An Invitation to Applied Mathematics Book

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An Invitation to Applied Mathematics

By Carmen Chicone
  • ISBN Code: : 0128041544
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 878
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Reads : 332
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : an-invitation-to-applied-mathematics.pdf

Book Excerpt :

An Invitation to Applied Mathematics: Differential Equations, Modeling, and Computation introduces the reader to the methodology of modern applied mathematics in modeling, analysis, and scientific computing with emphasis on the use of ordinary and partial differential equations. Each topic is introduced with an attractive physical problem, where a mathematical model is constructed using physical and constitutive laws arising from the conservation of mass, conservation of momentum, or Maxwell's electrodynamics. Relevant mathematical analysis (which might employ vector calculus, Fourier series, nonlinear ODEs, bifurcation theory, perturbation theory, potential theory, control theory, or probability theory) or scientific computing (which might include Newton's method, the method of lines, finite differences, finite elements, finite volumes, boundary elements, projection methods, smoothed particle hydrodynamics, or Lagrangian methods) is developed in context and used to make physically significant predictions. The target audience is advanced undergraduates (who have at least a working knowledge of vector calculus and linear ordinary differential equations) or beginning graduate students. Readers will gain a solid and exciting introduction to modeling, mathematical analysis, and computation that provides the key ideas and skills needed to enter the wider world of modern applied mathematics. Presents an integrated wealth of modeling, analysis, and numerical methods in one volume Provides practical and comprehensible introductions to complex subjects, for example, conservation laws, CFD, SPH, BEM, and FEM Includes a rich set of applications, with more appealing problems and projects suggested

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Book Short Summary:

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This volume provides accessible and self-contained research problems designed for undergraduate student projects, and simultaneously promotes the development of sustainable undergraduate research programs. The chapters in this work span a variety of topical areas of pure and applied mathematics and mathematics education. Each chapter gives a self-contained introduction on a research topic with an emphasis on the specific tools and knowledge needed to create and maintain fruitful research programs for undergraduates. Some of the topics discussed include:• Disease modeling• Tropical curves and surfaces• Numerical semigroups• Mathematics EducationThis volume will primarily appeal to undergraduate students interested in pursuing research projects and faculty members seeking to mentor them. It may also aid students and faculty participating in independent studies and capstone projects.

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The second edition of this highly praised textbook provides an introduction to tensors, group theory, and their applications in classical and quantum physics. Both intuitive and rigorous, it aims to demystify tensors by giving the slightly more abstract but conceptually much clearer definition found in the math literature, and then connects this formulation to the component formalism of physics calculations. New pedagogical features, such as new illustrations, tables, and boxed sections, as well as additional “invitation” sections that provide accessible introductions to new material, offer increased visual engagement, clarity, and motivation for students. Part I begins with linear algebraic foundations, follows with the modern component-free definition of tensors, and concludes with applications to physics through the use of tensor products. Part II introduces group theory, including abstract groups and Lie groups and their associated Lie algebras, then intertwines this material with that of Part I by introducing representation theory. Examples and exercises are provided in each chapter for good practice in applying the presented material and techniques. Prerequisites for this text include the standard lower-division mathematics and physics courses, though extensive references are provided for the motivated student who has not yet had these. Advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in physics and applied mathematics will find this textbook to be a clear, concise, and engaging introduction to tensors and groups. Reviews of the First Edition “[P]hysicist Nadir Jeevanjee has produced a masterly book that will help other physicists understand those subjects [tensors and groups] as mathematicians understand them... From the first pages, Jeevanjee shows amazing skill in finding fresh, compelling words to bring forward the insight that animates the modern mathematical view...[W]ith compelling force and clarity, he provides many carefully worked-out examples and well-chosen specific problems... Jeevanjee’s clear and forceful writing presents familiar cases with a freshness that will draw in and reassure even a fearful student. [This] is a masterpiece of exposition and explanation that would win credit for even a seasoned author.” —Physics Today "Jeevanjee’s [text] is a valuable piece of work on several counts, including its express pedagogical service rendered to fledgling physicists and the fact that it does indeed give pure mathematicians a way to come to terms with what physicists are saying with the same words we use, but with an ostensibly different meaning. The book is very easy to read, very user-friendly, full of examples...and exercises, and will do the job the author wants it to do with style.” —MAA Reviews

