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American Jihadist Terrorism: Combating a Complex Threat

By
  • ISBN Code: : 1437940234
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Pages : 141
  • Category :
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  • Pdf : american-jihadist-terrorism.pdf

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From May 2009 through October 2011, arrests were made for 32 "homegrown," jihadist-inspired terrorist plots by American citizens or legal permanent residents of the United States. Two of these resulted in attacks--U.S. Army Major Nidal Hasan's alleged assault at Fort Hood in Texas and Abdulhakim Muhammed's shooting at the U.S. Army-Navy Career Center in Little Rock, AR--and produced 14 deaths. By comparison, in more than seven years from the September 11, 2001, terrorist strikes (9/11) through April 2009, there were 21 such plots. Two resulted in attacks, and no more than six plots occurred in a single year (2006). The apparent spike in such activity from May 2009 to October 2011 suggests that at least some Americans--even if a tiny minority--continue to be susceptible to ideologies supporting a violent form of jihad. This report describes homegrown violent jihadists and the plots and attacks that have occurred since 9/11. For this report, "homegrown" and "domestic" are terms that describe terrorist activity or plots perpetrated within the United States or abroad by American citizens, legal permanent residents, or visitors radicalized largely within the United States. The term "jihadist" describes radicalized individuals using Islam as an ideological and/or religious justification for their belief in the establishment of a global caliphate, or jurisdiction governed by a Muslim civil and religious leader known as a caliph. The term "violent jihadist" characterizes jihadists who have made the jump to illegally supporting, plotting, or directly engaging in violent terrorist activity. The report also discusses the radicalization process and the forces driving violent extremist activity. It analyzes post-9/11 domestic jihadist terrorism and describes law enforcement and intelligence efforts to combat terrorism and the challenges associated with those efforts. It also outlines actions underway to build trust and partnership between community groups and government agencies and the tensions that may occur between law enforcement and engagement activities. Appendix A provides details about each of the post-9/11 homegrown jihadist terrorist plots and attacks. Finally, the report offers policy considerations for Congress.

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Ever since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, fighters from abroad have journeyed in ever-greater numbers to conflict zones in the Muslim world to defend Islam from-in their view-infidels and apostates. The phenomenon recently reached its apogee in Syria, where the foreign fighter population quickly became larger and more diverse than in any previous conflict. In Road Warriors, Daniel Byman provides a sweeping history of the jihadist foreign fighter movement. He begins by chronicling the movement's birth in Afghanistan, its growing pains in Bosnia and Chechnya, and its emergence as a major source of terrorism in the West in the 1990s, culminating in the 9/11 attacks. Since that bloody day, the foreign fighter movement has seen major ups and downs. It rode high after the 2003 US invasion of Iraq, when the ultra-violent Al Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) attracted thousands of foreign fighters. AQI overreached, however, and suffered a crushing defeat. Demonstrating the resilience of the movement, however, AQI reemerged anew during the Syrian civil war as the Islamic State, attracting tens of thousands of fighters from around the world and spawning the bloody 2015 attacks in Paris among hundreds of other strikes. Although casualty rates are usually high, the survivors of Afghanistan, Syria, and other fields of jihad often became skilled professional warriors, going from one war to the next. Still others returned to their home countries, some to peaceful retirement but a deadly few to conduct terrorist attacks. Over time, both the United States and Europe have learned to adapt. Before 9/11, volunteers went to and fro to Afghanistan and other hotspots with little interference. Today, the United States and its allies have developed a global program to identify, arrest, and kill foreign fighters. Much remains to be done, however-jihadist ideas and networks are by now deeply embedded, even as groups such as Al Qaeda and the Islamic State rise and fall. And as Byman makes abundantly clear, the problem is not likely to go away any time soon.

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Book Short Summary:

What are the factors that lead some individuals to become terrorists? In this book, a psychiatrist and psychoanalyst examines case histories of terrorism and reveals how radicalized youths living next door can become dangerous homegrown terrorists. • Presents a detailed study of 20 homegrown terrorists' life situations and psychodynamics that will not only answer questions for general readers, such as "What were the two brothers behind the Boston Marathon bombings really like?" but also supply psychiatrists, psychologists, law enforcement officers, and homeland security experts with invaluable insights for interviewing possible homegrown terrorists • Pinpoints reasons for radicalization among young people at a vulnerable, "in-between" period in their lives, such as conflicts with parents, disagreement with their parents' views about religion, or the perception that they are hypocritical • Covers acts of domestic terrorism in the 20th century ranging from the activities of the Weather Underground group in the 1970s to Timothy McVeigh's truck bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma City in 1995 to the Boston Marathon bombings of 2013

The Ethics of Terrorism

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Book Short Summary:

The goal of this book is to provide a unique and comprehensive examination of the ethics of terrorism's origins, history, meaning and its numerous avenues of expression. There are 18 lectures that address the ethics of terrorism in both traditional and nontraditional explanations, including the psychological aspects of abandonment, weakness and degradation. Inasmuch as ethics and morals are often confused, the challenge lies in common misunderstanding and engaging in the discourse of the lectures on the ethics of terrorism. These lectures on the ethics of terrorism are meant to decode the comp.

