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1421

By Gavin Menzies
  • ISBN Code: : 1448154839
  • Publisher : Random House
  • Pages : 656
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 707
  • Book Compatibility : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Pdf : 1421.pdf

Book Excerpt :

On 8 March 1421, the largest fleet the world had ever seen set sail from China. The ships, some nearly five hundred feet long, were under the command of Emperor Zhu Di's loyal eunuch admirals. Their mission was 'to proceed all the way to the end of the earth to collect tribute from the barbarians beyond the seas' and unite the world in Confucian harmony. Their journey would last for over two years and take them around the globe but by the time they returned home, China was beginning its long, self-imposed isolation from the world it had so recently embraced. And so the great ships were left to rot and the records of their journey were destroyed. And with them, the knowledge that the Chinese had circumnavigated the globe a century before Magellan, reached America seventy years before Columbus, and Australia three hundred and fifty years before Cook... The result of fifteen years research, 1421 is Gavin Menzies' enthralling account of the voyage of the Chinese fleet, the remarkable discoveries he made and the persuasive evidence to support them: ancient maps, precise navigational knowledge, astronomy and the surviving accounts of Chinese explorers and the later European navigators as well as the traces the fleet left behind - from sunken junks to the votive offerings left by the Chinese sailors wherever they landed, giving thanks to Shao Lin, goddess of the sea. Already hailed as a classic, this is the story of an extraordinary journey of discovery that not only radically alters our understanding of world exploration but also rewrites history itself.

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  • Pdf File: winding-up-the-british-empire-in-the-pacific-islands.pdf

Book Short Summary:

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Book Short Summary:

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  • Pdf File: die-wiener-gesera-1421-und-ihre-motive-ein-Überblick-über-den-historischen-hintergrund-und-maßgebliche-faktoren.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2020 im Fachbereich Geschichte Europa - and. Länder - Mittelalter, Frühe Neuzeit, Note: 2,0, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Diese Proseminararbeit versucht unter Bezugnahme auf zwei zeitgenössische Quellen sowie die wesentliche Sekundärliteratur zur Thematik die Motive der Wiener Gesera herauszuarbeiten. Folgende Forschungsfrage wird daher im Zuge dieser Arbeit thematisiert: Welches waren die Motive bzw. maßgebenden Faktoren für die Wiener Gesera in den Jahren 1420 und 1421? Mit der zentralen Forschungsfrage einhergehend wird folgende Frage beantwortet: Welche Motive lassen sich anhand der Quelle sowie der Literatur, welche wiederum weitere Quellen berücksichtigt, erkennen? Grundsätzlich besteht Konsens darüber, dass die Wiener Gesera, vom Ablauf her, eine Geschichte der Gewalt gegen eine religiöse Minderheit war. Über die konkreten Motive sowie die maßgebenden Faktoren besteht in der Forschung allerdings nicht unbedingt Konsens. Die letztendliche Begründung stellt heute noch eine offene Forschungsfrage dar, die jedoch schwer eindeutig zu beantworten ist. Es werden Kombinationen aus finanziellen, religiösen und politischen Motiven angenommen, wobei unterschiedliche Historiker-innen das ein oder anderer Motive stärker betonen als andere. Einige neue Forschungsansätze vermuten ausschließlich finanzielle Motive hinter der Wiener Gesera.

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  • Category : History
  • Members : 895
  • Pdf File: encyclopedia-of-chinese-history.pdf

Book Short Summary:

China has become accessible to the west in the last twenty years in a way that was not possible in the previous thirty. The number of westerners travelling to China to study, for business or for tourism has increased dramatically and there has been a corresponding increase in interest in Chinese culture, society and economy and increasing coverage of contemporary China in the media. Our understanding of China’s history has also been evolving. The study of history in the People’s Republic of China during the Mao Zedong period was strictly regulated and primary sources were rarely available to westerners or even to most Chinese historians. Now that the Chinese archives are open to researchers, there is a growing body of academic expertise on history in China that is open to western analysis and historical methods. This has in many ways changed the way that Chinese history, particularly the modern period, is viewed. The Encyclopedia of Chinese History covers the entire span of Chinese history from the period known primarily through archaeology to the present day. Treating Chinese history in the broadest sense, the Encyclopedia includes coverage of the frontier regions of Manchuria, Mongolia, Xinjiang and Tibet that have played such an important role in the history of China Proper and will also include material on Taiwan, and on the Chinese diaspora. In A-Z format with entries written by experts in the field of Chinese Studies, the Encyclopedia will be an invaluable resource for students of Chinese history, politics and culture.

