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Against Apion

By Josephus
  • ISBN Code: : N.a
  • Publisher : Good Press
  • Pages : 101
  • Category : Nature
  • Reads : 511
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : against-apion.pdf

Book Excerpt :

"Against Apion" by Josephus (translated by William Whiston). Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.

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Read Also This Books

T&T Clark Encyclopedia of Second Temple Judaism Volume Two

By Loren T. Stuckenbruck,Daniel M. Gurtner
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 0567660958
  • Total of Pages : 912
  • Category : History
  • Members : 310
  • Pdf File: t-t-clark-encyclopedia-of-second-temple-judaism-volume-two.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The T&T Clark Encyclopedia of Second Temple Judaism provides a comprehensive reference resource of over 600 scholarly articles aimed at scholars and students interested in Judaism of the Second Temple Period. The two-volume work is split into four parts. Part One offers a prolegomenon for the contemporary study and appreciation of Second Temple Judaism, locating the discipline in relation to other relevant fields (such as Hebrew Bible, Rabbinics, Christian Origins). Beginning with a discussion of terminology, the discussion suggests ways the Second Temple period may be described, and concludes by noting areas of study that challenge our perception of ancient Judaism. Part Two presents an overview of respective contexts of the discipline set within the broad framework of historical chronology corresponding to a set of full-colour, custom-designed maps. With distinct attention to primary sources, the author traces the development of historical, social, political, and religious developments from the time period following the exile in the late 6th century B.C.E. through to the end of the Bar Kokhba revolt (135 C.E.). Part Three focuses specifically on a wide selection of primary-source literature of Second Temple Judaism, summarizing the content of key texts, and examining their similarities and differences with other texts of the period. Essays here include a brief introduction to the work and a summary of its contents, as well as examination of critical issues such as date, provenance, location, language(s), and interpretative matters. The early reception history of texts is also considered, and followed by a bibliography specific to that essay. Numerous high-resolution manuscript images are utilized to illustrate distinct features of the texts. Part Four addresses topics relevant to the Second Temple Period such as places, practices, historical figures, concepts, and subjects of scholarly discussion. These are often supplemented by images, maps, drawings, or diagrams, some of which appear here for the first time. Copiously illustrated, carefully researched and meticulously referenced, this resource provides a reliable, up-to-date and complete guide for those studying early Judaism in its literary and historical settings.

John and Anti-Judaism

By Jonathan Numada
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1725298163
  • Total of Pages : 302
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 336
  • Pdf File: john-and-anti-judaism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This study argues that the Gospel of John’s anti-Judaism can be well understood from the perspective of trends apparent within the context of broader Greco-Roman culture. It uses the paradigm of collective memory and aspects of social identity theory and self-categorization theory to explore the theological and narrative functions of the Johannine Jews. Relying upon a diverse range of historical testimony drawn from Greco-Roman literature, inscriptions, and papyri, this work attempts to understand the social identities and social locations of Diaspora Jews as a first step in reading John’s Gospel in the context of the political and social instability of the first century CE. It then attempts to understand John’s theology, its portrayal of Jewish social identity, and the narrative and theological functions of “the Jews” as a group character in light of this historical context. This work attempts to demonstrate that while John’s treatment of Jews and Judaism is multivalent at both social and theological levels, it is primarily focused upon strengthening a Christologically centered Christian identity while attempting to mitigate the attractiveness of Judaism as a religious competitor.

A Companion to Josephus

By Honora Howell Chapman,Zuleika Rodgers
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 1118325176
  • Total of Pages : 488
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Members : 576
  • Pdf File: a-companion-to-josephus.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A Companion to Josephus presents a collection of readings from international scholars that explore the works of the first century Jewish historian Flavius Josephus. Represents the first single-volume collection of readings to focus on Josephus Covers a wide range of disciplinary approaches to the subject, including reception history Features contributions from 29 eminent scholars in the field from four continents Reveals important insights into the Jewish and Roman worlds at the moment when Christianity was gaining ground as a movement Named Outstanding Academic Title of 2016 by Choice Magazine, a publication of the American Library Association

Many Convincing Proofs

By Stephen S. Liggins
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Book Code : 3110460378
  • Total of Pages : 333
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 141
  • Pdf File: many-convincing-proofs.pdf

Book Short Summary:

While there have been various studies examining the contents of the evangelistic proclamation in Acts; and various studies examining, from one angle or another, individual persuasive phenomena described in Acts (e.g., the use of the Jewish Scriptures); no individual studies have sought to identify the key persuasive phenomena presented by Luke in this book, or to analyse their impact upon the book’s early audiences. This study identifies four key phenomena – the Jewish Scriptures, witnessed supernatural events, the Christian community and Greco-Roman cultural interaction. By employing a textual analysis of Acts that takes into account both narrative and socio-historical contexts, the impact of these phenomena upon the early audiences of Acts – that is, those people who heard or read the narrative in the first decades after its completion – is determined. The investigation offers some unique and nuanced insights into evangelistic proclamation in Acts; persuasion in Acts, persuasion in the ancient world; each of the persuasive phenomena discussed; evangelistic mission in the early Christian church; and the growth of the early Christian church.

The Child in the Bible

By Marcia J. Bunge,Terence E. Fretheim,Beverly Roberts Gaventa
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • Book Code : 0802848354
  • Total of Pages : 467
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 113
  • Pdf File: the-child-in-the-bible.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In this volume nineteen biblical scholars collaborate to provide an informed and focused treatment of biblical perspectives on children and childhood. Looking at the Bible through the "lens" of the child exposes new aspects of biblical texts and themes. Some of the authors focus on selected biblical texts -- Genesis, Proverbs, Mark, and more -- while others examine such biblical themes as training and disciplining, children and the image of God, the metaphor of Israel as a child, and so on. In discussing a vast array of themes and questions, the chapters also invite readers to reconsider the roles that children can or should play in religious communities today. Contributors: Reidar Aasgaard David L. Bartlett William P. Brown Walter Brueggemann Marcia J. Bunge John T. Carroll Terence E. Fretheim Beverly Roberts Gaventa Joel B. Green Judith M. Gundry Jacqueline E. Lapsley Margaret Y. MacDonald Claire R. Mathews McGinnis Esther M. Menn Patrick D. Miller Brent A. Strawn Marianne Meye Thompson W. Sibley Towner Keith J. White

Were the Jews a Mediterranean Society?

By Seth Schwartz
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Book Code : 9781400830985
  • Total of Pages : 224
  • Category : History
  • Members : 779
  • Pdf File: were-the-jews-a-mediterranean-society.pdf

Book Short Summary:

How well integrated were Jews in the Mediterranean society controlled by ancient Rome? The Torah's laws seem to constitute a rejection of the reciprocity-based social dependency and emphasis on honor that were customary in the ancient Mediterranean world. But were Jews really a people apart, and outside of this broadly shared culture? Were the Jews a Mediterranean Society? argues that Jewish social relations in antiquity were animated by a core tension between biblical solidarity and exchange-based social values such as patronage, vassalage, formal friendship, and debt slavery. Seth Schwartz's examinations of the Wisdom of Ben Sira, the writings of Josephus, and the Palestinian Talmud reveal that Jews were more deeply implicated in Roman and Mediterranean bonds of reciprocity and honor than is commonly assumed. Schwartz demonstrates how Ben Sira juxtaposes exhortations to biblical piety with hard-headed and seemingly contradictory advice about coping with the dangers of social relations with non-Jews; how Josephus describes Jews as essentially countercultural; yet how the Talmudic rabbis assume Jews have completely internalized Roman norms at the same time as the rabbis seek to arouse resistance to those norms, even if it is only symbolic. Were the Jews a Mediterranean Society? is the first comprehensive exploration of Jewish social integration in the Roman world, one that poses challenging new questions about the very nature of Mediterranean culture.

The New Testament in Comparison

By John M.G. Barclay,Benjamin G. White
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 0567684814
  • Total of Pages : 216
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 876
  • Pdf File: the-new-testament-in-comparison.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The nine essays in this volume, written by leading international scholars in New Testament studies, examine in new depth the method of comparison so frequently deployed in the study of the New Testament. They raise and reflect on deep questions on the possibility and validity of such comparative exercise, on the methods that are most effective and intellectually defensible, on the purpose of such comparison, and on the perils and pitfalls in such exercises. Addressing these questions at both a theoretical, hermeneutical level, and through case-studies of actual examples, the book provides a much needed and up-to-date methodological resource for the numerous comparative projects spawned by New Testament studies throughout the world.

