Miscarriages of Justice Book

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Miscarriages of Justice

By Brent E. Turvey,Craig M Cooley
  • ISBN Code: : 0124095283
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Pages : 416
  • Category : Law
  • Reads : 703
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : miscarriages-of-justice.pdf

Book Excerpt :

Miscarriages of justice are a regular occurrence in the criminal justice system, which is characterized by government agencies that are understaffed, underfunded, and undertrained across the board. We know this because, every week, DNA testing and innocence projects across the United States help to identify and eventually overturn wrongful convictions. As a result, the exonerated go free and the stage is set for addressing criminal and civil liability. Criminal justice students and professionals therefore have a need to be made aware of the miscarriage problem as a threshold issue. They need to know what a miscarriage of justice looks like, how to recognize it's many forms, and what their duty of care might be in terms of prevention. They also need to appreciate that identifying miscarriages, and ensuring legal remedy, is an important function of the system that must be honored by all criminal justice professionals. The purpose of this textbook is to move beyond the law review, casebook, and true crime publications that comprise the majority of miscarriage literature. While informative, they are not designed for teaching students in a classroom setting. This text is written for use at the undergraduate level in journalism, sociology, criminology and criminal justice programs - to introduce college students to the miscarriage phenomenon in a structured fashion. The language is more broadly accessible than can be found in legal texts, and the coverage is multidisciplinary. Miscarriages of Justice: Actual Innocence, Forensic Evidence, and the Law focuses on the variety of miscarriages issues in the United States legal system. Written by leaders in the field, it is particularly valuable to forensic scientists and attorneys evaluating evidence or preparing for trial or appeal in cases where faulty evidence features prominently. It is also of value to those interested in developing arguments for miscarriage in post-conviction review of criminal cases. Chapters focus specifically on issues of law enforcement bias and corruption; false confessions; ineffective counsel and prosecutorial misconduct; forensic fraud; and more. The book closes by examining innocence projects and commissions, and civil remedies for the wrongfully convicted. This text ultimately presents the issue of miscarriages as a systemic and multi-disciplinary criminal justice issue. It provides perspectives from within the professional CJ community, and it serves as warning to future professionals about the dangers and consequences of apathy, incompetence, and neglect. Consequently, it can be used by any CJ educator to introduce any group of CJ students to the problem. Written by practicing criminal justice professionals in plain language for undergraduate students Covers multiple perspectives across the criminal justice system Informed by experience working for Innocence Projects across the United States to achieve successful exonerations Topical case examples to facilitate teaching and learning Companion website featuring Discussion topics, Exam questions and PowerPoint slides: http://textbooks.elsevier.com/web/Manuals.aspx?isbn=9780124115583

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Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

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  • Total of Pages : 364
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  • Pdf File: the-innocence-commission.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Beyond Exonerating the Innocent: Author on WAMU Radio Convicted Yet Innocent: The Legal Times Review Choice Outstanding Academic Title for 2008 DNA testing and advances in forensic science have shaken the foundations of the U.S. criminal justice system. One of the most visible results is the exoneration of inmates who were wrongly convicted and incarcerated, many of them sentenced to death for crimes they did not commit. This has caused a quandary for many states: how can claims of innocence be properly investigated and how can innocent inmates be reliably distinguished from the guilty? In answer, some states have created “innocence commissions” to establish policies and provide legal assistance to the improperly imprisoned. The Innocence Commission describes the creation and first years of the Innocence Commission for Virginia (ICVA), the second innocence commission in the nation and the first to conduct a systematic inquiry into all cases of wrongful conviction. Written by Jon B. Gould, the Chair of the ICVA, who is a professor of justice studies and an attorney, the author focuses on twelve wrongful conviction cases to show how and why wrongful convictions occur, what steps legal and state advocates took to investigate the convictions, how these prisoners were ultimately freed, and what lessons can be learned from their experiences. Gould recounts how a small band of attorneys and other advocates — in Virginia and around the country — have fought wrongful convictions in court, advanced the subject of wrongful convictions in the media, and sought to remedy the issue of wrongful convictions in the political arena. He makes a strong case for the need for Innocence Commissions in every state, showing that not only do Innocence Commissions help to identify weaknesses in the criminal justice system and offer workable improvements, but also protect society by helping to ensure that actual perpetrators are expeditiously identified, arrested, and brought to trial. Everyone has an interest in preventing wrongful convictions, from police officers and prosecutors, who seek the latest and best investigative techniques, to taxpayers, who want an efficient criminal justice system, to suspects who are erroneously pursued and sometimes convicted. Free of legal jargon and written for a general audience, The Innocence Commission is instructive, informative, and highly compelling reading.