Radicalized

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  • Pdf File: radicalized.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The attacks in Paris in January and November 2015 heralded the beginning of a new wave of terrorism - one rooted in the ongoing conflict in Syria and Iraq. As ISIS seeks to expand its reach in the Middle East, its territory serves as a base for training and operations for a new generation of jihadis. Thousands of young people from the West, primarily from Europe, have travelled to join ISIS, re-emerging as hardened fighters with military training and a network of international contacts. Many of these have now returned to their homelands, where it is feared they are planning a new series of brutal attacks. Peter R. Neumann here explains the phenomenon of the 'new jihadis', and shows why the threat of terrorism in the West is greater than ever before. Based on interviews and previously-unseen material, Neumann provides an essential introduction to one of the greatest crises of our time

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  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 938
  • Pdf File: handbook-of-terrorism-and-counter-terrorism-post-9-11.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Almost two decades after the events of 9/11, this Handbook offers a comprehensive insight into the evolution and development of terrorism and insurgency since then. Gathering contributions from a broad range of perspectives, it both identifies new technological developments in terrorism and insurgency, and addresses the distinct state responses to the threat of political, or religiously motivated violence; not only in the Middle East and Europe, but also in Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and North and South America.

Homegrown

By Piotr M. Szpunar
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : NYU Press
  • Book Code : 1479825670
  • Total of Pages : 224
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 346
  • Pdf File: homegrown.pdf

Book Short Summary:

An insightful study of how identity is mobilized in and for war in the face of homegrown terrorism. “You are either with us, or against us” is the refrain that captures the spirit of the global war on terror. Images of the “them” implied in this war cry—distinct foreign “others”—inundate Americans on hit television shows, Hollywood blockbusters, and nightly news. However, in this book, Piotr Szpunar tells the story of a fuzzier image: the homegrown terrorist, a foe that blends into the crowd, who Americans are told looks, talks, and acts “like us.” Homegrown delves into the dynamics of domestic counterterrorism, revealing the complications that arise when the terrorist threat involves Americans, both residents and citizens, who have taken up arms against their own country. Szpunar examines the ways in which identities are blurred in the war on terror, amid debates concerning who is “the real terrorist.” He considers cases ranging from the white supremacist Sikh Temple shooter,,to the Newburgh Four, ex-convicts caught up in an FBI informant-led plot to bomb synagogues, to ecoterrorists, to the Tsarnaev brothers responsible for the Boston Marathon bombing. Drawing on popular media coverage, court documents, as well as “terrorist”-produced media, Szpunar poses new questions about the strategic deployment of identity in times of conflict. The book argues that homegrown terrorism challenges our long held understandings of how identity and difference play out in war—beyond “us versus them”—and, more importantly, that the way in which it is conceptualized and combatted has real consequences for social, cultural, and political notions of citizenship and belonging. The first critical examination of homegrown terrorism, this book will make you question how we make sense of the actions of ourselves and others in global war, and the figures that fall in between.

A New Counterterrorism Strategy: Why the World Failed to Stop Al Qaeda and ISIS/ISIL, and How to Defeat Terrorists

By T. Hamid Al-Bayati Ph.D.
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Book Code : 1440847150
  • Total of Pages : 280
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 156
  • Pdf File: a-new-counterterrorism-strategy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Why is the problem of terrorism—and the emergence of more extreme and more brutal terrorist groups—one that cannot be solved, even after decades of trying? This book, authored by a United Nations Ambassador once imprisoned and tortured in Iraq, diagnoses the shortcomings of present counter-terrorism strategies and lays out an effective new plan for counterterrorism. • Provides a uniquely accurate perspective on extremist terrorist groups from an author who was born and grew up in Iraq, the same culture and environment where ISIL was born, and who understands the mentality of terrorists and the way they misinterpret Islam to brainwash and recruit people, especially youth • Assesses the counterterrorism strategies before and after the attacks of September 11, explains why they failed to stop terrorists, and identifies the lessons to be learned • Underscores the grim reality that terrorism is a threat for everyone, and accordingly, it behooves all citizens to press for reforms and changes in counterterrorism strategy