“You Shall Not Kill”

By J. Cornelis de Vos,Hermut Löhr
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
  • Book Code : 3647552682
  • Total of Pages : 310
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 793
  • Pdf File: you-shall-not-kill.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Die Tötung von Menschen wird in vielen biblischen Texten thematisiert. Locus classicus ist das Tötungsverbot im Dekalog (Ex 20,13; Dtn 5,17). Im Kontext von Krieg oder als Strafe für schwerwiegende Verbrechen erschien die Tötung eines Menschen für die Verfasser der biblischen Texte wohl kaum problematisch. Gott selbst wird als jemand beschrieben, der das Töten von Personen anordnet und Menschen töten für ihn. Manchmal ist es sogar Gott selbst, der tötet. Andere biblische Aussagen und Traditionen sperren sich gegenüber dieser Sicht: Wurde der Mensch nicht nach dem Bild Gottes geschaffen (Gen 1,26-27; 9,6)? Die Gottähnlichkeit des Menschen impliziert das Verbot, einen Menschen zu töten. In diesem Kontext steht bekanntlich auch das 5. Gebot des Dekalog: „Du sollst nicht töten!“ Die zentrale Frage des vorliegenden Bandes ist, ob und wie biblische und nicht-biblische Tötungsverbote als Norm in der Antike funktionieren. Beiträge aus den Bereichen des altorientalischen und antiken Rechts, der Bibelwissenschaft, der alten Geschichte, des antiken Judentums und der frühen Kirchengeschichte geben Einblicke in diese bis heute aktuelle Thematik. Fachkundige Experten behandeln das Tötungsverbot, indem sie die zentralen Frage- und Problemstellungen, die sich in altorientalischer, patristischer und mittelalterlicher Zeit unterschiedlich darstellen, kritisch beleuchten und diskutieren.

A Home for the Homeless

By John H. Elliott
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 1597524093
  • Total of Pages : 342
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 365
  • Pdf File: a-home-for-the-homeless.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Jack Elliott's A Home for the Homeless is one of the most exciting works in biblical scholarship that I have read in recent years, and the best book on 1 Peter that I have ever read. In my mind he is certainly on the right track in detecting the life-situation addressed in this important epistle. It is consoling to find that amid the plethora of writings on the Bible really worthwhile discoveries can still be made. --Raymond E. Brown author of Recent Discoveries and the Biblical World Already an acknowledged expert on 1 Peter, John Elliott here combines New Testament exegesis and a keen knowledge of the Hellenistic world with the emergent sociological analysis of the New Testament. Elliott has produced a fascinating statement on the broad social setting and religious meaning of an important but often overlooked piece of early Christian literature. It is clearly a significant methodological statement which has ramifications beyond a study of 1 Peter. --John R. Donahue, SJ author of The Gospel in Parable The power of this book lies in its demonstration of how we move from philology and literary studies to history and sociological reconstruction. Elliott is the first to show that from the meanings of words and their theology we are able to draw insight in the social reality, therefore relevance, of an important religious text from Judeo-Christian antiquity. The book is a methodological model, but also a tour de force of intellect and imagination. --Jacob Neusner author of Rabbinic Literature and the New Testament Attempts to look through the New Testament texts into the lives of real human communities of the past received a significant boost with the first publication of A Home for the Homeless. Elliott's work has had a central and provocative role in the debate that has grown and matured during the subsequent decade and which continues vigorously today: What are the appropriate ways of using methods of the social sciences to understand texts from antiquity? --Wayne A. Meeks author of The First Urban Christians John H. Elliott is Professor Emeritus of New Testament at the University of San Francisco. He is also the author of 'The Elect and the Holy, ' 'What Is Social-Scientific Criticism?, ' and '1 Peter' (Anchor Bible).

The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity

By Edmon L. Gallagher,John D. Meade
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0192511025
  • Total of Pages : 384
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 349
  • Pdf File: the-biblical-canon-lists-from-early-christianity.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Bible took shape over the course of centuries, and today Christian groups continue to disagree over details of its contents. The differences among these groups typically involve the Old Testament, as they mostly accept the same 27-book New Testament. An essential avenue for understanding the development of the Bible are the many early lists of canonical books drawn up by Christians and, occasionally, Jews. Despite the importance of these early lists of books, they have remained relatively inaccessible. This comprehensive volume redresses this unfortunate situation by presenting the early Christian canon lists all together in a single volume. The canon lists, in most cases, unambiguously report what the compilers of the lists considered to belong to the biblical canon. For this reason they bear an undeniable importance in the history of the Bible. The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity provides an accessible presentation of these early canon lists. With a focus on the first four centuries, the volume supplies the full text of the canon lists in English translation alongside the original text, usually Greek or Latin, occasionally Hebrew or Syriac. Edmon L. Gallagher and John D. Meade orient readers to each list with brief introductions and helpful notes, and they point readers to the most significant scholarly discussions. The book begins with a substantial overview of the history of the biblical canon, and an entire chapter is devoted to the evidence of biblical manuscripts from the first millennium. This authoritative work is an indispensable guide for students and scholars of biblical studies and church history.

