume.

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

By David Hume
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Phoemixx Classics Ebooks
  • Book Code : 3986478612
  • Total of Pages : 277
  • Category : Young Adult Fiction
  • Members : 696
  • Pdf File: an-enquiry-concerning-human-understanding.pdf

Book Short Summary:

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding David Hume - An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding is a book by the Scottish empiricist philosopher David Hume, published in English in 1748. It was a revision of an earlier effort, Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature, published anonymously in London in 1739-40. Hume was disappointed with the reception of the Treatise, which "fell dead-born from the press," as he put it, and so tried again to disseminate his more developed ideas to the public by writing a shorter and more polemical work.

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

By David Hume
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Open Road Media
  • Book Code : 1504063767
  • Total of Pages : 162
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 929
  • Pdf File: an-enquiry-concerning-human-understanding.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Enlightenment thinker presents his empirical approach to epistemology in this foundational text of modern philosophy. First published in 1748, David Hume’s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding presents a persuasive argument in favor of the view that all human knowledge derives from experience. Discarding the notion of innate ideas and building on the views of English philosopher John Locke, this work delivered a serious blow to religious doctrine of the age, making it as controversial as it was influential. Expounding on the empiricist stance, Hume posits the building blocks of all thought, starting with the sensations we receive from direct experience, which he calls impressions; our memories of those impressions, which he calls ideas; and the different ways we perceive those ideas in relation to one another. From here, Hume contemplates a range of topics, including probability, free will, the problem of induction, and the reliability of human testimony.

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

By David Hume
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : VM eBooks
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 142
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 538
  • Pdf File: an-enquiry-concerning-human-understanding.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Moral philosophy, or the science of human nature, may be treated after two different manners; each of which has its peculiar merit, and may contribute to the entertainment, instruction, and reformation of mankind. The one considers man chiefly as born for action; and as influenced in his measures by taste and sentiment; pursuing one object, and avoiding another, according to the value which these objects seem to possess, and according to the light in which they present themselves. As virtue, of all objects, is allowed to be the most valuable, this species of philosophers paint her in the most amiable colours; borrowing all helps from poetry and eloquence, and treating their subject in an easy and obvious manner, and such as is best fitted to please the imagination, and engage the affections. They select the most striking observations and instances from common life; place opposite characters in a proper contrast; and alluring us into the paths of virtue by the views of glory and happiness, direct our steps in these paths by the soundest precepts and most illustrious examples. They make us feel the difference between vice and virtue; they excite and regulate our sentiments; and so they can but bend our hearts to the love of probity and true honour, they think, that they have fully attained the end of all their labours.

Selected Essays

By David Hume
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 0191605727
  • Total of Pages : 448
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 533
  • Pdf File: selected-essays.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In his writings, David Hume set out to bridge the gap between the learned world of the academy and the marketplace of polite society. This collection, drawing largely on his Essays Moral, Political, and Literary (1776 edition), which was even more popular than his famous Treatise of Human Nature, comprehensively shows how far he succeeded. From `Of Essay Writing' to `Of the Rise and Progress of the Arts and Sciences' Hume embraces a staggering range of social, cultural, political, demographic, and historical concerns. With the scope typical of the Scottish Enlightenment, he charts the state of civil society, manners, morals, and taste, and the development of political economy in the mid-eighteenth century. These essays represent not only those areas where Hume's arguments are revealingly typical of his day, but also where he is strikingly innovative in a period already famous for its great thinkers. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

My Own Life

By David Hume
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cosimo Classics
  • Book Code : 1616409614
  • Total of Pages : 26
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Members : 974
  • Pdf File: my-own-life.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In a final, short summary of his life and works, David Hume wrote My Own Life as he suffered from gastrointestinal issues that ultimately killed him. Despite his bleak prognosis, Hume remains lighthearted and inspirational throughout. He discusses his life growing up, his family relationships, and his desire to constantly improve his works and his reputation as an author. He confesses, "I have suffered very little pain from my disorder; and what is more strange, have... never suffered a moment's abatement of my spirits; insomuch that were I to name the period of my life which I should most choose to pass over again, I might be tempted to point to this later period." This short biography ends with a series of letters from Hume's close friend and fellow author Adam Smith to their publisher William Strahan, recounting Hume's death and giving a stirring eulogy in honor of their friend.