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  • Pdf File: arguments-and-arguing.pdf

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Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: criminal-procedure.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Focusing on the adjudicative phase of criminal procedure, Criminal Procedure: Adjudication, Third Edition combines Laurie L. Levenson’s first-hand experience in the criminal justice system with Erwin Chemerinsky’s student-friendly writing style. This volume examines the impact of a host of recent developments in the courts and legislature on the trial process. It eschews reliance on rhetorical questions and law review excerpts in favor of comprehensive exploration of black letter law and trendsetting policy issues. The book utilizes a chronological approach that guides students through criminal procedure doctrine. In addition to presenting the perspectives from various stakeholders (i.e., defense attorneys, judges, prosecutors, and victims), the authors take care to provide students with useful, practice-oriented materials, including pleadings and motions papers. Criminal Procedure: Adjudication not only employs a systemic approach that takes students through issues from policy to application of legal doctrine but also introduces issues at the forefront of modern criminal procedure debates. Key Features: Straightforward writing style and clear, dynamic text that is uncluttered with law review excerpts and features thoughtfully edited principal and minor cases. Intuitive chronological presentation of topics. Systematic and cohesive exploration of policy on every issue, before moving on to the specifics of doctrine. Practice-oriented features and discussion of important, modern criminal procedure issues. Approachable organization based on common progression through criminal justice system. Straight writing style that relies on cases and author essays rather than law review excerpts and strict Socratic rhetoric questions. Practice-oriented features, discussion of modern policy issues, useful example documents for practitioners. Useful examples for future and current criminal law practitioners.

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  • Pdf File: adjudicative-criminal-procedure.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Adjudicative Criminal Procedure: Doctrine, Application, and Practice by Jens David Ohlin is designed to respond to the changing nature of teaching law by offering a flexible approach with an emphasis on application. Each chapter focuses on Supreme Court cases that articulate the constitutional requirements, while call-out boxes outline statutes or state constitutional law provisions that impose more stringent rules. Short problem cases, also in boxes, ask students to apply these principles to new fact patterns. Each chapter ends with a Practice and Policy section that delves deeper into the conceptual and practical obstacles to the realization of procedural rights in the daily practice of criminal law. The result is a modular format, presented in a lively visual style, which recognizes and supports the diverse pedagogical approaches by today’s leading criminal procedure professors. Professors and students will benefit from: A mixture of classic and new Supreme Court cases on criminal procedure Call-out boxes that outline statutory requirements Call-out boxes that focus on more demanding state law rules Problem cases that require students to apply the law to new facts A Practice and Policy section which allows a deeper investigation of doctrinal and policy controversies, but whose placement at the end of each chapter maximizes instructors’ freedom to focus on the materials that most interest them Notes and questions, inviting closer examination of doctrine and generate class discussion Innovative pedagogy, emphasizing application of law to facts (while still retaining enough flexibility so as to be useful for a variety of professors with different teaching styles) Logical organization and manageable length Open, two-color design with appealing visual elements (including carefully-selected photographs)

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  • Pdf File: deathquest.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This fifth edition of the first true textbook on the death penalty engages the reader with a full account of the arguments and issues surrounding capital punishment. The book begins with the history of the death penalty from colonial to modern times, and then examines the moral and legal arguments for and against capital punishment. It also provides an overview of major Supreme Court decisions and describes the legal process behind the death penalty. In addressing these issues, the author reviews recent developments in death penalty law and procedure, including ramifications of newer case law, such as that regarding using lethal injection as a method of execution. The author’s motivation has been to understand what motivates the "deathquest" of the American people, leading a large percentage of the public to support the death penalty. The book educates readers so that whatever their death penalty positions are, they are informed opinions.

