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Novum Organum

By Francis Bacon
  • ISBN Code: : N.a
  • Publisher : Strelbytskyy Multimedia Publishing
  • Pages :
  • Category : Fiction
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  • Pdf : novum-organum.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Sir Francis Bacon's ''Novum Organum'' is a treatise meant to adjust the thought and methodology of learning about and understanding science and nature. Learn about the four Idols and the inductive method outlined in this keystone philosophy work. This is now known as the Baconian method. The title is a reference to Aristotle's work Organon, which was his treatise on logic and syllogism. Ultimately, the Novum Organum is defined as the ''New Tool.'' But, a new tool for what, and why is it 'new'? In this book Bacon demonstrates the use of the scientific method to discover knowledge about the natural world. Many of the examples in this volume concern the nature of heat and energy.

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Read Also This Books

Francis Bacon and the Limits of Scientific Knowledge

By Dennis Desroches
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : A&C Black
  • Book Code : 1847143725
  • Total of Pages : 208
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 912
  • Pdf File: francis-bacon-and-the-limits-of-scientific-knowledge.pdf

Book Short Summary:

While Francis Bacon continues to be considered the 'father' of modern experimental science, his writings are no longer given close attention by most historians and philosophers of science, let alone by scientists themselves. In this new book Dennis Desroches speaks up loudly for Bacon, showing how we have yet to surpass the fundamental theoretical insights that he offered towards producing scientific knowledge. The book first examines the critics who have led many generations of scholars - in fields as diverse as literary criticism, science studies, feminism, philosophy and history - to think of Bacon as an outmoded landmark in the history of ideas rather than a crucial thinker for our own day. Bacon's own work is seen to contain the best responses to these various forms of attack. Desroches then focuses on Bacon's Novum Organum, The Advancement of Learning and De Augmentis, in order to discern the theoretical - rather than simply the empirical or utilitarian - nature of his programme for the 'renovation' of the natural sciences. The final part of the book draws startling links between Bacon and one of the twentieth century's most important historians/philosophers of science, Thomas Kuhn, discerning in Kuhn's work a reprise of many of Bacon's fundamental ideas - despite Kuhn's clear attempt to reject Bacon as a significant contributor to the way we think about scientific practice today. Desroches concludes, then, that Bacon was not simply the 'father' of modern science - he is still in the process of 'fathering' it.

The Philosophical Works of Francis Bacon

By John M. Robertson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136654496
  • Total of Pages : 942
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 431
  • Pdf File: the-philosophical-works-of-francis-bacon.pdf

Book Short Summary:

First published in 1905, this reissued edition of The Philosophical Works of Francis Bacon is an edited collection based upon the definitive seven volume edition of 1857, translated and prefaced by Robert Leslie Ellis and James Spedding. Of great historical, philosophical and scientific interest, this collection brings together translations of Bacon’s most important works, including the Novum Organum, the De Augmentis Scientarium, the Parasceve, and the De Principiis atque Originibus, as well as works originally written in English, such as the Valerius Terminus and the Filum Labyrinthi. The reissue offers a comprehensive and provocative collection of the key writings of the man we now consider to be the father of Empiricism who popularised inductive methodologies for scientific inquiry. All works include prefaces by Robert Leslie Ellis and James Spedding, and the collection includes an introductory note from the editor John M. Robertson.

New Atlantis and The City of the Sun

By Francis Bacon,Tomasso Campanella
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Courier Dover Publications
  • Book Code : 048683266X
  • Total of Pages : 112
  • Category : Literary Collections
  • Members : 527
  • Pdf File: new-atlantis-and-the-city-of-the-sun.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Campanella was a student of logic and physics; Bacon focused on politics and philosophy — but despite their authors' differences, both of these utopian visions reflect the spirit of 17th-century philosophy.

