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What Evolution Is

By Ernst Mayr
  • ISBN Code: : 0465013198
  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • Pages : 300
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 192
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : what-evolution-is.pdf

Book Excerpt :

At once a spirited defense of Darwinian explanations of biology and an elegant primer on evolution for the general reader, What Evolution Is poses the questions at the heart of evolutionary theory and considers how our improved understanding of evolution has affected the viewpoints and values of modern man.Science Masters Series

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Read Also This Books

Evolution

By Edward J. Larson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Modern Library
  • Book Code : 1588365387
  • Total of Pages : 368
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 898
  • Pdf File: evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

“I often said before starting, that I had no doubt I should frequently repent of the whole undertaking.” So wrote Charles Darwin aboard The Beagle, bound for the Galapagos Islands and what would arguably become the greatest and most controversial discovery in scientific history. But the theory of evolution did not spring full-blown from the head of Darwin. Since the dawn of humanity, priests, philosophers, and scientists have debated the origin and development of life on earth, and with modern science, that debate shifted into high gear. In this lively, deeply erudite work, Pulitzer Prize–winning science historian Edward J. Larson takes us on a guided tour of Darwin’s “dangerous idea,” from its theoretical antecedents in the early nineteenth century to the brilliant breakthroughs of Darwin and Wallace, to Watson and Crick’s stunning discovery of the DNA double helix, and to the triumphant neo-Darwinian synthesis and rising sociobiology today. Along the way, Larson expertly places the scientific upheaval of evolution in cultural perspective: the social and philosophical earthquake that was the French Revolution; the development, in England, of a laissez-faire capitalism in tune with a Darwinian ethos of “survival of the fittest”; the emergence of Social Darwinism and the dark science of eugenics against a backdrop of industrial revolution; the American Christian backlash against evolutionism that culminated in the famous Scopes trial; and on to today’s world, where religious fundamentalists litigate for the right to teach “creation science” alongside evolution in U.S. public schools, even as the theory itself continues to evolve in new and surprising directions. Throughout, Larson trains his spotlight on the lives and careers of the scientists, explorers, and eccentrics whose collaborations and competitions have driven the theory of evolution forward. Here are portraits of Cuvier, Lamarck, Darwin, Wallace, Haeckel, Galton, Huxley, Mendel, Morgan, Fisher, Dobzhansky, Watson and Crick, W. D. Hamilton, E. O. Wilson, and many others. Celebrated as one of mankind’s crowning scientific achievements and reviled as a threat to our deepest values, the theory of evolution has utterly transformed our view of life, religion, origins, and the theory itself, and remains controversial, especially in the United States (where 90% of adults do not subscribe to the full Darwinian vision). Replete with fresh material and new insights, Evolution will educate and inform while taking readers on a fascinating journey of discovery.

Evolution

By Robin Dunbar
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0190922915
  • Total of Pages : 160
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 177
  • Pdf File: evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Evolution is one of the most important processes in life. It not only explains the detailed history of life on earth, but its scope also extends into many aspects of our own contemporary behavior-who we are and how we got to be here, our psychology, our cultures-and greatly impacts modern advancements in medicine and conservation biology. Perhaps its most important claim for science is its ability to provide an overarching framework that integrates the many life sciences into a single unified whole. Yet, evolution-evolutionary biology in particular-has been, and continues to be, regarded with suspicion by many. Understanding how and why evolution works, and what it can tell us, is perhaps the single most important contribution to the public perception of science. This book provides an overview of the basic theory and showcases how widely its consequences reverberate across the life sciences, the social sciences and even the humanities. In this book, Robin Dunbar uses examples drawn from plant life, animals and humans to illustrate these processes. Evolutionary science has important advantages. Most of science deals with the microscopic world that we cannot see and invariably have difficulty understanding, but evolution deals with the macro-world in which we live and move. That invariably makes it much easier for the lay audience to appreciate, understand and enjoy. Evolution: What Everyone Needs to Know® takes a broad approach to evolution, dealing both with the core theory itself and its impact on different aspects of the world we live in, from the iconic debates of the nineteenth century, to viruses and superbugs, to human evolution and behavior.