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  • Book Code : 9780123820259
  • Total of Pages : 456
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  • Pdf File: death-penalty-cases.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Death Penalty Cases presents significant verbatim excerpts of death-penalty decisions from the United States Supreme Court. The first chapter introduces the topics discussed throughout the book. It also includes a detailed history of the death penalty in the United States. After this introduction, the remaining eighteen chapters are divided into five parts: Foundational Cases, Death-Eligible Crimes and Persons, The Death Penalty Trial, Post-Conviction Review, and Execution Issues. The first part, consisting of five chapters, talks about the mandatory death penalty, mitigating evidence and racial bias. The next part covers death-eligible crimes, such as rape and other crimes that do not involve homicide and murder. The middle part presents the trial process, from choosing the appropriate decision-makers through the sentencing decision. Followed by this is a chapter focusing on the aftermath of conviction, such as claims of innocence. The book concludes by exploring issues related to execution, such as not executing insane convicts. Finally, execution methods are presented. Provides the most recent case material--no need to supplement Topical organization of cases provides a more logical organization for structuring a course Co-authors with different perspectives on the death penalty assures complete impartiality of the material Provides the necessary historical background, a clear explanation of the current capital case process, and an impartial description of the controversies surrounding the death penalty Provides the latest statistics relevant to discussions on the death penalty Clearly explains the different ways in which the states process death penalty cases, with excerpts of the most relevant statutes

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  • Total of Pages : 268
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  • Pdf File: stanford-law-review.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A leading law journal features a digital edition as part of its worldwide distribution, using quality ebook formatting and active links. The March 2012 issue of the Stanford Law Review contains studies of law, economics, and social policy by recognized scholars on diverse topics of interest to the academic and professional community. Contents for the March 2012 issue include: Prosecuting the Exonerated: Actual Innocence and the Double Jeopardy Clause; By Jordan M. Barry From Multiculturalism to Technique: Feminism, Culture, and the Conflict of Laws Style; By Karen Knop, Ralf Michaels & Annelise Riles Fragmentation Nodes: A Study in Financial Innovation, Complexity, and Systemic Risk; By Kathryn Judge Note: Insurmountable Obstacles: Structural Errors, Procedural Default, and Ineffective Assistance; By Amy Knight Burns Comment: The Gulf Coast Claims Facility and the Deepwater Horizon Litigation: Judicial Regulation of Private Compensation Schemes; By Colin McDonell In the ebook edition, all the footnotes, graphs, and tables of contents (including those for individual articles) are fully linked, properly scalable, and functional; the original note numbering is retained. Also, the URLs in notes are active; and the issue is properly formatted.

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Book Short Summary:

Read and download full book Convicting the innocent

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Book Short Summary:

With the popularity of crime dramas like CSI focusing on forensic science, and increasing numbers of police and prosecutors making wide-spread use of DNA, high-tech science seems to have become the handmaiden of law enforcement. But this is a myth,asserts law professor and nationally known expert on police profiling David A. Harris. In fact, most of law enforcement does not embrace science—it rejects it instead, resisting it vigorously. The question at the heart of this book is why. »» Eyewitness identifications procedures using simultaneous lineups—showing the witness six persons together,as police have traditionally done—produces a significant number of incorrect identifications. »» Interrogations that include threats of harsh penalties and untruths about the existence of evidence proving the suspect’s guilt significantly increase the prospect of an innocent person confessing falsely. »» Fingerprint matching does not use probability calculations based on collected and standardized data to generate conclusions, but rather human interpretation and judgment.Examiners generally claim a zero rate of error – an untenable claim in the face of publicly known errors by the best examiners in the U.S. Failed Evidence explores the real reasons that police and prosecutors resist scientific change, and it lays out a concrete plan to bring law enforcement into the scientific present. Written in a crisp and engaging style, free of legal and scientific jargon, Failed Evidence will explain to police and prosecutors, political leaders and policy makers, as well as other experts and anyone else who cares about how law enforcement does its job, where we should go from here. Because only if we understand why law enforcement resists science will we be able to break through this resistance and convince police and prosecutors to rely on the best that science has to offer. Justice demands no less. Visit the author's blog here.

