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From Freedom Fighters to Terrorists

By Paige Whaley Eager
  • ISBN Code: : 1317132289
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Pages : 248
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 662
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : from-freedom-fighters-to-terrorists.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Women have participated in political violence throughout history, yet the concept of women as active proponents and perpetrators of political violence and terrorism is not widely accepted. Viewed as being forced by partners, sexually abused or brainwashed, the possibility of political motives is not often considered. Paige Whaley Eager addresses this to establish whether the stereotypical view is misplaced. She utilizes a framework to analyze women engaged in political violence in different contexts in order to examine structural variables, ideological goals of the organization and personal factors which contribute to involvement. Case study rich, this informative book provides an indispensable guide to examining women's role in left/right wing engagement, ethno-nationalist/separatist violence, guerrilla movements and suicide bombers.

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Read Also This Books

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Book Code : 178195447X
  • Total of Pages : 360
  • Category : Political Science
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  • Pdf File: counter-terrorism-human-rights-and-the-rule-of-law.pdf

Book Short Summary:

ŠA deep and thoughtful exploration of counter-terrorism written by leading commentators from around the globe. This book poses critical questions about the definition of terrorism, the role of human rights and the push by many governments for more secu

Terrorism: A Very Short Introduction

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 019253677X
  • Total of Pages : 185
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 659
  • Pdf File: terrorism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Is one person's terrorist another's freedom fighter? Is terrorism crime or war? Can there be a 'War on Terror'? For many, the terrorist attacks of September 2001 changed the face of the world, pushing terrorism to the top of political agendas, and leading to a series of world events including the war in Iraq and the invasion of Afghanistan. The recent terror attacks in various European cities have shown that terrorism remains a crucial issue today. Charting a clear path through the efforts to understand and explain modern terrorism, Charles Townshend examines the historical, ideological, and local roots of terrorist violence. Starting from the question of why terrorists find it so easy to seize public attention, this new edition analyses the emergence of terrorism as a political strategy, and discusses the objectives which have been pursued by users of this strategy from French revolutionaries to Islamic jihadists. Considering the kinds of groups and individuals who adopt terrorism, Townshend discusses the emergence of ISIS and the upsurge in individual suicide action, and explores the issues involved in finding a proportionate response to the threat they present, particularly by liberal democratic societies. Analysing the growing use of knives and other edged weapons in attacks, and the issue of 'cyberterror', Townshend details the use of counterterrorist measures, from control orders to drone strikes, including the Belgian and French responses to the Brussels, Paris, Nice, and Rouen attacks. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1439886881
  • Total of Pages : 258
  • Category : History
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  • Pdf File: the-geography-of-international-terrorism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

While geography is not the only factor to shape human behavior, its influence on terrorists motivations, behaviors, options, and activities is a primary consideration in understanding terrorism. Taking a different approach than many other books on terrorism, The Geography of International Terrorism: An Introduction to Spaces and Places of Violent

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Book Short Summary:

The recruitment of ISIS terrorists may have begun as an extremist crusade in Iraq, but it has quickly become a global phenomenon that is taking hold of people from diverse backgrounds, cultures, and belief systems. The iconic image of a terrorist as an old, angry, middle-eastern man is long gone. It has since been replaced by young men and women of all races and religious upbringings, in tactical gear and ski masks, carrying heavy artillery. From the outside looking into the Islamic State, most people see these men and women as nothing more than evil terrorists with a psychotic penchant for violence. Internally, they perceive themselves as freedom fighters or mujahedeen, who violate the laws of men to protect their community according to the will of Allah. Ultimately, neither of these perceptions are based in reality. While some experts claim that terrorist recruitment is completely random, criminologist Kimberly Mehlman-Orozco has identified clear patterns which can be used to explain how regular people are being conscripted into terrorism. Using interviews with convicted terrorists, in-depth research and analysis of extremist propaganda, and case-specific details, Dr. Mehlman-Orozco provides nuanced theories into the methods of terrorist recruitment—methods which can be used to identify persons at high risk of being targeted.The Jihadi Next Door provides unprecedented information that can be used to actually combat terrorism. By laying bare the tactics used by ISIS to deceive and exploit new recruits and exposing the veneer these extremists operate under, Dr. Mehlman-Orozco hopes to empower readers with the knowledge needed to prevent future recruitment and thereby preventing acts of terrorism.

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 1849045941
  • Total of Pages : 176
  • Category : Political Science
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  • Pdf File: the-arabs-at-war-in-afghanistan.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A former senior mujahidin figure and an ex-counter-terrorism analyst cooperating to write a book on the history and legacy of Arab-Afghan fighters in Afghanistan is a remarkable and improbable undertaking. Yet this is what Mustafa Hamid, aka Abu Walid al-Masri, and Leah Farrall have achieved with the publication of their ground-breaking work. The result of thousands of hours of discussions over several years, The Arabs at War in Afghanistan offers significant new insights into the history of many of today's militant Salafi groups and movements. By revealing the real origins of the Taliban and al-Qaeda and the jostling among the various jihadi groups, this account not only challenges conventional wisdom, but also raises uncomfortable questions as to how events from this important period have been so badly misconstrued.

What Terrorists Want

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Random House
  • Book Code : 1588365549
  • Total of Pages : 336
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 200
  • Pdf File: what-terrorists-want.pdf

Book Short Summary:

“This is at the top of my list for best books on terrorism.”–Jessica Stern, author of Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill How can the most powerful country in the world feel so threatened by an enemy infinitely weaker than we are? How can loving parents and otherwise responsible citizens join terrorist movements? How can anyone possibly believe that the cause of Islam can be advanced by murdering passengers on a bus or an airplane? In this important new book, groundbreaking scholar Louise Richardson answers these questions and more, providing an indispensable guide to the greatest challenge of our age. After defining–once and for all–what terrorism is, Richardson explores its origins, its goals, what’s to come, and what is to be done about it. Having grown up in rural Ireland and watched her friends join the Irish Republican Army, Richardson knows from firsthand experience how terrorism can both unite and destroy a community. As a professor at Harvard, she has devoted her career to explaining terrorist movements throughout history and around the globe. From the biblical Zealots to the medieval Islamic Assassins to the anarchists who infiltrated the cities of Europe and North America at the turn of the last century, terrorists have struck at enemies far more powerful than themselves with targeted acts of violence. Yet Richardson understands that terrorists are neither insane nor immoral. Rather, they are rational political actors who often deploy carefully calibrated tactics in a measured and reasoned way. What is more, they invariably go to great lengths to justify their actions to themselves, their followers, and, often, the world. Richardson shows that the nature of terrorism did not change after the attacks of September 11, 2001; what changed was our response. She argues that the Bush administration’ s “global war on terror” was doomed to fail because of an ignorance of history, a refusal to learn from the experience of other governments, and a fundamental misconception about how and why terrorists act. As an alternative, Richardson offers a feasible strategy for containing the terrorist threat and cutting off its grassroots support. The most comprehensive and intellectually rigorous account of terrorism yet, What Terrorists Want is a daring intellectual tour de force that allows us, at last, to reckon fully with this major threat to today’s global order.

