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Aztec

By Gary Jennings
  • ISBN Code: : 0765392178
  • Publisher : Forge Books
  • Pages : 768
  • Category : Fiction
  • Reads : 811
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : aztec.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Gary Jennings's Aztec is the extraordinary story of the last and greatest native civilization of North America. Told in the words of one of the most robust and memorable characters in modern fiction, Mixtli-Dark Cloud, Aztec reveals the very depths of Aztec civilization from the peak and feather-banner splendor of the Aztec Capital of Tenochtitlan to the arrival of Hernán Cortás and his conquistadores, and their destruction of the Aztec empire. The story of Mixtli is the story of the Aztecs themselves---a compelling, epic tale of heroic dignity and a colossal civilization's rise and fall. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

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Read Also This Books

Ancient Aztec Technology

By Emily Mahoney
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
  • Book Code : 1499419279
  • Total of Pages : 32
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Members : 240
  • Pdf File: ancient-aztec-technology.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Technology is guiding force in all civilizations. Readers discover the role technology played in ancient Aztec life through text designed to reflect essential social studies curriculum topics. Accessible text introduces readers to the technology used by ancient Aztecs, helping them make their own comparisons to the technology available to us today. Colorful photographs and historical images bring readers into the world of the ancient Aztec people. Primary sources are also included to enhance readers’ learning experience. What did the Aztec people use to make their tools and weapons? Readers will have fun finding out!

Age of Aztec

By James Lovegrove
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Solaris
  • Book Code : 1849973458
  • Total of Pages : 512
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 103
  • Pdf File: age-of-aztec.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The date is 4 Jaguar 1 Monkey 1 House; November 25th 2012, by the old reckoning. The Aztec Empire rules the world, in the name of Quetzalcoatl – the Feathered Serpent – and his brother gods. The Aztec reign is one of cruel and ruthless oppression, fuelled by regular human sacrifice. In the jungle-infested city of London, one man defies them: the masked vigilante known as the Conquistador. Then the Conquistador is recruited to spearhead an uprising, and discovers the terrible truth about the Aztecs and their gods. The clock is ticking. Apocalypse looms, unless the Conquistador can help assassinate the mysterious, immortal Aztec emperor, the Great Speaker. But his mission is complicated by Mal Vaughn, a police detective who is on his trail, determined to bring him to justice.

The Aztecs

By Dirk R. Van Tuerenhout
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Book Code : 157607921X
  • Total of Pages : 339
  • Category : History
  • Members : 148
  • Pdf File: the-aztecs.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Shows how the Aztecs lived by describing their government, social customs, religion, and history.

Aztec Philosophy

By James Maffie
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University Press of Colorado
  • Book Code : 1607322234
  • Total of Pages : 512
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 200
  • Pdf File: aztec-philosophy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In Aztec Philosophy, James Maffie shows the Aztecs advanced a highly sophisticated and internally coherent systematic philosophy worthy of consideration alongside other philosophies from around the world. Bringing together the fields of comparative world philosophy and Mesoamerican studies, Maffie excavates the distinctly philosophical aspects of Aztec thought. Aztec Philosophy focuses on the ways Aztec metaphysics—the Aztecs’ understanding of the nature, structure and constitution of reality—underpinned Aztec thinking about wisdom, ethics, politics,\ and aesthetics, and served as a backdrop for Aztec religious practices as well as everyday activities such as weaving, farming, and warfare. Aztec metaphysicians conceived reality and cosmos as a grand, ongoing process of weaving—theirs was a world in motion. Drawing upon linguistic, ethnohistorical, archaeological, historical, and contemporary ethnographic evidence, Maffie argues that Aztec metaphysics maintained a processive, transformational, and non-hierarchical view of reality, time, and existence along with a pantheistic theology. Aztec Philosophy will be of great interest to Mesoamericanists, philosophers, religionists, folklorists, and Latin Americanists as well as students of indigenous philosophy, religion, and art of the Americas.