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Book Short Summary:

Innocent people are regularly convicted of crimes they did not commit. A number of systemic factors have been found to contribute to wrongful convictions, including eyewitness misidentification, false confessions, informant testimony, official misconduct, and faulty forensic evidence. In Miscarriages of Justice in Canada, Kathryn M. Campbell offers an extensive overview of wrongful convictions, bringing together current sociological, criminological, and legal research, as well as current case-law examples. For the first time, information on all known and suspected cases of wrongful conviction in Canada is included and interspersed with discussions of how wrongful convictions happen, how existing remedies to rectify them are inadequate, and how those who have been victimized by these errors are rarely compensated. Campbell reveals that the causes of wrongful convictions are, in fact, avoidable, and that those in the criminal justice system must exercise greater vigilance and openness to the possibility of error if the problem of wrongful conviction is to be resolved.

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  • Total of Pages : 1012
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  • Pdf File: the-global-community-yearbook-of-international-law-and-jurisprudence-2016.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Global Community Yearbook is a one-stop resource for all researchers studying international law generally or international tribunals specifically. The Yearbook has established itself as an authoritative source of reference on global legal issues and international jurisprudence. It includes analysis of the most significant global trends in a way that allows readers to monitor the development of the global legal order from several perspectives. The Global Community Yearbook publishes annually in a volume of carefully chosen primary source material and corresponding expert commentary. The general editor, Professor Giuliana Ziccardi Capaldo, employs her vast expertise in international law to select excerpts from important court opinions and to choose experts from around the world to contribute essay-guides, which illuminate those cases. Although the main focus is recent case law from the major international tribunals and regional courts, the first four parts of each year's edition features expert articles by renowned scholars who address broader themes in current and future developments in international law and global policy, themes that appear throughout the case law of the many courts covered by the series as a whole. The Global Community Yearbook has thus become not just an indispensable window to recent jurisprudence: the series now also serves to prepare researchers for the issues facing emerging global law. The 2016 edition of The Global Community Yearbook both updates readers on the important work of long-standing international tribunals and introduces readers to more novel topics in international law. The Yearbook has established itself as an authoritative resource for research and guidance on the jurisprudence of U.N.-based tribunals and regional courts. The 2016 edition continues to provide expert coverage of the EU Court of Justice and diverse tribunals from the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to criminal tribunals such as the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, to economically based tribunals such as ICSID and the WTO Dispute Resolution panel, to human rights courts such as ECtHR and IACtHR. This edition contains original research articles on the development and analysis of the concept of global law and the views of the global law theorists, such as the Editorial focusing on a new remedy for the violation of the jus cogens principle concerning the imprescriptibility of torture. This edition also includes expert introductory essays by prominent scholars in the realm of international law, on topics as diverse and current as the role of the WTO's Appellate Body in interpreting the TRIPS Agreement and an examination of the EU Court of Justice data protection framework in light of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. Researchers will find detailed guidance on a rich diversity of legal topics, from an examination of the processes under which transnational criminal law norms have been adopted and the process under which these norms have been globally implemented, to the impact post-conviction DNA testing has had on the criminal justice system in the United States. This edition also provides students, scholars, and practitioners a valuable combination of expert discussion and direct quotes from the court opinions to which that discussion relates. This publication can also be purchased on a standing order basis.