Evolution

By Wallace Arthur
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 9781444392265
  • Total of Pages : 416
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 753
  • Pdf File: evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is aimed at students taking courses on evolution in universities and colleges. Its approach and its structure are very different from previously-published evolution texts. The core theme in this book is how evolution works by changing the course of embryonic and post-embryonic development. In other words, it is an evolution text that has been very much influenced by the new approach of evolutionary developmental biology, or 'evo-devo'. Key themes include the following: developmental repatterning; adaptation and coadaptation; gene co-option; developmental plasticity; the origins of evolutionary novelties and body plans; and evolutionary changes in the complexity of organisms. As can be seen from this list, the book includes information across the levels of the gene, the organism, and the population. It also includes the issue of mapping developmental changes onto evolutionary trees. The examples used to illustrate particular points range widely, including animals, plants and fossils. "I have really enjoyed reading this book. One of the strengths of the book is the almost conversational style. I found the style easy to read, but also feel that it will be invaluable in teaching. One of our tasks in university level teaching is to develop students' critical thinking skills. We need to support them in their intellectual development from a "just the facts" approach to being able to make critical judgements based on available evidence. The openness and honesty with which Arthur speaks to uncertainty in science is refreshing and will be a baseline for discussions with students." -Professor Patricia Moore, Exeter University "This book, written as an undergraduate text, is a really most impressive book. Given the burgeoning interest in the role of developmental change in evolution in recent times, this will be a very timely publication. The book is well structured and, like the author's other books, very well written. He communicates with a clear, lucid style and has the ability to explain even the more difficult concepts in an accessible manner." ---Professor Kenneth McNamara, University of Cambridge The companion site can be found at www.wiley.com/go/arthur/evolution. Here you download all figures from the book, captions, tables, and table of contents.

Evolution: The Basics

By Sherrie Lyons
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Book Code : 1136666044
  • Total of Pages : 208
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 291
  • Pdf File: evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Evolution: The Basics is an engaging introduction to the history, development and science of the theory of evolution. Beginning pre-Darwin and concluding with the latest research and controversies, readers are introduced to the origins of the idea of evolution, the ways in which it has developed and been adapted over time and the science underpinning it all. Topics addressed include: • early theories of evolution • the impact of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species • the discovery of genetics and Mendel’s experiments • molecular evolution and the discovery of DNA • the expansion of life and the persistence of disease • revisiting evolutionary ethics and the development of empathy. Evolution: The Basics examines the role of evolution in current debates and discusses the possible future developments in the field. This book is invaluable reading for all students and individuals seeking to understand the wide ranging sphere of evolutionary theory.

Evolve

By Graeme Findlay
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 0429955782
  • Total of Pages : 236
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 102
  • Pdf File: evolve.pdf

Book Short Summary:

We see patterns of leadership throughout human history. Prehistoric leaders who, just as leaders do today, used power and influence to create co-operation amongst their group, have all played their part in our surviving, thriving and evolving as a species. Of course, leadership is infinitely more complex in the modern world, comprising of global teams, large anonymous networks and communications technology. But have our brains evolved as quickly as our societies? In this fascinating, enlightening and useful book, leadership development coach and change agent Graeme Findlay walks you through the evolutionary basis for the dramatic increases in leadership power from pre-history through to today. He explains how the brain function that made our primate ancestors successful still exists within us, and how this "inner primate" can sabotage your leadership effectiveness. He then proceeds to outline effective strategies for transcending this "inner voice" to empower your leadership. In the same way, he shows how you can tap into the motivations of the inner primate within members of your extended team, to better understand dynamics, and transform your leadership impact. With the inner primate dealt with, he moves on to explore the next two major evolutionary steps, personified as the gossip and the dreamer. Drawing from a wide variety of case studies, including Donald Trump, Kim Jong-Un, and Martin Luther King, as well as the author's own consulting experiences, this book consistently shows you how to apply evolutionary leadership theory to your own practice, to become a more aware, mindful, impactful, and successful leader.

Evolution, Organization and Economic Behaviour

By Guido Buenstorf
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Book Code : 0857930893
  • Total of Pages : 264
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 719
  • Pdf File: evolution-organization-and-economic-behaviour.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Understanding the behaviour of individuals and firms is at the heart of evolutionary economics, and also of related fields such as behavioural economics, management, and psychology. This book brings together a set of cutting-edge theoretical and empirical contributions addressing individual agents and their interaction, the evolution of firm organization, as well as the interplay of firm dynamics and regional development.

EVOLUTION

By Leonid E. Grinin ,Andrey V. Korotayev
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : ООО "Издательство "Учитель"
  • Book Code : 5705759444
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : History
  • Members : 304
  • Pdf File: evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Every time we work on this Yearbook, we are focused on making at least a small step forward to gradual elaboration of a megaevolutionary paradigm which is designed to create a united scientific field for cross-disciplinary studies. The present volume is the seventh issue of the ‘Evolution’ Yearbook series. Our Yearbooks are designed to present to its readers the widest possible spectrum of subjects and issues: from universal evolutionism to the analysis of particular evolutionary regularities in the development of biological, abiotic, and social systems, culture, cognition, language, etc. The main objective of our Yearbook is the creation of a unified interdisciplinary field of research, within which scientists specializing in different disciplines could work within the framework of unified or similar paradigms, using common terminology and searching for common rules, tendencies and regularities. Global evolution (in connection with the Big History) becomes the main subject of our Yearbook. We strive to arrange each issue in such a way that the line from cosmic evolution to the human future is evident. The title of this issue Evolutionary Aspects: Stars, Primates, and Religion is fully justified. The volume consists of three sections: ‘Megaevolution and Cosmic Evolution’; ‘Biosocial and Social Evolution’; ‘Reviews and Notes’. This Yearbook will be useful both for those who study interdisciplinary macroproblems and for specialists working in focused directions, as well as for those who are interested in evolutionary issues of Cosmology, Biology, History, Anthropology, Economics and other areas of study. More than that, this edition will challenge and excite your vision of your own life and the new discoveries going on around us.

