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Lautaro, joven libertador de Arauco

By Fernando Alegría
  • ISBN Code: : 9561226537
  • Publisher : Zig-Zag
  • Pages : 184
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Reads : 640
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : lautaro-joven-libertador-de-arauco.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Biografía novelada de Lautaro, uno de los jefes del pueblo mapuche, considerado uno de los más valientes hombres responsables de la liberación de Arauco.

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  • Pdf File: morir-en-arauco.pdf

Book Short Summary:

El pueblo Araucano —el mismo de “La Araucana”— luchó tres siglos contra los conquistadores españoles, como la única etnia indígena que logró sostener su independencia en toda América Latina. Luego, durante los dos siglos siguientes ha protagonizado, empecinadamente, una lucha férrea contra las autoridades chilenas que han pretendido desconocer su modo de vida ecológico, autónomo y autóctono que los hace una “nación” —la “nación Mapuche”— prevalente en pleno siglo XXI. Este escrito, de XX Capítulos, recoge noveladamente toda la crudeza de esta lucha actual, con toda la inhumanidad y suciedad de unos y la valentía y porfía a toda prueba de otros. Tratándose de un conflicto que detalla el enfrentamiento de “dos mundos” —el moderno y el étnico cultural—, inserta en su trama a una socióloga catalana, transformando de esta manera el drama narrado en algo de interés universal. Conserva además un fondo histórico y mantiene, como toda novela inspirada en hechos con un alto contenido real, el suspenso de principio a fin. “¡Lautaro vive!”, es la conclusión final del autor. Las razones que impulsan a sus sucesores, al fin y al cabo, son las mismas que los llevaron a enfrentar a los españoles hace quinientos años. Hoy, como ayer, se intenta exhibirlos como una etnia salvaje y brutal, desconociendo los entretelones brutales y también maquiavélicos que conforman los abusos inenarrables de los cuales a diario son víctimas. Este libro, sin duda alguna, permite formarse un juicio distinto acerca de este pueblo orgulloso, valiente hasta más allá de lo razonable y consecuente hasta el fin de sus días con sus principios y con la defensa de lo que consideran sus territorios ancestrales.

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In La Frontera, Thomas Miller Klubock offers a pioneering social and environmental history of southern Chile, exploring the origins of today’s forestry "miracle" in Chile. Although Chile's forestry boom is often attributed to the free-market policies of the Pinochet dictatorship, La Frontera shows that forestry development began in the early twentieth century when Chilean governments turned to forestry science and plantations of the North American Monterey pine to establish their governance of the frontier's natural and social worlds. Klubock demonstrates that modern conservationist policies and scientific forestry drove the enclosure of frontier commons occupied by indigenous and non-indigenous peasants who were defined as a threat to both native forests and tree plantations. La Frontera narrates the century-long struggles among peasants, Mapuche indigenous communities, large landowners, and the state over access to forest commons in the frontier territory. It traces the shifting social meanings of environmentalism by showing how, during the 1990s, rural laborers and Mapuches, once vilified by conservationists and foresters, drew on the language of modern environmentalism to critique the social dislocations produced by Chile's much vaunted neoliberal economic model, linking a more just social order to the biodiversity of native forests.

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  • Pdf File: the-teleoscopic-polity.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume provides an up-to-date and in-depth summary and analysis of the political practices of pre-Columbian communities of the Araucanians or Mapuche of south-central Chile and adjacent regions. This synthesis draws upon the empirical record documented in original research, as well as a critical examination of previous studies. By applying both archaeological and ethnohistorical approaches, the latter including ethnography, this volume distinguishes itself from many other studies that explore South American archaeology. Archaeological and traditional-historical narratives of the pre-European past are considered in their own terms and for the extent to which they can be integrated in order to provide a more rounded and realistic understanding than otherwise of the origins and courses of ecological, economic, social and political changes in south-central Chile from late pre-Hispanic times, through the contact period and up to Chile’s independence from Spain (ca. AD 1450-1810). Both the approach and the results are discussed in the light of similar situations elsewhere. Throughout its treatment, the volume continually comes back to two central questions: (1) how did the varied practices, institutions and worldviews of the Mapuche’s ancient communities emerge as a historical process that resisted the Spanish empire for more than 250 years? and (2) how were these communities reproduced and transformed in the face of ongoing culture contact and landscape change during the early Colonial period? These questions are considered in light of contemporary theoretical concepts regarding practice, landscape, environment, social organization, materiality and community that will make the book relevant for students and scholars interested in similar processes elsewhere.