A Treatise of Human Nature

By David Hume
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  • Publisher : Aegitas
  • Book Code : 1772468843
  • Total of Pages : 57
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 326
  • Pdf File: a-treatise-of-human-nature.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A Treatise of Human Nature is a book by Scottish philosopher David Hume, first published (in parts) from the end of 1738 to 1740. The full title of the Treatise is A Treatise of Human Nature: Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects. It contains the following sections: Book 1: "Of the Understanding" – An investigation into human cognition. Important statements of Skepticism. Book 2: "Of the Passions" – A treatment of emotions and free will. Book 3: "Of Morals" – A treatment of moral ideas, justice, obligations, benevolence. Hume's introduction presents the idea of placing all science and philosophy on a novel foundation: namely, an empirical investigation into human psychology. He begins by acknowledging "that common prejudice against metaphysical reasonings [i.e., any complicated and difficult argumentation]", a prejudice formed in reaction to "the present imperfect condition of the sciences" (including the endless scholarly disputes and the inordinate influence of "eloquence" over reason). But since the truth "must lie very deep and abstruse" where "the greatest geniuses" have not found it, careful reasoning is still needed. All sciences, Hume continues, ultimately depend on "the science of man": knowledge of "the extent and force of human understanding,... the nature of the ideas we employ, and... the operations we perform in our reasonings" is needed to make real intellectual progress. So Hume hopes "to explain the principles of human nature", thereby "propos[ing] a compleat system of the sciences, built on a foundation almost entirely new, and the only one upon which they can stand with any security." But an a priori psychology would be hopeless: the science of man must be pursued by the experimental methods of the natural sciences. This means we must rest content with well-confirmed empirical generalizations, forever ignorant of "the ultimate original qualities of human nature". And in the absence of controlled experiments, we are left to "glean up our experiments in this science from a cautious observation of human life, and take them as they appear in the common course of the world, by men's behaviour in company, in affairs, and in their pleasures."

A Treatise of Human Nature

By David Hume
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Book Code : 1609772431
  • Total of Pages : 568
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 836
  • Pdf File: a-treatise-of-human-nature.pdf

Book Short Summary:

David Hume was a Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian. He is an important figure in Western philosophy, and in the history of the Scottish Enlightenment. Hume first gained recognition and respect as a historian, but academic interest in Hume's work has in recent years centered on his philosophical writing. His "History of England" was the standard work on English history for many years, until Macaulay's "The History of England from the Accession of James the Second". Hume was the first philosopher of the modern era to produce a naturalistic philosophy. This philosophy partly consisted in rejection of the historically prevalent conception of human minds as being miniature versions of the divine mind. This doctrine was associated with a trust in the powers of human reason and insight into reality, which possessed God's certification. Hume's scepticism came in his rejection of this 'insight ideal', and the (usually rationalistic) confidence derived from it that the world is as we represent it. Instead, the best we can do is to apply the strongest explanatory and empirical principles available to the investigation of human mental phenomena, issuing in a quasi-Newtonian project, Hume's 'Science of Man'. Hume was heavily influenced by empiricists John Locke and George Berkeley, along with various French-speaking writers such as Pierre Bayle, and various figures on the English-speaking intellectual landscape such as Isaac Newton, Samuel Clarke, Francis Hutcheson, and Joseph Butler.

A Treatise of Human Nature

By David Hume
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Book Code : 0486122166
  • Total of Pages : 480
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 901
  • Pdf File: a-treatise-of-human-nature.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This enormously influential work employs Locke's empiric principles to construct a theory of knowledge from which to evaluate metaphysical ideas. Numerous thought-provoking considerations of issues include causation, existence, freedom and necessity, and morality.

