The Amaranth Genome Book

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The Amaranth Genome

By Dinesh Adhikary,Michael K. Deyholos,John P. Délano-Frier
  • ISBN Code: : 3030723658
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Pages : 181
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 964
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : the-amaranth-genome.pdf

Book Excerpt :

This book describes the development of genetic resources in amaranths, with a major focus on genomics, reverse, and forward genetics tools and strategies that have been developed for crop improvement. Amaranth is an ancient crop native to the New World. Interest in amaranths is being renewed, due to their adaptability, stress tolerance, and nutritional value. There are about 65 species in the genus, including Amaranthus caudatus L., A. cruentus L., and A. hypochondriacus L., which are primarily grown as protein-rich grains or pseudocereals. The genus also includes major noxious weeds (e.g., A. palmeri). The amaranths are within the Caryophyllales order and thus many species (e.g., A. tricolor) produce red (betacyanin) or yellow (betaxanthin) betalain pigments, which are chemically distinct from the anthocyanins responsible for red pigmentation in other plants. A. hypochondriacus, which shows disomic inheritance (2n = 32; n= 466 Mb), has been sequenced and annotated with 23,059 protein-coding genes. Additional members of the genus are now also been sequenced including weedy amaranths, other grain amaranths, and their putative progenitors.

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  • Pdf File: the-wild-wisdom-of-weeds.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: alternative-investments.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: starch-in-food.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Starch in Food: Structure, Function and Applications, Second Edition, reviews starch structure, functionality and the growing range of starch ingredients used to improve the nutritional and sensory quality of food. The new edition is fully updated and brings new chapters on starch and health, isolation, processing and functional properties of starch. Part One illustrates how plant starch can be analyzed and modified, with chapters on plant starch synthesis, starch bioengineering and starch-acting enzymes. Part Two examines the sources of starch, from wheat and potato, to rice, corn and tropical supplies. Part Three looks at starch as an ingredient and how it is used in the food industry, with chapters on modified starches and the stability of frozen foods, starch-lipid interactions and starch-based microencapsulation. Part Four covers starch as a functional food, investigating the impact of starch on physical and mental performance, detecting nutritional starch fractions and analyzing starch digestion. The book is a standard reference for those working in the food industry, especially to starch scientists, food researchers, post-docs, practitioners in the starch area and students. Completely revised and updated with an overview of the latest developments in isolation, processing, functional properties and health attributes of starch Reviews starch structure and functionality Extensive coverage of the growing range of starch ingredients Examines how starch ingredients are used to improve the nutritional and sensory quality of food

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Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: hedge-hogs.pdf

Book Short Summary:

For readers of The Smartest Guys in the Room and When Genius Failed, the definitive take on Brian Hunter, John Arnold, Amaranth Advisors, and the largest hedge fund collapse in history At its peak, hedge fund Amaranth Advisors LLC had more than $9 billion in assets. A few weeks later, it completely collapsed. The disaster was largely triggered by one man: thirty-two-year-old hotshot trader Brian Hunter. His high-risk bets on natural gas prices bankrupted his firm and destroyed his career, while John Arnold, his rival at competitor fund Centaurus, emerged as the highest-paid trader on Wall Street. Meticulously researched and character-driven, Hedge Hogs is a riveting fly-on-the-wall account of the largest hedge fund collapse in history: a blistering tale of the recent past that explains our precarious present . . . and may predict our future. Using emails, instant messages, court testimony, and exclusive interviews, securities analyst turned investigative reporter Barbara T. Dreyfuss charts the colliding paths of these two charismatic traders who dominated the speculative energy market. We follow Brian Hunter, the Canadian farm boy and elbows-out high school basketball star, as he achieves phenomenal early success, only to see his ambition, greed, and hubris precipitate his downfall. Set in relief is the journey of John Arnold, whose mild manner, sophisticated tastes, and low profile belied his own ferocious competitive streak. As the two clash, hundreds of millions of dollars in pension and endowment money is imperiled, with devastating public consequences. Hedge Hogs takes you behind closed doors into the shadowy world of hedge funds, the unregulated wild side of finance, where over-the-top parties and lavish perks abound and billions of dollars of other people’s money are in the hands of a tiny elite. Dreyfuss traces the rise of this freewheeling industry while detailing the decades of bank, hedge fund, and commodity deregulation that turned Wall Street into a speculative casino. A gripping saga peppered with fast money, vivid characters, and high drama, Hedge Hogs is also an important and timely cautionary tale—a vivisection of a financial system jeopardized by reckless practices, watered-down regulation, and loopholes in government oversight, just waiting for the next bust. Praise for Hedge Hogs “Regulators, legislators and judges inclined to sympathize with the industry ought to rush out and buy a copy of Barbara Dreyfuss’s Hedge Hogs, a wonderfully instructive tale about Amaranth Advisors. . . . Dreyfuss, a Wall Street analyst turned investigative journalist, not only plowed through what turned out to be a treasure trove of official records and transcripts, but supplemented it with plenty of her own reporting. She manages to organize it all into a tight, riveting and understandable yarn.”—The Washington Post “Clearly and entertainingly told . . . a salutary example of how traders who believe they are super-smart might be nothing more than lucky, and how there is nothing so intoxicating as the ability to speculate with other people’s money.”—The Economist “[Dreyfuss] does a great job of putting Amaranth’s out-of-control trader into historical context, explaining the blitz of deregulation that set the stage for someone like Hunter to do maximum damage.”—Bloomberg “The definitive take on the largest hedge fund collapse in history . . . You will not be able to put it down.”—Frank Partnoy, author of F.I.A.S.C.O. and Infectious Greed Named One of the Top 10 Business & Economics Books of the Season by Publishers Weekly

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Andrea Chesman presents 366 creative and flavorful "natural gourmet" recipes using a wide variety of beans and grains, like basmati and jasmine rice, adzuki beans, amaranth, and quinoa. Organized by course and main ingredient, these dishes range from light and lively starters to hearty and soul-satisfying foods that stick to your ribs but not to your waistline. American favorites are well represented here, but adventurous cooks will be pleased to find ethnic cuisines dominating this mouthwatering collection, including such recipes as: Healthy Mediterranean diet-inspired recipes Spicy Vegetable Couscous Pesto Pasta with Cranberry Beans Smoky Black Bean Burritos Jamaican-Style Rice and Peas This wonderful addition to our 366 Ways series features foods that are among the most versatile and healthful in the human diet, not to mention absolutely delicious. Recipes are high in flavor, low in fat. Each recipe includes a detailed nutritional analysis, which counts calories, fat, percentage of calories from fat, protein, fiber, sodium, and calcium. Vegetarian dishes dominate the collection, but healthful variations include salmon, shrimp, and chicken.

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  • Pdf File: advances-in-biological-science-research.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Advances in Biological Science Research: A Practical Approach provides discussions on diverse research topics and methods in the biological sciences in a single platform. This book provides the latest technologies, advanced methods, and untapped research areas involved in diverse fields of biological science research such as bioinformatics, proteomics, microbiology, medicinal chemistry, and marine science. Each chapter is written by renowned researchers in their respective fields of biosciences and includes future advancements in life science research. Discusses various research topics and methods in the biological sciences in a single platform Comprises the latest updates in advanced research techniques, protocols, and methods in biological sciences Incorporates the fundamentals, advanced instruments, and applications of life science experiments Offers troubleshooting for many common problems faced while performing research experiments

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Leafy vegetables or vegetable greens are considered to be richest source of dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals. Daily consumption of minimum 100 to 150 grams of leafy vegetables along with a main diet is recommended by many health experts for balanced nutrition of a human body. Apart from its health-providing properties many leafy vegetables are considered to have medicinal benefits also, especially those vegetable greens which are loaded with antioxidant vitamins and minerals. This eBook explains in detail the food significance and nutrition of about 48 leafy vegetables.