Pursuing the Text

By John C. Reeves,John Kampen
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : A&C Black
  • Book Code : 0567181324
  • Total of Pages : 434
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 613
  • Pdf File: pursuing-the-text.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The themes of this volume encompass the lifelong interests of one of the most eminent and learned Jewish scholars of our time: Qumran, Hellenism, Rabbinics and chronography. The contributors, leading scholars in these fields, have produced what is a benchmark of modern scholarship of Judaism in the Graeco-Roman period.

The Literary Imagination in Jewish Antiquity

By Eva Mroczek
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0190279842
  • Total of Pages : 304
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 900
  • Pdf File: the-literary-imagination-in-jewish-antiquity.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Winner of the 2017 Manfred Lautenschlaeger Award for Theological Promise Winner of the 2017 The George A. and Jean S. DeLong Book History Book Prize The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls revealed a world of early Jewish writing larger than the Bible, from multiple versions of biblical texts to "revealed" books not found in our canon. Despite this diversity, the way we read Second Temple Jewish literature remains constrained by two anachronistic categories: a theological one, "Bible," and a bibliographic one,"book." The Literary Imagination in Jewish Antiquity suggests ways of thinking about how Jews understood their own literature before these categories had emerged. In many Jewish texts, there is an awareness of a vast tradition of divine writing found in multiple locations that is only partially revealed in available scribal collections. Ancient heroes such as David are imagined not simply as scriptural authors, but as multidimensional characters who come to be known as great writers who are honored as founders of growing textual traditions. Scribes recognize the divine origin of texts such as Enoch literature and other writings revealed to ancient patriarchs, which present themselves not as derivative of the material that we now call biblical, but prior to it. Sacred writing stretches back to the dawn of time, yet new discoveries are always around the corner. Using familiar sources such as the Psalms, Ben Sira, and Jubilees, Eva Mroczek tells an unfamiliar story about sacred writing not bound in a Bible. In listening to the way ancient writers describe their own literature-rife with their own metaphors and narratives about writing-The Literary Imagination in Jewish Antiquity also argues for greater suppleness in our own scholarly imagination, no longer bound by modern canonical and bibliographic assumptions.

Christobiography

By Craig S. Keener
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • Book Code : 1467456764
  • Total of Pages : 743
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 287
  • Pdf File: christobiography.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Demonstrates the reliability of the canonical gospels by exploring the genre of ancient biography The canonical gospels are ancient biographies, narratives of Jesus’s life. The authors of these gospels were intentional in how they handled historical information and sources. Building on recent work in the study of ancient biographies, Craig Keener argues that the writers of the canonical gospels followed the literary practices of other biographers in their day. In Christobiography he explores the character of ancient biography and urges students and scholars to appreciate the gospel writers’ method and degree of accuracy in recounting the ministry of Jesus. Keener’s Christobiography has far-reaching implications for the study of the canonical gospels and historical-Jesus research. Table of Contents: Introduction Part 1. Biographies about Jesus 2. Not a Novel Proposal 3. Examples and Development of Ancient Biography 4. What Sort of Biographies Are the Gospels? 5. What Did First-Century Audiences Expect of Biographies? Part 2 Biographies and History 6. Biographies and Historical Information 7. What Historical Interests Meant in Antiquity 8. Luke-Acts as Biohistory 9. Sources Close to the Events Part 3. Testing the Range of Deviation 10. Case Studies: Biographies of Recent Characters Use Prior Information 11. Flex Room: Literary Techniques in Ancient Biographies Part 4. Two Objections to Gospels as Historical Biographies 12. What about Miracles? 13. What about John? Part 5. Memories about Jesus: Memories before Memoirs 14. Memory Studies 15. Jesus Was a Teacher 16. Oral Tradition, Oral History 17. The Implications of This Study