The Foundation of Hume's Philosophy

By Paul A. Mwaipaya
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 0429798865
  • Total of Pages : 144
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 977
  • Pdf File: the-foundation-of-hume-s-philosophy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

First published in 1999, this volume endeavours to determine the coherence of David Hume’s philosophical system. That is, to show that Hume’ philosophy is founded upon nothing but his doctrine of belief, from which the entirety of Hume’s philosophy may ultimately be derived. Paul A. Mwaipaya demonstrates the coherence of Hume’s thoughts in order to show where it has been misunderstood and to dissolve confusing interpretations of Hume’s philosophy. This ultimate commonality is derived through examinations of Hume’s general theory of perception, Hume’s theory of knowledge and probability and Hume’s theory of passions and morality.

David Hume's Theory of Mind

By Daniel E. Flage
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 0429640048
  • Total of Pages : 208
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 593
  • Pdf File: david-hume-s-theory-of-mind.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book, first published in 1990, is a detailed examination of David Hume’s Treatise of Human Nature. It shows that the theory of mind developed in the Trestise is a thread which ties together many of the seemingly unrelated philosophical issues discussed in the work. Hume’s primary objective was to defend a ‘bundle theory’ of mind, and, through a close examination of the texts, this book provides a thorough account of how Hume understood this theory and the problems he discovered with it.

Theory and Practice in the Philosophy of David Hume

By James Wiley
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  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137026421
  • Total of Pages : 328
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 759
  • Pdf File: theory-and-practice-in-the-philosophy-of-david-hume.pdf

Book Short Summary:

An original interpretation of Hume's philosophy as centered on the relationship between theory and practice. The author argues that Hume's Essays and History represent a humanist practical philosophy derived from the speculative philosophy of A Treatise of Human Nature and the Enquiries .

Hume's 'New Scene of Thought' and The Several Faces of David Hume in the Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

By John O. Nelson
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  • Publisher : University Press of America
  • Book Code : 0761847375
  • Total of Pages : 200
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 588
  • Pdf File: hume-s-new-scene-of-thought-and-the-several-faces-of-david-hume-in-the-dialogues-concerning-natural-religion.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is a defense of Hume's philosophical principles in the Treatise of Human Nature. Nelson shows that Hume's new philosophy was a uniquely original and profound masterpiece in philosophical literature, worthy of serious study and acceptance. It is argued that Dialoguesis a reflective philosophical autobiography of Hume himself.

Starting with Hume

By Charlotte Randall Brown,William Edward Morris
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  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1441142479
  • Total of Pages : 200
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 971
  • Pdf File: starting-with-hume.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book presents a new introduction to Hume, guiding the student through the key concepts of Hume's work by examining the overall development of his ideas. David Hume is widely regarded as the greatest English thinker in the history of philosophy. His contributions to a huge range of philosophical debates are as important and influential now as they were in the eighteenth century. Covering all the key concepts of his work, Starting with Hume provides an accessible introduction to the ideas of this hugely significant thinker. Clearly structured according to Hume's central ideas, the book leads the reader through a thorough overview of the development of his thought, resulting in a more thorough understanding of the roots of his philosophical concerns. Offering comprehensive coverage of Hume's philosophical method, the book explores his contributions to philosophy of mind, causation, the foundation of ethics, natural virtues and philosophy or religion. Crucially the book introduces the major philosophical movements and thinkers whose work proved influential in the development of Hume's thought, including Nicolas Malebranche, Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke. This is the ideal introduction for anyone coming to the work of this hugely important thinker for the first time. Continuum's Starting With... series offers clear, concise and accessible introductions to the key thinkers in philosophy. The books explore and illuminate the roots of each philosopher's work and ideas, leading readers to a thorough understanding of the key influences and philosophical foundations from which his or her thought developed. Ideal for first-year students starting out in philosophy, the series will serve as the ideal companion to study of this fascinating subject.