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  • Pdf File: an-invitation-to-modern-number-theory.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In a manner accessible to beginning undergraduates, An Invitation to Modern Number Theory introduces many of the central problems, conjectures, results, and techniques of the field, such as the Riemann Hypothesis, Roth's Theorem, the Circle Method, and Random Matrix Theory. Showing how experiments are used to test conjectures and prove theorems, the book allows students to do original work on such problems, often using little more than calculus (though there are numerous remarks for those with deeper backgrounds). It shows students what number theory theorems are used for and what led to them and suggests problems for further research. Steven Miller and Ramin Takloo-Bighash introduce the problems and the computational skills required to numerically investigate them, providing background material (from probability to statistics to Fourier analysis) whenever necessary. They guide students through a variety of problems, ranging from basic number theory, cryptography, and Goldbach's Problem, to the algebraic structures of numbers and continued fractions, showing connections between these subjects and encouraging students to study them further. In addition, this is the first undergraduate book to explore Random Matrix Theory, which has recently become a powerful tool for predicting answers in number theory. Providing exercises, references to the background literature, and Web links to previous student research projects, An Invitation to Modern Number Theory can be used to teach a research seminar or a lecture class.

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  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 761
  • Pdf File: ordinary-differential-equations-with-applications.pdf

Book Short Summary:

During the past three decades, the development of nonlinear analysis, dynamical systems and their applications to science and engineering has stimulated renewed enthusiasm for the theory of Ordinary Differential Equations (ODE). This useful book, which is based around the lecture notes of a well-received graduate course, emphasizes both theory and applications, taking numerous examples from physics and biology to illustrate the application of ODE theory and techniques. Written in a straightforward and easily accessible style, this volume presents dynamical systems in the spirit of nonlinear analysis to readers at a graduate level and serves both as a textbook or as a valuable resource for researchers.

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By Edward Frenkel
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  • Total of Pages : 288
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Book Short Summary:

An awesome, globe-spanning, and New York Times best-selling journey through the beauty and power of mathematics What if you had to take an art class in which you were only taught how to paint a fence? What if you were never shown the paintings of van Gogh and Picasso, weren't even told they existed? Alas, this is how math is taught, and so for most of us it becomes the intellectual equivalent of watching paint dry. In Love and Math, renowned mathematician Edward Frenkel reveals a side of math we've never seen, suffused with all the beauty and elegance of a work of art. In this heartfelt and passionate book, Frenkel shows that mathematics, far from occupying a specialist niche, goes to the heart of all matter, uniting us across cultures, time, and space. Love and Math tells two intertwined stories: of the wonders of mathematics and of one young man's journey learning and living it. Having braved a discriminatory educational system to become one of the twenty-first century's leading mathematicians, Frenkel now works on one of the biggest ideas to come out of math in the last 50 years: the Langlands Program. Considered by many to be a Grand Unified Theory of mathematics, the Langlands Program enables researchers to translate findings from one field to another so that they can solve problems, such as Fermat's last theorem, that had seemed intractable before. At its core, Love and Math is a story about accessing a new way of thinking, which can enrich our lives and empower us to better understand the world and our place in it. It is an invitation to discover the magic hidden universe of mathematics.

An Invitation to Operator Theory

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  • Pdf File: an-invitation-to-operator-theory.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book offers a comprehensive and reader-friendly exposition of the theory of linear operators on Banach spaces and Banach lattices. Abramovich and Aliprantis give a unique presentation that includes many new developments in operator theory and also draws together results that are spread over the vast literature. For instance, invariant subspaces of positive operators and the Daugavet equation are presented in monograph form for the first time. The authors keep the discussion self-contained and use exercises to achieve this goal. The book contains over 600 exercises to help students master the material developed in the text. The exercises are of varying degrees of difficulty and play an important and useful role in the exposition. They help to free the proofs of the main results of some technical details but provide students with accurate and complete accounts of how such details ought to be worked out.The exercises also contain a considerable amount of additional material that includes many well-known results whose proofs are not readily available elsewhere. The companion volume, ""Problems in Operator Theory"", also by Abramovich and Aliprantis, is available from the AMS as Volume 51 in the ""Graduate Studies in Mathematics"" series, and it contains complete solutions to all exercises in ""An Invitation to Operator Theory"". The solutions demonstrate explicitly technical details in the proofs of many results in operator theory, providing the reader with rigorous and complete accounts of such details. Finally, the book offers a considerable amount of additional material and further developments.By adding extra material to many exercises, the authors have managed to keep the presentation as self-contained as possible. The best way of learning mathematics is by doing mathematics, and the book ""Problems in Operator Theory"" will help achieve this goal. Prerequisites to each book are the standard introductory graduate courses in real analysis, general topology, measure theory, and functional analysis. ""An Invitation to Operator Theory"" is suitable for graduate or advanced courses in operator theory, real analysis, integration theory, measure theory, function theory, and functional analysis. ""Problems in Operator Theory"" is a very useful supplementary text in the above areas. Both books will be of great interest to researchers and students in mathematics, as well as in physics, economics, finance, engineering, and other related areas, and will make an indispensable reference tool.