夫君難為

By 孫慧菱
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : 禾馬文化事業有限公司
  • Book Code : 9578098278
  • Total of Pages : 240
  • Category : Fiction
  • Members : 103
  • Pdf File: 夫君難為.pdf

Book Short Summary:

他真是災星照頂才會這麼倒楣千里迢迢回京面聖竟是要他當新郎官開啥玩笑?新娘長得是圓是扁都不知道教他怎甘心結束逍遙快樂的單身生活糟糕的是他在眾人面前羞辱新娘之後赫然發現她竟是心怡已久的俏佳人她挑明了不滿意這樁御賜的婚事氣得皇上另賜兩名妃子替她「分憂解勞」可憐的他新婚之夜竟落個被趕出去的下場三個女人整得他有家不敢回,有床不敢睡她是三個妻子裡醋勁最大,最教人傷腦筋的卻也是他唯一想牽手一輩子的女人但任他說破嘴她始終不肯相信他的真心一天到晚不是賞他閉門羹就是對他拳打腳踢費了一番功夫終於將另外兩位夫人「出清」她竟打算請皇上恩准休妻?真個氣死他了除了他死,否則她這輩子休想離開他!

Invented Knowledge

By Ronald H. Fritze
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Reaktion Books
  • Book Code : 1861896743
  • Total of Pages : 272
  • Category : History
  • Members : 591
  • Pdf File: invented-knowledge.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This incredible exploration of the murky world of pseudo-history reveals the mix of proven facts, informed speculation, and pure fiction behind lost continents, ancient super-civilizations, and conspiratorial cover-ups—as well as the revisionist historical foundations of religions such as the Nation of Islam and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Drawing on the best scholarship available, Ronald H. Fritze shows that in spite of strong, mainstream historical evidence to the contrary, many of these ideas have proved durable and gained widespread acceptance. As the examples in Invented Knowledge reveal, pseudo-historians capitalize on and exploit anomalies in evidence to support their claims, rather than examining the preponderance of research as a whole.

100 Things Every Homeowner Must Know

By Editors Of Family Handyman
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Book Code : 1621452212
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : House & Home
  • Members : 551
  • Pdf File: 100-things-every-homeowner-must-know.pdf

Book Short Summary:

The Family Handyman’s 100 Things Every Homeowner Must Know gives you the knowledge you need to be a better homeowner. You’ll make informed decisions, avoid frustrations and save thousands over the life of your home. The Family Handyman’s 100 Things Every Homeowner Must Know gives you the knowledge you need to be a better homeowner. You’ll make informed decisions, avoid frustrations and save thousands over the life of your home. Here’s just a small sample of what’s inside: The smartest thing you can do before going on vacation Push a button and save $100 Be ready for any natural disaster Make burglars bypass your house The most effective way to cut heating and cooling costs Clever shortcuts for home maintenance—indoors and out Keep mice, ants and other invaders out of your house Boost curb appeal without remodeling What to do when the power goes out The most common—and costly—homeowner mistakes Eliminate noises, odors and other household irritations Grow the best lawn on the block Secret weapons pros use for easy, instant repairs Make appliances last years longer The key to drip-free faucets Make your mower start right up—every time Cures for damp basements Exterminate mold and mildew Pick a paint color you’ll love Get faster downloads and better TV quality Stop peeling paint Plus, incredibly easy repairs for appliances, plumbing, flooring, walls, furniture and more!