The Death of Aztec Tenochtitlan, the Life of Mexico City

By Barbara E. Mundy
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • Book Code : 0292766580
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Art
  • Members : 500
  • Pdf File: the-death-of-aztec-tenochtitlan-the-life-of-mexico-city.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The capital of the Aztec empire, Tenochtitlan, was, in its era, one of the largest cities in the world. Built on an island in the middle of a shallow lake, its population numbered perhaps 150,000, with another 350,000 people in the urban network clustered around the lake shores. In 1521, at the height of Tenochtitlan's power, which extended over much of Central Mexico, Hernando Cortés and his followers conquered the city. Cortés boasted to King Charles V of Spain that Tenochtitlan was "destroyed and razed to the ground." But was it? Drawing on period representations of the city in sculptures, texts, and maps, The Death of Aztec Tenochtitlan, the Life of Mexico City builds a convincing case that this global capital remained, through the sixteenth century, very much an Amerindian city. Barbara E. Mundy foregrounds the role the city's indigenous peoples, the Nahua, played in shaping Mexico City through the construction of permanent architecture and engagement in ceremonial actions. She demonstrates that the Aztec ruling elites, who retained power even after the conquest, were instrumental in building and then rebuilding the city. Mundy shows how the Nahua entered into mutually advantageous alliances with the Franciscans to maintain the city's sacred nodes. She also focuses on the practical and symbolic role of the city's extraordinary waterworks—the product of a massive ecological manipulation begun in the fifteenth century—to reveal how the Nahua struggled to maintain control of water resources in early Mexico City.

Rethinking the Aztec Economy

By Deborah L. Nichols,Frances Berdan,Michael E. Smith
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Arizona Press
  • Book Code : 0816536333
  • Total of Pages : 352
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 694
  • Pdf File: rethinking-the-aztec-economy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

With its rich archaeological and historical record, the Aztec empire provides an intriguing opportunity to understand the dynamics and structure of early states and empires. Rethinking the Aztec Economy brings together leading scholars from multiple disciplines to thoroughly synthesize and examine the nature of goods and their movements across rural and urban landscapes in Mesoamerica. In so doing, they provide a new way of understanding society and economy in the Aztec empire. The volume is divided into three parts. Part 1 synthesizes our current understanding of the Aztec economy and singles out the topics of urbanism and provincial merchant activity for more detailed analysis. Part 2 brings new data and a new conceptual approach that applies insights from behavioral economics to Nahua and Aztec rituals and social objects. Contributors also discuss how high-value luxury goods, such as feather art, provide insights about both economic and sacred concepts of value in Aztec society. Part 3 reexamines the economy at the Aztec periphery. The volume concludes with a synthesis on the scale, integration, and nature of change in the Aztec imperial economy. Rethinking the Aztec Economy illustrates how superficially different kinds of social contexts were in fact integrated into a single society through the processes of a single economy. Using the world of goods as a crucial entry point, this volume advances scholarly understanding of life in the Aztec world. Contributors: Frances F. Berdan Laura Filloy Nadal Janine Gasco Colin Hirth Kenneth G. Hirth Sarah Imfeld María Olvido Moreno Guzmán Deborah L. Nichols Alan R. Sandstrom Pamela Effrein Sandstrom Michael E. Smith Barbara L. Stark Emily Umberger

Tlacaelel Remembered

By Susan Schroeder
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
  • Book Code : 0806157658
  • Total of Pages : 232
  • Category : History
  • Members : 544
  • Pdf File: tlacaelel-remembered.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The enigmatic and powerful Tlacaelel (1398–1487), wrote annalist Chimalpahin, was “the beginning and origin” of the Mexica monarchy in fifteenth-century Mesoamerica. Brother of the first Moteuczoma, Tlacaelel would become “the most powerful, feared, and esteemed man of all that the world had seen up to that time.” But this outsize figure of Aztec history has also long been shrouded in mystery. In Tlacaelel Remembered, the first biography of the Mexica nobleman, Susan Schroeder searches out the truth about his life and legacy. A century after Tlacaelel’s death, in the wake of the conquistadors, Spaniards and natives recorded the customs, histories, and language of the Nahua, or Aztec, people. Three of these chroniclers—fray Diego Durán, don Hernando Alvarado Tezozomoc, and especially don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin—wrote of Tlacaelel. But the inaccessibility of Chimalpahin’s annals has meant that for centuries of Aztec history, Tlacaelel has appeared, if at all, as a myth. Working from Chimalpahin’s newly available writings and exploring connections and variances in other source materials, Schroeder draws the clearest possible portrait of Tlacaelel, revealing him as the architect of the Aztec empire’s political power and its military might—a politician on par with Machiavelli. As the advisor to five Mexica rulers, Tlacaelel shaped the organization of the Mexica state and broadened the reach of its empire—feats typically accomplished with the spread of warfare, human sacrifice, and cannibalism. In the annals, he is considered the “second king” to the rulers who built the empire, and is given the title “Cihuacoatl,” used for the office of president and judge. As Schroeder traces Tlacaelel through the annals, she also examines how his story was transmitted and transformed in later histories. The resulting work is the most complete and comprehensive account ever given of this significant figure in Mesoamerican history.