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Hume on Religion

By David O'Connor
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134634099
  • Total of Pages : 244
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 532
  • Pdf File: routledge-philosophy-guidebook-to-hume-on-religion.pdf

Book Short Summary:

David Hume was the most important British philosopher of the eighteenth century. His Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion is a classic text in the philosophy of religion. Hume on Religion introduces and asseses: *Hume's life and the background to the Dialogues *the ideas and text of Dialogues *Hume's continuing importance to philosophy.

A Treatise of Human Nature by David Hume

By L.A. Selby-Bigge,Hume David
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Рипол Классик
  • Book Code : 587643616X
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 990
  • Pdf File: a-treatise-of-human-nature.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book A Treatise of Human Nature by David Hume

The Philosophy of David Hume

By Norman Kemp Smith
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 0230511171
  • Total of Pages : 568
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 287
  • Pdf File: the-philosophy-of-david-hume.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Norman Kemp Smith's The Philosophy of David Hume has long been regarded as a classic study by scholars in the field - a ground-breaking book that has since been unsurpassed in its comprehensive coverage of the ideas and issues of Hume's Treatise. This reissue brings this currently out-of-print and highly sought-after classic up-to-date with a new introduction by Don Garrett. Garrett's new introduction sets the book in its contemporary context and makes the case for its continuing importance in the field of Hume scholarship.

Hume on Causation

By Helen Beebee
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134544707
  • Total of Pages : 248
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 838
  • Pdf File: hume-on-causation.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Causation is one of the most important and enduring topics in philosophy, going as far back as Aristotle. In this lucid and enthralling account, Helen Beebee covers all the major debates and issues in the philosophy of causation, making it the ideal starting point for those approaching the subject for the first time. Beginning with an introduction to the concept, the book examines the most significant philosopher of causation – David Hume – and assesses the problems of induction and necessary connection in light of his thought. Helen Beebee then investigates different theories of causation and challenges to the Humean approach. She considers the concepts of regularity, causal experience, necessity and essences. Throughout the book, she also critically discusses other key philosophers on causation, including J.L. Mackie, John Wright and Brian Ellis.

Hume's Philosophy of Belief (Routledge Revivals)

By Antony Flew
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1135087598
  • Total of Pages : 286
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 899
  • Pdf File: hume-s-philosophy-of-belief.pdf

Book Short Summary:

First published in 1961, this book considers Hume’s request to be judged solely by the acknowledged works of his maturity. It focuses on Hume’s first Inquiry in its own right as a separate book to the likes of his other works, such as the Treatise and the Dialogues, which are here only used as supplementary evidence when necessary. This approach brings out, as Hume himself quite explicitly wished to do, the important bearing of his more technical philosophy on matters of religion and of world-outlook generally: "Be a philosopher; but amidst all your philosophy, be still a man."

Hume's Philosophy of Belief (Routledge Revivals)

By Antony Flew
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 113508758X
  • Total of Pages : 286
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 665
  • Pdf File: hume-s-philosophy-of-belief.pdf

Book Short Summary:

First published in 1961, this book considers Hume’s request to be judged solely by the acknowledged works of his maturity. It focuses on Hume’s first Inquiry in its own right as a separate book to the likes of his other works, such as the Treatise and the Dialogues, which are here only used as supplementary evidence when necessary. This approach brings out, as Hume himself quite explicitly wished to do, the important bearing of his more technical philosophy on matters of religion and of world-outlook generally: "Be a philosopher; but amidst all your philosophy, be still a man."