The Evolution of the Genome

By T. Ryan Gregory
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 9780080470528
  • Total of Pages : 768
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 249
  • Pdf File: the-evolution-of-the-genome.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Evolution of the Genome provides a much needed overview of genomic study through clear, detailed, expert-authored discussions of the key areas in genome biology. This includes the evolution of genome size, genomic parasites, gene and ancient genome duplications, polypoidy, comparative genomics, and the implications of these genome-level phenomena for evolutionary theory. In addition to reviewing the current state of knowledge of these fields in an accessible way, the various chapters also provide historical and conceptual background information, highlight the ways in which the critical questions are actually being studied, indicate some important areas for future research, and build bridges across traditional professional and taxonomic boundaries. The Evolution of the Genome will serve as a critical resource for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and established scientists alike who are interested in the issue of genome evolution in the broadest sense. Provides detailed, clearly written chapters authored by leading researchers in their respective fields Presents a much-needed overview of the historical and theoretical context of the various areas of genomic study Creates important links between topics in order to promote integration across subdisciplines, including descriptions of how each subject is actually studied Provides information specifically designed to be accessible to established researchers, postdoctoral fellows, and graduate students alike

Evolution of Earth and its Climate

By O.G. Sorokhtin,G.V. Chilingarian,N.O. Sorokhtin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 9780444537584
  • Total of Pages : 596
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 387
  • Pdf File: evolution-of-earth-and-its-climate.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The book reviews the current physical theory of Earth's global evolution, its origin, structure and composition, the process of Earth's core formation, Earth's energy, and the nature of its tectonomagnetic activity. The book also deals with the origin of the Moon and its influence on our planet's evolution. Based on the integral positions of this theory, the book analyzes the issues of the origin of the hydrosphere and atmosphere, and the conception and evolution of life on Earth. The monograph also reviews the adiabatic theory of the greenhouse effect developed by the authors, and the effects of nitrogen-consuminging bacteria and of periodic changes in the precession angle on its climate. In particular, these effects cause the onset and periodicity of ice ages and a significant climate warming during the periods of supercontinent appearance (like Pangaea in the Mid-Mesozoic). * challenges current thinking about climate change on the basis of sound geological data. * helps the reader make informed decisions about Earth-process related problems. * challenges the reader to critically analyze both theory and data

Evolution

By Daniel Loxton
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Kids Can Press Ltd
  • Book Code : 1771381949
  • Total of Pages : 56
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Members : 742
  • Pdf File: evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

An accessible and spectacularly illustrated introduction to the theory of evolution, from Charles Darwin to modern-day science.

Evolution

By WAGmob
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : WAGmob
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 54
  • Category :
  • Members : 775
  • Pdf File: evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

***** WAGmob: Over One million Paying Customers ***** WAGmob brings you, Simple 'n Easy, on-the-go learning ebook for "Evolution". The ebook provides: Snack sized chapters for easy learning. Designed for both students and adults. This ebook provides a quick summary of essential concepts in Evolution by following snack sized chapters: What is Evolution: • What is Evolution? • Biological Evolution • Common Misconceptions about Evolution • Genetic Variation Why Evolution Occurs: • Why Evolution Occurs? • The Causes of Evolution • Random Mating • No Mutation • No Gene flow • Infinite population size • No Differential Reproductive Success Mechanism of Evolution: • Mechanism of Evolution • Natural Selection • Biased Mutation • Genetic Drift • Genetic Hitchhiking • Gene Flow Adaption: • Adaptation • Types of Adaptations • Fitness and Adaptation Co-operation: • Co-operation • Rules for the Evolution of Cooperation Speciation: • Species • Speciation • Causes of Speciation • Modes of Speciation • Allopatric Speciation: The Great Divide • Peripatric Speciation • Parapatric Speciation • Sympatric Speciation Extinction: • Extinction • Mass Extinction • Causes of Extinctions Coevolution: • Coevolution • Predator-prey Relationships • Mutualistic Relationships Microevolution and Macroevolution: • Microevolution • Detecting Microevolutionary Change • Mechanisms of Microevolution • Macroevolution Evolutionary History of Life: • Evolutionary History of Life • 3 Domains of Life • History of Life through Time Genetics and Evolution: • Heredity • Principle of Heredity • Genetic Variation • Mutations • Types of Mutations • Causes of Mutation Human Evolution: • Human Evolution • Paleoanthropology • The Process of Evolution About WAGmob ebooks: 1) A companion ebook for on-the-go, bite-sized learning. 2) Over One million paying customers from 175+ countries. Why WAGmob ebooks: 1) Beautifully simple, Amazingly easy, Massive selection of ebooks. 2) Effective, Engaging and Entertaining ebooks. 3) An incredible value for money. Lifetime of free updates! WAGmob Vision : Simple 'n easy ebooks for a lifetime of on-the-go learning WAGmob Mission : A simple ‘n easy WAGmob ebook in every hand. Visit us : www.wagmob.com Please write to us at [email protected] We would love to improve this ebook.

Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

By Brian Charlesworth,Deborah Charlesworth
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 0191577669
  • Total of Pages : 160
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 849
  • Pdf File: evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Less than 450 years ago, all European scholars believed that the earth was the centre of a universe that was at most a few million miles in extent, and that the planets, sun, and stars all rotated around this centre. Less than 250 years ago, they believed that the universe was created essentially in its present state about 6000 years ago. Less than 150 years ago, the special creation by God of living species was still dominant. The relentless application of the scientific method of inference from experiment and observation, without reference to religious, or governmental authority has completely transformed our view of our origins and relation to the universe, in less than 500 years. Few would dispute that this programme has been spectacularly successful, particularly in the twentieth century. This book is about the crucial role of evolutionary biology in transforming our view of human origins and relation to the universe, and the impact of this idea on traditional philosophy and religion. The purpose of this book is to introduce the general reader to some of the most important basic findings, concepts, and procedures of evolutionary biology, as it has developed since the first publications of Darwin and Wallace on the subject, over 140 years ago. Evolution provides a unifying set of principals for the whole of biology; it also illuminates the relation of human beings to the universe and each other. In addition, many aspects of evolution have practical importance; for instance, the rapid evolution of resistance by bacteria to antibiotics and of HIV to antiviral drugs are pressing medical problems. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The Evolution of the Airline Industry

By Steven Morrison,Clifford Winston
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
  • Book Code : 9780815721208
  • Total of Pages : 188
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 361
  • Pdf File: the-evolution-of-the-airline-industry.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Since the enactment of the Airline Deregulation Act in 1978, questions that had been at the heart of the ongoing debate about the industry for eighty years gained a new intensity: Is there enough competition among airlines to ensure that passengers do not pay excessive fares? Can an unregulated airline industry be profitable? Is air travel safe? While economic regulation provided a certain stability for both passengers and the industry, deregulation changed everything. A new fare structure emerged; travelers faced a variety of fares and travel restrictions; and the offerings changed frequently. In the last fifteen years, the airline industry's earnings have fluctuated wildly. New carriers entered the industry, but several declared bankruptcy, and Eastern, Pan Am, and Midway were liquidated. As financial pressures mounted, fears have arisen that air safety is being compromised by carriers who cut costs by skimping on maintenance and hiring inexperienced pilots. Deregulation itself became an issue with many critics calling for a return to some form of regulation. In this book, Steven A. Morrison and Clifford Winston assert that all too often public discussion of the issues of airline competition, profitability, and safety take place without a firm understanding of the facts. The policy recommendations that emerge frequently ignore the long-run evolution of the industry and its capacity to solve its own problems. This book provides a comprehensive profile of the industry as it has evolved, both before and since deregulation. The authors identify the problems the industry faces, assess their severity and their underlying causes, and indicate whether government policy can play an effective role in improving performance. They also develop a basis for understanding the industry's evolution and how the industry will eventually adapt to the unregulated economic environment. Morrison and Winston maintain that although the airline industry has not reached long-run equilibrium, its evolution is proceeding in a positive direction—one that will preserve and possibly enhance the benefits of deregulation to travelers and carriers. They conclude that the federal government's primary policy objective should be to expand the benefits from unregulated market forces to international travel. Brookings Review article also available