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  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Book Code : 1101572353
  • Total of Pages : 336
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  • Pdf File: the-tyranny-of-clichés.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The bestselling author of Liberal Fascism dismantles the progressive myths that are passed-off as wisdom in our schools, media and politics. According to Jonah Goldberg, if the greatest trick the Devil ever pulled was convincing the world he didn’t exist, the greatest trick liberals ever pulled was convincing themselves that they’re not ideological. Today, “objective” journalists, academics and “moderate” politicians peddle some of the most radical arguments by hiding them in homespun aphorisms. Barack Obama casts himself as a disciple of reason and sticks to one refrain above all others: he’s a pragmatist, opposed to the ideology and dogma of the right, solely concerned with “what works.” And today’s liberals follow his lead, spouting countless clichés such as: One man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter: Sure, if the other man is an idiot. Was Martin Luther King Jr. a terrorist? Was Bin Laden a freedom fighter? Violence never solves anything: Really? It solved our problems with the British empire and ended slavery. Better ten guilty men go free than one innocent man suffer: So you won’t mind if those ten guilty men move next door to you? Diversity is strength: Cool.The NBA should have a quota for midgets and one-legged point guards! We need complete separation of church and state: In other words all expressions of faith should be barred from politics …except when they support liberal programs. With humor and passion, Goldberg dismantles these and many other Trojan Horses that liberals use to cheat in the war of ideas. He shows that the grand Progressive tradition of denying an ideological agenda while pursuing it vigorously under the false-flag of reasonableness is alive and well. And he reveals how this dangerous game may lead us further down the path of self-destruction.

The Animal Liberation Front

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  • Publisher : Lantern Books
  • Book Code : 1590562712
  • Total of Pages : 126
  • Category : Nature
  • Members : 728
  • Pdf File: the-animal-liberation-front.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The actions of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) constitute one of the most misunderstood components of the animal advocacy movement in the U.K. and U.S. Not so much an organization as an ever-changing cluster of individuals who free animals from laboratories, farms, and other animal-confinement facilities, the ALF has been by turns romanticized and vilified, hounded and lionized. In this detailed introduction to the ALF, which constitutes the opening chapter of their edited volume, Terrorists or Freedom Fighters?, academics Steve Best and Anthony Nocella place the ALF in the context of other liberation and social justice movements and examine its stated commitment to nonviolence and the forces arrayed against it. The result is a potent, polemical, and passionately engaged study of activism in an age of terror laws and fearmongering.

The Terrorist's Dilemma

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  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Book Code : 1400848644
  • Total of Pages : 352
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 700
  • Pdf File: the-terrorist-s-dilemma.pdf

Book Short Summary:

How do terrorist groups control their members? Do the tools groups use to monitor their operatives and enforce discipline create security vulnerabilities that governments can exploit? The Terrorist's Dilemma is the first book to systematically examine the great variation in how terrorist groups are structured. Employing a broad range of agency theory, historical case studies, and terrorists' own internal documents, Jacob Shapiro provocatively discusses the core managerial challenges that terrorists face and illustrates how their political goals interact with the operational environment to push them to organize in particular ways. Shapiro provides a historically informed explanation for why some groups have little hierarchy, while others resemble miniature firms, complete with line charts and written disciplinary codes. Looking at groups in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America, he highlights how consistent and widespread the terrorist's dilemma--balancing the desire to maintain control with the need for secrecy--has been since the 1880s. Through an analysis of more than a hundred terrorist autobiographies he shows how prevalent bureaucracy has been, and he utilizes a cache of internal documents from al-Qa'ida in Iraq to outline why this deadly group used so much paperwork to handle its people. Tracing the strategic interaction between terrorist leaders and their operatives, Shapiro closes with a series of comparative case studies, indicating that the differences in how groups in the same conflict approach their dilemmas are consistent with an agency theory perspective. The Terrorist's Dilemma demonstrates the management constraints inherent to terrorist groups and sheds light on specific organizational details that can be exploited to more efficiently combat terrorist activity.

Examining Political Violence

By David Lowe,Austin T. Turk,Dilip K. Das
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1466588217
  • Total of Pages : 408
  • Category : Computers
  • Members : 945
  • Pdf File: examining-political-violence.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Security is undermined worldwide from political dissident activity and acts of terrorism targeted at innocent victims with no relation to the offenders. This political violence and terrorism plagues all continents and does not originate solely from jihadist groups. With a view towards developing more effective measures of prevention and resolution, Examining Political Violence: Studies of Terrorism, Counterterrorism, and Internal War examines political violence in various national and international settings. A collection of works, some previously published as articles in the journal Police Practice and Research, the book provides both conceptual analysis and case studies, exploring historical and sociopolitical contexts of conflicts in order to help readers better understand these themes. Divided into three parts, the book begins by defining the concepts of terrorism and radicalization. It discusses countering terrorism through intelligence gathering, examines how a multiagency approach is necessary to be prepared for terrorist acts, and examines different policing models. It discusses the experiences of policing agencies’ investigations into terrorist groups, and examines the targeting of police officers by terrorist groups. Specifying the historical and sociopolitical contexts of conflicts is essential for understanding these themes. Control policies must be grounded in empirical realities, not ideological preferences or aversions. Bringing together theoretical concepts examined through operational and empirical findings, the book is written by academics researching the areas as well as practitioners working in the fields of counterterrorism and political violence. The conclusions drawn from these findings may assist in combating terrorism and political violence around the world.

Terrorism Versus Democracy

By Paul Wilkinson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136835458
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 142
  • Pdf File: terrorism-versus-democracy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book examines the terrorist networks that operate globally and analyses the long-term future of terrorism and terrorist-backed insurgencies. Terrorism remains a serious problem for the international community. The global picture does not indicate that the ‘war on terror’, which President George W. Bush declared in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, has been won. On the other hand it would be incorrect to assume that Al Qaeda, its affiliates and other jihadi groups have won their so-called ‘holy war’ against the Coalition against Terrorism formed after 9/11. This new edition gives more attention to the political and strategic impact of modern transnational terrorism, the need for maximum international cooperation by law-abiding states to counter not only direct threats to the safety and security of their own citizens but also to preserve international peace and security through strengthening counter-proliferation and cooperative threat reduction (CTR). This book is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students of terrorism studies, political science and international relations, as well as for policy makers and journalists.

Psychology of Terrorists

By Raymond H. Hamden
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1351643169
  • Total of Pages : 142
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 183
  • Pdf File: psychology-of-terrorists.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Psychology of Terrorists examines the personality profile of the individual and categorizes the psychology of terrorists into four distinct profiles which are outlined and analyzed in detail. There are many books that cover social psychology and political violence and aggression, but few establish the mind-set of the terrorist as an individual. This includes taking into account personal experiences, and religious or political ideology for the purposes of understanding conceptual and tactical objectives and profiling terrorists to counter terrorist threats. Dr. Raymond Hamden presents a unique look at terrorists as individuals with personal motives as well as those of principle. The book presents an analysis of terrorists without prejudice or bias for any political, religious, nationality, creed, or race. Too many times the world see experts focus on issues that are based on their own predispositions or partialities. Although there is criticism on the reliability of profiling, this research demonstrates validity and reliability. It is vital to understand terrorist motivations and this can only be achieved by "knowing" the terrorists' psychological character, looking at the individual terrorist, taking into account particular experiences, psychological makeup, background, and fundamentalist ideology. The Psychology of Terrorists: Profiling and CounterAction will be a welcomed addition to psychologists, terrorism researchers, criminal profilers, investigators and intelligence professionals, counter- and anti-terrorism experts, as well as military, security, and law enforcement professionals tasked with protecting individuals from the various acts of terrorism, domestically and globally.