University of Chicago Law Review: Volume 79, Number 2 - Spring 2012

By University of Chicago Law Review
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Quid Pro Books
  • Book Code : 1610279212
  • Total of Pages : 386
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 631
  • Pdf File: university-of-chicago-law-review.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A leading law review offers a quality eBook edition. This second issue of 2012 features articles and essays from internationally recognized legal scholars. Authors include Eric Biber, writing on variations in scientific disciplines, experts, and environmental law; Frederic Bloom and Christopher Serkin, on suing courts and takings of property; Myriam Gilles and Gary Friedman, on aggregating consumer litigation after the AT&T Mobility decision on class actions; and David Skeel, Jr., on the possibility of bankruptcy for several U.S. states. In addition, the issue includes book review essays by Aziz Huq, concerning the power and limits of the executive branch; and by Laura Nirider, Joshua Tepfer, and Steven Drizin, on convicting the innocent and false confessions. Finally, an extensive student contribution explores antitrust law, state immunity from suit, and state licensing boards. In the eBook edition, Tables of Contents are active, including those for individual articles; footnotes are fully linked and properly numbered; graphs and figures are reproduced legibly; URLs in footnotes are active; and proper eBook formatting is used.

Encyclopedia of Capital Punishment in the United States, 2d ed.

By Louis J. Palmer, Jr.
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Book Code : 0786451831
  • Total of Pages : 631
  • Category : Reference
  • Members : 255
  • Pdf File: encyclopedia-of-capital-punishment-in-the-united-states-2d-ed.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This updated encyclopedia provides ready information on all aspects of capital punishment in America. It details virtually every capital punishment decision rendered by the United States Supreme Court through 2006, including more than 40 cases decided since publication of the first edition. Entries are also provided for each Supreme Court Justice who has ever rendered a capital punishment opinion. Entries on jurisdictions cite present-day death penalty laws and judicial structure state by state, with synopses of common and unique features. Also included are entries on significant U.S. capital prosecutions; legal principles and procedures in capital cases; organizations that support and oppose capital punishment; capital punishment's impact on persons of African, Asian, Hispanic, and Native American descent, on women, and on foreign nationals; and the methods of execution. Essential facts are also provided on capital punishment in more than 200 other nations. A wealth of statistical data is found throughout.

The Integrity of Criminal Process

By Jill Hunter,Paul Roberts,Simon N M Young,David Dixon
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Book Code : 1782255710
  • Total of Pages : 448
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 379
  • Pdf File: the-integrity-of-criminal-process.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Criminal proceedings, it is often now said, ought to be conducted with integrity. But what, exactly, does it mean for criminal process to have, or to lack, 'integrity'? Is integrity in this sense merely an aspirational normative ideal, with possibly diffuse influence on conceptions of professional responsibility? Or is it also a juridical concept with robust institutional purchase and enforceable practical consequences in criminal litigation? The 16 new essays contained in this collection, written by prominent legal scholars and criminologists from Australia, Hong Kong, the UK and the USA, engage systematically with - and seek to generate further debate about - the theoretical and practical significance of 'integrity' at all stages of the criminal process. Reflecting the flexibility and scope of a putative 'integrity principle', the essays range widely over many of the most hotly contested issues in contemporary criminal justice theory, policy and practice, including: the ethics of police investigations, charging practice and discretionary enforcement; prosecutorial independence, policy and operational decision-making; plea bargaining; the perils of witness coaching and accomplice testimony; expert evidence; doctrines of admissibility and abuse of process; lay participation in criminal adjudication; the role of remorse in criminal trials; the ethics of appellate judgment writing; innocence projects; and state compensation for miscarriages of justice.

Examples & Explanations for Criminal Procedure II

By Richard G. Singer,Kenneth Williams
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Aspen Publishing
  • Book Code : 1454898534
  • Total of Pages : 537
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 215
  • Pdf File: examples-explanations-for-criminal-procedure-ii.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A favorite classroom prep tool of successful students that is often recommended by professors, the Examples & Explanations (E&E) series provides an alternative perspective to help you understand your casebook and in-class lectures. Each E&E offers hypothetical questions complemented by detailed explanations that allow you to test your knowledge of the topics in your courses and compare your own analysis. Here’s why you need an E&E to help you study throughout the semester: Clear explanations of each class topic, in a conversational, funny style. Features hypotheticals similar to those presented in class, with corresponding analysis so you can use them during the semester to test your understanding, and again at exam time to help you review. It offers coverage that works with ALL the major casebooks, and suits any class on a given topic. The Examples & Explanations series has been ranked the most popular study aid among law students because it is equally as helpful from the first day of class through the final exam.