The Causes of Molecular Evolution

By John H. Gillespie
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 9780195357745
  • Total of Pages : 351
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 106
  • Pdf File: the-causes-of-molecular-evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This work provides a unified theory that addresses the important problem of the origin and maintenance of genetic variation in natural populations. With modern molecular techniques, variation is found in all species, sometimes at astonishingly high levels. Yet, despite these observations, the forces that maintain variation within and between species have been difficult subjects of study. Because they act very weakly and operate over vast time scales, scientists must rely on indirect inferences and speculative mathematical models. However, despite these obstacles, many advances have been made. The author's research in molecular genetics, evolution, and bio-mathematics has enabled him to draw on this work, and present a coherent and valuable view of the field. The book is divided into three parts. The first consists of three chapters on protein evolution, DNA evolution, and molecular mechanisms. This section reviews the experimental observations on genetic variation. The second part gives a unified treatment of the mathematical theory of selection in a fluctuating environment. The final two chapters combine the earlier assessments in a treatment of the scientific status of two competing theories for the maintenance of genetic variation. Steeped in the enormous advances population genetics has made over the past 25 years, this book has proven highly popular among human geneticists, biologists, evolutionary theorists, and bio-mathematicians.

Evolution by Association

By Jan Sapp
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0195358538
  • Total of Pages : 272
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 597
  • Pdf File: evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In this comprehensive history of symbiosis theory--the first to be written--Jan Sapp masterfully traces its development from modest beginnings in the late nineteenth century to its current status as one of the key conceptual frameworks for the life sciences. The symbiotic perspective on evolution, which argues that "higher species" have evolved from a merger of two or more different kinds of organisms living together, is now clearly established with definitive molecular evidence demonstrating that mitochondria and chloroplasts have evolved from symbiotic bacteria. In telling the exciting story of an evolutionary biology tradition that has effectively challenged many key tenets of classical neo-Darwinism, Sapp sheds light on the phenomena, movements, doctrines, and controversies that have shaped attitudes about the scope and significance of symbiosis. Engaging and insightful, Evolution by Association will be avidly read by students and researchers across the life sciences.

Evolution of the Horse Brain

By Tilly Edinger
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Book Code : 0813710251
  • Total of Pages : 177
  • Category : Brain
  • Members : 491
  • Pdf File: evolution-of-the-horse-brain.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book Evolution of the Horse Brain

The Evolution of Primary Sexual Characters in Animals

By Janet Leonard,Alex Cordoba-Aguilar
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 9780199717033
  • Total of Pages : 552
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 909
  • Pdf File: the-evolution-of-primary-sexual-characters-in-animals.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Primary sexual traits, those structures and processes directly involved in reproduction, are some of the most diverse, specialized, and bizarre in the animal kingdom. Moreover, reproductive traits are often species-specific, suggesting that they evolved very rapidly. This diversity, long the province of taxonomists, has recently attracted broader interest from evolutionary biologists, especially those interested in sexual selection and the evolution of reproductive strategies. Primary sexual characters were long assumed to be the product of natural selection, exclusively. A recent alternative suggests that sexual selection explains much of the diversity of "primary" sexual characters. A third approach to the evolution of reproductive interactions after copulation or insemination has been to consider the process one of sexual conflict. That is, the reproductive processes of a species may reflect, as does the mating system, evolution acting on males and on females, but in different directions. In this volume, authors explore a wide variety of primary sexual characters and selective pressures that have shaped them, from natural selection for offspring survival to species-isolating mechanisms, sperm competition, cryptic female choice and sexual arms races. Exploring diverse reproductive adaptations from a theoretical and practical perspective, The Evolution of Primary Sexual Characters will provide an unparalleled overview of sexual diversity in many taxa and an introduction to the issues in sexual selection that are changing our view of sexual processes.

Evolution

By Irfan Yilmaz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Tughra Books
  • Book Code : 1597846090
  • Total of Pages : 356
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 232
  • Pdf File: evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Examining the evolution debate from different aspects, this study points out the divergent uses of evolution and it posits a scientific argument against the theory of evolution, and includes rational explanations derived from the Islamic understanding of creation.

The Evolution of Morality

By Richard Joyce
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Book Code : 9780262263252
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 362
  • Pdf File: the-evolution-of-morality.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Moral thinking pervades our practical lives, but where did this way of thinking come from, and what purpose does it serve? Is it to be explained by environmental pressures on our ancestors a million years ago, or is it a cultural invention of more recent origin? In The Evolution of Morality, Richard Joyce takes up these controversial questions, finding that the evidence supports an innate basis to human morality. As a moral philosopher, Joyce is interested in whether any implications follow from this hypothesis. Might the fact that the human brain has been biologically prepared by natural selection to engage in moral judgment serve in some sense to vindicate this way of thinking—staving off the threat of moral skepticism, or even undergirding some version of moral realism? Or if morality has an adaptive explanation in genetic terms—if it is, as Joyce writes, "just something that helped our ancestors make more babies"—might such an explanation actually undermine morality's central role in our lives? He carefully examines both the evolutionary "vindication of morality" and the evolutionary "debunking of morality," considering the skeptical view more seriously than have others who have treated the subject. Interdisciplinary and combining the latest results from the empirical sciences with philosophical discussion, The Evolution of Morality is one of the few books in this area written from the perspective of moral philosophy. Concise and without technical jargon, the arguments are rigorous but accessible to readers from different academic backgrounds. Joyce discusses complex issues in plain language while advocating subtle and sometimes radical views. The Evolution of Morality lays the philosophical foundations for further research into the biological understanding of human morality.