Mathematics and Computation

By Avi Wigderson
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  • Total of Pages : 440
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  • Pdf File: mathematics-and-computation.pdf

Book Short Summary:

An introduction to computational complexity theory, its connections and interactions with mathematics, and its central role in the natural and social sciences, technology, and philosophy Mathematics and Computation provides a broad, conceptual overview of computational complexity theory—the mathematical study of efficient computation. With important practical applications to computer science and industry, computational complexity theory has evolved into a highly interdisciplinary field, with strong links to most mathematical areas and to a growing number of scientific endeavors. Avi Wigderson takes a sweeping survey of complexity theory, emphasizing the field’s insights and challenges. He explains the ideas and motivations leading to key models, notions, and results. In particular, he looks at algorithms and complexity, computations and proofs, randomness and interaction, quantum and arithmetic computation, and cryptography and learning, all as parts of a cohesive whole with numerous cross-influences. Wigderson illustrates the immense breadth of the field, its beauty and richness, and its diverse and growing interactions with other areas of mathematics. He ends with a comprehensive look at the theory of computation, its methodology and aspirations, and the unique and fundamental ways in which it has shaped and will further shape science, technology, and society. For further reading, an extensive bibliography is provided for all topics covered. Mathematics and Computation is useful for undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics, computer science, and related fields, as well as researchers and teachers in these fields. Many parts require little background, and serve as an invitation to newcomers seeking an introduction to the theory of computation. Comprehensive coverage of computational complexity theory, and beyond High-level, intuitive exposition, which brings conceptual clarity to this central and dynamic scientific discipline Historical accounts of the evolution and motivations of central concepts and models A broad view of the theory of computation's influence on science, technology, and society Extensive bibliography

An Invitation to Computational Homotopy

By Graham Ellis
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  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0192569414
  • Total of Pages : 640
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 919
  • Pdf File: an-invitation-to-computational-homotopy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

An Invitation to Computational Homotopy is an introduction to elementary algebraic topology for those with an interest in computers and computer programming. It expertly illustrates how the basics of the subject can be implemented on a computer through its focus on fully-worked examples designed to develop problem solving techniques. The transition from basic theory to practical computation raises a range of non-trivial algorithmic issues which will appeal to readers already familiar with basic theory and who are interested in developing computational aspects. The book covers a subset of standard introductory material on fundamental groups, covering spaces, homology, cohomology and classifying spaces as well as some less standard material on crossed modules. These topics are covered in a way that hints at potential applications of topology in areas of computer science and engineering outside the usual territory of pure mathematics, and also in a way that demonstrates how computers can be used to perform explicit calculations within the domain of pure algebraic topology itself. The initial chapters include in-depth examples from data mining, biology and digital image analysis, while the later chapters cover a range of computational examples on the cohomology of classifying spaces that are likely beyond the reach of a purely paper-and-pen approach to the subject. An Invitation to Computational Homotopy serves as a self-contained and informal introduction to these topics and their implementation in the sphere of computer science. Written in a dynamic and engaging style, it skilfully showcases a range of useful machine computations, and will serve as an invaluable aid to graduate students working with algebraic topology.

An Invitation to Knot Theory

By Heather A. Dye
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1498701655
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 512
  • Pdf File: an-invitation-to-knot-theory.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Only Undergraduate Textbook to Teach Both Classical and Virtual Knot Theory An Invitation to Knot Theory: Virtual and Classical gives advanced undergraduate students a gentle introduction to the field of virtual knot theory and mathematical research. It provides the foundation for students to research knot theory and read journal articles on their own. Each chapter includes numerous examples, problems, projects, and suggested readings from research papers. The proofs are written as simply as possible using combinatorial approaches, equivalence classes, and linear algebra. The text begins with an introduction to virtual knots and counted invariants. It then covers the normalized f-polynomial (Jones polynomial) and other skein invariants before discussing algebraic invariants, such as the quandle and biquandle. The book concludes with two applications of virtual knots: textiles and quantum computation.