Fifth Sun

By Camilla Townsend
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0190673079
  • Total of Pages : 336
  • Category : History
  • Members : 999
  • Pdf File: fifth-sun.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In November 1519, Hernando Cortés walked along a causeway leading to the capital of the Aztec kingdom and came face to face with Moctezuma. That story--and the story of what happened afterwards--has been told many times, but always following the narrative offered by the Spaniards. After all, we have been taught, it was the Europeans who held the pens. But the Native Americans were intrigued by the Roman alphabet and, unbeknownst to the newcomers, they used it to write detailed histories in their own language of Nahuatl. Until recently, these sources remained obscure, only partially translated, and rarely consulted by scholars. For the first time, in Fifth Sun, the history of the Aztecs is offered in all its complexity based solely on the texts written by the indigenous people themselves. Camilla Townsend presents an accessible and humanized depiction of these native Mexicans, rather than seeing them as the exotic, bloody figures of European stereotypes. The conquest, in this work, is neither an apocalyptic moment, nor an origin story launching Mexicans into existence. The Mexica people had a history of their own long before the Europeans arrived and did not simply capitulate to Spanish culture and colonization. Instead, they realigned their political allegiances, accommodated new obligations, adopted new technologies, and endured. This engaging revisionist history of the Aztecs, told through their own words, explores the experience of a once-powerful people facing the trauma of conquest and finding ways to survive, offering an empathetic interpretation for experts and non-specialists alike.

Aztec Blood

By Gary Jennings
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Forge Books
  • Book Code : 1429992069
  • Total of Pages : 528
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 125
  • Pdf File: aztec-blood.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The third volume in Gary Jennings' historical epic that began with Aztec and Aztec Autumn. In this colorful and exciting era of swords and cloaks, upheaval and revolution, a young beggar boy, in whose blood runs that of both Spanish and Aztec royalty must claim his birthright. From the torrid streets of the City of the Dead along the Veracruz Coast to the ageless glory of Seville in Old Spain, Cristo the Bastardo connives fights, and loves as he seeks the truth—without knowing that he will be the founder of a proud new people. As we follow the loves and adventures of Cristo and experience the colorful splendor and barbarism of the era, a vanished culture is brought back to life in all its magnificence. “This exotic, sensuous novel works on many levels. It is at once history, mystery, and a coming-of-age novel all permeated by the teeming world of seventeenth century Mexico as seen through the eyes of a teenage boy.” -- Library Journal At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Mayan and Aztec Mythology

By Jim Ollhoff
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : ABDO
  • Book Code : 1617588997
  • Total of Pages : 32
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Members : 598
  • Pdf File: mayan-and-aztec-mythology.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Who is Itzamna? What is Xolotl? Why are myths so important in our lives? Myths are a rich source of history. People use them to make sense of our world. Even before myths were written down, people told and retold the stories of the gods and goddesses of their homeland. Readers of Mayan and Aztec Mythology will learn the history of myths, as well as their deeper meaning. From the Aztec feathered serpent god Quetzalcoatl to the Mayan rain god Chac, this book helps kids understand the myths that shape and direct people's lives. Abdo & Daughters is an imprint of Abdo Publishing, a division of ABDO.

Mayan, Incan, and Aztec Civilizations, Grades 5 - 8

By Michael Kramme
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Mark Twain Media
  • Book Code : 1580376584
  • Total of Pages : 96
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Members : 239
  • Pdf File: mayan-incan-and-aztec-civilizations-grades-5-8.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Bring history to life for students in grades 5 and up using Mayan, Incan, and Aztec Civilizations! This 96-page book features reading selections and assessments that utilize a variety of questioning strategies, such as matching, true or false, critical thinking, and constructed response. Hands-on activities, research opportunities, and mapping exercises engage students in learning about the history and culture of Mayan, Incan, and Aztecan civilizations. For struggling readers, the book includes a downloadable version of the reading selections at a fourth- to fifth-grade reading level. This book aligns with state, national, and Canadian provincial standards.

You Wouldn't Want to Be an Aztec Sacrifice!

By Fiona Macdonald,David Salariya
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : The Salariya Book Company
  • Book Code : 1911242423
  • Total of Pages : 40
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Members : 581
  • Pdf File: you-wouldn-t-want-to-be-an-aztec-sacrifice.pdf

Book Short Summary:

You are a young man from a noble family in Mexico. Little do you suspect that you are about to fall victim to one of the most powerful South American civilisations and become an Aztec sacrifice! This title in the best-selling children’s history series, You Wouldn't Want To…, features full-colour illustrations which combine humour and accurate technical detail and a narrative approach placing readers at the centre of the history, encouraging them to become emotionally-involved with the characters and aiding their understanding of what life would have been like living in the Aztec civilisation. Informative captions, a complete glossary and an index make this title an ideal introduction to the conventions of information books for young readers. It is an ideal text for Key Stage 2 shared and guided reading and helps achieve the goals of the Scottish Standard Curriculum 5-14.