The Aspen Publishing Bouvier Law Dictionary

By Stephen Michael Sheppard
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Aspen Publishing
  • Book Code : 1454820179
  • Total of Pages : 1125
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 590
  • Pdf File: the-aspen-publishing-bouvier-law-dictionary.pdf

Book Short Summary:

NEW! The first complete revision of John Bouvier s great law dictionary in more than a century made relevant and authoritative for modern students of the law Derived from the famous 1853 law dictionary used by Daniel Webster, Abraham Lincoln, and Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. The Wolters Kluwer Bouvier Law Dictionary Quick Reference has been brought completely up-to-date by a distinguished and widely-published legal scholar and teacher. Steve Sheppard, with law degrees from Oxford and Columbia Universities, brings his scholarship, international practice, and litigation experience to bear in making the famous text as relevant today as it was when it first broke ground in American law. Definitions derived from contemporary as well as classic sources give the reference book its depth and authority. Building on Bouvier's structure and entries, Professor Sheppard has added thousands of new terms and rewritten many original definitions. 8,500 short definitions explain more than 11,200 words and phrases, giving readers a general understanding of a term when a quick grasp of a concept is required. Each entry is written to be understood by the modern student, argued by the modern lawyer, and cited by the modern judge. An intuitive structure and thorough cross-referencing makes the first complete revision of this essential dictionary in more than a hundred years accessible and easy to use. Features of The Wolters Kluwer Bouvier Law Dictionary Quick Reference: The classic becomes contemporary. Definitions derived from ancient and contemporary sources, with current statutes, regulations, cases, and treatises building on ancient and medieval sources Designed for modern use and contemporary issues Authority in General Editor Stephen Sheppard: Widely published by Cambridge, Oxford and other leading presses Holds law degrees from Oxford and Columbia Universities, including a doctorate in the science of law Draws on international legal practice, litigation, and teaching experience for the selection of terms Encyclopedic in scope: 8,500 entries, explaining more than 11,200 words and phrases, far more than Bouvier's original two-volume set with 6,600 entries Short definitions give readers a quick grasp of a concept and a general understanding in a hurry Clear statement of meanings, context and usage of key terms Intuitive structure, for ease of use: Major terms organize concepts and related terms: e.g. exceptions to Hearsay under hearsay, the forms of estate under Estate Thorough cross-referencing, making terms easy to find Summary of Contents: Welcome to the Bouvier Law Dictionary How to Use the Bouvier Law Dictionary Compact Edition The Order of Words and Phrases The Bouvier Law Dictionary Project The Entries, A-Z First Appendix: The Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution Second Appendix: Justices of the United States Supreme Court

Federal Courts

By Jonathan R. Siegel
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Aspen Publishing
  • Book Code : 1543807046
  • Total of Pages : 1274
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 136
  • Pdf File: federal-courts.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Federal Courts: Cases and Materials, Second Edition by Jonathan R. Siegel provides rich, sophisticated coverage with a clean, uncluttered presentation. Students learn from thoughtfully selected cases, carefully curated notes, and engaging discussion problems. Excellent case editing reduces cases to readable length while preserving their essential facts and arguments. Adopters have strongly praised the book and the teaching materials. New materials in the Second Edition include: Recent developments in standing doctrine A landmark new case about Bivens action New cases on adjudication by non-Article III tribunals Other updates throughout the book Professors and students will benefit from: Thoughtfully selected cases Notes that enhance understanding without being too dense Excellent case editing Engaging Discussion Problems

Closing the Courthouse Door

By Erwin Chemerinsky
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Book Code : 0300224907
  • Total of Pages : 256
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 745
  • Pdf File: closing-the-courthouse-door.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A leading legal scholar explores how the constitutional right to seek justice has been restricted by the Supreme Court The Supreme Court s decisions on constitutional rights are well known and much talked about. But individuals who want to defend those rights need something else as well: access to courts that can rule on their complaints. And on matters of access, the Court s record over the past generation has been almost uniformly hostile to the enforcement of individual citizens constitutional rights. The Court has restricted who has standing to sue, expanded the immunity of governments and government workers, limited the kinds of cases the federal courts can hear, and restricted the right of habeas corpus. Closing the Courthouse Door, by the distinguished legal scholar Erwin Chemerinsky, is the first book to show the effect of these decisions: taken together, they add up to a growing limitation on citizens ability to defend their rights under the Constitution. Using many stories of people whose rights have been trampled yet who had no legal recourse, Chemerinsky argues that enforcing the Constitution should be the federal courts primary purpose, and they should not be barred from considering any constitutional question.