Divine Guidance

By John A. Jillions
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 019005574X
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 785
  • Pdf File: divine-guidance.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The twenty-first century opened with the religiously-inspired attacks of 9/11 and in the years since such attacks have become all too common. Over against the minority who carry out violence at God's direction, however, there are millions of believers around the world who live lives of anonymous kindness. They also see their actions as guided by the divine. How is divine guidance to be understood against the background of such diametrically opposed results? How to make sense of both Osama bin Laden and Mother Teresa? In order to answer this question, John A. Jillions turns to the first-century world of Corinth, where Jews, Gentiles, and early Christians intermixed and vigorously debated the question of divine guidance. In this ancient melting pot, the ideas of writers and poets, philosophers, rabbis, prophets, and the apostle Paul confronted and complemented each other. These writers reveal a culture that reflected deeply upon the realities, ambiguities, and snares posed by questions of divine guidance. Jillions draws these insights together to offer an outline for the twenty-first century and suggest criteria for how to assess perceived divine guidance. Jillions opens a long-closed window in the history of ideas in order to shed valuable light on this timeless question.

Evocations of the Calf?

By Alec J. Lucas
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Book Code : 3110348039
  • Total of Pages : 292
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 425
  • Pdf File: evocations-of-the-calf.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This study proposes that both constitutively and rhetorically (through ironic, inferential, and indirect application), Ps 106(105) serves as the substructure for Paul’s argumentation in Rom 1:18–2:11. Constitutively, Rom 1:18–32 hinges on the triadic interplay between “they (ex)changed” and “God gave them over,” an interplay that creates a sin–retribution sequence with an a-ba-ba-b pattern. Both elements of this pattern derive from Ps 106(105):20, 41a respectively. Rhetorically, Paul ironically applies the psalmic language of idolatrous “(ex)change” and God’s subsequent “giving-over” to Gentiles. Aiding this ironic application is that Paul has cast his argument in the mold of Hellenistic Jewish polemic against Gentile idolatry and immorality, similar to Wis 13–15. In Rom 2:1–4, however, Paul inferentially incorporates a hypocritical Jewish interlocutor into the preceding sequence through the charge of doing the “same,” a charge that recalls Israel’s sins recounted in Ps 106(105). This incorporation then gives way to an indirect application of Ps 106(105):23, by means of an allusion to Deut 9–10 in Rom 2:5–11. Secondarily, this study suggests that Paul’s argumentation exploits an intra-Jewish debate in which evocations of the golden calf figured prominently.

Pauli Testamentum

By Seán Charles Martin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Gregorian Biblical BookShop
  • Book Code : 9788876527395
  • Total of Pages : 305
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 674
  • Pdf File: pauli-testamentum.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The testamentary character of 2 Timothy has long been recognised by its readers. But the allusion to the rebellion of Korah, Dathan, and Abraham (2 Tim 2,19) and the mention of Jannes and Jambres (2 Tim 3,8) introduce into the letter direct references to the figure of Moses. In addition to the biblical narratives, this study examines four other works which include what purport to be Moses' last will and testament: the Vita Mosis of Philo, the Jewish Antiquities of Josephus and the anonymous works Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum and the Testament of Moses. This study contends that these legends about the last words of Moses constitute the best way to evaluate the portrait of Paul in 2 Timothy, and that Paul is presented in 2 Timothy as a prophet like Moses

One Lord, One People: The Unity of the Church in Acts in its Literary Setting

By Alan Thompson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 0567573826
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 254
  • Pdf File: one-lord-one-people.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book examines the Lukan themes of unity and disunity against ancient Greco-Roman and Jewish social and political discourses on concord and discord to better understand the context in which Luke highlights the themes of unity and disunity. The themes of unity and disunity are particularly prominent in ancient discussions of the reigns of rulers, evaluations of laws/constitutions/forms of government, and descriptions of the contrasting effects of unity and disunity in the destruction and preservation of peoples and cities. These themes are grouped under the broad categories of kingship and law, and the preservation and destruction of cities. The book contends that, in the context of its literary setting, the theme of the unity of the church under one Lord in Acts contributes to Lukan Christological claims that Christ is the true king, and Lukan ecclesiological claims that the Christian community is the true people of God.