World Yearbook of Education 2022

By Daniel Tröhler,Nelli Piattoeva,William F. Pinar
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000484181
  • Total of Pages : 306
  • Category : Education
  • Members : 592
  • Pdf File: world-yearbook-of-education-2022.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The latest volume in the World Yearbook of Education Series explores the relationship between education and the globally prevalent principle of nationalism. This book identifies the diverse ways in which educational policies, discourses, curricula and pedagogy embed and promote the concept of "the nation" both historically and in the age of globalization. By challenging accounts owed to the discourse of "globalization" which conceal the presence of national epistemologies and interests in education, this book offers important insights into the role of education in making nationalism one of the most enduring and yet easily obscured forces of our time. Organized into four sections, this book looks at the following main issues: Historical (re)production of the nation considers how countries consider and reproduce their national identity and how this is built on their history. Hegemonic aspirations and interventions examines how instruction technologies developed during the Cold War have been propagated and disseminated around the world, how the development of educational policy based on the human capital theory emerged, and analyzes the extent to which tech companies are intent on establishing an imperial order of learning. Imperial policies and resurgences of nationalisms explores how global or imperial policies have been indulged in different parts of the world and how new forms of nationalism have been emerging. Paradoxes, inconsistencies, and a self-reflection focuses on nations acting imperially as sites of domestic injustices, addresses unresolved paradoxes between the global and the national and includes a historically informed critical review of the World Yearbooks of Education. Bringing together the voices of researchers from around the globe, The World Yearbook of Education 2022 is ideal reading for anyone interested in learning how nationalism has affected the expansion of education systems and how its imperial aspirations are currently affecting education policy and practice.

Aphorisms

By The Supreme Master Ching Hai
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : The Supreme Master Ching Hai Publishing Co Ltd.
  • Book Code : 986689536X
  • Total of Pages : 73
  • Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
  • Members : 868
  • Pdf File: aphorisms.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The light of Truth shines upon human hearts for eternity, liberating us from ignorance. Aphorisms is a collection of wisdom from Supreme Master Ching Hai in response to spiritual questions from Her disciples, Truth seekers and the general public. Its words of supreme wisdom, which deal with spiritual practice, life and philosophy, touch the very source of our being, bringing us enlightenment and heavenly bliss. The book provides rare nectar for the soul that can accompany us on life’s journey and encourage us to persevere in difficult situations, in all seasons of our spiritual practice.

Teaching Thinking

By Robert J. Swartz,D.N. Perkins
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 131723507X
  • Total of Pages : 266
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 825
  • Pdf File: teaching-thinking.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Originally published in 1990, this title attempts to provide for the educational practitioner an overview of a field that responded in the 1980s to a major educational agenda. This innovative ‘agenda’ called for teaching students in ways that dramatically improved the quality of their thinking. Its context is a variety of changes in education that brought the explicit teaching of thinking to the consciousness of more and more teachers and administrators.

Francis Bacon on Motion and Power

By Guido Giglioni,James A.T. Lancaster,Sorana Corneanu,Dana Jalobeanu
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3319276417
  • Total of Pages : 312
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 162
  • Pdf File: francis-bacon-on-motion-and-power.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book offers a comprehensive and unitary study of the philosophy of Francis Bacon, with special emphasis on the medical, ethical and political aspects of his thought. It presents an original interpretation focused on the material conditions of nature and human life. In particular, coverage in the book is organized around the unifying theme of Bacon’s notion of appetite, which is considered in its natural, ethical, medical and political meanings. The book redefines the notions of experience and experiment in Bacon’s philosophy of nature, shows the important presence of Stoic themes in his work as well as provides an original discussion of the relationships between natural magic, prudence and political realism in his philosophy. Bringing together scholarly expertise from the history of philosophy, the history of science and the history of literature, this book presents readers with a rich and diverse contextualization of Bacon’s philosophy.

