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Generatingfunctionology

By Herbert S. Wilf
  • ISBN Code: : 1483276635
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 192
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Reads : 878
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : generatingfunctionology.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Generatingfunctionology provides information pertinent to generating functions and some of their uses in discrete mathematics. This book presents the power of the method by giving a number of examples of problems that can be profitably thought about from the point of view of generating functions. Organized into five chapters, this book begins with an overview of the basic concepts of a generating function. This text then discusses the different kinds of series that are widely used as generating functions. Other chapters explain how to make much more precise estimates of the sizes of the coefficients of power series based on the analyticity of the function that is represented by the series. This book discusses as well the applications of the theory of generating functions to counting problems. The final chapter deals with the formal aspects of the theory of generating functions. This book is a valuable resource for mathematicians and students.

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Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

The coin toss is really just a metaphor for a random event that has only two possible outcomes. The actual tossing of a real coin is just one way to realize such an event. There are many examples of questions that are equivalent to a coin toss. For example: Will the stock market close up or down tomorrow? Will a die roll come up with an even or odd number? Will we make contact with extraterrestrials within the next ten years? Will a car drive by in the next minute? Will tomorrow be sunny or cloudy? Will my medical test result be negative or positive? Will I enjoy this movie? Will the next joke be funny? Will the Earth's average temperature go up next year?Because a coin toss is equivalent to such a wide variety of questions, the results in this book are widely applicable.Because the coin toss is the simplest random event you can imagine, many questions about coin tossing can be asked and answered in great depth. The simplicity of the coin toss also opens the road to more advanced probability theories dealing with events with an infinite number of possible outcomes.This book is very mathematical. Some knowledge of calculus, discrete math, and generating functions is helpful to get the most out of it. A review of discrete math is provided in the index,

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Book Short Summary:

Combinatorial reciprocity is a very interesting phenomenon, which can be described as follows: A polynomial, whose values at positive integers count combinatorial objects of some sort, may give the number of combinatorial objects of a different sort when evaluated at negative integers (and suitably normalized). Such combinatorial reciprocity theorems occur in connections with graphs, partially ordered sets, polyhedra, and more. Using the combinatorial reciprocity theorems as a leitmotif, this book unfolds central ideas and techniques in enumerative and geometric combinatorics. Written in a friendly writing style, this is an accessible graduate textbook with almost 300 exercises, numerous illustrations, and pointers to the research literature. Topics include concise introductions to partially ordered sets, polyhedral geometry, and rational generating functions, followed by highly original chapters on subdivisions, geometric realizations of partially ordered sets, and hyperplane arrangements.

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Book Short Summary:

Introduction to Enumerative and Analytic Combinatorics fills the gap between introductory texts in discrete mathematics and advanced graduate texts in enumerative combinatorics. The book first deals with basic counting principles, compositions and partitions, and generating functions. It then focuses on the structure of permutations, graph enumeration, and extremal combinatorics. Lastly, the text discusses supplemental topics, including error-correcting codes, properties of sequences, and magic squares. Strengthening the analytic flavor of the book, this Second Edition: Features a new chapter on analytic combinatorics and new sections on advanced applications of generating functions Demonstrates powerful techniques that do not require the residue theorem or complex integration Adds new exercises to all chapters, significantly extending coverage of the given topics Introduction to Enumerative and Analytic Combinatorics, Second Edition makes combinatorics more accessible, increasing interest in this rapidly expanding field. Outstanding Academic Title of the Year, Choice magazine, American Library Association.

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Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics provides a comprehensive reference volume for mathematicians, computer scientists, engineers, as well as students and reference librarians. The material is presented so that key information can be located and used quickly and easily. Each chapter includes a glossary. Individual topics are covered in sections and subsections within chapters, each of which is organized into clearly identifiable parts: definitions, facts, and examples. Examples are provided to illustrate some of the key definitions, facts, and algorithms. Some curious and entertaining facts and puzzles are also included. Readers will also find an extensive collection of biographies. This second edition is a major revision. It includes extensive additions and updates. Since the first edition appeared in 1999, many new discoveries have been made and new areas have grown in importance, which are covered in this edition.