Female Terrorism in America

By Jonathan Matusitz,Elena Berisha
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1000192067
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 617
  • Pdf File: female-terrorism-in-america.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book provides a comprehensive analysis of female terrorism in America, both past and present. The volume takes a fresh look at women’s actions of left-wing political violence, right-wing political violence, and religious extremist violence (among others). It also examines the multitude of roles that women have played over the past few decades in such organizations (including leadership positions and more passive roles)—not to mention the diverse methods of recruitment, radicalization, and propaganda. The objective of this book is to examine—using a wide range of case studies, facts, statistics, and theoretical methodologies—how collective or personal factors have influenced or reinforced the actions that these women take. Government agencies continue to underestimate the ability of women to support and perpetrate terrorism. As such, the United States is facing a wholly inaccurate and incomplete picture of the complexities of domestic terrorism, and this is contributing to a serious neglect of the issue at the national level. This volume ultimately aims to offer policy-relevant solutions to decrease the threat of domestic female political violence in the United States. Female Terrorism in America will be of much interest to students of terrorism and political violence, American politics, gender studies, and sociology.

United States of Jihad

By Peter Bergen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Crown
  • Book Code : 0804139555
  • Total of Pages : 416
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 401
  • Pdf File: united-states-of-jihad.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A riveting, panoramic look at “homegrown” Islamist terrorism from 9/11 to the present Since 9/11, more than three hundred Americans—born and raised in Minnesota, Alabama, New Jersey, and elsewhere—have been indicted or convicted of terrorism charges. Some have taken the fight abroad: an American was among those who planned the attacks in Mumbai, and more than eighty U.S. citizens have been charged with ISIS-related crimes. Others have acted on American soil, as with the attacks at Fort Hood, the Boston Marathon, and in San Bernardino. What motivates them, how are they trained, and what do we sacrifice in our efforts to track them? Paced like a detective story, United States of Jihad tells the entwined stories of the key actors on the American front. Among the perpetrators are Anwar al-Awlaki, the New Mexico-born radical cleric who became the first American citizen killed by a CIA drone and who mentored the Charlie Hebdo shooters; Samir Khan, whose Inspire webzine has rallied terrorists around the world, including the Tsarnaev brothers; and Omar Hammami, an Alabama native and hip hop fan who became a fixture in al Shabaab’s propaganda videos until fatally displeasing his superiors. Drawing on his extensive network of intelligence contacts, from the National Counterterrorism Center and the FBI to the NYPD, Peter Bergen also offers an inside look at the controversial tactics of the agencies tracking potential terrorists—from infiltrating mosques to massive surveillance; at the bias experienced by innocent observant Muslims at the hands of law enforcement; at the critics and defenders of U.S. policies on terrorism; and at how social media has revolutionized terrorism. Lucid and rigorously researched, United States of Jihad is an essential new analysis of the Americans who have embraced militant Islam both here and abroad. — Washington Post, Notable Non-Fiction Books in 2016

Dawn of the Code War

By John P. Carlin,Garrett M. Graff
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : PublicAffairs
  • Book Code : 1541773810
  • Total of Pages : 480
  • Category : Computers
  • Members : 875
  • Pdf File: dawn-of-the-code-war.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The inside story of how America's enemies launched a cyber war against us-and how we've learned to fight back With each passing year, the internet-linked attacks on America's interests have grown in both frequency and severity. Overmatched by our military, countries like North Korea, China, Iran, and Russia have found us vulnerable in cyberspace. The "Code War" is upon us. In this dramatic book, former Assistant Attorney General John P. Carlin takes readers to the front lines of a global but little-understood fight as the Justice Department and the FBI chases down hackers, online terrorist recruiters, and spies. Today, as our entire economy goes digital, from banking to manufacturing to transportation, the potential targets for our enemies multiply. This firsthand account is both a remarkable untold story and a warning of dangers yet to come.

Domestic Terrorism

By Carla Mooney
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Greenhaven Publishing LLC
  • Book Code : 142051220X
  • Total of Pages : 112
  • Category : Young Adult Nonfiction
  • Members : 549
  • Pdf File: domestic-terrorism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The FBI defines domestic terrorism as terrorism involving groups based in and operating entirely within the U.S. and its territories. According to the Global Terrorism Database, there have been 2,608 total attacks and 226 fatal attacks in the U.S. between 1970 and 2011. This thought-provoking edition focuses on issues related to domestic terrorism. It provides details on how domestic terrorism is different than other types of terrorism, the tactics that specific domestic terrorist groups use, and what can be done to prevent future attacks.