Hidden Victims

By Susan F. Sharp
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Rutgers University Press
  • Book Code : 0813537878
  • Total of Pages : 248
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 647
  • Pdf File: hidden-victims.pdf

Book Short Summary:

"Sharp’s book reemphasizes the tremendous costs of maintaining the death penalty—costs to real people and real families that ripple throughout generations to come."—Saundra D. Westervelt, author of Shifting the Blame: How Victimization Became a Criminal Defense "Everyone concerned with the effects of capital punishment must have this book."—Margaret Vandiver, professor, department of criminology and criminal justice, University of Memphis Murderers, particularly those sentenced to death, are considered by most to be unusually heinous, often sub-human, and entirely different from the rest of us. In Hidden Victims, sociologist Susan F. Sharp challenges this culturally ingrained perspective by reminding us that those individuals facing a death sentence, in addition to being murderers, are brothers or sisters, mothers or fathers, daughters or sons, relatives or friends. Through a series of vivid and in-depth interviews with families of the accused, she demonstrates how the exceptionally severe way in which we view those on death row trickles down to those with whom they are closely connected. Sharp shows how family members and friends—in effect, the indirect victims of the initial crime—experience a profoundly complicated and socially isolating grief process. Departing from a humanist perspective from which most accounts of victims are told, Sharp makes her case from a sociological standpoint that draws out the parallel experiences and coping mechanisms of these individuals. Chapters focus on responses to sentencing, the particular structure of grieving faced by this population, execution, aftermath, wrongful conviction, family formation after conviction, and the complex situation of individuals related to both the killer and the victim. Powerful, poignant, and intelligently written, Hidden Victims challenges all of us—regardless of which side of the death penalty you are on—to understand the economic, social, and psychological repercussions that shape the lives of the often forgotten families of death row inmates.

Wrongful Convictions in China

By Na Jiang
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Book Code : 366246084X
  • Total of Pages : 356
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 153
  • Pdf File: wrongful-convictions-in-china.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The primary focus of this comparative and empirical work is to address wrongful convictions between China and common-law countries in order to promote a better understanding of wrongful convictions in China’s practice with the help of comparative analyses, verifiable and empirical data and case studies. It examines the scope of wrongful convictions and offers new insights into the worldwide movement to prevent them, assesses how far it has progressed and what reforms are most needed. The book suggests that adversarial and inquisitorial systems alike could benefit from this research and learn valuable lessons from one another on how to effectively reduce the risk of wrongful convictions.

Questioning Capital Punishment

By James R. Acker
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Book Code : 1317689313
  • Total of Pages : 416
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 932
  • Pdf File: questioning-capital-punishment.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The death penalty has inspired controversy for centuries. Raising questions regarding capital punishment rather than answering them, Questioning Capital Punishment offers the footing needed to allow for more informed consideration and analysis of these controversies. Acker edits judicial decisions that have addressed constitutional challenges to capital punishment and its administration in the United States and uses complementary materials to offer historical, empirical, and normative perspectives about death penalty policies and practices. This book is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate classes in criminal justice.