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  • Publisher : Penguin
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  • Pdf File: the-complete-idiot-s-guide-greens-cookbook.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Complete Idiot's Guide® Greens Cookbook includes more than 200 mostly vegan and many vegetarian recipes for greens and provides nutritional and preparation information to help readers get the most flavor and nutrition from the greens they eat. In addition to traditional greens, this cookbook covers many newly-popular greens, such as bok choy, beet, kale, and dandelion.

Chemistry and Technology of Plant Substances

By Alexander V. Kutchin,Lyudmila N. Shishkina,Larissa I. Weisfeld
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Book Code : 1771885610
  • Total of Pages : 388
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 826
  • Pdf File: chemistry-and-technology-of-plant-substances.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Chemistry and Technology of Plant Substances: Chemical and Biochemical Aspects demonstrates the progress and promise of developing new chemical substances from renewable sources of chemical raw materials. The volume brings together new achievements in the field of research and processing of plant raw materials and the synthesis of natural compounds for the production of biologically active substances and drugs. The volume looks closely at the rational use of renewable raw materials, which is the source of new compounds and intermediates for the chemical industry. It covers a wide range of problems associated with the use of the components of plants to produce new substances with a wide variety of purposes. According to the latest estimates, plants form about a million chemical substances. In some cases, plant products have pharmacological or biological activity that can be of therapeutic benefit in treating diseases. In addition, due to the structural diversity of plant material, chemical synthesis is easily reachable. Synthetic analogs of natural products with improved potency and safety can be prepared by chemical synthesis. Such synthetic analogs are safer for humans. Plant materials are often used as starting points for drug discovery. Chemistry and Technology of Plant Substances: Chemical and Biochemical Aspects presents the theoretical trends and recent practical achievements on complex processing of plant-based raw materials. Low molecular weight components, isolated from plant material, are widely used in fine organic synthesis. High molecular weight polysaccharides of conifers and other greens, such as pectin and hemicellulose, are the basis for the creation of anticoagulants and other drugs. The range of research papers presented in the book is quite wide: from fundamental and applied problems of wood chemistry and organic synthesis to biological activity of natural compounds. The book provides valuable information for those skilled in organic chemistry, chemical engineers, researchers and scientists as well as for faculty and upper-level students. This volume, Chemistry and Technology of Plant Substances: Chemical and Biochemical Aspects, was created on the initiative of Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow) and the Institute of Chemistry of Komi Scientific Center of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Syktyvkar).

Yummy Supper

By Erin Scott
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rodale Books
  • Book Code : 160961545X
  • Total of Pages : 304
  • Category : Cooking
  • Members : 482
  • Pdf File: yummy-supper.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Every health-related culinary trend reaches a tipping point at which it must either evolve or become a cultural cliche; in the case of gluten-free eating, award-winning blogger Erin Scott is the new face of modern, fresh, gluten-free cooking and living. With influences ranging from a career in the high fashion and design industries to 25 years living in Berkeley, CA, in the shadow of Chez Panisse, Erin has devoted her life to family-friendly gluten-free cooking as realized through fresh, seasonal, real food; honest ingredients; and simple and delicious recipes devoid of the usual gums normally used as fillers in stodgy gluten-free cooking. The first gluten-free cookbook so enticing that it transcends the genre, Yummy Supper is about bounty, flavor, and fun. Based on Scott's award-winning blog of the same name, it has the same clean, gifty visual aesthetic. These are recipes that emphasize naturally gluten-free ingredients and, like her blog, will appeal not only to gluten intolerants and celiacs but also to anyone just looking for a great recipe. With practical chapters like "Slurp," "Nut," "Egg," and "Sea," Scott's book covers the entire family meal with instructions and asides that are flexible, playful, and tasty, and it includes mouthwatering dishes such as Watermelon Punch with Fresh Lime and Mint, Poached Eggs with Lemony Spinach & Crispy Hash Browns, Parmesan Polenta with Garlicky Rapini and Black Olives, Peanut Butter Cups with Dark Chocolate and Flaky Sea Salt, and much more.