The Advancement of Learning

By Francis Bacon
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  • Publisher : Paul Dry Books
  • Book Code : 158988275X
  • Total of Pages : 263
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 338
  • Pdf File: the-advancement-of-learning.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Francis Bacon's The Advancement of Learning (1605) is considered the first major philosophical book written in English. In it, Bacon is concerned with scientific learning: the current state of knowledge, obstacles to its progress, and his own plans for revitalization of schools and universities. Here Bacon sets forth the first account of science as intended for "the relief of man's estate." With this newly designed and reset edition, this important work is again available in paperback. Difficult and fundamental, The Advancement of Learning helps define the modern era. "This extraordinary genius, when it was impossible to write a history of what men already knew, wrote one of that which they had to learn." —Diderot "Bacon was the first to address the issues that have again become so pressing in our time: Why should we pursue scientific progress? What are the implications of modern science for religion and morality? Does technology enhance or disfigure the human soul? . . . It is therefore hard to imagine a book more attuned to our times." —from the new Introduction by Jerry Weinberger

Ideology and Utopia

By Karl Mannheim
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1136120289
  • Total of Pages : 376
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 264
  • Pdf File: ideology-and-utopia.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Ideology and Utopia argues that ideologies are mental fictions whose function is to veil the true nature of a given society. They originate unconsciously in the minds of those who seek to stabilise a social order. Utopias are wish dreams that inspire the collective action of opposition groups which aim at the entire transformation of society. Mannheim shows these two opposing elements to dominate not only our social thought but even unexpectedly to penetrate into the most scientific theories in philosophy, history and the social sciences. This new edition contains a new preface by Bryan S. Turner which describes Mannheim's work and critically assesses its relevance to modern sociology. The book is published with a comprehensive bibliography of Mannheim's major works.

The Political Philosophy of Francis Bacon

By Tom van Malssen
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  • Publisher : State University of New York Press
  • Book Code : 143845418X
  • Total of Pages : 338
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 780
  • Pdf File: the-political-philosophy-of-francis-bacon.pdf

Book Short Summary:

An ambitious and radically original reading of philosopher Francis Bacon. Comprehensive in its ambitions and meticulous in its approach, The Political Philosophy of Francis Bacon is a new and unique interpretation of one of early modernity’s more important thinkers. Whereas recent works on Bacon tend to confine themselves either to interpreting his historical context or to considering the founder of Baconianism from the perspective of one work in particular or the history of science in general, Tom van Malssen argues, through detailed and provocative interpretations of a number of Baconian writings, that the unity of Bacon’s thought can only be revealed if these writings are read in historical and philosophical conjunction as well as on the assumption that they are all somehow part of the whole of Bacon’s political philosophy. In addition to restoring Bacon to the pantheon of great philosophers, Van Malssen demonstrates that a proper understanding of Bacon’s political philosophy contributes significantly to our understanding of the nature of philanthropic science, the modern project, and ultimately ourselves. Tom van Malssen holds a master’s in law and a PhD in political philosophy. He currently works as a lawyer in the Netherlands.

Francis Bacon's Inquiry Touching Human Nature

By Svetozar Minkov
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  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Book Code : 0739144839
  • Total of Pages : 158
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 226
  • Pdf File: francis-bacon-s-inquiry-touching-human-nature.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Francis Bacon's 'Inquiry Touching Human Nature' is an engagement at a fundamental level with the political and philosophic thought of one of the founders of modernity, Francis Bacon. Bacon had a comprehensive vision of the human situation. And because he saw the costs or dangers of modern life as clearly as he predicted its achievements and boons, Bacon is a thinker who addresses directly and deeply our own perplexities.

Selected papers on Renaissance philosophy and on Thomas Hobbes

By Karl Schuhmann
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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9401704856
  • Total of Pages : 278
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 505
  • Pdf File: selected-papers-on-renaissance-philosophy-and-on-thomas-hobbes.pdf

Book Short Summary:

-Selected papers on Renaissance philosophy and on Thomas Hobbes offers the best work in these fields by the acclaimed historian of philosophy, Karl Schuhmann (1941-2003), displaying the extraordinary range and depth of his unique scholarship, -Topics covered include Renaissance philosophy of nature; the development of the notion of time in early modern philosophy; Telesio's concept of space; Hermetic influences on Pico, Patrizi and Hobbes; Hobbes's Short Tract; Spinoza and Hobbes; Hobbes's political philosophy, -This book brings together, in chronological arrangement, twelve papers. Though these were published before in some form, several were not easily accessible so far, -All articles have been edited in accordance with the author's wishes, and incorporate his later additions and corrections

Open Form and the Shape of Ideas

By Oscar Kenshur
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bucknell University Press
  • Book Code : 9780838750810
  • Total of Pages : 140
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Members : 154
  • Pdf File: open-form-and-the-shape-of-ideas.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This study examines some of the ways in which discontinuous literary forms of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries serve as representations of philosophical ideas. The author provides a critique of Joseph Frank's "Spatial Form" and Umberto Eco's "Open Work" and then offers his own account of the theory of discontinuous form.