Gray's Anatomy E-Book

By Susan Standring
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Book Code : 0702068519
  • Total of Pages : 1592
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 264
  • Pdf File: gray-s-anatomy-e-book.pdf

Book Short Summary:

In 1858, Drs. Henry Gray and Henry Vandyke Carter created a book for their surgical colleagues that established an enduring standard among anatomical texts. After more than 150 years of continuous publication, Gray’s Anatomy remains the definitive, comprehensive reference on the subject, offering ready access to the information you need to ensure safe, effective practice. This 41st edition has been meticulously revised and updated throughout, reflecting the very latest understanding of clinical anatomy from field leaders around the world. The book’s traditional lavish art programme and clear text have been further honed and enhanced, while major advances in imaging techniques and the new insights they bring are fully captured in new state-of-the-art X-ray, CT, MR, and ultrasonic images. Presents the most detailed and dependable coverage of anatomy available anywhere. Regional organization collects all relevant material on each body area together in one place, making access to core information easier for clinical readers. Anatomical information is matched with key clinical information where relevant. Numerous clinical discussions emphasize considerations that may affect medical care. Each chapter has been edited by experts in their field, ensuring access to the very latest evidence-based information on that topic. More than 1,000 completely new photographs, including an extensive electronic collection of the latest X-ray, CT, MR, and histological images. Carefully selected electronic enhancements include additional text, tables, illustrations, labelled imaging and videos – as well as 24 specially invited ‘Commentaries’ on new and emerging topics related to anatomy.

Political Scandal

By John B. Thompson
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Book Code : 0745657052
  • Total of Pages : 336
  • Category : Social Science
  • Members : 668
  • Pdf File: political-scandal.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Political scandals have become a pervasive feature of many societies today. From Profumo to the cash-for-questions scandal, from Watergate to the Clinton-Lewinsky affair, scandals have come to play a central role in politics and in the shaping of public debate. What are the characteristics of political scandals and why have they come to assume such prominence today? What are the social and political consequences of the preoccupation with political scandal in the public domain? In this major new book Thompson develops a systematic and wide-ranging analysis of the phenomenon of political scandal. He shows that the rise of political scandal is linked to the changes brought about by the development of communication media, which have transformed the nature of visibility and altered the relations between public and private life. He analyses the characteristics of scandals as mediated events and he explains why mediated scandals in the political field have become increasingly prevalent in recent years. Distinguishing between three basic types of political scandal, Thompson reconstructs the development of sex scandals, financial scandals and what he calls 'power scandals' in Britain and the United States, showing how scandals unfold and how they form part of distinctive political cultures of scandal. In the final chapter, Thompson develops an original theoretical account of political scandal and its consequences which highlights the connections between scandal, reputation and trust. This book is a path-breaking analysis of a troubling phenomenon which has become a central feature of public life in our societies today. It will be of great interest to students of sociology, politics, and media and cultural studies. It will also appeal to a wider readership interested in social and political issues.

Medieval London Widows, 1300-1500

By Caroline Barron
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : A&C Black
  • Book Code : 0826421822
  • Total of Pages : 288
  • Category : History
  • Members : 700
  • Pdf File: medieval-london-widows-1300-1500.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Medieval London Widows, 1300-1500 shows that it is possible to expand the repertoire of examples of medieval women with personalities and individuality beyond the well-known triad of Margaret Paston, Margery Kempe and the Wife of Bath. The rich documentation of London records allows these women to speak for themselves. They do so largely through their wills, which themselves exemplify the ability of widows to make choices and to order their lives.