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Book Short Summary:

Charles Chihara's new book develops and defends a structural view of the nature of mathematics, and uses it to explain a number of striking features of mathematics that have puzzled philosophers for centuries. The view is used to show that, in order to understand how mathematical systems are applied in science and everyday life, it is not necessary to assume that its theorems either presuppose mathematical objects or are even true. Chihara builds upon his previous work, in which he presented a new system of mathematics, the constructibility theory, which did not make reference to, or presuppose, mathematical objects. Now he develops the project further by analysing mathematical systems currently used by scientists to show how such systems are compatible with this nominalistic outlook. He advances several new ways of undermining the heavily discussed indispensability argument for the existence of mathematical objects made famous by Willard Quine and Hilary Putnam. And Chihara presents a rationale for the nominalistic outlook that is quite different from those generally put forward, which he maintains have led to serious misunderstandings. A Structural Account of Mathematics will be required reading for anyone working in this field.

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  • Pdf File: a-course-in-enumeration.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Combinatorial enumeration is a readily accessible subject full of easily stated, but sometimes tantalizingly difficult problems. This book leads the reader in a leisurely way from basic notions of combinatorial enumeration to a variety of topics, ranging from algebra to statistical physics. The book is organized in three parts: Basics, Methods, and Topics. The aim is to introduce readers to a fascinating field, and to offer a sophisticated source of information for professional mathematicians desiring to learn more. There are 666 exercises, and every chapter ends with a highlight section, discussing in detail a particularly beautiful or famous result.

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  • Pdf File: the-art-and-craft-of-problem-solving.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Appealing to everyone from college-level majors to independent learners, The Art and Craft of Problem Solving, 3rd Edition introduces a problem-solving approach to mathematics, as opposed to the traditional exercises approach. The goal of The Art and Craft of Problem Solving is to develop strong problem solving skills, which it achieves by encouraging students to do math rather than just study it. Paul Zeitz draws upon his experience as a coach for the international mathematics Olympiad to give students an enhanced sense of mathematics and the ability to investigate and solve problems.

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  • Pdf File: combinatorics-and-graph-theory.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book evolved from several courses in combinatorics and graph theory given at Appalachian State University and UCLA. Chapter 1 focuses on finite graph theory, including trees, planarity, coloring, matchings, and Ramsey theory. Chapter 2 studies combinatorics, including the principle of inclusion and exclusion, generating functions, recurrence relations, Pólya theory, the stable marriage problem, and several important classes of numbers. Chapter 3 presents infinite pigeonhole principles, König's lemma, and Ramsey's theorem, and discusses their connections to axiomatic set theory. The text is written in an enthusiastic and lively style. It includes results and problems that cross subdisciplines, emphasizing relationships between different areas of mathematics. In addition, recent results appear in the text, illustrating the fact that mathematics is a living discipline. The text is primarily directed toward upper-division undergraduate students, but lower-division undergraduates with a penchant for proof and graduate students seeking an introduction to these subjects will also find much of interest.

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  • Total of Pages : 400
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  • Pdf File: complex-analysis.pdf

Book Short Summary:

With this second volume, we enter the intriguing world of complex analysis. From the first theorems on, the elegance and sweep of the results is evident. The starting point is the simple idea of extending a function initially given for real values of the argument to one that is defined when the argument is complex. From there, one proceeds to the main properties of holomorphic functions, whose proofs are generally short and quite illuminating: the Cauchy theorems, residues, analytic continuation, the argument principle. With this background, the reader is ready to learn a wealth of additional material connecting the subject with other areas of mathematics: the Fourier transform treated by contour integration, the zeta function and the prime number theorem, and an introduction to elliptic functions culminating in their application to combinatorics and number theory. Thoroughly developing a subject with many ramifications, while striking a careful balance between conceptual insights and the technical underpinnings of rigorous analysis, Complex Analysis will be welcomed by students of mathematics, physics, engineering and other sciences. The Princeton Lectures in Analysis represents a sustained effort to introduce the core areas of mathematical analysis while also illustrating the organic unity between them. Numerous examples and applications throughout its four planned volumes, of which Complex Analysis is the second, highlight the far-reaching consequences of certain ideas in analysis to other fields of mathematics and a variety of sciences. Stein and Shakarchi move from an introduction addressing Fourier series and integrals to in-depth considerations of complex analysis; measure and integration theory, and Hilbert spaces; and, finally, further topics such as functional analysis, distributions and elements of probability theory.

Combinatorial Algorithms

By Herbert S. Wilf
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : SIAM
  • Book Code : 9781611970166
  • Total of Pages : 53
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 168
  • Pdf File: combinatorial-algorithms.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A survey of some of the work that has been done since the appearance of the second edition of Combinatorial Algorithms. Topics include progress in: Gray Codes, listing of subsets of given size of a given universe, listing rooted and free trees, selecting free trees and unlabeled graphs uniformly at random, and ranking and unranking problems on unlabeled trees.