Every Grain of Rice

By Fuchsia Dunlop
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1526617846
  • Total of Pages : 352
  • Category : Cooking
  • Members : 575
  • Pdf File: every-grain-of-rice.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Fuchsia Dunlop trained as a chef at China's leading cooking school and is internationally renowned for her delicious recipes and brilliant writing about Chinese food. Every Grain of Rice is inspired by the healthy and vibrant home cooking of southern China, in which meat and fish are enjoyed in moderation, but vegetables play the starring role. Try your hand at blanched choy sum with sizzling oil, Hangzhou broad beans with ham, pock-marked old woman's beancurd or steamed chicken with shiitake mushrooms, or, if you've ever in need of a quick fix, Fuchsia's emergency late-night noodles. Many of the recipes require few ingredients and are startlingly easy to make. The book includes a comprehensive introduction to the key seasonings and techniques of the Chinese kitchen, as well as the 'magic ingredients' that can transform modest vegetarian ingredients into wonderful delicacies. With stunning photography and clear instructions, this is an essential volume for beginners and connoisseurs alike.

Aliens in the Backyard

By John Leland
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Univ of South Carolina Press
  • Book Code : 1611172136
  • Total of Pages : 248
  • Category : Nature
  • Members : 458
  • Pdf File: aliens-in-the-backyard.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Aliens live among us. Thousands of species of nonnative flora and fauna have taken up residence within U.S. borders. Our lawns sprout African grasses, our roadsides flower with European weeds, and our homes harbor Asian, European, and African pests. Misguided enthusiasts deliberately introduced carp, kudzu, and starlings. And the American cowboy spread such alien life forms as cows, horses, tumbleweed, and anthrax, supplanting and supplementing the often unexpected ways "Native" Americans influenced the environment. Aliens in the Backyard recounts the origins and impacts of these and other nonindigenous species on our environment and pays overdue tribute to the resolve of nature to survive in the face of challenge and change. In considering the new home that imported species have made for themselves on the continent, John Leland departs from those environmentalists who universally decry the invasion of outsiders. Instead Leland finds that uncovering stories of alien arrivals and assimilation is a more intriguing—and ultimately more beneficial—endeavor. Mixing natural history with engaging anecdotes, Leland cuts through problematic myths coloring our grasp of the natural world and suggests that how these alien species have reshaped our landscape is now as much a part of our shared heritage as tales of our presidents and politics. Simultaneously he poses questions about which of our accepted icons are truly American (not apple pie or Kentucky bluegrass; not Idaho potatoes or Boston ivy). Leland's ode to survival reveals how plant and animal immigrants have made the country as much an environmental melting pot as its famed melding of human cultures, and he invites us to reconsider what it means to be American.

Theory and Practice of Soil Loss Control in Eastern China

By J.C. Zhang,D.L. DeAngelis,J.Y. Zhuang
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1441996796
  • Total of Pages : 281
  • Category : Nature
  • Members : 233
  • Pdf File: theory-and-practice-of-soil-loss-control-in-eastern-china.pdf

Book Short Summary:

After the 1998 flood of the Yangtze River, one of the world’s most important rivers, environmental experts realized that, to control flooding, much more attention must be paid to vegetation cover on bare lands, thin forest land, and shrub-covered land in mountain areas. In 1999, an environmental monitoring project of the forests in 11 provinces of the Yangtze River basin was undertaken. This book reports on soil loss prediction and the successful practices of soil loss control in eastern China in recent years.

Field Guide to Medicinal Wild Plants

By Bradford Angier
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Stackpole Books
  • Book Code : 0811742806
  • Total of Pages : 264
  • Category : Nature
  • Members : 968
  • Pdf File: field-guide-to-medicinal-wild-plants.pdf

Book Short Summary:

First-ever revision of a classic guidebook. Information on each plant's characteristics, distribution, and medicinal qualities as well as updated taxonomy and 15 new species. How to identify and use wild plants for medicinal purposes.