When a Flower Is Reborn

By Rosa Isolde Reuque Paillalef
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Duke University Press
  • Book Code : 0822384213
  • Total of Pages : 391
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Members : 257
  • Pdf File: when-a-flower-is-reborn.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A pathbreaking contribution to Latin American testimonial literature, When a Flower Is Reborn is activist Rosa Isolde Reuque Paillalef’s chronicle of her leadership within the Mapuche indigenous rights movement in Chile. Part personal reflection and part political autobiography, it is also the story of Reuque’s rediscovery of her own Mapuche identity through her political and human rights activism over the past quarter century. The questions posed to Reuque by her editor and translator, the distinguished historian Florencia Mallon, are included in the text, revealing both a lively exchange between two feminist intellectuals and much about the crafting of the testimonial itself. In addition, several conversations involving Reuque’s family members provide a counterpoint to her story, illustrating the variety of ways identity is created and understood. A leading activist during the Pinochet dictatorship, Reuque—a woman, a Catholic, and a Christian Democrat—often felt like an outsider within the male-dominated, leftist Mapuche movement. This sense of herself as both participant and observer allows for Reuque’s trenchant, yet empathetic, critique of the Mapuche ethnic movement and of the policies regarding indigenous people implemented by Chile’s post-authoritarian government. After the 1990 transition to democratic rule, Reuque collaborated with the government in the creation of the Indigenous Development Corporation (CONADI) and the passage of the Indigenous Law of 1993. At the same time, her deepening critiques of sexism in Chilean society in general, and the Mapuche movement in particular, inspired her to found the first Mapuche feminist organization and participate in the 1996 International Women’s Conference in Beijing. Critical of the democratic government’s inability to effectively address indigenous demands, Reuque reflects on the history of Mapuche activism, including its disarray in the early 1990s and resurgence toward the end of the decade, and relates her hopes for the future. An important reinvention of the testimonial genre for Latin America’s post-authoritarian, post-revolutionary era, When a Flower Is Reborn will appeal to those interested in Latin America, race and ethnicity, indigenous people’s movements, women and gender, and oral history and ethnography.

Enhancing Disaster Preparedness

By A. Nuno Martins,Mahmood Fayazi,Faten Kikano,Liliane Hobeica
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 0128190795
  • Total of Pages : 298
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 518
  • Pdf File: enhancing-disaster-preparedness.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Enhancing Disaster Preparedness: From Humanitarian Architecture to Community Resilience relates to the fourth priority of the UNDRR’s Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. Taking a wide understanding of disaster preparedness, the book deals with resilient responses and building capacities related to hazardous events, bringing some practical experiences and theoretical insights in this regard. Mostly based on field research conducted in the Global South by architects and other built-environment professionals, the book covers both post-disaster interventions (rebuilding and recovery) and development-related processes. Its three parts address the interlinkages between humanitarian design, community resilience, and inclusive governance, which are crucial for fostering effective disaster preparedness. Part I discusses the changing roles of architects and urban designers involved in the humanitarian sphere. Part II concentrates on resilience as a socioecological capacity to enhance preparedness within community-based spatial processes. Focused on global dynamics, Part III covers topics emphasizing the link between the management of crises, whether political or economic, at different levels of governance, and the vulnerability of communities and structures on the national and local scales. As such, the book approaches rising global priorities and brings timely lessons to support building a more equitable, safe, and resilient environment in a rapidly urbanized world. Explores Sendai’s fourth priority through a spatial lens Examines the role of humanitarian design in building resilience Critically revisits concepts such as incremental housing and building back better Provides examples of methodological tools for community engagement in resilience-building processes

The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research

By Richard J. Chacon,Rubén G. Mendoza
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1461410657
  • Total of Pages : 524
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 892
  • Pdf File: the-ethics-of-anthropology-and-amerindian-research.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The decision to publish scholarly findings bearing on the question of Amerindian environmental degradation, warfare, and/or violence is one that weighs heavily on anthropologists. This burden stems from the fact that documentation of this may render descendant communities vulnerable to a host of predatory agendas and hostile modern forces. Consequently, some anthropologists and community advocates alike argue that such culturally and socially sensitive, and thereby, politically volatile information regarding Amerindian-induced environmental degradation and warfare should not be reported. This admonition presents a conundrum for anthropologists and other social scientists employed in the academy or who work at the behest of tribal entities. This work documents the various ethical dilemmas that confront anthropologists, and researchers in general, when investigating Amerindian communities. The contributions to this volume explore the ramifications of reporting--and, specifically,--of non-reporting instances of environmental degradation and warfare among Amerindians. Collectively, the contributions in this volume, which extend across the disciplines of archaeology, anthropology, ethnohistory, ethnic studies, philosophy, and medicine, argue that the non-reporting of environmental mismanagement and violence in Amerindian communities generally harms not only the field of anthropology but the Amerindian populations themselves.