The Evolution of the Microscope

By S. Bradbury
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 1483164322
  • Total of Pages : 368
  • Category : Nature
  • Members : 598
  • Pdf File: the-evolution-of-the-microscope.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Evolution of the Microscope covers some of the features of the history of the microscope and the rationale of the design features found in microscopes. The book discusses the first microscopes, the compound microscope in England (1650-1750), simple or single-lens microscopes, and the development of the achromatic microscope. The text also describes the microscope in Victorian times as well as the optical microscope since 1880. The search for greater resolving power such as the ultra-violet and electron microscopes is considered. Scientists and microscopists will find the book invaluable.

The Evolution of God

By Robert Wright
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Little, Brown
  • Book Code : 0316053279
  • Total of Pages : 576
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 585
  • Pdf File: the-evolution-of-god.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In this sweeping narrative that takes us from the Stone Age to the Information Age, Robert Wright unveils an astonishing discovery: there is a hidden pattern that the great monotheistic faiths have followed as they have evolved. Through the prisms of archaeology, theology, and evolutionary psychology, Wright's findings overturn basic assumptions about Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and are sure to cause controversy. He explains why spirituality has a role today, and why science, contrary to conventional wisdom, affirms the validity of the religious quest. And this previously unrecognized evolutionary logic points not toward continued religious extremism, but future harmony. Nearly a decade in the making, The Evolution of God is a breathtaking re-examination of the past, and a visionary look forward.

Cell Biology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution and Ecology

By PS Verma | VK Agarwal
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : S. Chand Publishing
  • Book Code : 9788121924429
  • Total of Pages : 1298
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 326
  • Pdf File: cell-biology-genetics-molecular-biology-evolution-and-ecology.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The revised edition of this bestselling textbook provides latest and detailed account of vital topics in biology, namely, Cell Biology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution and Ecology . The treatment is very exhaustive as the book devotes exclusive parts to each topic, yet in a simple, lucid and concise manner. Simplified and well labelled diagrams and pictures make the subject interesting and easy to understand. It is developed for students of B.Sc. Pass and Honours courses, primarily. However, it is equally useful for students of M.Sc. Zoology, Botany and Biosciences. Aspirants of medical entrance and civil services examinations would also find the book extremely useful.

Cell Biology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution and Ecology

By PS Verma | VK Agarwal
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : S. Chand Publishing
  • Book Code : 8121924421
  • Total of Pages : 350
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 820
  • Pdf File: cell-biology-genetics-molecular-biology-evolution-and-ecology.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The revised edition of this bestselling textbook provides latest and detailed account of vital topics in biology, namely, Cell Biology, Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution and Ecology . The treatment is very exhaustive as the book devotes exclusive parts to each topic, yet in a simple, lucid and concise manner. Simplified and well labelled diagrams and pictures make the subject interesting and easy to understand. It is developed for students of B.Sc. Pass and Honours courses, primarily. However, it is equally useful for students of M.Sc. Zoology, Botany and Biosciences. Aspirants of medical entrance and civil services examinations would also find the book extremely useful.

The Origin and Evolution of Cultures

By Los Angeles Robert Boyd Professor of Anthropology University of California,Davis Peter J. Richerson Professor of Environmental Science and Policy University of California
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Book Code : 9780198040088
  • Total of Pages : 468
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 582
  • Pdf File: the-origin-and-evolution-of-cultures.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Oxford presents, in one convenient and coherently organized volume, 20 influential but until now relatively inaccessible articles that form the backbone of Boyd and Richerson's path-breaking work on evolution and culture. Their interdisciplinary research is based on two notions. First, that culture is crucial for understanding human behavior; unlike other organisms, socially transmitted beliefs, attitudes, and values heavily influence our behavior. Secondly, culture is part of biology: the capacity to acquire and transmit culture is a derived component of human psychology, and the contents of culture are deeply intertwined with our biology. Culture then is a pool of information, stored in the brains of the population that gets transmitted from one brain to another by social learning processes. Therefore, culture can account for both our outstanding ecological success as well as the maladaptations that characterize much of human behavior. The interest in this collection will span anthropology, psychology, economics, philosophy, and political science.