Biologically Active Peptides

By Fidel Toldra,Jianping Wu
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Book Code : 0128214384
  • Total of Pages : 818
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 533
  • Pdf File: biologically-active-peptides.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Biologically Active Peptides: From Basic Science to Applications for Human Health stands as a comprehensive resource on bioactive peptide science and applications. With contributions from more than thirty global experts, topics discussed include bioactive peptide science, structure-activity relationships, best practices for their study and production, and their applications. In the interdisciplinary field of bioactive peptides, this book bridges the gap between basic peptide chemistry and human physiology, while reviewing recent advances in peptide analysis and characterization. Methods and technology-driven chapters offer step-by-step guidance in peptide preparation from different source materials, bioactivity assays, analysis and identification of bioactive peptides, encoding bioactive peptides. Later, applications across disease areas and medical specialties are examined in-depth, including the use of bioactive peptides in treating obesity, diabetes, osteoporosis, mental health disorders, food allergies, and joint health, among other disorders, as well as bioactive peptides for sensory enhancement, sports and clinical nutrition, lowering cholesterol, improving cardiovascular health, and driving advances in biotechnology. Discusses the latest advances in bioactive peptide chemistry, functionality and analysis Offers step-by-step instruction in applying new technologies for peptide extraction, protection, production and encoding, as well as employing bioactive peptide sequencing and bioactivity assays in new research Effectively links basic peptide chemistry, human biology and disease Features chapter contributions from international experts across disciplines and applications

A Guide to Starting Your Hedge Fund

By Erik Serrano Berntsen,John Thompson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 1119064880
  • Total of Pages : 216
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Members : 119
  • Pdf File: a-guide-to-starting-your-hedge-fund.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Successful hedge fund investing begins with well-informedstrategy A Guide to Starting Your Hedge Fund is a practical,definitive "how-to" guide, designed to help managers design andlaunch their own funds, and to help investors select and diligencenew funds. The first book to examine the practical aspects ofsetting up and operating funds with a focus on energy commoditymarkets, this book scrutinises the due diligence process andcomprehensively reviews the opportunities and risks of all energycommodity markets as hedge fund investments. Extensive planning andstrategy advice prove invaluable to prospective fund managers andinvestors alike, and detailed discussion of the markets'constraints help inform procedural decisions. Readers gain insightinto practical matters including legal and commercial structures,due diligence, fund raising, operations, and more, allowing them toconstruct a concrete investment plan before ever touching apenny. Asset managers are looking to energy commodities to provideattractive uncorrelated – if volatile – returns. Thesehigh returns, however, are accompanied by high risk. Few investorshave experience evaluating these investment opportunities, and fewprospective fund managers understand the market fundamentals andtheir associated risks. This book provides the answers sorelylacking in hedge fund literature, giving investors and fundmanagers the background they need to make smarter decisions. Understand the markets' structures, opportunities, andrisks Develop a comprehensive, well-informed investment strategy Conduct thorough due diligence with a detailed plan Examine the practical aspects of fund raising, legal and taxstructure, and more Oil has long been traded by hedge funds, but electricity, thefuels that generate electricity, and the environmental productslike emissions allowances and weather derivatives have become thenew "hot" investment strategies. These high returns come withhigher risk, but A Guide to Starting Your Hedge Fund ensuresparticipants have essential information at their disposal.

Transgenic Crops II

By Y.P.S. Bajaj
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 3642569013
  • Total of Pages : 344
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 595
  • Pdf File: transgenic-crops-ii.pdf

Book Short Summary:

There has been tremendous progress in the genetic transformation of agricultural crops, and plants resistant to insects, herbicides, and diseases have been produced, field tested, and patented. This book compiles this information on various fruits and vegetables.

