The Slave Trade and the Origins of International Human Rights Law Book

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The Slave Trade and the Origins of International Human Rights Law

By Jenny S. Martinez
  • ISBN Code: : 0199753075
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Pages : 264
  • Category : Political Science
  • Reads : 147
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : the-slave-trade-and-the-origins-of-international-human-rights-law.pdf

Book Excerpt :

There is a broad consensus among scholars that the idea of human rights was a product of the Enlightenment but that a self-conscious and broad-based human rights movement focused on international law only began after World War II. In this narrative, the nineteenth century's absence is conspicuous--few have considered that era seriously, much less written books on it. But as Jenny Martinez shows in this novel interpretation of the roots of human rights law, the foundation of the movement that we know today was a product of one of the nineteenth century's central moral causes: the movement to ban the international slave trade. Originating in England in the late eighteenth century, abolitionism achieved remarkable success over the course of the nineteenth century. Martinez focuses in particular on the international admiralty courts, which tried the crews of captured slave ships. The courts, which were based in the Caribbean, West Africa, Cape Town, and Brazil, helped free at least 80,000 Africans from captured slavers between 1807 and 1871. Here then, buried in the dusty archives of admiralty courts, ships' logs, and the British foreign office, are the foundations of contemporary human rights law: international courts targeting states and non-state transnational actors while working on behalf the world's most persecuted peoples--captured West Africans bound for the slave plantations of the Americas. Fueled by a powerful thesis and novel evidence, Martinez's work will reshape the fields of human rights history and international human rights law.

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  • Pdf File: the-blithedale-romance.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Inspired by Nathaniel Hawthorne’s own experience as a member of the famous Brook Farm Community, which the author describes in his preface as the “most romantic episode” in his life, The Blithedale Romance is one of the most engaging and complex of Hawthorne’s novels. Recounting the hopeful formation and slow fragmentation of a reform-minded socialist community in antebellum Massachusetts, the novel has increasingly preoccupied commentators on American literature and culture over the last few decades. The editors’ new introduction helps the reader to negotiate Blithedale’s literary difficulties by offering a detailed reflection on the main problems confronted by past and present interpreters of the novel. Appendices expand on the central historical theme of reform, highlighting the novel’s references to women’s emancipation, antislavery, and Utopian socialism.

The Old Man and the Sea

By Ernest Hemingway
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Good Press
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 60
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 377
  • Pdf File: the-old-man-and-the-sea.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"The Old Man and the Sea" by Ernest Hemingway. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

A Grief Observed

By C.S. Lewis
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Faber & Faber
  • Book Code : 0571265790
  • Total of Pages : 64
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 576
  • Pdf File: a-grief-observed.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A Grief Observed comprises the reflections of the great scholar and Christian on the death of his wife after only a few short years of marriage. Painfully honest in its dissection of his thoughts and feelings, this is a book that details his paralysing grief, bewilderment and sense of loss in simple and moving prose. Invaluable as an insight into the grieving process just as much as it is as an exploration of religious doubt, A Grief Observed will continue to offer its consoling insights to a huge range of readers, as it has for over fifty years. 'A classic of the genre, a literary answer to the pain of loss.' Robert McCrum

Contesting Slavery

By John Craig Hammond,Matthew Mason
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Virginia Press
  • Book Code : 0813931177
  • Total of Pages : 344
  • Category : History
  • Members : 667
  • Pdf File: contesting-slavery.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Recent scholarship on slavery and politics between 1776 and 1840 has wholly revised historians’ understanding of the problem of slavery in American politics. Contesting Slavery builds on the best of that literature to reexamine the politics of slavery in revolutionary America and the early republic. The original essays collected here analyze the Revolutionary era and the early republic on their own terms to produce fresh insights into the politics of slavery before 1840. The collection forces historians to rethink the multiple meanings of slavery and antislavery to a broad array of Americans, from free and enslaved African Americans to proslavery ideologues, from northern farmers to northern female reformers, from minor party functionaries to political luminaries such as Henry Clay. The essays also delineate the multiple ways slavery sustained conflict and consensus in local, regional, and national politics. In the end, Contesting Slavery both establishes the abiding presence of slavery and sectionalism in American political life and challenges historians’ long-standing assumptions about the place, meaning, and significance of slavery in American politics between the Revolutionary and antebellum eras. Contributors: Rachel Hope Cleves, University of Victoria * David F. Ericson, George Mason University * John Craig Hammond, Penn State University, New Kensington * Matthew Mason, Brigham Young University * Richard Newman, Rochester Institute of Technology * James Oakes, CUNY Graduate Center * Peter S. Onuf, University of Virginia * Robert G. Parkinson, Shepherd University * Donald J. Ratcliffe, University of Oxford * Padraig Riley, Dalhousie University * Edward B. Rugemer, Yale University * Brian Schoen, Ohio University * Andrew Shankman, Rutgers University, Camden * George William Van Cleve, University of Virginia * Eva Sheppard Wolf, San Francisco State University