The Nitrate King

By W. Edmundson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 0230118798
  • Total of Pages : 186
  • Category : History
  • Members : 845
  • Pdf File: the-nitrate-king.pdf

Book Short Summary:

William Edmundson examines the spectacular life story of 'Colonel' John Thomas North, also known as 'The Nitrate King,' a mechanic in Leeds who became one of the best-known and richest men of his time. Forgotten in Britain and vilified in Chile and Peru, this is the first biography of a controversial but compelling figure.

Economic Survey of Latin America 1953

By United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : United Nations
  • Book Code : 9210583566
  • Total of Pages : 262
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 128
  • Pdf File: economic-survey-of-latin-america-1953.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Published since 1948, this report examines various aspects of the previous year’s macroeconomic situation in the region and makes projections for the coming months. The study also includes country notes that review the performance of the main economic indicators in the period analysed.

Historical and Descriptive Narrative of Twenty Years' Residence in South America (Vol. 1- 3)

By William Bennet Stevenson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : e-artnow
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 722
  • Category : History
  • Members : 384
  • Pdf File: historical-and-descriptive-narrative-of-twenty-years-residence-in-south-america.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Historical and Descriptive Narrative of Twenty Years' Residence in South America in three volumes is a travel narrative by a British explorer William Bennet Stevenson who spent many years in Chile, Ecuador, Peru and Colombia, in early 19th century. About 1803 he landed on the coast of Chile, which at that time was inhabited only by indigenous people. His intention was to travel through the country, but he was detained a prisoner. He was conveyed to Peru, where he was permitted to reside in the town and to make excursions into the adjoining provinces. On the outbreak of the Ecuadorian War of Independence, Stevenson joined the insurgents, and he also served in the Chilean War of Independence, taking part in many naval operations. Upon his return he published the results of his American experiences. His goal in writing this book was to bring European readers closer to the distant continent which has undergone remarkable changes in its political and religious life. The book is of great value for the period of the Spanish American wars of independence, and he used his unique opportunities for observation to advantage.

Crisis Socioambiental: El Humedal del Río Cruces y el Cisne de Cuello Negro

By José Escaida
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Ediciones Universidad Austral de Chile
  • Book Code : 9569412151
  • Total of Pages : 264
  • Category : Nature
  • Members : 127
  • Pdf File: crisis-socioambiental.pdf

Book Short Summary:

La situación de la que trata este libro comienza a entretejerse hace varias décadas. En el año 1960, Valdivia sufre el mayor terremoto registrado de la historia de la humanidad, generando el hundimiento de tierras y dando origen a lo que llegaría a ser el Humedal del Río Cruces. Por el mismo tiempo, comienza en parte del territorio centro sur de Chile el desarrollo de plantaciones forestales de especies introducidas y la construcción de industrias para el procesamiento de productos del bosque. Así surge un importante proceso de reforestación de terrenos abiertos y degradados, lo que posibilitó la conformación de grandes empresas forestales y de celulosa, inicialmente de propiedad del Estado. Años más tarde, la intervención humana sobre el ecosistema del Humedal del Río Cruces en la Región de Los Ríos, hábitat característico del Cisne de cuello negro (Cygnus melancoryphus), entre otras diversas especies, se intensificó críticamente a partir del 2004. Esto coincidió con el comienzo de las operaciones de la planta de celulosa Valdivia (CELCO-Arauco), la que descarga sus efluentes aproximadamente 15 km aguas arriba del Humedal. Se trata de procesos caracterizados por intervenciones en el medioambiente y por los conflictos sociales derivados de la confrontación de visiones acerca de diferentes modelos de desarrollo, que se describen y analizan en esta obra desde la perspectiva sociológica y de las ciencias naturales con una rigurosa base documental.

Women Screenwriters

By Jill Nelmes,Jule Selbo
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 1137312378
  • Total of Pages : 913
  • Category : Performing Arts
  • Members : 305
  • Pdf File: women-screenwriters.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Women Screenwriters is a study of more than 300 female writers from 60 nations, from the first film scenarios produced in 1986 to the present day. Divided into six sections by continent, the entries give an overview of the history of women screenwriters in each country, as well as individual biographies of its most influential.