Aztec Century

By Christopher Evans
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Gateway
  • Book Code : 0575102551
  • Total of Pages : 352
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 971
  • Pdf File: aztec-century.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Britain has fallen to the technological might of the Aztec Empire whose armies have rampaged across the globe. Now, for the first time in a millennium, the British are a subject race. Inevitably there is resistance - and among those determined to fight the invaders is Princess Catherine, elder daughter of the British monarch. But she is torn between her patriotism and her growing involvement, political and personal, with the Aztecs - and with one Aztec in particular. Then her sister is arrested and exiled for her part in an alleged terrorist attack - and Catherine finds herself walking a perilous tightrope... Sweeping from occupied Britain to the horrors of the Russian front and the savage splendour of the imperial capital in Mexico, Aztec Century is a magnificent novel of war, politics, intrigue and romance, set in a world that is both familiar - and terrifyingly alien. Winner of the BSFA Award for best novel, 1993

The Cost of Courage in Aztec Society

By Inga Clendinnen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Book Code : 1139788663
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : History
  • Members : 467
  • Pdf File: the-cost-of-courage-in-aztec-society.pdf

Book Short Summary:

How can men be brought to look steadily on the face of battle? Tenochtitlán, the great city of the Aztecs, was the creation of war, and war was its dynamic. In the title work of this compelling collection of essays, Inga Clendinnen reconstructs the sequence of experiences through which young Aztec warriors were brought to embrace their duty to their people, to their city, and to the forces that moved the world and the heavens. Subsequent essays explore the survival of Yucatec Maya culture in the face of Spanish conquest and colonisation, the insidious corruption of an austere ideology translated into dangerously novel circumstances, and the multiple paths to the sacred constructed by 'defeated' populations in sixteenth-century Mexico. The collection ends with Clendinnen's transition to the colonial history of her own country: a close and loving reading of the 1841 expedition journal of George Augustus Robinson, appointed 'Protector of Aborigines' in the Port Philip District of Australia.

Aztec Warrior

By John Pohl
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1780967578
  • Total of Pages : 149
  • Category : History
  • Members : 139
  • Pdf File: aztec-warrior.pdf

Book Short Summary:

According to one popular image, the Aztec army was a ruthless and efficient war machine, that established an empire by convincingly overwhelming its neighbors, sacrificing thousands to bloodthirsty gods along the way. From a contrasting perspective, its native warriors were no match for the modern warring methods of Cortés' greatly outnumbered Spaniards, who decisively defeated them. The reality of the Aztec warrior's ability and effectiveness lies somewhere between those two extremes, as this title makes clear. By examining the experiences of a hypothetical individual, Cuauhtli, this meticulously researched book shows that the history of Aztec warfare is much richer and far more complex than previously understood, and reveals the close relationship between social and military matters in Aztec society.

Aztec Mythology: The Gods and Myths of Ancient Mexico

By Sebastian Berg
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Creek Ridge Publishing
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 80
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 124
  • Pdf File: aztec-mythology.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Discover the mythology of the Aztec civilization The Aztec civilization of Central Mexico consisted of several communities with distinct cultures and languages. The Nahuatl-speaking tribes were the most popular and celebrated rituals based on their own version of myths and stories. While the Mesoamerican cultures shared many stories, rituals, and myths with the Aztecs, they were recognized as a separate community. The Aztecs were believed to come from the regions around Lake Texcoco and the Anahuac Valley. These regions collectively form the modern Mexico City we know today.

Time, History, and Belief in Aztec and Colonial Mexico

By Ross Hassig
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • Book Code : 0292749023
  • Total of Pages : 229
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 346
  • Pdf File: time-history-and-belief-in-aztec-and-colonial-mexico.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This illuminating study offers a radical new understanding of how the Aztecs and other Mesoamerican societies conceived of time and history. Based on their enormously complex calendars that recorded cycles of many kinds, the Aztecs and other ancient Mesoamerican civilizations are generally believed to have had a cyclical, rather than linear, conception of time and history. This boldly revisionist book challenges that understanding. Ross Hassig offers convincing evidence that for the Aztecs time was predominantly linear, that it was manipulated by the state as a means of controlling a dispersed tribute empire, and that the Conquest cut off state control and severed the unity of the calendar, leaving only the lesser cycles. From these, he asserts, we have inadequately reconstructed the pre-Columbian calendar and so misunderstood the Aztec conception of time and history. Hassig first presents the traditional explanation of the Aztec calendrical system and its ideological functions and then marshals contrary evidence to argue that the Aztec elite deliberately used calendars and timekeeping to achieve practical political ends. He further traces how the Conquest played out in the temporal realm as Spanish conceptions of time partially displaced the Aztec ones.