The Animals’ Freedom Fighter

By Jon Hochschartner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Book Code : 1476627460
  • Total of Pages : 216
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 709
  • Pdf File: the-animals-freedom-fighter.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Founded in the 1970s and today active in more than 40 countries, the Animal Liberation Front has in recent years been considered a domestic terrorist group by both the FBI and the Southern Poverty Law Center—despite the ALF’s official stance of nonviolence. A clandestine, phantom cell organization, the ALF has functioned as a sort of Underground Railroad for captive animals, executing raids and attacks on animal testing facilities. Yet little has been written about the group or its founder. With unprecedented access by the author, this book tells the story of Ronnie Lee, the unassuming British activist who launched an extremist movement that continues to use intimidation and economic sabotage to advance its cause.

Terrorism: The Basics

By James Lutz,Brenda J Lutz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136833145
  • Total of Pages : 192
  • Category : History
  • Members : 570
  • Pdf File: terrorism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Terrorism: The Basics is an ideal starting point for anyone interested in one of the most discussed, written about and analysed aspects of modern life. Common misconceptions are dispelled as the authors provide clear and jargon-free answers to the big questions: What does terrorism involve? Who can be classified as a terrorist? What are terrorists trying to achieve? Who are the supporters of terrorism? Can there ever be an end to terrorist activity? These questions and more are answered with reference to contemporary groups and situations allowing readers to relate theory to what they have seen on the news. Written with clarity and insight, this book is the perfect first book on terrorism for students of all levels.

Terrorism in America

By Robin Maria Valeri,Kevin Borgeson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1315455994
  • Total of Pages : 244
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 207
  • Pdf File: terrorism-in-america.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Offering a fresh perspective on the changing face of terror attacks, Terrorism in America focuses on domestic groups, examining the beliefs, actions, and impacts of American-based terrorists and terror organizations. Editors Robin Valeri and Kevin Borgeson and their contributors draw on theories from criminology, psychology, and sociology to explore the ideologies of right-wing, left-wing, and extremist religious groups—how and why they convert followers, recruit financially, and take extreme action against others. No competing text offers such in-depth and nuanced coverage of the radical ideologies behind these attacks, or the ensuing fear domestic terrorism creates, as well as the strategies to combat violent extremism. A core text for domestic terrorism courses and an excellent supplement for any counterterrorism or homeland security course, Terrorism in America brings its singular focus to the growth and evolution of terrorism in the United States. Interviews, case studies from the field, and chapter themes make this a highly readable text for criminal justice, psychology, sociology, and homeland security students, professors, or practitioners.

Harbour Terror

By Steve Ahern
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Trafford Publishing
  • Book Code : 1425156118
  • Total of Pages : 200
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 501
  • Pdf File: harbour-terror.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Terrorists and spies infiltrate Luke's ordinary teenage life as he is drawn into a fanatical plot to kill the heir to Britain's throne and blow up one of Sydney's greatest icons. When Luke volunteered as an announcer on a community radio show he could never have known he world become part of events that could destroy his whole way of life. Terrorist or freedom fighters? Is the media a pawn or a player in the game of international politics? Luke discovers things are not always black and white as he struggles to work out which side is right. The twists and turns in this story, as Luke discovers there is always a bigger picture than you can see at the time, lead him into a web of espionage while he struggles to come to terms with his anger and adolescence.

The Mind of the Terrorist

By Jerrold M. Post
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : St. Martin's Press
  • Book Code : 0230608590
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 524
  • Pdf File: the-mind-of-the-terrorist.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In contrast to the widely held assumption that terrorists as crazed fanatics, Jerrold Post demonstrates they are psychologically "normal" and that "hatred has been bred in the bone". He reveals the powerful motivations that drive these ordinary people to such extraordinary evil by exploring the different types of terrorists, from national-separatists like the Irish Republican Army to social revolutionary terrorists like the Shining Path, as well as religious extremists like al-Qaeda and Aum Shinrikyo. In The Mind of the Terrorist, Post uses his expertise to explain how the terrorist mind works and how this information can help us to combat terrorism more effectively.

The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research

By Alex P. Schmid
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136810390
  • Total of Pages : 736
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 862
  • Pdf File: the-routledge-handbook-of-terrorism-research.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This major new Handbook synthesises more than two decades of scholarly research, and provides a comprehensive overview of the field of terrorism studies. The content of the Handbook is based on the responses to a questionnaire by nearly 100 experts from more than 20 countries as well as the specific expertise and experience of the volume editor and the various contributors. Together, they guide the reader through the voluminous literature on terrorism, and propose a new consensus definition of terrorism, based on an extensive review of existing conceptualisations. The work also features a large collection of typologies and surveys a wide range of theories of terrorism. Additional chapters survey terrorist databases and provide a guide to available resources on terrorism in libraries and on the Internet. It also includes the most comprehensive World Directory of Extremist, Terrorist and other Organizations associated with Guerrilla Warfare, Political Violence, Protest and Organized- and Cyber-Crime. The Routledge Handbook of Terrorism Research will be an essential work of reference for students and researchers of terrorism and political violence, security studies, criminology, political science and international relations, and of great interest to policymakers and professionals in the field of counter-terrorism.

Islamic Terrorism, Myth and Reality

By Mahmoud Refaat
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : The European Institute for International Law and International Relations www.eiir.eu
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 210
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 938
  • Pdf File: islamic-terrorism-myth-and-reality.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Terrorism is an extremely complex set of phenomena, covering a great diversity of groups with different origins and causes. The statements researchers have identified more than 200 definitions of terrorism but failed to agree on anyone and one person’s terrorist is another person’s freedom fighters have become cliches. However, there is a growing consensus among researchers as well as among governments about the core meaning of the concept of terrorism. Most agree that terrorism is a set of methods or strategies of combat rather than an identifiable ideology or movement, and that terrorism involves premeditated use of violence against (at least primarily) non-combatants in order to achieve a psychological effect of fear on others than the immediate targets. However, beyond this core meaning of terrorism, there is heated disagreement regarding the delimitation of the phenomenon of terrorism, and particularly when it comes down to which specific groups or violent campaigns should be included or excluded under the label ‘terrorism’. Some definitions specifically exclude state actors as possible terrorists, whereas others include states. Some definitions restrict the notion of terrorism to attacks on civilians only, whereas other definitions would include military and police targets under non-war conditions. Some limit terrorisms to violent acts with a political purpose, whereas others also include terrorism for criminal purposes. Most definitions (implicitly or explicitly) consider terrorism as an illegitimate method, irrespective of its political goals or purposes. However, a few (rather exceptional) definitions specifically claim that armed struggle for certain just purposes is legitimate, irrespective of means. The emerging consensus, however, is that terrorism is primarily an extremism of means, not one of ends. Twentieth-century terrorism has come of age. In Britain, children of this age of terrorism are old enough to exercise their franchise. It was in the mid-1960s that the word itself began to gain (or. very retrospectively, to regain) international headline currency: around 1964, when the Palestine Liberation Organisation came into being, as an umbrella organisation for the previously disparate radical Palestinian groupings.