Idolatry and Authority

By Richard Liong Seng Phua
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 0567289109
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 918
  • Pdf File: idolatry-and-authority.pdf

Book Short Summary:

1 Cor 8.1-11.1 is concerned with the subject of idolatry in first-century Christianity and ancient Judaism. Jews and Christians differ over what constitutes idolatry and even within ancient Judaism and early Christianity there was no consensus. In this book, a set of definitions are created which are applied to the examination of the various relevant Diaspora Jewish literature, inscriptions and papyri, and finally the NT passage. This examination reveals different attitudes adopted by different Jews towards idolatry, which serve as parallels to the three positions in 1 Cor 8.1-11.1, 'the strong', 'the weak', and Paul. The resolution of the issue of idolatry lies in the question of who determines what is idolatrous and what constitutes proper Christian behaviour. This is accomplished through a comparison and contrast between leadership structures within Diaspora Jewish assemblies and the Corinthian church. Almost all the definitions of idolatry set up are operative in Paul, whose way of resolving the issue of idolatry is by appeal to biblical history. By insisting on his authority as the founding apostle and father of the Corinthian church, Paul can issue the injunction to the 'strong' to flee from idolatry because idolatrous behaviour would incur the wrath of God and lead to God's punishment, which is the loss of one's eschatological salvation. For the Diaspora Jews, the 'final court of appeal' was the law; but for the Corinthian church, the authority Paul sets up is Christ, the gospel, salvation, and Paul himself as the founding apostle.

The Bible and Hellenism

By Thomas L. Thompson,Philippe Wajdenbaum
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317544250
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : History
  • Members : 995
  • Pdf File: the-bible-and-hellenism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Did the Bible only take its definitive form after Alexander conquered the Near East, after the Hellenisation of the Samaritans and Jews, and after the founding of the great library of Alexandria? The Bible and Hellenism takes up one of the most pressing and controversial questions of Bible Studies today: the influence of classical literature on the writing and formation of the Bible. Bringing together a wide range of international scholars, The Bible and Hellenism explores the striking parallels between biblical and earlier Greek literature and examines the methodological issues raised by such comparative study. The book argues that the oral traditions of historical memory are not the key factor in the creation of biblical narrative. It demonstrates that Greek texts – from such authors as Homer, Hesiod, Herodotus and Plato – must be considered amongst the most important sources for the Bible.

Love Your Enemies (A History of the Tradition and Interpretation of Its Uses)

By John Piper
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Crossway
  • Book Code : 1433534789
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 637
  • Pdf File: love-your-enemies.pdf

Book Short Summary:

“Love Your Enemies...” This is one of the few statements Jesus made that is readily accepted by believers and skeptics alike. Its authenticity is not seriously questioned and yet it is a revolutionary command. Giving attention to various critical theories, John Piper presents evidence that the early church earnestly advocated for non-retaliatory love, extending it to those who practiced evil in the world. Such love was key to the church’s own ethical tradition or paraenesis. Piper illuminates the Synoptics and passages in Romans, as well as 1 Thessalonians and 1 Peter, with non-canonical evidence, investigating the theological significance of Jesus’s love command. Originally published as #38 in the Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series, this is John Piper’s doctoral dissertation from the University of Munich. It is a serious work of Christian scholarship by a long-time respected author and pastor. This repackaged edition features a new, extensive introduction and will be of interest to scholars, students, and lay people who have training in New Testament studies.

The Oxford Handbook of the Writings of the Hebrew Bible

By Donn Morgan
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  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0190900520
  • Total of Pages : 640
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 323
  • Pdf File: the-oxford-handbook-of-the-writings-of-the-hebrew-bible.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This Oxford Handbook is a serious resource for the study of the literature of the Writings (Psalms, Job, Proverbs, Ruth, Esther, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Ezra-Nehemiah, Chronicles, Daniel) of the Hebrew Bible, including its context and its scriptural/canonical shape and reception. A first section provides an overview of the post-exilic period in which much of the Writings was written, focusing on history, archeology, and the development of major literary traditions, all of which provide the context for understanding and interpreting this literature. A second section contains creative studies of the books in the Writings, focusing on structure, purpose, and distinctive characteristics of this very diverse literature. A third section looks at the Writings from larger and longer perspectives including the ancient Near East, developing Judaism and Christianity, Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls, music and the arts, and its canonization and reception by Judaism and Christianity. This handbook has a focus on the special character and shape of the Writings as scripture and canon, including the recurring issues of diversity and difference, dates of canonization, its special relationship to other scripture and canon (Torah, Prophets, New Testament), and its interpretation in religious and non-religious communities.

Philo, Josephus, and the Testaments on Sexuality

By William Loader
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  • Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • Book Code : 0802866417
  • Total of Pages : 476
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 198
  • Pdf File: philo-josephus-and-the-testaments-on-sexuality.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Philo, Josephus, and the Testaments on Sexuality is the fourth of five volumes by William Loader exploring attitudes toward sexuality in Judaism and Christianity during the Greco-Roman era. In this volume Loader examines three substantial and historically important sets of documents the writings of Philo of Alexandria, the histories of Josephus, and the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs. For each set of writings, he provides an in-depth introduction, detailed analysis highlighting each writer s position on a broad range of matters pertaining to sexuality, and a summary conclusion.