An Invitation to Abstract Mathematics

By Béla Bajnok
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  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 3030561747
  • Total of Pages : 442
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 652
  • Pdf File: an-invitation-to-abstract-mathematics.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This undergraduate textbook promotes an active transition to higher mathematics. Problem solving is the heart and soul of this book: each problem is carefully chosen to demonstrate, elucidate, or extend a concept. More than 300 exercises engage the reader in extensive arguments and creative approaches, while exploring connections between fundamental mathematical topics. Divided into four parts, this book begins with a playful exploration of the building blocks of mathematics, such as definitions, axioms, and proofs. A study of the fundamental concepts of logic, sets, and functions follows, before focus turns to methods of proof. Having covered the core of a transition course, the author goes on to present a selection of advanced topics that offer opportunities for extension or further study. Throughout, appendices touch on historical perspectives, current trends, and open questions, showing mathematics as a vibrant and dynamic human enterprise. This second edition has been reorganized to better reflect the layout and curriculum of standard transition courses. It also features recent developments and improved appendices. An Invitation to Abstract Mathematics is ideal for those seeking a challenging and engaging transition to advanced mathematics, and will appeal to both undergraduates majoring in mathematics, as well as non-math majors interested in exploring higher-level concepts. From reviews of the first edition: Bajnok’s new book truly invites students to enjoy the beauty, power, and challenge of abstract mathematics. ... The book can be used as a text for traditional transition or structure courses ... but since Bajnok invites all students, not just mathematics majors, to enjoy the subject, he assumes very little background knowledge. Jill Dietz, MAA Reviews The style of writing is careful, but joyously enthusiastic.... The author’s clear attitude is that mathematics consists of problem solving, and that writing a proof falls into this category. Students of mathematics are, therefore, engaged in problem solving, and should be given problems to solve, rather than problems to imitate. The author attributes this approach to his Hungarian background ... and encourages students to embrace the challenge in the same way an athlete engages in vigorous practice. John Perry, zbMATH

The Road to Reality

By Roger Penrose
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Random House
  • Book Code : 1446418200
  • Total of Pages : 1136
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 453
  • Pdf File: the-road-to-reality.pdf

Book Short Summary:

**WINNER OF THE 2020 NOBEL PRIZE IN PHYSICS** The Road to Reality is the most important and ambitious work of science for a generation. It provides nothing less than a comprehensive account of the physical universe and the essentials of its underlying mathematical theory. It assumes no particular specialist knowledge on the part of the reader, so that, for example, the early chapters give us the vital mathematical background to the physical theories explored later in the book. Roger Penrose's purpose is to describe as clearly as possible our present understanding of the universe and to convey a feeling for its deep beauty and philosophical implications, as well as its intricate logical interconnections. The Road to Reality is rarely less than challenging, but the book is leavened by vivid descriptive passages, as well as hundreds of hand-drawn diagrams. In a single work of colossal scope one of the world's greatest scientists has given us a complete and unrivalled guide to the glories of the universe that we all inhabit. 'Roger Penrose is the most important physicist to work in relativity theory except for Einstein. He is one of the very few people I've met in my life who, without reservation, I call a genius' Lee Smolin

An Invitation to the Theory of the Hybridizable Discontinuous Galerkin Method

By Shukai Du,Francisco-Javier Sayas
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Book Code : 3030272303
  • Total of Pages : 124
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 949
  • Pdf File: an-invitation-to-the-theory-of-the-hybridizable-discontinuous-galerkin-method.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This monograph requires basic knowledge of the variational theory of elliptic PDE and the techniques used for the analysis of the Finite Element Method. However, all the tools for the analysis of FEM (scaling arguments, finite dimensional estimates in the reference configuration, Piola transforms) are carefully introduced before being used, so that the reader does not need to go over longforgotten textbooks. Readers include: computational mathematicians, numerical analysts, engineers and scientists interested in new and computationally competitive Discontinuous Galerkin methods. The intended audience includes graduate students in computational mathematics, physics, and engineering, since the prerequisites are quite basic for a second year graduate student who has already taken a non necessarily advanced class in the Finite Element method.

An Invitation to General Algebra and Universal Constructions

By George M. Bergman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 3319114786
  • Total of Pages : 572
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 777
  • Pdf File: an-invitation-to-general-algebra-and-universal-constructions.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Rich in examples and intuitive discussions, this book presents General Algebra using the unifying viewpoint of categories and functors. Starting with a survey, in non-category-theoretic terms, of many familiar and not-so-familiar constructions in algebra (plus two from topology for perspective), the reader is guided to an understanding and appreciation of the general concepts and tools unifying these constructions. Topics include: set theory, lattices, category theory, the formulation of universal constructions in category-theoretic terms, varieties of algebras, and adjunctions. A large number of exercises, from the routine to the challenging, interspersed through the text, develop the reader's grasp of the material, exhibit applications of the general theory to diverse areas of algebra, and in some cases point to outstanding open questions. Graduate students and researchers wishing to gain fluency in important mathematical constructions will welcome this carefully motivated book.