Why Women Rebel

By Alexis Leanna Henshaw
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1315456591
  • Total of Pages : 133
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 135
  • Pdf File: why-women-rebel.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Why Women Rebel presents a global analysis of the extent to which women are engaged in armed, organized rebellions, and why they choose to join such rebellions. Henshaw has collected and analyzed data on women’s participation in over 70 post-Cold War rebel groups. The book provides a theoretical analysis drawing upon both mainstream literature in the social sciences and critical, feminist inquiry on women and political violence to offer a new gendered theory on why women rebel. The book reveals that women are active in over half of all rebel groups sampled and that, while the majority of rebel groups have women serving in support roles away from direct combat, approximately a third of these groups employ women in the conduct of armed attacks, and just over a quarter have women in a leadership capacity. Henshaw reaffirms the idea that women are more likely to be engaged in left-wing political organizations, but does suggest that more conservative or traditional movements may also successfully incorporate women by appealing to concerns about community rights. Addressing several gaps in the current literature on this topic, this book will be of interest to academics in the fields of political science, international relations, security studies, and gender and women’s studies.

Battle Sight Zero

By Gerald Seymour
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Hodder & Stoughton
  • Book Code : 1473663520
  • Total of Pages : 448
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 705
  • Pdf File: battle-sight-zero.pdf

Book Short Summary:

'Seymour produces the most intelligent writing in the thriller genre' Financial Times *** From the author of Harry's Game - A Sunday Times '100 best crime novels and thrillers since 1945' pick The Kalashnikov AK47. A weapon with a unique image. A symbol of freedom fighters and terrorists across the globe. Undercover officer Andy Knight has infiltrated an extremist group intent on bringing the rifle to Britain - something MI5 have been struggling for years to prevent. He befriends Zeinab, the young Muslim student from Yorkshire who is at the centre of the plot. All Zeinab needs to do is travel to the impoverished high-rise estates of Marseilles and bring one rifle home on a test run. Then many more will follow - and with them would come killing on an horrendous scale. Zeinab is both passionate and attractive, and though Andy knows that the golden rule of undercover work is not to get emotionally attached to the target, sometimes rules are impossible to follow. Supremely suspenseful, Battle Sight Zero follows Andy and Zeinab to the lethal badlands of the French port city, simultaneously tracking the extraordinary life journey of the blood-soaked weapon they are destined to be handed there.

Women, Terrorism, and Trauma in Italian Culture

By R. Glynn
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137341998
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 421
  • Pdf File: women-terrorism-and-trauma-in-italian-culture.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Addressing cultural representations of women's participation in the political violence and terrorism of the Italian anni di piombo ('years of lead', c. 1969-83), this book conceptualizes Italy's experience of political violence during those years as a form of cultural and collective trauma.

Inside Insurgency

By Claire Metelits
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  • Publisher : NYU Press
  • Book Code : 9780814796092
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 127
  • Pdf File: inside-insurgency.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Once considered nationalists, many insurgent groups are now labeled as terrorists and thought to endanger not just their own people, but the world. As the unprecedented trends in political violence among insurgents have taken shape, and as hundreds of thousands of civilians continue to be displaced, brutalized, and killed, Inside Insurgency provides startling insights that help to explain the nature of insurgent behavior. Claire Metelits draws from over 100 interviews with insurgent soldiers, commanders, government officials, scholars, and civilians in Sudan, Kenya, Colombia, Turkey, and Iraq, offering a new understanding of insurgent group behavior and providing compelling and intimate portraits of the SPLA, FARC, and PKK. The engaging narratives that emerge from her on-the-ground fieldwork provide incredibly valuable and accurate first-hand documentation of the tactics of some of the world’s most notorious insurgent groups. Inside Insurgency offers the reader a timely and intimate understanding of these movements, and explains the changing behavior of insurgent groups toward the civilians they claim to represent.

Understanding Lone Actor Terrorism

By Michael Fredholm
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317328612
  • Total of Pages : 312
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 565
  • Pdf File: understanding-lone-actor-terrorism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume examines the lone actor terrorist phenomenon, including the larger societal trends which may or may not have led to their acts of terrorism. With lone actor terrorism becoming an increasingly common threat, the contributors to this volume aim to answer the following questions: What drives the actions of individuals who become lone actor terrorists? Are ideological and cultural issues key factors, or are personal psychological motives more useful in assessing the threat? Do lone actors evolve in a broader social context or are they primarily fixated loners? What response strategies are available to security services and law enforcement? What is the future outlook for this particular terrorist threat? Although these issues are frequently discussed, few books have taken a global perspective as their primary focus. While many books focus on lone actor terrorists in relation to terrorist groups, such as Al-Qaida and the Islamic State, few, if any, cover lone actors of all ideological backgrounds, including the variants of active shooters and malicious insiders in information security, such as Edward Snowden – with both of these latter categories constituting an important variant of lone actors. Utilising the expertise of academics and practitioners, the volume offers a valuable multidisciplinary perspective. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism and counter-terrorism, political violence, criminology, security studies and IR.

Radicalization

By Melissa Dearey
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1135193355
  • Total of Pages : 294
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 507
  • Pdf File: radicalization.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Expanding the influence of auto/biography studies into cultural criminology, Radicalization: The Life Writings of Political Prisoners addresses the origins, processes and cultures of terrorist criminality and political resistance in a globalized world. Criminologists and penologists have long been aware of the sheer volume of autobiography emerging from our prisons. Political prisoners, POWs, freedom fighters and terrorists have been consistently and strongly represented in this corpus of work, including such authors as Bobby Sands, Wole Soyinka, Nelson Mandela, Moazzam Begg, Ngugi wa Thiong’o, Angela Davis, George Jackson, and Aung San Suu Kyi among others. For many of those who have been detained for ostensibly politically motivated crimes, life writing has proven to be indispensable in explaining the causes and processes which account for their situation. Embedded with these life writings are narratives of radicalization or resistance. Melissa Dearey here undertakes an international and comparative analysis of such narratives, where the 'life story' is considered as a mode of expressing and transmitting 'radical' cultural values.