Am I Not a Human? (11): The Suffering of the Palestinian Patient under the Israeli Occupation

By Fatima Itani,‘Atef Daghlas
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : مركز الزيتونة للدراسات والاستشارات
  • Book Code : 9953500592
  • Total of Pages : 128
  • Category : Palestinian Arabs
  • Members : 726
  • Pdf File: am-i-not-a-human.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Suffering of the Palestinian Patient under the Israeli Occupation is the new book published by Al-Zaytouna Center for Studies and Consultations in Beirut. The book addresses the suffering of the Palestinian patients and the Palestinian health sector due to Israeli violations. These include the vast difference in health care between the Jews and Arabs, the experimentations done on Arab patients, the repercussions of the siege on the Gazan patients in addition to the influence of the Israeli checkpoints and the separation wall on the patients in the West Bank, the suffering of the patients held in the Israeli jails and the deliberate targeting of medical personnel. The book, prepared by Fatima Itani and ‘Atef Daghlas and edited by Dr. Mohsen Saleh and Rana Sa‘adah, is 128 pages of medium size. It is the 11th in the Am I Not Human? series, which endeavors to present a full and complete picture of the suffering of Palestinians under Israeli occupation . It tries its best to address the hearts and minds with the most accurate, concrete and documented framework. The book cites many cases of patients whose suffering is exacerbated by Israeli obstacles and the difficult conditions of Palestinian health care institutions. The book also addressees the delays at the Israeli checkpoints and the gates of the Separation Wall in addition to impeding the access of patients and pregnant women to health care centers. The number of patients who died at the checkpoints has amounted to 401 since the outburst of the Intifadah and till 31/1/2011. On another hand, the book highlights the deterioration of health care sector in the Gaza Strip as a result of the Israeli siege which was imposed since mid 2007. It led to a serious shortage of medicine,medical instruments other necessary requirements for hospitals and even ambulances. These conditions caused the death of 380 Palestinians. The book also includes comparative statistics which illustrate the gap’s magnitude between health care offered to Jews and Palestinians. It mentioned that, in 2008, the average per capita allocations of health resources was $ 2,145 in Israel compared to $165,5 in the Palestinian Authority Territories, while the number of beds in 2009 reached 42,119 beds in Israeli hospitals compared to 5,058 beds in Palestinian hospitals. The book sheds light on the experimentations performed on Palestinian patients in the Israeli hospitals including children, old and mentally ill patients without their own or their legal custodians’ permission. It reveals the testing of serious drugs on the Palestinians prisoners and the illegal trade of Palestinian human organs from corpses to treat Israeli patients, including soldiers. This conduct fails to respect international covenants which regulate medical experimentations on patients. In addition, the book tackles the Israeli policy of deliberate medical neglect regarding the prisoners and preventing them from getting proper medical care. These conditions increased in the number of sick prisoners and exacerbated their diseases, even after their release. Consequently, and since 1967, over 51 Palestinian prisoners died in the Israeli prisons. The Israeli policy of preventing patients from traveling abroad to get treatment was also discussed in the book. For Israel has the tendency to impose conditions of collaboration with the Israeli authorities and revealing information about their wanted relatives or neighbors in order to get proper treatment in Israel. The frequent Israeli attacks on Palestinian medical personnel were also exposed. The personnel are fired at, physically and verbally abused, and obstructed from reaching patients or even the injured. During Israeli military operations ambulances and medical facilities are always targeted.