An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals

By David Hume
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Hackett Publishing
  • Book Code : 1603847154
  • Total of Pages : 128
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 177
  • Pdf File: an-enquiry-concerning-the-principles-of-morals.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A splendid edition. Schneewind's illuminating introduction succinctly situates the Enquiry in its historical context, clarifying its relationship to Calvinism, to Newtonian science, and to earlier moral philosophers, and providing a persuasive account of Hume's ethical naturalism. --Martha C. Nussbaum, Brown University

Liberty in Hume’s History of England

By N. Capaldi,D. Livingston
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9400905351
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 273
  • Pdf File: liberty-in-hume-s-history-of-england.pdf

Book Short Summary:

LIBERTY IN HUME'S HISTORY OF ENGLAND In his own lifetime, Hume was feted by his admirers as a great historian, and even his enemies conceded that he was a controversial historian with whom one had to reckon. On the other hand, Hume failed to achieve positive recognition for his philosophical views. It was Hume's History of England that played an influential role in public policy debate during the eighteenth century in both Great Britain and in the United States. Hume's Hist01Y of England passed through seven editions and was beginning to be perceived as a classic before Hume's death. Voltaire, as an historian, considered it "perhaps the best ever written in any lan guage. " Gibbon greatly admired Hume's work and said, of a letter written by Hume in 1776 praising the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, that a compliment from Hume "overpaid the labor of ten years. " After Hume's death on August 20, 1776, the History became a factor in the revolutionary events that began to unfold. Louis XVI was a close student of Hume's History, and his valet records that, upon having learned that the Convention had voted the death penalty, the King asked for the volume in Hume's History covering the trial and execution of Charles I to read in the days that remained. But if Louis XVI found the consolations of philosophical history in the Stuart volumes, Thomas Jefferson saw in them a cause for alarm.

Hume's Philosophy Of The Self

By Tony Pitson
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134537778
  • Total of Pages : 262
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 249
  • Pdf File: hume-s-philosophy-of-the-self.pdf

Book Short Summary:

First Published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Reading David Hume’s 'Of the Standard of Taste'

By Babette Babich
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Book Code : 311058557X
  • Total of Pages : 342
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 854
  • Pdf File: reading-david-hume-s-of-the-standard-of-taste.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This collection on the Standard of Taste offers a much needed resource for students and scholars of philosophical aesthetics, political reflection, value and judgments, economics, and art. The authors include experts in the philosophy of art, aesthetics, history of philosophy as well as the history of science. This much needed volume on David Hume will enrich scholars across all levels of university study and research.

Reading David Hume’s 'Of the Standard of Taste'

By Babette Babich
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Book Code : 3110585502
  • Total of Pages : 342
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 705
  • Pdf File: reading-david-hume-s-of-the-standard-of-taste.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This collection on the Standard of Taste offers a much needed resource for students and scholars of philosophical aesthetics, political reflection, value and judgments, economics, and art. The authors include experts in the philosophy of art, aesthetics, history of philosophy as well as the history of science. This much needed volume on David Hume will enrich scholars across all levels of university study and research.

The Oxford Handbook of Hume

By Paul Russell
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  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0190493925
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 963
  • Pdf File: the-oxford-handbook-of-hume.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711-1776) is widely regarded as the greatest and most significant English-speaking philosopher and often seen as having had the most influence on the way philosophy is practiced today in the West. His reputation is based not only on the quality of his philosophical thought but also on the breadth and scope of his writings, which ranged over metaphysics, epistemology, morals, politics, religion, and aesthetics. The Handbook's 38 newly commissioned chapters are divided into six parts: Central Themes; Metaphysics and Epistemology; Passion, Morality and Politics; Aesthetics, History, and Economics; Religion; Hume and the Enlightenment; and After Hume. The volume also features an introduction from editor Paul Russell and a chapter on Hume's biography.