Women in Modern Terrorism

By Jessica Davis
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  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Book Code : 1442274999
  • Total of Pages : 192
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 731
  • Pdf File: women-in-modern-terrorism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Drawing from a unique dataset compiled over a decade, this text examines why women join terrorist organizations and why groups choose to incorporate them into their structures and operations, covering both religious and ethno-nationalist-motivated terrorism and conflict.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Second Edition

By Gus Martin
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  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Book Code : 1483305643
  • Total of Pages : 720
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 159
  • Pdf File: the-sage-encyclopedia-of-terrorism-second-edition.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Six years after publication of the first edition of the best-selling Encyclopedia of Terrorism, much has changed on the national security scene. Despite the dark promises of Osama bin Laden following the 9/11 attacks, the United States has not experienced any major domestic terror incidents. Al-Qaeda itself is believed to be a severely crippled organization. But while U.S. wars in Afghanistan and Iraq--not to mention the arrival of the Obama administration, a new balance of power within Congress, and an increasingly fragile economic picture--have significantly affected the national security picture, the threat of economic chaos and massive loss of life due to terror attacks has not abated. Indeed, in July 2008 analysts pointed out that even a relatively small terrorist organization could present a dire threat, with some experts arguing that a biological, chemical, or even nuclear attack on a major U.S. city is all but inevitable. In this highly charged, rapidly shifting environment, we are pleased to present the The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Second Edition, a thoroughly updated and expanded edition of the original, highly regarded reference work. Nearly 100,000 words of new material will be added, along with fully updated original entries, and expanded coverage. New introductory essays will explore the impact of terrorism on economics, public health, religion, and even pop culture. Ethical issues such as the role of torture in interrogations, competing notions of security versus liberty, and the debates over FISA legislation and Guantanamo Bay will also be covered. Two dozen entries on significant recent events—such as the London bombings, Chechen attacks on Russian interests, and the rescue of Ingrid Bettancourt—and some 60 additional new entries will restore the work as an up-to-the-minute, natural first-stop for researchers.

Intervention, Terrorism, and Torture

By Steven P. Lee
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1402046782
  • Total of Pages : 323
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 562
  • Pdf File: intervention-terrorism-and-torture.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book asks whether just war theory and its rules for determining when war is justified remains adequate to the challenges posed by contemporary developments. Some argue that the nature of contemporary war makes these rules obsolete. By carefully examining the phenomena of intervention, terrorism, and torture from a number of different perspectives, the essays in this book explore this complex set of issues with insight and clarity.