Death or Liberty

By Douglas R. Egerton
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 9780199743674
  • Total of Pages : 352
  • Category : History
  • Members : 767
  • Pdf File: death-or-liberty.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In Death or Liberty, Douglas R. Egerton offers a sweeping chronicle of African American history stretching from Britain's 1763 victory in the Seven Years' War to the election of slaveholder Thomas Jefferson as president in 1800. While American slavery is usually identified with antebellum cotton plantations, Egerton shows that on the eve of the Revolution it encompassed everything from wading in the South Carolina rice fields to carting goods around Manhattan to serving the households of Boston's elite. More important, he recaptures the drama of slaves, freed blacks, and white reformers fighting to make the young nation fulfill its republican slogans. Although this struggle often unfolded in the corridors of power, Egerton pays special attention to what black Americans did for themselves in these decades, and his narrative brims with compelling portraits of forgotten African American activists and rebels, who battled huge odds and succeeded in finding liberty--if never equality--only in northern states. Egerton concludes that despite the real possibility of peaceful, if gradual, emancipation, the Founders ultimately lacked the courage to end slavery.

The Slave's Cause

By Manisha Sinha
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Book Code : 0300182082
  • Total of Pages : 785
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 965
  • Pdf File: the-slave-s-cause.pdf

Book Short Summary:

“Traces the history of abolition from the 1600s to the 1860s . . . a valuable addition to our understanding of the role of race and racism in America.”—Florida Courier Received historical wisdom casts abolitionists as bourgeois, mostly white reformers burdened by racial paternalism and economic conservatism. Manisha Sinha overturns this image, broadening her scope beyond the antebellum period usually associated with abolitionism and recasting it as a radical social movement in which men and women, black and white, free and enslaved found common ground in causes ranging from feminism and utopian socialism to anti-imperialism and efforts to defend the rights of labor. Drawing on extensive archival research, including newly discovered letters and pamphlets, Sinha documents the influence of the Haitian Revolution and the centrality of slave resistance in shaping the ideology and tactics of abolition. This book is a comprehensive history of the abolition movement in a transnational context. It illustrates how the abolitionist vision ultimately linked the slave’s cause to the struggle to redefine American democracy and human rights across the globe. “A full history of the men and women who truly made us free.”—Ira Berlin, The New York Times Book Review “A stunning new history of abolitionism . . . [Sinha] plugs abolitionism back into the history of anticapitalist protest.”—The Atlantic “Will deservedly take its place alongside the equally magisterial works of Ira Berlin on slavery and Eric Foner on the Reconstruction Era.”—The Wall Street Journal “A powerfully unfamiliar look at the struggle to end slavery in the United States . . . as multifaceted as the movement it chronicles.”—The Boston Globe

The War for Independence and the Transformation of American Society

By Harry M. Ward
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1135361916
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : History
  • Members : 277
  • Pdf File: the-war-for-independence-and-the-transformation-of-american-society.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The War fo Independence had a substantial impact on the lives of all Americans, establishing a nation and confirming American identity. The War for Independence and the Transformation of American Society focuses on a conflict which was both civil war and revolution and assesses how Americans met the challenges of adapting to the ideals of Independence and Republicanism. The war effected political reconstruction and brought economic self sufficiency and expansion, but it also brought oppression of dissenting and ethnic minorities, broadened the divide between the affluent and the poor and strengthened the institution of slavery. Focusing on the climate of war itself and its effects on the lives of those who lived through it, this book includes discussion of: *Recruitment and Society *The Home Front *Constraints on Liberty *Women and family during the war years *African Americans and Native Americans The War for Independence is a fascinating account of the wider dimension to the meaning of the American Revolution.

Thoughts on African Colonization

By William Lloyd Garrison
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Good Press
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 426
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 202
  • Pdf File: thoughts-on-african-colonization.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"Thoughts on African Colonization" by William Lloyd Garrison. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

Mere Christianity

By C.S. Lewis
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wildside Press LLC
  • Book Code : 1479441988
  • Total of Pages : 150
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 146
  • Pdf File: mere-christianity.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A revised and amplified edition, with a new introduction, of the three books "Broadcast Talks," "Christian Behaviour," and "Beyond Personality" by the acclaimed author of "The Chronicles of Narnia."