Stanford Law Review: Volume 64, Issue 1 - January 2012

By Stanford Law Review
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Quid Pro Books
  • Book Code : 1610279581
  • Total of Pages : 282
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 523
  • Pdf File: stanford-law-review.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Jan. 2012 issue of the Stanford Law Review (the first of vol. 64) contains studies of law, economics, and social policy by recognized scholars on diverse topics of interest to the academic and professional community. Contents for this issue: The Right Not to Keep or Bear Arms Joseph Blocher The Ghost That Slayed the Mandate Kevin C. Walsh State Sovereign Standing: Often Overlooked, but Not Forgotten Kenneth T. Cuccinelli, II, E. Duncan Getchell, Jr., & Wesley G. Russell, Jr. Establishing Official Islam? The Law and Strategy of Counter-Radicalization Samuel J. Rascoff Lobbying, Rent-Seeking, and the Constitution Richard L. Hasen Note: Bringing a Judicial Takings Claim Josh Patashnik In the ebook edition, all the footnotes, graphs, and tables of contents (including those for individual articles) are fully linked, properly scalable, and functional; the original note numbering is retained. Also, the URLs in notes are active; and the issue is properly formatted.

So Near Yet So Far

By Geoffrey Hale
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : UBC Press
  • Book Code : 0774820446
  • Total of Pages : 440
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 596
  • Pdf File: so-near-yet-so-far.pdf

Book Short Summary:

So Near Yet So Far provides an in-depth look at the multiple dimensions of Canada�US relations, particularly since 9/11. Based on almost 200 interviews with policy makers, opinion-shapers, and interest group leaders in both countries, this book considers the interaction of domestic and cross-border politics at several levels, including political-strategic, trade-commercial, cultural-psychological, and institutional-procedural. It will appeal to practitioners, scholars, and citizens of both countries who want a better understanding of how the Canada�US relationship works � and can be made to work more effectively. Balanced and fair, it gets to the core issues without distorting perspectives on either side of the border.

Breaking Al-Qaeda

By Elena Mastors
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1482230127
  • Total of Pages : 241
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 324
  • Pdf File: breaking-al-qaeda.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Breaking Al-Qaeda: Psychological and Operational Techniques, Second Edition explores the background and history of al-Qaeda, covers recent developments, and explains how, why, and where the al-Qaeda network is expanding. The author examines the current state of the terrorist network and describes what groups in the network are doing to recruit, plan, and carry out attacks worldwide. The book reports on intelligence and counterterror methods being used to garner information on al-Qaeda. It describes how the destabilization of Arab countries has led to opportunities for terrorists to capitalize on that instability and gain a foothold in countries such as Egypt, Yemen, Somalia, and Syria. Addresses information collection and analysis Provides an overview of the business of informational influence Explains how psychology can be used to understand and exploit individuals in terrorist networks Explores the relationships between the core of al-Qaeda and other groups Illustrating the message and ideology of al-Qaeda since the death of Usama bin Laden, the text explains the steps being taken to counter this threat. It also details psychological and operational techniques that can be used to counter network groups and fracture relationships between groups.

ISIS Exposed

By Erick Stakelbeck
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Book Code : 1621573893
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Political Science
  • Members : 961
  • Pdf File: isis-exposed.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The terror masters of ISIS are determined to get America's attention. They’ve humiliated the Iraqi Army we trained and seized territory in Iraq that we had secured at the cost of so many American lives. They’ve beheaded American journalists on camera in a direct challenge to the power and resolve of the United States. And now ISIS is calling for “city wolves” across the United States to act on their dedication to the Islamic State’s blood-drenched ideology and murder innocent American citizens at random. Who is ISIS? Where did it come from, and what is driving its successful campaign of murder and conquest? Our government and our media alike seemed to be blindsided by the Islamic State’s blitzkrieg-like advance, which forced American troops back into Iraq. ISIS has conquered a territory roughly the size of the state of Indiana, rules over eight million terrorized souls, and has even revived the practice of legal slavery. And yet the true motivations, inner workings, and future plans of this terror state and its mysterious caliph seem almost as obscure as when ISIS first burst onto the world scene. In ISIS Exposed, veteran investigative reporter Erick Stakelbeck gets inside the story of the new caliphate and reveals just how clear and present a threat it is.