Natural Hybridization and Evolution

By Michael L. Arnold
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0195356683
  • Total of Pages : 232
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 667
  • Pdf File: natural-hybridization-and-evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This study draws on data from numerous sources that support the paradigm of natural hybridization as an important evolutionary process. The review of these data results in a challenge to the framework used by many evolutionary biologists, which sees the process of natural hybridization as maladaptive because it represents a violation of divergent evolution. In contrast, this book presents evidence of a significant role for natural hybridization in furthering adaptive evolution and evolutionary diversification in both plants and animals.

Open Sources 2.0

By Chris DiBona,Mark Stone,Danese Cooper
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
  • Book Code : 0596553897
  • Total of Pages : 490
  • Category : Computers
  • Members : 450
  • Pdf File: open-sources-2-0.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Open Sources 2.0 is a collection of insightful and thought-provoking essays from today's technology leaders that continues painting the evolutionary picture that developed in the 1999 book Open Sources: Voices from the Revolution . These essays explore open source's impact on the software industry and reveal how open source concepts are infiltrating other areas of commerce and society. The essays appeal to a broad audience: the software developer will find thoughtful reflections on practices and methodology from leading open source developers like Jeremy Allison and Ben Laurie, while the business executive will find analyses of business strategies from the likes of Sleepycat co-founder and CEO Michael Olson and Open Source Business Conference founder Matt Asay. From China, Europe, India, and Brazil we get essays that describe the developing world's efforts to join the technology forefront and use open source to take control of its high tech destiny. For anyone with a strong interest in technology trends, these essays are a must-read. The enduring significance of open source goes well beyond high technology, however. At the heart of the new paradigm is network-enabled distributed collaboration: the growing impact of this model on all forms of online collaboration is fundamentally challenging our modern notion of community. What does the future hold? Veteran open source commentators Tim O'Reilly and Doc Searls offer their perspectives, as do leading open source scholars Steven Weber and Sonali Shah. Andrew Hessel traces the migration of open source ideas from computer technology to biotechnology, and Wikipedia co-founder Larry Sanger and Slashdot co-founder Jeff Bates provide frontline views of functioning, flourishing online collaborative communities. The power of collaboration, enabled by the internet and open source software, is changing the world in ways we can only begin to imagine.Open Sources 2.0 further develops the evolutionary picture that emerged in the original Open Sources and expounds on the transformative open source philosophy. "This is a wonderful collection of thoughts and examples bygreat minds from the free software movement, and is a must have foranyone who follows free software development and project histories." --Robin Monks, Free Software Magazine The list of contributors include Alolita Sharma Andrew Hessel Ben Laurie Boon-Lock Yeo Bruno Souza Chris DiBona Danese Cooper Doc Searls Eugene Kim Gregorio Robles Ian Murdock Jeff Bates Jeremy Allison Jesus M. Gonzalez-Barahona Kim Polese Larry Sanger Louisa Liu Mark Stone Mark Stone Matthew N. Asay Michael Olson Mitchell Baker Pamela Jones Robert Adkins Russ Nelson Sonali K. Shah Stephen R. Walli Steven Weber Sunil Saxena Tim O'Reilly Wendy Seltzer

The Evolution of a Manufacturing System at Toyota

By Takahiro Fujimoto
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 9780195352634
  • Total of Pages : 400
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 623
  • Pdf File: the-evolution-of-a-manufacturing-system-at-toyota.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What is the true source of a firm's long-term competitive advantage in manufacturing? Through original field studies, historical research, and statistical analyses, this book shows how Toyota Motor Corporation, one of the world's largest automobile companies, built distinctive capabilities in production, product development, and supplier management. Fujimoto asserts that it is Toyota's evolutionary learning capability that gives the company its advantage and demonstrates how this learning is put to use in daily work.

Information Revolution

By Jim Davis,Gloria J. Miller,Allan Russell
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 0471792837
  • Total of Pages : 224
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 300
  • Pdf File: information-revolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A strategic model for identifying, evaluating, and improving information use "Fundamentally changes how you look at the role of information technology and takes it to the leadership level, which is the only way for business performance to be maximized in this global economy." --Ron Milton, Executive Vice President, Computerworld "Information Revolution is truly a must-read for those who generate, support, and make decisions for their respective organizations. By the way, that would be everybody." --Bob Schwartz, Vice President and Chief Information Officer, Panasonic Corporation of North America "As this book clearly describes, information management advances both through evolution and intelligent design. The ideas herein will help any organization avoid extinction!" --Thomas H. Davenport, President's Distinguished Professor and Director of Research, Babson College "This model captures the best practices from the early stage of Business Intelligence development through the most sophisticated environments where the value and nature of information is unquestioned. All of us should strive to reach the final level. And now we have the ultimate guide to help us get there." --Claudia Imhoff, President, Intelligent Solutions, Inc. "Managing a successful Business Intelligence effort requires a long-term view and this means leaders must have a methodology to guide them as they navigate their organization through the BI evolution. Information Revolution provides the prag-matic road map all executives can understand and follow." --Irving Tyler, Chief Information Officer, Quaker Chemical Corporation "Information Revolution is the perfect blend of 'what,' 'how,' and especially 'why.' This book is a must-read for those driven to excel in this information-based world, instead of being another 'me, too' along for the ride." --Bruce Barnes, former chief information officer, Nationwide Financial Services "Information Revolution provides a powerful framework for assessing the current state of your company's systems and its decision making capabilities. It then presents a clear process for moving your systems and your company toward an adaptive and innovative enterprise." --Michael Hugos, Chief Information Officer, Network Services Company