Psychology Library Editions: History of Psychology

By Various
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000519120
  • Total of Pages : 2534
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 169
  • Pdf File: psychology-library-editions.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Originally published between 1928 and 1987, the volumes in this set provide an interesting look back at how psychology has developed as a discipline and some of the problems it has encountered along the way. It includes volumes focusing on the history of specific fields such as developmental and experimental psychology, as well as examining the roots of psychological theory as a whole and how it has informed many of the fields of psychology we know today.

Francis Bacon's New Atlantis in the Foundation of Modern Political Thought

By Kimberly Hurd Hale
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Book Code : 0739181513
  • Total of Pages : 168
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 199
  • Pdf File: francis-bacon-s-new-atlantis-in-the-foundation-of-modern-political-thought.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The relationship between technology, philosophy, and politics is both contentious and vital to our understanding of human nature and the ways human beings interact with one another in society; Francis Bacon outlined the wild potential and great danger of this relationship. This book explores Bacon’s role as a founder of modern political science and the place of his New Atlantis in the founding of modern political thought.

The Image of Restoration Science

By Michael Hunter
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317027876
  • Total of Pages : 150
  • Category : History
  • Members : 929
  • Pdf File: the-image-of-restoration-science.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is about a single image - the frontispiece to Thomas Sprat’s History of the Royal-Society of London (1667). Designed by John Evelyn, and etched by Wenceslaus Hollar, it is arguably the best-known representation of seventeenth-century English science. The use of such plates to celebrate and legitimise the ‘new’ science of the period falls into a tradition that was well-established both in Britain and in Europe more generally, and which has increasingly attract attention from historians. Nevertheless, there are many questions to be asked about it and how it came into being. Was it an original composition by Evelyn, or is it based on earlier exemplars? Can all the scientific instruments, books and other objects that appear in it be identified, and what significance should be attached to their inclusion? Above all, how did the plate come to be designed in the first place, and what is its true relationship with Sprat’s book? In order to assess such issues, this study provides a full analysis of Evelyn’s image in its Royal Society setting and the wider world of early-modern science. The book first considers the overall iconography of the image and its message concerning Evelyn’s conception of the society’s role, before moving on to examine the myriad of details included in the plate and their significance. It concludes by considering the print’s history after publication, including the extent to which Evelyn used copies to exemplify the combination of technological and artistic accomplishment to which he believed the society should aspire.

Thinking through Technology

By Carl Mitcham
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Book Code : 0226825396
  • Total of Pages : 411
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 478
  • Pdf File: thinking-through-technology.pdf

Book Short Summary:

What does it mean to think about technology philosophically? Why try? These are the issues that Carl Mitcham addresses in this work, a comprehensive, critical introduction to the philosophy of technology and a discussion of its sources and uses. Tracing the changing meaning of "technology" from ancient times to our own, Mitcham identifies the most important traditions of critical analysis of technology: the engineering approach, which assumes the centrality of technology in human life; and the humanities approach, which is concerned with its moral and cultural boundaries. Mitcham bridges these two traditions through an analysis of discussions of engineering design, of the distinction between tools and machines, and of engineering science itself. He looks at technology as it is experienced in everyday life—as material objects (from kitchenware to computers), as knowledge ( including recipes, rules, theories, and intuitive "know-how"), as activity (design, construction, and use), and as volition (knowing how to use technology and understanding its consequences). By elucidating these multiple aspects, Mitcham establishes criteria for a more comprehensive analysis of ethical issues in applications of science and technology. This book will guide anyone wanting to reflect on technology and its moral implications.