The New Complete Works of Josephus

By Flavius Josephus
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Kregel Academic
  • Book Code : 9780825496929
  • Total of Pages : 1143
  • Category : History
  • Members : 419
  • Pdf File: the-new-complete-works-of-josephus.pdf

Book Short Summary:

(Revised and expanded edition; commentary by Paul L. Maier) Unabridged. Includes harmony of Greek and English numbering systems, table of Jewish weights and measures, Old Testament text parallels, twenty full-page illustrations, and an updated index.

The Jewish Context of Jesus' Miracles

By Eric Eve
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  • Publisher : A&C Black
  • Book Code : 0567224430
  • Total of Pages : 440
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 455
  • Pdf File: the-jewish-context-of-jesus-miracles.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Scholarly literature on Jesus has often attempted to relate his miracles to their Jewish context, but that context has not been surveyed in its own right. This volume fills that gap by examining both the ideas on miracle in Second Temple literature (including Josephus, Philo, the Dead Sea Scrolls, Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha) and the evidence for contemporary Jewish miracle workers. The penultimate chapter explores insights from cultural anthropology to round out the picture obtained from the literary evidence, and the study concludes that Jesus is distinctive as a miracle-worker in his Jewish context while nevertheless fitting into it.

The Life of Flavius Josephus

By Flavius Josephus,Aeterna Press
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  • Publisher : Aeterna Press
  • Book Code : N.a
  • Total of Pages : 100
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 398
  • Pdf File: the-life-of-flavius-josephus.pdf

Book Short Summary:

THE family from which I am derived is not an ignoble one, but hath descended all along from the priests; and as nobility among several people is of a different origin, so with us to be of the sacerdotal dignity, is an indication of the splendor of a family. Now, I am not only sprung from a sacerdotal family in general, but from the first of the twenty-four courses; and as among us there is not only a considerable difference between one family of each course and another, I am of the chief family of that first course also; nay, further, by my mother I am of the royal blood; for the children of Asamoneus, from whom that family was derived, had both the office of the high priesthood, and the dignity of a king, for a long time together. I will accordingly set down my progenitors in order. Aeterna Press

Josephus and the Theologies of Ancient Judaism

By Jonathan Klawans
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  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0199928622
  • Total of Pages : 320
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 904
  • Pdf File: josephus-and-the-theologies-of-ancient-judaism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Though considered one of the most important informants about Judaism in the first century CE, the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus's testimony is often overlooked or downplayed. Jonathan Klawans's Josephus and the Theologies of Ancient Judaism reexamines Josephus's descriptions of sectarian disagreements concerning determinism and free will, the afterlife, and scriptural authority. In each case, Josephus's testimony is analyzed in light of his works' general concerns as well as relevant biblical, rabbinic, and Dead Sea texts. Many scholars today argue that ancient Jewish sectarian disputes revolved primarily or even exclusively around matters of ritual law, such as calendar, cultic practices, or priestly succession. Josephus, however, indicates that the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes disagreed about matters of theology, such as afterlife and determinism. Similarly, many scholars today argue that ancient Judaism was thrust into a theological crisis in the wake of the destruction of the second temple in 70 CE, yet Josephus's works indicate that Jews were readily able to make sense of the catastrophe in light of biblical precedents and contemporary beliefs. Without denying the importance of Jewish law-and recognizing Josephus's embellishments and exaggerations-Josephus and the Theologies of Ancient Judaism calls for a renewed focus on Josephus's testimony, and models an approach to ancient Judaism that gives theological questions a deserved place alongside matters of legal concern. Ancient Jewish theology was indeed significant, diverse, and sufficiently robust to respond to the crisis of its day.

Miracles in Greco-Roman Antiquity

By Wendy Cotter
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  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1134814429
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : History
  • Members : 295
  • Pdf File: miracles-in-greco-roman-antiquity.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Miracles in Greco-Roman Antiquity presents a collection in translation of miracle stories from the ancient world. The material is divided up into four main categories including healing, exorcism, nature and raising the dead. Wendy Cotter, in an introduction and notes to the selections, contextualizes the miracles within the background of the Greco-Roman world and also compares the stories to other Jewish and non-Jewish miracle stories of the Mediterranean world. This sourcebook provides an interdisciplinary collection of material which will be of value to students of the New Testament.