Aztec Thought and Culture

By Miguel León-Portilla
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
  • Book Code : 0806188561
  • Total of Pages : 272
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 363
  • Pdf File: aztec-thought-and-culture.pdf

Book Short Summary:

For at least two millennia before the advent of the Spaniards in 1519, there was a flourishing civilization in central Mexico. During that long span of time a cultural evolution took place which saw a high development of the arts and literature, the formulation of complex religious doctrines, systems of education, and diverse political and social organization. The rich documentation concerning these people, commonly called Aztecs, includes, in addition to a few codices written before the Conquest, thousands of folios in the Nahuatl or Aztec language written by natives after the Conquest. Adapting the Latin alphabet, which they had been taught by the missionary friars, to their native tongue, they recorded poems, chronicles, and traditions. The fundamental concepts of ancient Mexico presented and examined in this book have been taken from more than ninety original Aztec documents. They concern the origin of the universe and of life, conjectures on the mystery of God, the possibility of comprehending things beyond the realm of experience, life after death, and the meaning of education, history, and art. The philosophy of the Nahuatl wise men, which probably stemmed from the ancient doctrines and traditions of the Teotihuacans and Toltecs, quite often reveals profound intuition and in some instances is remarkably “modern.” This English edition is not a direct translation of the original Spanish, but an adaptation and rewriting of the text for the English-speaking reader.

The Fifteenth Month

By John F. Schwaller
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
  • Book Code : 0806164107
  • Total of Pages : 264
  • Category : History
  • Members : 930
  • Pdf File: the-fifteenth-month.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Mexica (Aztecs) used a solar calendar made up of eighteen months, with each month dedicated to a specific god in their pantheon and celebrated with a different set of rituals. Panquetzaliztli, the fifteenth month, dedicated to the national god Huitzilopochtli (Hummingbird on the Left), was significant for its proximity to the winter solstice, and for the fact that it marked the beginning of the season of warfare. In The Fifteenth Month, John F. Schwaller offers a detailed look at how the celebrations of Panquetzaliztli changed over time and what these changes reveal about the history of the Aztecs. Drawing on a variety of sources, Schwaller deduces that prior to the rise of the Mexica in 1427, an earlier version of the month was dedicated to the god Tezcatlipoca (Smoking Mirror), a war and trickster god. The Mexica shifted the dedication to their god, developed a series of ceremonies—including long-distance running and human sacrifice—that would associate him with the sun, and changed the emphasis of the celebration from warfare alone to a combination of trade and warfare, since merchants played a significant role in Mexica statecraft. Further investigation shows how the resulting festival commemorated several important moments in Mexica history, how it came to include ceremonies associated with the winter solstice, and how it reflected a calendar reform implemented shortly before the arrival of the Spanish. Focused on one of the most important months in the Mexica year, Schwaller’s work marks a new methodology in which traditional sources for Mexica culture, rather than being interrogated for their specific content, are read for their insights into the historical development of the people. Just as Christmas re-creates the historic act of the birth of Jesus for Christians, so, The Fifteenth Month suggests, Panquetzaliztli was a symbolic re-creation of events from Mexica myths and history.

Reasons for the Fall of the Aztec Empire

By Stasy Adams
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Book Code : 3640818733
  • Total of Pages : 25
  • Category : Literary Collections
  • Members : 525
  • Pdf File: reasons-for-the-fall-of-the-aztec-empire.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,0, University of Paderborn (Anglistik und Amerikanistik), course: Chicano and Chicana Literature and Culture, language: English, abstract: The capital of Mexico, Mexico City, is located on the remains of an old city. This city, which was once big and gorgeous and was called Tenochtitlan, was razed to the ground in a very short period of time and in a very cruel manner by foreign invaders on August 13th, 1521. Once Tenochtitlan was a capital city of the Aztecs (or how they called themselves Mexica), which they founded in the year 1325. In the course of only few centuries they managed to establish an immense empire, which is known as the Aztec empire today. The Mexica/Aztecs mark the beginning of the Mexican culture. Thus, in this term paper I will be dealing with the Chicano culture at its very beginning. Who were the Aztecs? What does Aztec mean? Where did they come from? And how did they manage to establish such a big and powerful empire? Why Tenochtitlan has been destroyed? This term paper works with these questions. In order to answer them, a little journey through the history has to be done. Hence, this term paper also offers an overview of the most important events that occurred at that time. But my primary concern will be to find out how the European invaders managed to overthrow the Aztec empire. Or how could the Aztec empire fall to a small group of Spanish invaders? How is it possible? In other words, I would like to find out the reasons for the fall of the Aztec empire. A paper about the history, and especially the Ancient history, is a hard venture. Because of a great variety of secondary literature and accordingly of the different opinions and views of the authors of this books relating to this theme one can quickly lose track of things. The analysis is getting even more difficult because we have only few source documents from the Aztecs today, so that one can not know for sure what really happened at that time. The information about the Aztecs survived in the Aztec codices like, for example, Codex Mendoza, where the conquests of the Aztec kings and tribute areas are registered, it contains also a short ethnographic overview. Other documents, that we have today, are basically chronicles of the Spanish conquerors, for example, “Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España” written by Bernal Díaz del Castillo; or 5 letters of Cortés to the Spanish king.