Second Witness: Analytical and Contextual Commentary on the Book of Mormon

By Brant A. Gardner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Greg Kofford Books
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 622
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 738
  • Pdf File: second-witness.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Stop looking for the Book of Mormon in Mesoamerica and start looking for Mesoamerica in the Book of Mormon! Second Witness, a new six-volume series from Greg Kofford Books, takes a detailed, verse-by-verse look at the Book of Mormon. It marshals the best of modern scholarship and new insights into a consistent picture of the Book of Mormon as a historical document. Taking a faithful but scholarly approach to the text and reading it through the insights of linguistics, anthropology, and ethnohistory, the commentary approaches the text from a variety of perspectives: how it was created, how it relates to history and culture, and what religious insights it provides. The commentary accepts the best modern scholarship, which focuses on a particular region of Mesoamerica as the most plausible location for the Book of Mormon’s setting. For the first time, that location—its peoples, cultures, and historical trends—are used as the backdrop for reading the text. The historical background is not presented as proof, but rather as an explanatory context. The commentary does not forget Mormon’s purpose in writing. It discusses the doctrinal and theological aspects of the text and highlights the way in which Mormon created it to meet his goal of “convincing . . . the Jew and Gentile that Jesus is the Christ, the Eternal God.”

The Real Food Daily Cookbook

By Ann Gentry,Anthony Head
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Ten Speed Press
  • Book Code : 1607743736
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Cooking
  • Members : 209
  • Pdf File: the-real-food-daily-cookbook.pdf

Book Short Summary:

With three bustling restaurants located throughout the Los Angeles area, Real Food Daily boasts a loyal clientele of ravenous vegetarian diners and health-conscious celebrities, trendsetting young hipsters and members of Southern California's culinary community at large. After 10 successful years as a cherished destination for lovers of delicious and naturally wholesome cuisine, this eclectic hot spot continues to thrive under the stewardship of its pioneering founder, Ann Gentry, who raises the standards and expectations of nutritious, meat-free cooking through her unique brand of California cuisine. In THE REAL FOOD DAILY COOKBOOK, you'll find recipes for 150 of the restaurants' most popular dishes, such as Lentil-Walnut Pate; Country-Style Miso Soup; Tuscan Bean Salad with Herb Vinaigrette; Southern-Style Skillet Cornbread; Tofu Quiche with Leeks and Asparagus; Acorn Squash Stuffed with Sweet Rice, Currants, and Vegetables; and Coconut Cream Pie with Chocolate Sauce. After years of getting floods of recipe requests from her loyal customers, Ann is delivering in full force, not only to her patient fans, but to everyone who yearns for delicious, healthful, real food in their daily lives.

Cultivated vegetables of the world: a multilingual onomasticon

By Stanley J. Kays
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 9086867200
  • Total of Pages : 828
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 280
  • Pdf File: cultivated-vegetables-of-the-world.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Vegetables make up a major portion of the diet of humans and are critical for good health. With the world population predicted to reach 9 billion people by 2050, they will play an increasingly important role in food availability. The purpose of this book is to facilitate accuracy in communication among individuals working in agriculture and a better understand of the extent and diversity of vegetable production and utilization worldwide. Increasing global economic interdependence and trade in agricultural products makes precise communication among individuals utilizing different languages essential. There is currently a wide range of vegetables shipped around the world as seasonal, economic and other forces are shifting markets from exclusively local toward global. The text provides up-to-date scientific names, synonyms, and common names for the commercially cultivated vegetable crops grown worldwide (404 crops), in addition to information on the plant parts utilized and their method of preparation. Common names from 370 languages are presented along with information on each of the languages. The text represents an essential reference source with the information presented in a concise and readily accessible format. It allows indentifying a crop from the common name in a diverse cross-section of languages and is therefore of use to university and government researchers, libraries worldwide, agricultural organizations, agricultural scientists, embassies, international travelers, vegetable growers, shippers, packers, produce buyers, grocery store managers, gourmet restaurants, chefs, and gardeners.