Dynamics of Global Terrorism

By Dr. Ashok Kuma
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  • Publisher : K.K. Publications
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 478
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 961
  • Pdf File: dynamics-of-global-terrorism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Book Summary This book on Dynamics of Global Terrorism covers the various aspects of global terrorism. The problem of terrorism is not a recent one but is as old as human civilization. It deals with the problem of terrorism which is a complex problem having international dimensions and is affecting the international relations of the countries in recent times. Terrorism is considered as a method whereby organized groups seek to achieve its vowed in chiefly through the systematic use of violence. The book discusses the gravity of the problem of terrorism both at the National as well as International level, a profile of ‘terrorists’ and terrorist’s organizations, weapons used by terrorists, designated and non-designated terrorist organizations, legal principles against terrorism. The book also discusses the concept of terrorism, the definition of terrorism, causes and effects of terrorism, kinds and methodology of terrorism, the global scenario of terrorism and efforts to combat, terrorism in India specially the issue of Kashmir and North-East states. Insurgency and Naxalism in some parts of the country, statutory safeguards for prevention, control and abatement of terrorism, terrorism vis a vis human rights violation, the role of the judiciary in combating terrorism and for the prevention, control and abatement of terrorism menace. Some suggestions are also offered:- such as the launching of a national campaign for eradication of terrorism, formulation of a special national law on terrorism, organization of the comprehensive and integrated system of security, national awakening about terrorism and terrorists, formulation of citizen security bill, the introduction of national identity cards for citizens, implementation of national e-governance grid, accelerated development of terrorist affected zones, employment to the youth in terrorist affected areas, mobilization of the public in the fight against terrorism, the establishment of peace missions, posting of honest and brave officers in terrorists affected areas and sufficient coordination between enforcement and intelligence agencies. Table of Contents Chapter-I INTRODUCTION 31-50 A. Historical Perspective B. Problem of Terrorism at Global Level 1. the Terrorism Sponsoring States 2. Terrorism Affected States 3. Gravity and Extent of Problem of Terrorism4. Profile of Terrorist Organisations (a) Designated Foreign Terrorist Organisations (i) Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (ii) Kach and Kahane Chain (iii) Kurdistan Worker’s Party (iv) Abu Nidal Organsiation (v) Abu Sayyaf Group (vi) Armed Islamic Group (vii) Aum Supreme Truth (viii) HAMAS (ix) AL-Gama’a AL-Islamiyya (x) Basque Fatherland and Liberty (xi) Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (xii) Japanese Red Army (xiii) Hizbulla (Party of God) (xiv) Harkat-Ul-Mujahideen (xv) Al-Jihad (xvi) Mujahideen-e-Khalg Organisation (xvii) National Liberation Army (xviii) The Palestine Islamic Jihad (xix) The Palestine Liberation Front (xx) Popular Front for Liberation of Palestine (xxi) Al-Qaida (xxii) Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine General Command (xxiii) Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (xxiv) Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party/Front (xxv) Revolutionary People’s Struggle (xxvi) Sendero Luminoso (SL) (xxvii) Tapac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (xxviii) Revolutionary Organization 17 November (17N) (xxiv) Revolutionary Nuccelep (RN). (xxv) Shiping Path (SP). (xxvi) United Self-Defence Force of Colmbia (AUC). (xxvii) Ansar al-Sunnah. (xxviii) Asbat al- Ansar. (xxix) Aum Shinrikyqo. (xxx) Jamat-ud-Dawa (b) Non-Designated Foreign Terrorist Organsiations (i) Alex Boncayao Brigade (ii) Army for the Liberation of Rwanda (iii) Irish Republican Army (iv) First of October Anifascist Resistance Group (v) Jaish-e-Mohammed (vi) Lashkar-e-Tayyba (vii) Loyalist Volunteer Forces (viii) New People’s Army (ix) Organe Volunteers (x) Real I.R.A. (xi) Red Hand Defenders (xii) Revolutionary United Front 5. Background of Terrorist (i) Age (ii) Sex (iii) Education (iv) Marital Status (v) Origin 6. Weapons used by Terrorists (i) Nomenclature of the Weapons (ii) Cost of Weapons and Explosives41 C. Problem of Terrorism at National Level 1. Origin of Terrorism in India. 2. Gravity of Problem of Terrorism. 3. Terrorist Organisations. D. Legal Principles against Terrorism 1. International Legal Principles 2. National Principles E. Review Chapter-II MEANING AND DEFINITION OF TERRORISM 51-84 A. Introduction B. Meaning and Definition of Terrorism 1. Concept of Terrorism (i) Terrorism (ii) Terrorists (iii) Terror 2. Defining “Terrorism” (i) General Definition of Terrorism (ii) International Definition of Terrorism (iii) Definition of Terrorism given by International Jurists/ Eminent and Noted Persons (iv) Definition given in Some Dictionaries & Websites (v) Definition given by Some States (vi) Definition given in Various Laws (vii) Confusion and Controversies C Terrorism and Other Related Terms 1. Related Terms (i) Militancy (ii) Extremism (iii) Insurgency (iv) Revolutionary (v) Mercenary 2. Distinction between Terrorism and Other Terms (i) Terrorism and Insurgency (a)National and International (b)Operations and Planning (c) Authoritative and Non-Authoritative Ideology (d) Geographical Locations : Urban-Rural (ii) Militancy and Terrorism (iii) Terrorism and Guerrilla iv) Guerrilla and Insurgency (v) Terrorist and Freedom Fighter (a)Objectivity and Goals (b) Nature and Intention (c) Scope and Area (d) Colonialism and Decolonialism (vi) Terrorists and Soldiers (vii) Terrorists and Criminals D. Review Chapter-III CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF TERRORISM 85-100 A. Introduction B. Factors Responsible for Origin of Terrorism (i) Socio-Economic Factors (a) Unemployment (b) Illiteracy (c) Poverty (d) Homelessness, Desperation and Lack of Opportunities (e) Wrong Policies of the Government (f) Accumulation of Wealth in Few Hands (g) Deprivation of Basic Rights and Violation of Fundamental Freedoms (ii) Political Factors (iii)Regional Disparities C. Emergence of Global Terrorism : Root Causes (a) Soft State (b) No Action against the States-Sponsoring Terrorism (c) Double Standards (d) Non-Implementation of U.N. Principles (e) Powerless Police and Security-Agencies D. Effects of Terrorism (i) Political Effects (ii) Economic Effects (iii) Social Effects E. Review Chapter-IV KINDS AND MODUS OPERANDI OF TERRORISM 101-140 A. Introduction B. Terrorism : Different Kinds (i) International Terrorism (ii) State Terrorism (iii) State-sponsoring Terrorism (a) Iran (b) Iraq (c) Syria (d) Libya (e) Cuba (f) North Korea (g) Sudan (iv) Regional Terrorism (v) Fanatic Terrorism (vi) Narco-Terrorism (vii) Urban Terrorism (viii) Domestic Terrorism (ix) Political Terrorism (x) Suicidal Terrorism (xi) Chemical and Biological Terrorism (xii) Nuclear Terrorism (xiii) Ideological Terrorism (xiv) Cross-border Terrorism C. Modes Operandi of Terrorists (i) Hijacking (ii) Kidnapping (iii) Assassination (iv) Bombing (a) Letter Bomb (b) Parcel Bomb (c) Suitcase Bomb (d) Shopping Bag Bomb (e) Car Bomb (v) Human Bomb (vi) Travelling and Mobility (vii) Explosives (viii) Hand grenades (ix) Hideout (x) Communication (xi) Identity cards (xii) Finance (xiii) Extortion, Robbery and Theft D. Review Chapter-V GLOBAL TERRORISM 141-183 A. Introduction B. Problem of Terrorism in Various Countries 1. Pakistan (i) General (ii) Terrorist Groups (iii) Religious Schools (iv) Jehad (v) Inter-Service Intelligence (ISI) (vi) Al-Qaida and Taliban 2. Bangladesh (i) General (ii) Terrorist Activities 3. Sri Lanka (i) General (ii) Origin and Composition of LTTE (iii) Major Strikes 4. United States of America (USA) (i) General (ii) Gravity of Problem of Terrorism (iii) Incidents of Terrorists Attacks 5. Afghanistan (i) General (a) Meaning of Taliban (ii) Role of Al-Qaida and Taliban (iii) Major Strikes 6. Chechnya (i) General (ii) Proxy war between Chechnya and Russia (iii) Chechen Warlord Shamil Basayev (iv) Major Terrorist Attacks 7. Russia (i) General (ii) Major Incidents 8. Israel-Palestine (i) General (ii) Role of Sheik Ahmed Yasin (iii) Key Incidents 9. Lebanon-Israel (i) General (ii) Major Strikes 10. United Kingdom (U.K.) (i) General (ii) Role of IRA (iii) Major Incidents 11. Tajikistan (i) General (ii) Terrorist Strikes 12. Uzbekistan (i) General (ii) Terrorist Attacks 13. Spain (i) General (ii) Major Terrorist Incidents 14. Algeria (i) General (ii) Gravity of Problem of Terrorism 15. Georgia (i) General (ii) Key Incidents 16. Armenia (i) General (ii) Key Incidents 17. Azerbaijan (i) General 18. Other States C. Legal Principles against International Terrorism (i)General 1. Air Craft Hijacking (i) The Tokyo Convention, 1963 (ii) The Haque Convention, 1970 (iii) The Montreal Convention, 1971 (iv) The Protocol to the Montreal Convention, 1988 2. The Marking of Plastic Explosives for the purpose of Detection Convention 1991. 3. The Taking of Hostages Convention, 1979 4. The S.A.A.R.C. Regional Convention on Suppression of Terrorism 1987. (i) Object (ii) Salient Features (a) Reorganization of Extradition (b) Inclusion of Serious Offence (c) Incompatible of Extradition (d) Extradition of Person Suspected (e)Notification and Information to Requesting States.(f) No Obligation of Extradition (g) Affording Mutual Assistance and co-operation 5. International Convention on Suppression of Terrorism 1997 (i) Object (ii) Major Offences (iii) Refrain From Commission of Terrorist Offence (iv) Procedure After Receiving Information (v) Affording of Mutual Judicial Assistance in Criminal Matters (vi) Consideration of Extraditable Offences 6. International Convention for Suppression of the Finance of Terrorism, 1999 (i) General (ii) Salient Features (iii) Offences (iv) Detection, Freezing and Seizure of Funds of Terrorists (v) Appropriate Measures against Terrorist by States (vi) Discharge of Obligation in Respect of Extradition (vii) Incompatible Extradition (viii)Affording Provision of Assistance in connection with Extradition/Criminal Investigations (ix) Transfer of a Detained or Serving Sentence Person (x) Co-Operation in Prevention of Offences (xi) Communication to Final Outcome About Offender to the Secretary General of the United Nations. (xii) Submission of Dispute to Arbitration 7. The S.A.A.R.C. Summit for Suppression of Network of Terrorism, 2007 (i) Object (ii) Place of Summit (iii) Salient Features (iv) Other Major Decisions 8. International Terrorism Conference, 2008 9. International Terrorism Conference, 2009 D. Some United Nations Resolutions against Terrorism (i) Resolution 46/51 to Eliminate International Terrorism, 1972 (ii) Resolution 49/60, 1999 (iii) Resolution 1373, 2001 E. Review Chapter-VI TERRORISM IN INDIA 184-250 A. Introduction 1. Terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir (i) General (ii) Problem of Terrorism (iii) Factors Responsible for Terrorism (a) Historical Factors (b) Political Factors (c) Socio-Cultural Factors (d) Economic Factors (iv) Terrorist Groups (v) Current Major Strikes 2. Problem of Terrorism in other States (i) General (ii) Punjab (iii) Uttar Pradesh (iv) Delhi (v) Maharashtra (vi) Tamil Nadu 3. Problem of Insurgency in North-East States (i) General (ii) Nagaland (iii) Manipur (iv) Assam (v) Tripura (vi) Mizoram (vii) Arunachal Pradesh 4. Problem of Naxalism (i) General (ii) Reasons for Growth of Naxalism (iii) Chhattisgarh (iv) Andhra Pradesh (v) Telengana (vi) West Bengal (vii) Bihar (viii) Jharkhand (ix) Orissa (x) Policy to Fight against Naxalism B. Review Chapter-VII STATUTORY SAFEGUARDS AGAINST TERRORISM 251-322 A. Introduction 1. The Terrorist Affected Areas (Special Courts) Act, 1984. (a) Object (b) Interpretation Clause (c) Special Courts (i) Establishment of Special Court (ii) Place of Sitting of Special Court (iii) Jurisdiction of the Special Court (d) Composition and Appointment of Judges of Special Courts (i) Composition (ii) Appointment (iii) Removal (e) Public Prosecutors (i) Appointment (ii) Qualification (iii) Acquaintance (f) Powers and Procedure of the Special Courts (i) Cognizance of Offences (ii) Summary Trial (iii) Equivalent Powers to Court of Session (iv) Trial of Other Offences (v) Conviction (g) Transfer of Cases : Powers of the Supreme Court (i) Power of the Supreme Court (ii) Power of Special Court (h) Protection of Witnesses (i) Proceeding in Camera (ii) Keeping the Identity and Address Secret (iii) Without Prejudice (iv) Punishment (i) Appeal (i) Appeal to Supreme Court (ii) No Appeal or Revision by other court (iii) Appeal within Prescribed Times (j) Miscellaneous Provisions (i) Modification of Provisions (ii) Follow of Procedure of Sections of Criminal Procedure Code (iii) Application of Section 438 of Criminal Procedure Code (iv) Release on Bail (v) Limitation of Bail (vi) Abolition of Certain Special Courts (vii) Overriding effect of the Act (viii) Presumption (k) Critical Appraisal of the Act. 2. The Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act, 1987 (a) Objects and Reasons (b) Interpretation Clause (c) Punishment for Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (i) Punishment of Terrorist Activities (ii) Punishment of Disruptive Activities (d) Possession of Unauthorized Arms and Explosive Substances (e) Enhanced Penalties (f) Conferment of Powers (g) Attachment, Seizure and Forfeiture of Property (h) Designated Courts (i) Constitution of Court (ii) Transfer of cases (iii) Questions of Jurisdiction of Court (iv) Presiding Officer of the Court (v) Appointment of Additional Judge (vi) Qualification of Judges (vii) Removal of Doubts (viii) Distribution of Business (ix) Place of Sitting (x) Jurisdiction of Courts (i) Powers and Procedure of Designated Court (i) Power in Respect of Other Offences (ii) Cognizance of any offence (iii) Equivalent Power to Court of Session (j) Public Prosecutor (k) Confessions (i) Confessions to Police Officers (ii) Informed Confession (l) Protection of Witnesses (m) Appeals (i) Appeal to Supreme Court only (ii) No Appeal, no Revision by other Court (iii) Period for Appeal (n) Miscellaneous Provisions (o) Cognizance of Offences (p) Presumption as to Offences (q) Identification of Accused (r) Saving Clause (s) Overriding Effect (t) Protection of Action Taken under the Act (u) Power for Making Rules (v) Critical Appraisal of the Act. 3. The Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002 (a) Introduction (b) Object (c) Interpretation Clause (d) Salient Features (i) Terrorist acts (ii) Different Punishment (iii) Investigation Regarding the Proceeds of Terrorism (iv) Information to the Designated Authority (v) Seizure of Cash (vi) Forfeiture of Property of Terrorists (vii) Claim or Objection by Third Party (viii) Appeal Regarding Forfeiture of Property (ix) Powers of Civil Court (e) Terrorist Organizations (i) Declaration of a Terrorist Organisation (ii) Denotification of a Terrorist Organisation (iii) Power of Central Government (iv) Application to Review Committee (v) Punishment (f) Special Courts (i) Comparison of TADA with POTA (ii) Place of Sitting (iii) Jurisdiction of Special Courts (iv) Power in Respect of Other Offences (v) Procedure of Court (vi) Power of Special Courts to Direct for Samples (vii) Trial by Court (viii) Power of Transfer of Cases to Regular Courts (ix) Confessional Statements (x) Transfer of Pending Proceedings to the Special Court (xi) Public Prosecutors (xii) Protection of Witnesses (g) Appeal (h) Interception of Communication in Certain Cases (i) Electronic Communication (ii) Intercept (iii) Oral Communication (iv) Wire Communication (v) Application for Authorization of Interception of wire, Electronic or Oral Communication (vi) Decision on Application by the Competent Authority (vii) Submission of Order to Review Committee (viii) Duration of Order of Interception (ix) Extension of Order (x) Execution of Order as Soon as Possible (xi) Authority Competent to Carry out Interception (xii) Submission of Progress Report to Competent Authority (xiii) Interception of Communication in Emergency (xiv) Protection of Information Collected (xv) Submission to Competent Authority (xvi) Collected Information Admissible in Evidence (xvii) Punishment for Disclosure of Interception Communication (xviii) Annual Report of Interception (xix) Appointment of Competent Authority (xx) Review Committee (xxi) Nature of Offences (xxii) Investigation Officer (xxiii) Procedure of Arrest (xxiv) Punishment to Police Officer for Corrupt Action (xxv) Compensation to Affected Person (xxvi) Impounding of Passport and Arms Licence (i) Review Committees (i) Constitution of Committee (ii) Composition of Committee (iii) Qualifications (iv) Appointment of Chairperson (v) Function of the Committees (vi) Power of High Courts Regarding Making Rules (vii) Power of Central Government to Make Rules (j) Critical Appraisal of the Act 4. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2004 (a) General (b) Object (c) Interpretation Clause (d) Unlawful Associations (i) Declaration of an Unlawful Association (ii) Grounds of Unlawful Association (iii) Effect of Notification (iv) Publication of Notification in Newspapers (v) Mode of Service of Notification (vi) Reference of Notification of Tribunal (vii) Notice to the Association Affected (viii) Holding of Enquiry (ix) Operation of Notification (x) Cancellation of Notification (xi) Prohibition of use of Funds of an Unlawful Association (xii) Search of Premises (xiii) Serving of Copy of the Prohibitory Order(xiv) Undertaking for not Using the Funds from Aggrieved Person (xv) Notification About Places (xvi) Articles Memo (xvii) Prohibitory Order (xviii) Entry in the Notified Place (xix) Search of Person (xx) Removal of Person from the Notified Place (xxi) Application for Setting aside the Order (e) Establishment of Tribunal (i) Constitution of Tribunal (ii) Appointment of Judges (iii) Filling the Vacancy (iv) Appointment of Subordinate Staff (v) Expenses of Tribunal (vi) Procedure of Tribunal (vii) Powers of Tribunal (viii) Proceeding of Tribunal (f) Offences and Punishment (i) Punishment for Member of an Unlawful Association (ii) Penalties for Dealing with Funds of an Unlawful Association (iii) Punishment for Use of Articles (iv) General Contravention (v) Punishment for Unlawful Association (vi) Cognizable Offences (g) Punishment for Terrorist Activities (i) Terrorist Activities (ii) Punishment for Raising Fund for Terrorist Act. (iii) Punishment for Conspiracy (iv) Punishment for Harbouring (v) Punishment for being Member of a Terrorist Gang or Organisation (vi) Punishment for Holding Proceeds of Terrorism (vii) Punishment for Threatening Witnesses (viii) Enhanced Penalties (h) Forfeiture of Proceeds of Terrorism (i) Proceeds of Terrorism (ii) Power of Government Regarding Forfeiture (iii) Attachment and Seizure of Proceeds of Terrorism (iv) Information to the Designated Authority (v) Review of Order of Seizure (vi) Seizure and Detention of Cash (vii) Production of Cash Seized before Designated Authority (viii) Appeal against Attachment (ix) Forfeiture of Proceeds of Terrorism (x) Appeal (xi) Release of Property (xii) Claim of Third Party (xiii) Power of Designated Authority (xiv) Certain Transfers to be Null and Void (xv) Forfeiture of Property of Other Persons (i) Terrorist Organisations (i) Declaration of a Terrorist Organisations (ii) Grounds (iii) Denotification of a Terrorist Organisation (iv) Review (v) Constitution of Review Committee (vi) Membership of Terrorist Organisation: An Offence (vii) Support to Terrorist Organisation: An Offence (viii) Raising Fund for Terrorist Organisation : An Offence (j) Miscellaneous Provisions (i) Continuance of Association (ii) Power to Delegate (iii) Power of Investigating Officer (iv) Protection of Witnesses (v) Cognizance of offences (vi) Admissibility of Evidence Collected Through the Interception of Communication (vii) Bar of Jurisdiction (viii) Protection of action Taken in Good Faith (ix) Impounding of Passport, Arms and Licence of the Person Charge-Sheeted (x) The Unlawful Activities (prevention) Amendment Act, 2008 (xi) The National Investigation Agency Act, 2008 (k) Critical Appraisal of the Act B. Review Chapter-VIII TERRORISM AND HUMAN RIGHTS 323-351 A. Introduction B. Concept of Human Rights: Meaning and Definition 1. Concept of Human Rights 2. Meaning and Definition 3. Evolution of Human Rights 4. Kinds of Human Rights C. Universal Humanitarian Law and Indian Constitution 1. Universal Declaration of Human Rights 2. Preamble of Universal Declaration of Human Rights 3. International Covenants on Human (a) Civil and Political Rights (b) Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 4. Indian Constitution and Universal Declaration 5. American Convention on Human Rights D. Violation of Human Rights (i) Violation of Human Rights by Terrorists (ii) Violation of Human Rights by Enforcement Agencies E. Third Degree Methods Applied by Enforcement Agencies F. Human Rights of Terrorist : Controversies and Confusions G. Review Chapter-IX COMBATING TERRORISM: ROLE OF JUDICIARY 352-395 A. Introduction B. Judicial Trends (i) Possession of Unauthorized Arms, Ammunition and Explosive Substances (ii) Bail (iii) Relevancy of Confessional Statements (iv) Relevancy of Abetment and Conspiracy (v) Miscellaneous C. Review Chapter-X CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS 396-415 A. Conclusions (i) No Consensus on Universal Definition of Terrorism (ii) Different Factors Responsible for Terrorism (iii) Different Forms of Terrorism (iv) Funding to Terrorists (v) Limitation of International Conventions (vi) Impediments in Combating International Terrorism (vii) Violation of Human Rights (viii) Killing of Hindi Speaking Persons (ix) Abuse of Anti-Terrorist Laws (x) Supply of Weapons and Assistance to Terrorists (xi) Poor Peformance of the Cops and Security Forces (xii) Blatant Corruption (xiii) Delay in cases (xiv) In-effective Intelligence Network (xv) Misuse of Intelligence Agencies (xvi) Political Motivation in Dealing with Terrorism (xvii) Judicial Response (xviii) Inadequate judicial System (xviv) Soft Attitude of the Government B. Suggestions (i) International Level (ii) National Level Appendix-A : The unlawful Activities ( Prevention) Amendment Act, 2008 416 Appendix -B : The National Investigation Agency Act, 2008 424 Appendix- C : Some Attacks in Pakistan 437 Appendix - D : Some Attacks in Sri Lanka 441 Appendix- E : Worst Terrorist Attacks in Jammu and Kashmir in Chronological Order 444 Appendix-F : Worst Terrorist Attacks World Wide in Chronological order 461 Bibliography 465 Abbreviation 473 List of Cases 477 Index 481