Aztec Archaeology and Ethnohistory

By Frances F. Berdan
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Book Code : 1107729025
  • Total of Pages : 366
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 694
  • Pdf File: aztec-archaeology-and-ethnohistory.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book provides an up-to-date synthesis of Aztec culture, applying interdisciplinary approaches (archaeology, ethnohistory and ethnography) to reconstructing the complex and enigmatic civilization. Frances F. Berdan offers a balanced assessment of complementary and sometimes contradictory sources in unravelling the ancient way of life. The book provides a cohesive view of the Aztecs and their empire, emphasizing the diversity and complexity of social, economic, political and religious roles played by the many kinds of people we call 'Aztecs'. Concluding with three integrative case studies, the book examines the stresses, dynamics and anchors of Aztec culture and society.

Gods & Goddesses of the Inca, Maya, and Aztec Civilizations

By John Murphy
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Encyclopaedia Britannica
  • Book Code : 1622753976
  • Total of Pages : 130
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Members : 279
  • Pdf File: gods-goddesses-of-the-inca-maya-and-aztec-civilizations.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Sharing many common beliefs, deities, and rituals, the religion of the Maya, Aztec, and Inca was rooted in both the earth and the sky, the rhythms of the seasons, and the movements of the sun, moon, and stars. Readers will meet rain and sun gods, corn gods and fertility gods, earth mothers who are both creators and destroyers, and even a feathered serpent. Lavish primary-source images of arts and artifacts are paired with text that is both information-packed and enthralling. Readers who enter this pantheon are in for an awe-inspiring cultural journey through the divine mysteries of time and space.

Hardy Boys 43: The Mystery of the Aztec Warrior

By Franklin W. Dixon
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Book Code : 1101076569
  • Total of Pages : 192
  • Category : Juvenile Fiction
  • Members : 399
  • Pdf File: hardy-boys-43.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The handwritten will of a deceased world-traveler is strange and mysterious. Its cryptic instructions are to deliver “the valuable Aztec warrior to the rightful owner, a descendant of an Aztec warrior.” Frank and Joe Hardy have only one slim clue to work with: the name of a complete stranger who can help. Despite the harassments, the threats, and the attacks made upon them, Frank and Joe unravel clue after clue in their adventure-packed search for the living descendant of the mighty Aztec nation which once ruled in Mexico. It takes as much high courage as clever deduction for the young detectives to defeat their ruthless foes and to decipher the fascinating secrets of the strange and mysterious will.

The Aztec Heresy

By Paul Christopher
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Book Code : 144063582X
  • Total of Pages : 352
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 306
  • Pdf File: the-aztec-heresy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

An ancient secret. A lost city. A treasure that could change the world. In search of a Spanish galleon in the Caribbean, archaeologist Finn Ryan and her partner Lord Billy Pilgrim find evidence of a lost Aztec Codex. The invaluable book created by 15th-century explorer and accused heretic Hernan Cortez is said to reveal the secret location of the lost City of Gold. But they are not alone in their quest. Also on the trail is the head of a menacing religious cadre who'd kill to get it first, and a sociopathic billionaire with his own sinister motives. But while running for their lives, Finn and Billy come upon a more explosive secret that will take them from the Yucatan jungles to the Sonoran Desert, where the stakes are life and death.

Sports, Games, and Gambling in the Aztec World

By Martin Wasserman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
  • Book Code : 1543413323
  • Total of Pages : 50
  • Category : History
  • Members : 780
  • Pdf File: sports-games-and-gambling-in-the-aztec-world.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Sports, Games, and Gambling in the Aztec World consists of a series of original essays written by Professor Wasserman over a twenty-year period. These essays review and discuss the psychological dynamics involved in the three major Aztec sports and games: patolli (the dice game), tlachtli (the ball game), and Volador (the game of vertigo). In addition, as part of the collection, there is a creative piece showing that poetry, although not considered a game or sport, was viewed by an honored king in the Aztec worldNezahualcoyotl or Hungry Coyoteas a human gamble with death itself.