David Hume on Miracles, Evidence, and Probability

By William L Vanderburgh
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  • Publisher : N.a
  • Book Code : 1498596940
  • Total of Pages : 218
  • Category :
  • Members : 294
  • Pdf File: david-hume-on-miracles-evidence-and-probability.pdf

Book Short Summary:

David Hume's argument against believing in miracles has attracted nearly continuous attention from philosophers and theologians since it was first published in 1748. Hume's many commentators, however, both pro and con, have often misunderstood key aspects of Hume's account of evidential probability and as a result have misrepresented Hume's argument and conclusions regarding miracles in fundamental ways. This book argues that Hume's account of probability descends from a long and laudable tradition that goes back to ancient Roman and medieval law. That account is entirely and deliberately non-mathematical. As a result, any analysis of Hume's argument in terms of the mathematical theory of probability is doomed to failure. Recovering the knowledge of this ancient tradition of probable reasoning leads us to a correct interpretation of Hume's argument against miracles, enables a more accurate understanding of many other episodes in the history of science and of philosophy, and may be also useful in contemporary attempts to weigh evidence in epistemically complex situations where confirmation theory and mathematical probability theory have proven to be less helpful than we would have hoped.

On Suicide

By David Hume
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  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Book Code : 0141964286
  • Total of Pages : 128
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 144
  • Pdf File: on-suicide.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives - and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are. One of the most important thinkers ever to write in English, the Empiricist David Hume liberated philosophy from the superstitious constraints of religion; here, he argues that all are free to choose between life and death, considers the nature of personal taste and succinctly criticises common philosophies of the time.

The Essence of Hume's Philosophy

By David Hume
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  • Publisher : e-artnow
  • Book Code : 8027303877
  • Total of Pages : 756
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 532
  • Pdf File: the-essence-of-hume-s-philosophy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

One of the most central doctrines of Hume's philosophy is his notion that the mind consists of its mental perceptions, or the mental objects which are present to it, and which divide into two categories: impressions and ideas. David Hume strove to create a total naturalistic science of man that examined the psychological basis of human nature. He argued against the existence of innate ideas, positing that all human knowledge is founded solely in experience. This book presents all the main Hume's ideas and teaching, beginning with his classic statement of philosophical empiricism, skepticism, and naturalism, " A Treatise of Human Nature".

A Treatise of Human Nature

By David Hume
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  • Publisher : 谷月社
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 838
  • Pdf File: a-treatise-of-human-nature.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Nothing is more usual and more natural for those, who pretend to discover anything new to the world in philosophy and the sciences, than to insinuate the praises of their own systems, by decrying all those, which have been advanced before them. And indeed were they content with lamenting that ignorance, which we still lie under in the most important questions, that can come before the tribunal of human reason, there are few, who have an acquaintance with the sciences, that would not readily agree with them. It is easy for one of judgment and learning, to perceive the weak foundation even of those systems, which have obtained the greatest credit, and have carried their pretensions highest to accurate and profound reasoning. Principles taken upon trust, consequences lamely deduced from them, want of coherence in the parts, and of evidence in the whole, these are every where to be met with in the systems of the most eminent philosophers, and seem to have drawn disgrace upon philosophy itself. Nor is there required such profound knowledge to discover the present imperfect condition of the sciences, but even the rabble without doors may, judge from the noise and clamour, which they hear, that all goes not well within. There is nothing which is not the subject of debate, and in which men of learning are not of contrary opinions. The most trivial question escapes not our controversy, and in the most momentous we are not able to give any certain decision. Disputes are multiplied, as if every thing was uncertain; and these disputes are managed with the greatest warmth, as if every thing was certain. Amidst all this bustle it is not reason, which carries the prize, but eloquence; and no man needs ever despair of gaining proselytes to the most extravagant hypothesis, who has art enough to represent it in any favourable colours. The victory is not gained by the men at arms, who manage the pike and the sword; but by the trumpeters, drummers, and musicians of the army....

The Natural History of Religion

By Hume, David
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  • Publisher : Aegitas
  • Book Code : 1773137859
  • Total of Pages : 64
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 621
  • Pdf File: the-natural-history-of-religion.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Hume's Natural History of Religion may, with his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion be held to mark the beginning of the Philosophy of Religion. Not so clearly a text illustrating modern technology—indeed in its own day it was regarded as skeptical and subversive—the Natural History is remarkably illustrative of the development of religious thought and is a brilliant philosophical contribution to the interpretation of religion.