An Invitation to Variational Methods in Differential Equations

By David G. Costa
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 0817645365
  • Total of Pages : 138
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 434
  • Pdf File: an-invitation-to-variational-methods-in-differential-equations.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This textbook introduces variational methods and their applications to differential equations to graduate students and researchers interested in differential equations and nonlinear analysis. It serves as a sampling of topics in critical point theory. Coverage includes: minimizations, deformations results, the mountain-pass and saddle-point theorems, critical points under constraints, and issues of compactness. Applications immediately follow each result for easy assimilation by the reader. This straightforward and systematic presentation includes many exercises and examples to motivate the study of variational methods.

An Invitation to Modern Number Theory

By Steven J. Miller,Ramin Takloo-Bighash
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Book Code : 0691215979
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 798
  • Pdf File: an-invitation-to-modern-number-theory.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In a manner accessible to beginning undergraduates, An Invitation to Modern Number Theory introduces many of the central problems, conjectures, results, and techniques of the field, such as the Riemann Hypothesis, Roth's Theorem, the Circle Method, and Random Matrix Theory. Showing how experiments are used to test conjectures and prove theorems, the book allows students to do original work on such problems, often using little more than calculus (though there are numerous remarks for those with deeper backgrounds). It shows students what number theory theorems are used for and what led to them and suggests problems for further research. Steven Miller and Ramin Takloo-Bighash introduce the problems and the computational skills required to numerically investigate them, providing background material (from probability to statistics to Fourier analysis) whenever necessary. They guide students through a variety of problems, ranging from basic number theory, cryptography, and Goldbach's Problem, to the algebraic structures of numbers and continued fractions, showing connections between these subjects and encouraging students to study them further. In addition, this is the first undergraduate book to explore Random Matrix Theory, which has recently become a powerful tool for predicting answers in number theory. Providing exercises, references to the background literature, and Web links to previous student research projects, An Invitation to Modern Number Theory can be used to teach a research seminar or a lecture class.

Complex Analysis: An Invitation (2nd Edition)

By Murali Rao,Soren Fournais,Jacob Schach Moller,Henrik Stetkaer
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Book Code : 9814579610
  • Total of Pages : 424
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 162
  • Pdf File: complex-analysis.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This volume is an enlarged edition of a classic textbook on complex analysis. In addition to the classical material of the first edition it provides a concise and accessible treatment of Loewner theory, both in the disc and in the half-plane. Some of the new material has been described in research papers only or appears here for the first time. Each chapter ends with exercises.

An Invitation to Hypoelliptic Operators and Hörmander's Vector Fields

By Marco Bramanti
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 3319020870
  • Total of Pages : 150
  • Category : Mathematics
  • Members : 829
  • Pdf File: an-invitation-to-hypoelliptic-operators-and-hörmander-s-vector-fields.pdf

Book Short Summary:

​Hörmander's operators are an important class of linear elliptic-parabolic degenerate partial differential operators with smooth coefficients, which have been intensively studied since the late 1960s and are still an active field of research. This text provides the reader with a general overview of the field, with its motivations and problems, some of its fundamental results, and some recent lines of development.

An Invitation to Arithmetic Geometry

By Dino Lorenzini
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
  • Book Code : 0821802674
  • Total of Pages : 397
  • Category : Arithmetical algebraic geometry
  • Members : 653
  • Pdf File: an-invitation-to-arithmetic-geometry.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Extremely carefully written, masterfully thought out, and skillfully arranged introduction ... to the arithmetic of algebraic curves, on the one hand, and to the algebro-geometric aspects of number theory, on the other hand. ... an excellent guide for beginners in arithmetic geometry, just as an interesting reference and methodical inspiration for teachers of the subject ... a highly welcome addition to the existing literature. --Zentralblatt MATH The interaction between number theory and algebraic geometry has been especially fruitful. In this volume, the author gives a unified presentation of some of the basic tools and concepts in number theory, commutative algebra, and algebraic geometry, and for the first time in a book at this level, brings out the deep analogies between them. The geometric viewpoint is stressed throughout the book. Extensive examples are given to illustrate each new concept, and many interesting exercises are given at the end of each chapter. Most of the important results in the one-dimensional case are proved, including Bombieri's proof of the Riemann Hypothesis for curves over a finite field. While the book is not intended to be an introduction to schemes, the author indicates how many of the geometric notions introduced in the book relate to schemes, which will aid the reader who goes to the next level of this rich subject.

The Knot Book

By Colin C. Adams
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
  • Book Code : 9780821886137
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category :
  • Members : 992
  • Pdf File: the-knot-book.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book The Knot Book