The Age of Innocence

By Edith Wharton
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Tor Classics
  • Book Code : 1466804629
  • Total of Pages : 336
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 340
  • Pdf File: the-age-of-innocence.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Tor Classics are affordably-priced editions designed to attract the young reader. Original dynamic cover art enthusiastically represents the excitement of each story. All editions are complete and unabridged, and feature Introductions and Afterwords. This edition of The Age of Innocence includes a Foreword, Biographical Note, and Afterword by Merry McInerney. Newland Archer is about to achieve every young man's dream. his engagement to the wealthy young heiress May Welland, has just been announced. But Newland has a secret: he is secretly in love with may's cousin, the scandalous divorcee, Countess Ellen Olenska, who has brought to New York all the glitter and glamour of Europe's aristocratic playground. May is lovely, but innocent. Ellen Olenska is worldly and passionate. Newland has a choice: does he make the honorable choice? Or follow his heart? At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Picking Cotton

By Jennifer Thompson-Cannino,Ronald Cotton,Erin Torneo
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : St. Martin's Press
  • Book Code : 9781429962155
  • Total of Pages : 304
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Members : 579
  • Pdf File: picking-cotton.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The New York Times best selling true story of an unlikely friendship forged between a woman and the man she incorrectly identified as her rapist and sent to prison for 11 years. Jennifer Thompson was raped at knifepoint by a man who broke into her apartment while she slept. She was able to escape, and eventually positively identified Ronald Cotton as her attacker. Ronald insisted that she was mistaken-- but Jennifer's positive identification was the compelling evidence that put him behind bars. After eleven years, Ronald was allowed to take a DNA test that proved his innocence. He was released, after serving more than a decade in prison for a crime he never committed. Two years later, Jennifer and Ronald met face to face-- and forged an unlikely friendship that changed both of their lives. With Picking Cotton, Jennifer and Ronald tell in their own words the harrowing details of their tragedy, and challenge our ideas of memory and judgment while demonstrating the profound nature of human grace and the healing power of forgiveness.

Justice In-Between

By Federico Picinali
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Book Code : 0192633546
  • Total of Pages : 305
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 162
  • Pdf File: justice-in-between.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Most contemporary criminal justice systems adopt a 'binary' system of verdicts with a single evidential threshold, or standard of proof. If the standard is met, the verdict is 'guilty', the defendant is convicted, and punishment is permitted. If the standard is not met, the verdict is 'not guilty', the defendant is acquitted, and punishment is forbidden. There is no middle ground between the verdict of 'not guilty' and that of 'guilty'. An intermediate verdict represents such middle ground, intermediate between acquittal and conviction both in terms of the strength of the incriminating evidence that is needed to warrant the verdict and in terms of the severity of the consequences that the verdict may produce for the defendant. Justice In-Between is a study of intermediate criminal verdicts and advances a novel justification of such controversial devices, with the aim to produce a consensus amongst scholars subscribing to different theories of punishment. Indeed, the book shows that one cannot investigate the choice of the standard of proof nor, importantly, that of the verdict system, in isolation from the question of the justification for punishing. Justice In-Between studies historical and extant examples of intermediate criminal verdicts and engages with the debates that have accompanied them, including the popular argument that intermediate criminal verdicts are incompatible with the presumption of innocence. In doing so, the book offers an original account of the meaning and of the justification of the presumption. Relying on decision theory, Justice In-Between makes a case for intermediate criminal verdicts and shows that such decision-theoretic case is viable under any of the main theories of punishment.

A Litigator's Guide to DNA

By Ron C. Michaelis,Robert G. Flanders,Paula Wulff
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Book Code : 9780080560403
  • Total of Pages : 448
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 380
  • Pdf File: a-litigator-s-guide-to-dna.pdf

Book Short Summary:

A Litigator's Guide to DNA educates both criminal law students and forensic science students about all aspects of the use of DNA evidence in criminal and civil trials. It includes discussions of the molecular biological basis for the tests, essential laboratory practices, probability theory and mathematical calculations, and issues relevant to the prosecution and the defense, and to the judge and jury hearing the case. The authors provide a full background on both the molecular biology and the mathematical theory behind forensic tests, describing the molecular biological process in simple mechanical terms that are familiar to everyone, and periodically emphasizing the practical, take-home messages the student truly needs to understand. Pedagogical elements such as Recapping the Main Point boxes and valuable ancillary material (Instructors' Manual, PowerPoint slides) make this an ideal text for professors. "Recapping the Main Point" boxes provide a simple and concise summary of the main points Includes a glossary of essential terms and their definitions Contains a full-color insert with illustrations that emphasize key concepts