Odd Perceptions

By Richard L. Gregory
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1315516209
  • Total of Pages : 230
  • Category : Psychology
  • Members : 130
  • Pdf File: odd-perceptions.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Richard Gregory was one of the major scientific thinkers of our time. Originally published in 1986, here he presents essays on the rich subject of perception. How we experience colours, shapes, sounds, touches, tickles, tastes and smells is a mysterious and rich inquiry. Wonderful as these sensations are, though, he argues that perception becomes really interesting when we consider how objects are identified and located in space and time as things we interact with, using our intelligence to understand them. Gregory’s essays convey the crucial importance of the major scientists and their achievements in the study of perception; but they also show us how much we can learn from our surroundings, our language, our times, our successes and our failures. Why are we so often fooled, in scientific as well as everyday life?

Advanced Educational Foundations for Teachers

By Donald K. Sharpes
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1135720584
  • Total of Pages : 368
  • Category : Education
  • Members : 663
  • Pdf File: advanced-educational-foundations-for-teachers.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Sharpes' approach synthesizes historical, philosophical, and cultural standpoints. The text contains practical teaching applications alongside theory and an integrated emphasis of diversity and other multicultural themes. It also covers the history of schooling from ancient times to the present, including biographies of major non-Western figures as well as the canon of educational innovators.

The Very Idea of Modern Science

By Joseph Agassi
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9400753519
  • Total of Pages : 318
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 246
  • Pdf File: the-very-idea-of-modern-science.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book is a study of the scientific revolution as a movement of amateur science. It describes the ideology of the amateur scientific societies as the philosophy of the Enlightenment Movement and their social structure and the way they made modern science such a magnificent institution. It also shows what was missing in the scientific organization of science and why it gave way to professional science in stages. In particular the book studies the contributions of Sir Francis Bacon and of the Hon. Robert Boyle to the rise of modern science. The philosophy of induction is notoriously problematic, yet its great asset is that it expressed the view of the Enlightenment Movement about science. This explains the ambivalence that we still exhibit towards Sir Francis Bacon whose radicalism and vision of pure and applied science still a major aspect of the fabric of society. Finally, the book discusses Boyle’s philosophy, his agreement with and dissent from Bacon and the way he single-handedly trained a crowd of poorly educated English aristocrats and rendered them into an army of able amateur researchers.

Novum Organum; Or, True Suggestions for the Interpretation of Nature

By Francis Bacon
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Good Press
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 365
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 869
  • Pdf File: novum-organum-or-true-suggestions-for-the-interpretation-of-nature.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"Novum Organum; Or, True Suggestions for the Interpretation of Nature" by Francis Bacon. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

Delphi Collected Works of Francis Bacon (Illustrated)

By Francis Bacon
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Delphi Classics
  • Book Code : 1786560976
  • Total of Pages : 2133
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 427
  • Pdf File: delphi-collected-works-of-francis-bacon.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The father of Empiricism, the Elizabethan philosopher Francis Bacon was an advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution. His pioneering works argued for the possibility of scientific knowledge based only upon inductive reasoning and careful observation of events in nature. This comprehensive eBook presents Bacon’s collected works, with numerous illustrations, rare texts appearing in digital print for the first time, informative introductions and the usual Delphi bonus material. (Version 1) * Beautifully illustrated with images relating to Bacon’s life and works * Concise introductions to the major texts * All the major works, with individual contents tables * Features rare treatises appearing for the first time in digital publishing * Images of how the books were first published, giving your eReader a taste of the original texts * Excellent formatting of the texts * Special criticism section, with essays evaluating Bacon’s contribution to philosophy and the ‘Bacon is Shakespeare’ theory * Features three biographies - discover Bacon’s intriguing life * Scholarly ordering of texts into chronological order and literary genres Please visit www.delphiclassics.com to browse through our range of exciting titles CONTENTS: The Books The Essays or Counsels, Civil and Moral The Colours of Good and Evil Meditationes Sacrae Valerius Terminus of the Interpretation of Nature The Advancement and Proficience of Learning Divine and Human In Felicem Memoriam Elizabethae De Sapientia Veterum Instauratio Magna Novum Organum Scientiarum History of the Reign of King Henry VII Translation of Certain Psalms into English Verse Preparative toward a Natural and Experimental History New Atlantis Sylva Sylvarvm Theological Tracts The Union of the Two Kingdoms of Scotland and England The Criticism Bacon is Shake-Speare by Sir Edwin Durning-Lawrence Shakespeare, Bacon, and the Great Unknown by Andrew Lang Forty Years of Bacon-Shakespeare Folly by John Fiske The Classification of the Sciences — Francis Bacon by Walter Libby The Biographies Bacon by R. W. Church The Mystery of Francis Bacon by William T. Smedley Brief Biography: Francis Bacon by Robert Adamson Please visit www.delphiclassics.com to browse through our range of exciting titles or to purchase this eBook as a Parts Edition of individual eBooks