Enchiladas

By Cappy Lawton,Chris Waters Dunn
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Trinity University Press
  • Book Code : 1595347526
  • Total of Pages : 264
  • Category : Cooking
  • Members : 487
  • Pdf File: enchiladas.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Enchiladas: Aztec to Tex-Mex is an in-depth exploration of one of Mexico’s most historic and popular foods. Illustrated with sumptuous photography, the book showcases more than sixty traditional and contemporary recipes for enchiladas, as well as recipes for the salsas, salads, and sides that accompany them. The enchilada is more than an everyday Mexican food. It is the history of a people--rolled, folded, and flat--that embodies thousands of years of Mexican life. The evolving ingredients in enchiladas from pre-Columbian to modern times reveal the internal and external forces that have shaped the cuisine and culture of a nation. In this definitive cookbook, you’ll explore every aspect of this iconic food, as well as gain insights into many popular Mexican ingredients, including herbs, spices, cheeses, and chiles. You’ll learn the basic techniques for making many staples of the Mexican cocina, such as homemade tortillas, queso fresco, crema Mexicana, and chorizo. With Enchiladas: Aztec to Tex-Mex, you can prepare enchiladas in the traditional Mexican way--with loving hands. With this book, you'll learn to Make corn tortillas from scratch, including colorful flavor-infused versions Fire roast fresh chiles and prepare dried chiles for enchilada sauces and moles Dry roast tomatoes, onions, garlic, and chiles using a traditional comal (griddle) Make your own homemade queso fresco, crema Mexicana, and chorizo Prepare tender pot beans and savory refried beans Cook perfect Mexican rice--six ways Prepare chicken, pork, beef, seafood, and vegetables for fillings Enchiladas: Aztec to Tex-Mex is also packed with information about many other key ingredients of Mexican cuisine, including avocados, tomatoes, tomatillos, and nopales (cactus). A section on Mexican cheeses describes their flavors, textures, melting properties, and possible substitutes. Fresh and dried chiles used in enchilada cookery are presented, along with a description of their flavor profiles, heat levels, and specific uses. Experience the history of Mexico through its most delicious ambassador, the enchilada!

The Aztec Diet

By Dr. Bob Arnot
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Harper Collins
  • Book Code : 0062124080
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Health & Fitness
  • Members : 421
  • Pdf File: the-aztec-diet.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Lose weight fast, boost energy levels, and improve overall well-being by eating the healthy, delicious foods that once nourished the ancient Aztecs with this high protein, low-fat diet that features the miraculous chia seed as its cornerstone While poor nutrition and disease abounded in medieval Europe, a civilization across the Atlantic built a vast empire throughout Central America, sustaining themselves on ancient grains during long journeys and frequent battles. Crucial to their high-protein, low-fat diet was a superfood called chia. These remarkable little seeds are packed with a 8 times the omega-3’s of salmon, 6 times more calcium than milk, 3 times more iron than spinach, 15 times more magnesium than broccoli, 4 times more selenium than flax, and 5 grams of fiber in just 70 calories, making them nutritive dynamite. In this highly readable, easy-to-follow diet book, Dr. Bob Arnot shows readers how to lose weight, boost their energy levels, and improve their sense of well-being by eating the healthy, delicious foods that nourished the ancient Aztecs. With chia at its center, this diet features foods with few fats and oils, no refined sugars, no wheat, and foods that are high in protein. Readers will not only reset their metabolism and drop pounds, but they will also feel more energized and clear-headed. The three phase plan allows readers to jump-start their weight loss with a two-week chia smoothie quick-start. The second phase, with a mix of chia smoothies and solid meals, will leave readers feeling revitalized and still shedding pounds. The final phase shows readers how to flexibly sustain a new, healthy lifestyle. We’ve all heard the dangers of the modern Western diet-obesity, heart disease, diabetes. But Dr. Bob Arnot points out that it leads to so much more, such as raging internal inflammation and wild fluctuations in our blood sugar that affect our mood, energy levels, and sense of wellbeing on a daily basis. Arnot presents an easy, delicious, and flexible set of healthy swaps, meal plans, and superfood additions to combat this dangerous cycle of poor diet, health problems, and low energy that will make you look and feel like an entirely new person.