God as Creator in Acts 17:24

By Jennifer Marie Creamer
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  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Book Code : 153261537X
  • Total of Pages : 186
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 725
  • Pdf File: god-as-creator-in-acts-17.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Areopagus speech of Acts provides a helpful study of how Paul both engaged and confronted the contemporary culture of his day to present the message of Christianity to his hearers in Athens. How does Paul, as a Jew, contextualize the message for his audience of Stoic and Epicurean philosophers in Athens on the topic of God as Creator in Acts 17:24? Paul touches on a subject of contentious debate between Stoics and Epicureans when he identifies God as Creator. Stoics believed in a creating deity, something akin to Plato's demiurge of the Timaeus. Epicureans ridiculed such an idea. By using the identification of God as Creator, Paul engages a common controversy between schools of philosophy.

The Construct of Identity in Hellenistic Judaism

By Erich S. Gruen
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  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Book Code : 3110387190
  • Total of Pages : 588
  • Category : Literary Criticism
  • Members : 410
  • Pdf File: the-construct-of-identity-in-hellenistic-judaism.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This book collects twenty two previously published essays and one new one by Erich S. Gruen who has written extensively on the literature and history of early Judaism and the experience of the Jews in the Greco-Roman world. His many articles on this subject have, however, appeared mostly in conference volumes and Festschriften, and have therefore not had wide circulation. By putting them together in a single work, this will bring the essays to the attention of a much broader scholarly readership and make them more readily available to students in the fields of ancient history and early Judaism. The pieces are quite varied, but develop a number of connected and related themes: Jewish identity in the pagan world, the literary representations by Jews and pagans of one another, the interconnections of Hellenism and Judaism, and the Jewish experience under Hellenistic monarchies and the Roman empire.

Piso Christ

By Roman Piso
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  • Publisher : Trafford Publishing
  • Book Code : 1426939515
  • Total of Pages : 192
  • Category : Philosophy
  • Members : 361
  • Pdf File: piso-christ.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Evidence shows the New Testament texts were not written by simple, non-royal subjects, but instead were created by extremely well-educated, royal Romans. In Piso Christ, author Roman Piso, with Jay Gallus, presents a new perspective to show that the creation of Christianity has different origins than previously taught. Through this collection of essays and articles, Piso shows that only a few individuals invented and built the Christian religion, and these same individuals authored the New Testament of the Christian Bible. Piso Christ addresses the issues of how these few people wielded that much power and how they were able to succeed. In this new book, Piso contends that the royalty wanted to protect their centuries-old institution of slavery upon which the empire functioned, lived, fed, and gained wealth. The royal people understood that knowledge was power and, therefore, did what they could to keep the masses ignorant and superstitious. Through research, Piso Christ shows that the god concept did not originate in what is represented in the Bible. It demonstrates how millions of people are being misled into accepting the concept of a god and how they live in fear of an unnatural belief.

Babylon

By Michael Seymour
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  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 0857736078
  • Total of Pages : 392
  • Category : Religion
  • Members : 317
  • Pdf File: ba.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Babylon: for eons its very name has been a byword for luxury and wickedness. 'By the rivers of Babylon we sat down and wept', wrote the psalmist, 'as we remembered Zion'. One of the greatest cities of the ancient world, Babylon has been eclipsed by its own sinful reputation. For two thousand years the real, physical metropolis lay buried while another, ghostly city lived on, engorged on accounts of its own destruction. More recently the site of Babylon has been the centre of major excavation: yet the spectacular results of this work have done little displace the many other fascinating ways in which the city has endured and reinvented itself in culture. Saddam Hussein, for one, notoriously exploited the Babylonian myth to associate himself and his regime with its glorious past. Why has Babylon so creatively fired the human imagination, with results both good and ill? Why has it been so enthralling to so many, and for so long? In exploring answers, Michael Seymour' s book ranges extensively over space and time and embraces art, archaeology, history and literature. From Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar, via Strabo and Diodorus, to the Book of Revelation, Brueghel, Rembrandt, Voltaire, William Blake and modern interpreters like Umberto Eco, Italo Calvino and Gore Vidal, the author brings to light a carnival of disparate sources dominated by the powerful and intoxicating idea of depravity. Yet captivating as this dark mythology was and has continued to be, at its root lies a remarkable and sophisticated imperial civilization whose complex state-building, law- making and religion dominated Mesopotamia and beyond for millennia, before its incorporation into the still wider empire of the Achaemenid kings.