Categories and Contexts

By Simon Szreter,Hania Sholkamy,A. Dharmalingam
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Book Code : 0191533696
  • Total of Pages : 424
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 392
  • Pdf File: categories-and-contexts.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Throughout its history as a social science, demography has been associated with an exclusively quantitative orientation for studying social problems. As a result, demographers tend to analyse population issues scientifically through sets of fixed social categories that are divorced from dynamic relationships and local contexts and processes. This volume questions these fixed categories in two ways. First, it examines the historical and political circumstances in which such categories had their provenance, and, second, it reassesses their uncritical applications over space and time in a diverse range of empirical case studies, encouraging throughout a constructive interdisciplinary dialogue involving anthropologists, demographers, historians, and sociologists. This volume seeks to examine the political complexities that lie at the heart of population studies by focusing on category formation, category use, and category critique. It shows that this takes the form of a dialectic between the needs for clarity of scientific and administrative analysis and the recalcitrant diversity of the social contexts and human processes that generate population change. The critical reflections of each chapter are enriched by meticulous ethnographic fieldwork and historical research drawn from every continent. This volume, therefore, exemplifies a new methodology for research in population studies, one that does not simply accept and re-use the established categories of population science but seeks critically and reflexively to explore, test, and re-evaluate their meanings in diverse contexts. It shows that for demography to realise its full potential it must urgently re-examine and contextualize the social categories used today in population research.

The Mechanization of Natural Philosophy

By Sophie Roux
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 9400743459
  • Total of Pages : 342
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 887
  • Pdf File: the-mechanization-of-natural-philosophy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Mechanisation of Natural Philosophy is devoted to various aspects of the transformation of natural philosophy during the 16th and 17th centuries that is usually described as mechanical philosophy . Drawing the border between the old Aristotelianism and the « new » mechanical philosophy faces historians with a delicate task, if not an impossible mission. There were many natural philosophers who actually crossed the border between the two worlds, and, inside each of these worlds, there was a vast spectrum of doctrines, arguments and intellectual practices. The expression mechanical philosophy is burdened with ambiguities. It may refer to at least three different enterprises: a description of nature in mathematical terms; the comparison of natural phenomena to existing or imaginary machines; the use in natural philosophy of mechanical analogies, i.e. analogies conceived in terms of matter and motion alone.However mechanical philosophy is defined, its ambition was greater than its real successes. There were few mathematisations of phenomena. The machines of mechanical philosophers were not only imaginary, but had little to do with the machines of mecanicians. In most of the natural sciences, analogies in terms of matter and motion alone failed to provide satisfactory accounts of phenomena.By the same authors: Mechanics and Natural Philosophy before the Scientific Revolution (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 254).

Shakespeare and Philosophy

By Stanley Stewart
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 113517802X
  • Total of Pages : 244
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Members : 777
  • Pdf File: shakespeare-and-philosophy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Touching on the work of philosophers including Richardson, Kant, Hume, Wittgenstein, Nietzsche, and Dewey, this study examines the history of what philosophers have had to say about "Shakespeare" as a subject of philosophy, from the seventeenth-century to the present. Stewart's volume will be of interest to Shakespeareans, literary critics, and philosophers.