A Path to Combinatorics for Undergraduates

By Titu Andreescu,Zuming Feng
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 081768154X
  • Total of Pages : 228
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 933
  • Pdf File: a-path-to-combinatorics-for-undergraduates.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This unique approach to combinatorics is centered around unconventional, essay-type combinatorial examples, followed by a number of carefully selected, challenging problems and extensive discussions of their solutions. Topics encompass permutations and combinations, binomial coefficients and their applications, bijections, inclusions and exclusions, and generating functions. Each chapter features fully-worked problems, including many from Olympiads and other competitions, as well as a number of problems original to the authors; at the end of each chapter are further exercises to reinforce understanding, encourage creativity, and build a repertory of problem-solving techniques. The authors' previous text, "102 Combinatorial Problems," makes a fine companion volume to the present work, which is ideal for Olympiad participants and coaches, advanced high school students, undergraduates, and college instructors. The book's unusual problems and examples will interest seasoned mathematicians as well. "A Path to Combinatorics for Undergraduates" is a lively introduction not only to combinatorics, but to mathematical ingenuity, rigor, and the joy of solving puzzles.

Handbook of Enumerative Combinatorics

By Miklos Bona
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1482220865
  • Total of Pages : 1086
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 303
  • Pdf File: handbook-of-enumerative-combinatorics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Presenting the state of the art, the Handbook of Enumerative Combinatorics brings together the work of today’s most prominent researchers. The contributors survey the methods of combinatorial enumeration along with the most frequent applications of these methods. This important new work is edited by Miklós Bóna of the University of Florida where he is a member of the Academy of Distinguished Teaching Scholars. He received his Ph.D. in mathematics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1997. Miklós is the author of four books and more than 65 research articles, including the award-winning Combinatorics of Permutations. Miklós Bóna is an editor-in-chief for the Electronic Journal of Combinatorics and Series Editor of the Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications Series for CRC Press/Chapman and Hall. The first two chapters provide a comprehensive overview of the most frequently used methods in combinatorial enumeration, including algebraic, geometric, and analytic methods. These chapters survey generating functions, methods from linear algebra, partially ordered sets, polytopes, hyperplane arrangements, and matroids. Subsequent chapters illustrate applications of these methods for counting a wide array of objects. The contributors for this book represent an international spectrum of researchers with strong histories of results. The chapters are organized so readers advance from the more general ones, namely enumeration methods, towards the more specialized ones. Topics include coverage of asymptotic normality in enumeration, planar maps, graph enumeration, Young tableaux, unimodality, log-concavity, real zeros, asymptotic normality, trees, generalized Catalan paths, computerized enumeration schemes, enumeration of various graph classes, words, tilings, pattern avoidance, computer algebra, and parking functions. This book will be beneficial to a wide audience. It will appeal to experts on the topic interested in learning more about the finer points, readers interested in a systematic and organized treatment of the topic, and novices who are new to the field.

Algorithmics of Nonuniformity

By Micha Hofri,Hosam Mahmoud
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1498750729
  • Total of Pages : 570
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 296
  • Pdf File: algorithmics-of-nonuniformity.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Algorithmics of Nonuniformity is a solid presentation about the analysis of algorithms, and the data structures that support them. Traditionally, algorithmics have been approached either via a probabilistic view or an analytic approach. The authors adopt both approaches and bring them together to get the best of both worlds and benefit from the advantage of each approach. The text examines algorithms that are designed to handle general data—sort any array, find the median of any numerical set, and identify patterns in any setting. At the same time, it evaluates "average" performance, "typical" behavior, or in mathematical terms, the expectations of the random variables that describe their operations. Many exercises are presented, which are essential since they convey additional material complementing the content of the chapters. For this reason, the solutions are more than mere answers, but explain and expand upon related concepts, and motivate further work by the reader. Highlights: A unique book that merges probability with analysis of algorithms Approaches analysis of algorithms from the angle of uniformity Non-uniformity makes more realistic models of real-life scenarios possible Results can be applied to many applications Includes many exercises of various levels of difficulty About the Authors: Micha Hofri is a Professor of Computer Science, and former department head at Worcester Polytechnic Institute. He holds a Ph.D. of Industrial Engineering (1972), all from Technion, the Israel Institute of Technology. He has 39 publications in Mathematics. Hosam Mahmoud is a Professor at, the Department of Statistics at George Washington University in Washington D.C., where he used to be the former chair. He holds an Ph.D. in Computer Science from Ohio State University. He is on the editorial board of five academic journals.