Z

By Jonar C. Nader
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Plutonium
  • Book Code : 0646511203
  • Total of Pages : 450
  • Category : Terrorism
  • Members : 795
  • Pdf File: z.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A philosophical thriller with fast-paced military action, espionage, corporate corruption, human greed, romantic tension, and scientific revelations that are both worrisome and enlightening. The 'war on terror' is merely child's play. There will come a time when terrorists will declare real war, on each other, and you'll be forced to take sides. You've seen the horror that freedom-fighters can unleash. You've seen the devastation that demented terrorists can inflict. But could you combat the new breed of sophisticated terrorists who are intent on absolute power? Could you out-smart educated terrorists who seek retribution in the name of righteousness? Would you ever condone vigilante terrorists who commit the worst of acts for the purest of motives? This novel is about a group of inspired terrorists whose actions not only changed the world, but also distorted it. They made their mark in a way that no dictator or fanatic had ever managed. No think-tank and no government had ever predicted such a scenario. Would you fight for peace? Would you die for freedom? Would you kill for justice? Then again, what would convince you to surrender?

Terrorism, Naxalism & Insurgency in India

By Dr. Ashok Kumar
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : K.K. Publications
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 456
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 252
  • Pdf File: terrorism-naxalism-insurgency-in-india.pdf

Book Short Summary:

India has been a victim of terrorist, Naxalites & Insurgents violence for more than many decades. Terrorism is actually a curse on mankind. Terrorist wrath has taken a toll on a larger number of enforcement agencies whose only crime was to execute their assigned duty. Terrorism and Naxalism have crippled life in several states and countries and are causing economic breakdown leading to unemployment, hunger and untold misery, and also paralyzing the social and economic fabric of the society. The book is divided into eleven chapters. The first Chapter is related to “Introduction.” The Second Chapter deals with the “Meaning and Definition of Terrorism & Naxalism”. The Factors of Terrorism” is discussed in the Third Chapter. In the Fourth Chapter, “Modus Operandi of Terrorism” is discussed. The Fifth Chapter covers the issue of “Terrorism and Human Rights”. In the Sixth Chapter, “ Terrorism in J&K and other states” is discussed. Chapter Seventh is related to Naxalism in Chhattisgarh and other states. Chapter Eight covers the problem of Insurgency in Nagaland and other states. It includes the Nagaland, Assam, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram and Meghalaya.In the Ninth Chapter, “Terrorism and Judiciary” is discussed. The Tenth Chapter is related to Terrorism and laws. The Last Chapter is on prevention and control of terrorism, Naxalism and insurgency. In the end, some useful and realistic suggestions are also made.