Literary Criticism of 17Th Century England

By Edward Tayler
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : iUniverse
  • Book Code : 9781462091539
  • Total of Pages : 452
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Members : 100
  • Pdf File: literary-criticism-of-17th-century-england.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This collection of writings by English Renaissance poets and essayists includes poems and essays by Ben Jonson, George Chapman and Samuel Daniel. Excerpts from Francis Bacon, John Milton, William Drummond, George Herbert, Andrew Marvell, Abraham Cowley. The book also surveys the origins, range and development of literary taste and practice in 16th and 17th century England. Then, as now, poets anchored their lines between the poles of tradition and inspiration, loyalty and liberty, art and truth. Edward W. Tayler is the emeritus Lionel trilling Professor in the Humanities at Columbia University. His other books include Nature and Art in the Renaissance, Milton Poetry, and Donne Idea of a Woman. p> he selection is excellent?The introduction is most admirable and ?Tayler wisely is generous with explanations and identifications?His most volume supplants Sringarn as THE best collection of seventeenth-century criticism.?/p> Seventeenth-Century News Winter 1967

Essays

By Francis Bacon
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cosimo, Inc.
  • Book Code : 1602060762
  • Total of Pages : 156
  • Category : Literary Collections
  • Members : 728
  • Pdf File: essays.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In this collection of essays originally published in 1625, Bacon delves in to a variety of topics, using inductive reasoning to find truth based on observations of the world. The application of inductive reason to scientific and philosophical pursuits was a breakthrough in the history of human knowledge. Students of history and philosophy, as well as those intrigued by the world's great minds, can find in these essays Sir Francis Bacon's commentary on such topics as: .Death .Religion .Beauty .Friendship .Anger .The Nature of Men SIR FRANCIS BACON (1561-1626) was a British scientist and philosopher who is best remembered for inventing the scientific method of hypothesis and experimentation that is used today. Many of his writings discussed how to use this method for philosophical inquiry. As a man of religion, Bacon was careful to distinguish between reason-based philosophy and faith-based revelation, considering both essential to human thought.

A Beginner's History of Philosophy (Vol. 1&2)

By Herbert Ernest Cushman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : e-artnow
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 546
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 742
  • Pdf File: a-beginner-s-history-of-philosophy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A Beginner's History of Philosophy helps a reader shape a general notion of the leading philosophical ideas of the world. It starts with Greek and Roman philosophy, focusing on such prominent personalities as Aristotle, Socrates, Plato, and others. Then the author goes into the political and historical background of the Middle Ages, pays attention to the primary schools of the period, and moves on to the eras of Renaissance and Enlightenment. Finally, a reader learns the main ideas of Berkley, Hume, Bacon, Locke, the imperatives of Kant, and the return to realism at the beginning of the 19th century.

Spectacular Science, Technology and Superstition in the Age of Shakespeare

By Sophie Chiari
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
  • Book Code : 1474427847
  • Total of Pages : 322
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Members : 688
  • Pdf File: spectacular-science-technology-and-superstition-in-the-age-of-shakespeare.pdf

Book Short Summary:

How can multicultural governance respond to our increasingly complex migratory world?

Sharing Faith

By Thomas Groome
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1579101968
  • Total of Pages : 584
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 664
  • Pdf File: sharing-faith.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Provides a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of religious education and pastoral ministry and gives an in-depth inquiry into the philosophical, educational and theological theories for sharing faith.

Apprehension

By Lynn Holt
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317180038
  • Total of Pages : 128
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 342
  • Pdf File: apprehension.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book introduces and explores the role of apprehension in reasoning - setting out the problems, determining the vocabulary, fixing the boundaries, and questioning what is often taken for granted. Lynn Holt argues that a robust conception of rationality must include intellectual virtues which cannot be reduced to a set of rules for reasoners, and argues that the virtue of apprehension, an acquired disposition to see things correctly, is required if rationality is to be defensible. Drawing on an Aristotelian conception of intellectual virtue and examples from the sciences, Holt shows why impersonal standards for rationality are misguided, why foundations for knowledge are the last elements to emerge from inquiry not the first, and why intuition is a poor substitute for virtue. By placing the current scene in historical perspective, Holt displays the current impasse as the inevitable outcome of the replacement of intellectual virtue with method in the early modern philosophical imagination. Written in an engaging and jargon-free style, this book is of interest to a wide range of readers, particularly epistemologists and philosophers of science concerned with the fate of reason.