Aztec Rage

By Gary Jennings,Robert Gleason,Junius Podrug
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Forge Books
  • Book Code : 9781429912570
  • Total of Pages : 432
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 173
  • Pdf File: aztec-rage.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The fascinating history of Mexico that began in the #1 New York Times bestselling novel Aztec continues . . . . Don Juan de Zavala was the most skilled fighter in all of New Spain—as gifted with weapons and horses as he was with women. These pleasures were all he desired. But the magnificent Aztec empire, its grand cities and riches lay broken under the Spanish boot . . . Now valiant men and fearless women rise and battle their brutal overlords. As a warrior-priest leads an Aztec revolt, across the ocean in Spain courageous people battle Napoleon's invading armies. No one, including Juan de Zavala could stay neutral. Especially if a shocking secret from Zavala's lurid past is exposed—a secret so lethal to the Spanish Crown it threatens their very existence. Zavala will be swept from glittering Mexico City to snake-and-croc infested jungles, to lost Mayan civilizations to the torture chambers of the Inquisition, to beautiful Barcelona and the bloody carnage of Napoleon's war in Spain, to the bloodiest and most spectacular of New Spain's (colonial Mexico) revolutions. Everybody wants Don Juan de Zavala . . and many people want him dead: Isabella . . . Instinctively wicked, sinfully seductive. Father Hidalgo . . . Can a man of God take up the sword and lead a people by the hundreds of thousands into a bloody revolution he cannot control? Raquel . . . Attractive, sensuous, erudite, she challenges Juan with her mind—and her body. Marina . . . A gorgeous pure-blood Aztec, she knows too well the oppressor's rape and pillage of her people. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Moctezuma: Aztec Ruler

By Wendy Conklin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Teacher Created Materials
  • Book Code : 1433390639
  • Total of Pages : 32
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Members : 133
  • Pdf File: moctezuma.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Moctezuma was the most famous ruler of the powerful Aztec empire. After leading the Aztecs for 17 years as a fair leader, Moctezuma's reign came to a dramatic close. The Spanish explorer Hernan Cortés conquered the Aztecs and Moctezuma died.

The Demon of the Air

By Simon Levack
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Minotaur Books
  • Book Code : 1466809965
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 871
  • Pdf File: the-demon-of-the-air.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"Hooked me in five pages. The main character is fascinatingly complex and unusual." ---Conn Iggulden, author of The Field of Swords Mexico, 1517. Emperor Montezuma rules the known world. Daily canoes and trains of sweating bearers carry tribute to his island capital, Mexico-Tenochtitlán, while squadrons of ruthless warriors enforce his will. Gold, silver, cotton, jewels, and precious feathers change hands in his markets. The temples run with the blood of human sacrifices. All seems well, but Montezuma is troubled. Mysterious strangers have appeared in the East. Are they men or gods? Visions and rumors disturb his dreams. The soothsayers he turns to for guidance give him only enigmatic answers, and he knows he cannot trust his advisers---especially his chief minister, the unscrupulous Lord Feathered in Black. Yaotl, the chief minister's slave, is troubled, too. He was ordered to escort a sacrificial victim up the steps of the Great Pyramid, but the victim ran amok, uttering a bizarre and sinister prophecy and leaping to his death before the War-God's priests could cut out his heart. Then Yaotl learns that the emperor's soothsayers have vanished. The emperor senses a connection between these two events and orders Yaotl to find it---on pain of death if he fails. But it soon becomes clear that whatever the connection is, Yaotl's own master will stop at nothing---including murder---to keep it secret. To get to the truth will take all Yaotl's wits and will to survive. It will lead him into confrontations with the peril destined to overwhelm the whole Aztec world and with a monster from his own past - and into the hands of a sadistic killer.

Aztec Goddesses and Christian Madonnas

By Joseph Kroger,Patrizia Granziera
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1351956116
  • Total of Pages : 370
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 862
  • Pdf File: aztec-goddesses-and-christian-madonnas.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The face of the divine feminine can be found everywhere in Mexico. One of the most striking features of Mexican religious life is the prevalence of images of the Virgin Mother of God. This is partly because the divine feminine played such a prominent role in pre-Hispanic Mexican religion. Goddess images were central to the devotional life of the Aztecs, especially peasants and those living in villages outside the central city of Tenochtitlan (present day Mexico City). In these rural communities fertility and fecundity, more than war rituals and sacrificial tribute, were the main focus of cultic activity. Both Aztec goddesses and the Christian Madonnas who replaced them were associated, and sometimes identified, with nature and the environment: the earth, water, trees and other sources of creativity and vitality. This book uncovers the myths and images of 22 Aztec Goddesses and 28 Christian Madonnas of Mexico. Their rich and symbolic meaning is revealed by placing them in the context of the religious worldviews in which they appear and by situating them within the devotional life of the faithful for whom they function as powerful mediators of divine grace and terror.