Stellar Structure and Evolution

By Rudolf Kippenhahn,Alfred Weigert,Achim Weiss
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 3642303048
  • Total of Pages : 606
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 302
  • Pdf File: stellar-structure-and-evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This long-awaited second edition of the classical textbook on Stellar Structure and Evolution by Kippenhahn and Weigert is a thoroughly revised version of the original text. Taking into account modern observational constraints as well as additional physical effects such as mass loss and diffusion, Achim Weiss and Rudolf Kippenhahn have succeeded in bringing the book up to the state-of-the-art with respect to both the presentation of stellar physics and the presentation and interpretation of current sophisticated stellar models. The well-received and proven pedagogical approach of the first edition has been retained. The book provides a comprehensive treatment of the physics of the stellar interior and the underlying fundamental processes and parameters. The models developed to explain the stability, dynamics and evolution of the stars are presented and great care is taken to detail the various stages in a star’s life. Just as the first edition, which remained a standard work for more than 20 years after its first publication, the second edition will be of lasting value not only for students but also for active researchers in astronomy and astrophysics.

Evolution

By Scientific American
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Book Code : 0226742733
  • Total of Pages : 312
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 333
  • Pdf File: evolution.pdf

Book Short Summary:

From the Scopes “Monkey Trial” of 1925 to the court ruling against the Dover Area School Board’s proposed intelligent design curriculum in 2005, few scientific topics have engendered as much controversy—or grabbed as many headlines—as evolution. And since the debate shows no signs of abating, there is perhaps no better time to step back and ask: What is evolution? Defined as the gradual process by which something changes into a different and usually more complex and efficient form, evolution explains the formation of the universe, the nature of viruses, and the emergence of humans. A first-rate summary of the actual science of evolution, this Scientific American reader is a timely collection that gives readers an opportunity to consider evolution’s impact in various settings. Divided into four sections that consider the evolution of the universe, cells, dinosaurs, and humans, Evolution brings together more than thirty articles written by some of the world’s most respected evolutionary scientists. As tour guides through the genesis of the universe and complex cells, P. James E. Peebles examines the evidence in support of an expanding cosmos, while Christian de Duve discusses the birth of eukaryotes. In an article that anticipated his book Full House, Stephen Jay Gould argues that chance and contingency are as important as natural selection for evolutionary change. And Ian Tatersall makes two fascinating contributions, submitting his view that the schematic of human evolution looks less like a ladder and more like a bush. With the latest on what’s being researched at every level of evolutionary studies, from prospects of life on other planets to the inner working of cells, Evolution offers general readers an opportunity to update their knowledge on this hot topic while giving students an introduction to the problems and methodologies of an entire field of inquiry.

Stellar Interiors

By Carl J. Hansen,Steven D Kawaler,Virginia Trimble
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1441991107
  • Total of Pages : 526
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 897
  • Pdf File: stellar-interiors.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The?rsteditionofthistextappearedin1994.Shortlyafterthethirdprinting, our editor suggested that we attempt a second edition because new devel- mentsinstellarstructureandevolutionhadmadeouroriginalworkoutdated. We (the original authors, CJH and SDK) reluctantly agreed but with res- vations due to the e?ort involved. Our initial reluctance disappeared when we were able to convince (cajole, twist the arm of, etc.) our new coauth- colleague Virginia Trimble to join us. (Welcome Virginia!) We (i.e., all three of us) hope that you agree that the present edition is a great improvement compared to the 1994 e?ort. Our objectives in this edition are the same ones we set forth in 1994: Whatyouwill?ndisatextdesignedforourtargetaudience:thety- cal senior undergraduate or beginning graduate student in astronomy or astrophysics who wishes an overview of stellar structure and e- lution with just enough detail to understand the general picture. She or he can go on from there to more specialized texts or directly to the research literature depending on talent and interests. To this end, this text presents the basic physical principles without chasing all the (interesting!) details. For those of you familiar with the ?rst edition, you will ?nd that some things have not been changed substantially (F = ma is still F = ma), while othersde?nitelyhave.Forexample,Chapter2hasbeencompletelyrewritten.