The Prokaryotes

By Albert Balows,Hans G. Trüper,Martin Dworkin,Wim Harder,Karl-Heinz Schleifer
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Book Code : 1475721919
  • Total of Pages : 1155
  • Category : Science
  • Members : 120
  • Pdf File: the-prokaryotes.pdf

Book Short Summary:

For many of us, these simple rewards are suf The purpose of this briefforeword is unchanged from the first edition; it is simply to make you, ficiently gratifying so that we have chosen to the reader, hungry for the scientific feast that spend our scientific lives studying these unusual follows. These four volumes on the prokaryotes creatures. In these endeavors many of the strat offer an expanded scientific menu that displays egies and tools as well as much of the philos the biochemical depth and remarkable physi ophy may be traced to the Delft School, passed ological and morphological diversity of prokar on to us by our teachers, Martinus Beijerinck, yote life. The size ofthe volumes might initially A. J. Kluyver, and C. B. van Niel, and in turn discourage the unprepared mind from being at passed on by us to our students. tracted to the study of prokaryote life, for this In this school, the principles of the selective, enrichment culture technique have been devel landmark assemblage thoroughly documents oped and diversified; they have been a major the wealth of present knowledge. But in con force in designing and applying new principles fronting the reader with the state of the art, the Handbook also defines where more work needs for the capture and isolation of microbes from to be done on well-studied bacteria as well as nature. For me, the "organism approach" has on unusual or poorly studied organisms. provided rewarding adventures.

Charity Law Handbook

By
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Spiramus Press Ltd
  • Book Code : 1907444653
  • Total of Pages : 2212
  • Category : Law
  • Members : 485
  • Pdf File: charity-law-handbook.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This is an indispensable collection of statutory and non-statutory materials relating to charity law in England and Wales. Revised to coincide with the implementation of the Charities Act 2011 – a major consolidation of the charity law - the Handbook is an essential reference source for charity lawyers, in-house lawyers, academics, charities and voluntary organisations and their trustees. Available as three paperback volumes, CD-ROM or both (the mixed media option). Statutes range from the Preamble to Charitable Uses Act 1601 to the Finance Act 2011. It also includes relevant provisions covering data protection, company law, gambling and lotteries, minimum wages, freedom of information, discrimination, tax and VAT, along with a wide range of statutory instruments and the latest SORP. New legislation since the second edition includes: Income Tax Act 2007 Corporation Tax Act 2009 Perpetuities and Accumulations Act 2009 Academies Act 2010 Bribery Act 2010 Corporation Tax Act 2010 Equality Act 2010 Charities Act 2011 Finance Act 2011 This edition is also available on CD-ROM, making more than 2000 pages of legislation and guidance portable and easy to search.

Asia in the Making of Europe, Volume III

By Donald F. Lach,Edwin J. Van Kley
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Book Code : 0226467007
  • Total of Pages : 752
  • Category : History
  • Members : 105
  • Pdf File: asia-in-the-making-of-europe-volume-iii.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This monumental series, acclaimed as a "masterpiece of comprehensive scholarship" in the New York Times Book Review, reveals the impact of Asia's high civilizations on the development of modern Western society. The authors examine the ways in which European encounters with Asia have altered the development of Western society, art, literature, science, and religion since the Renaissance. In Volume III: A Century of Advance, the authors have researched seventeenth-century European writings on Asia in an effort to understand how contemporaries saw Asian societies and peoples.

Energy: Natural Gas

By Gene Whitney,Carl E. Behrens
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : The Capitol Net Inc
  • Book Code : 1587331896
  • Total of Pages :
  • Category : Gas industry
  • Members : 644
  • Pdf File: energy.pdf

Book Short Summary:

This edition examines the production and use of natural gas, natural gas imports and exports, storage, and other pertinent topics.

The Safeguard of the Sea

By N A M Rodger
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Book Code : 014191257X
  • Total of Pages : 744
  • Category : History
  • Members : 857
  • Pdf File: the-safeguard-of-the-sea.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Throughout Britain's history, one factor above all others has determined the fate of the nation: its navy. N. A. M. Rodger's definitive account reveals how the political and social progress of Britain has been inextricably intertwined with the strength - and weakness - of its sea power, from the desperate early campaigns against the Vikings to the defeat of the great Spanish Armada. Covering policy, strategy, ships, recruitment and weapons, this is a superb tapestry of nearly 1,000 years of maritime history. 'No other historian has examined the subject in anything like the detail found here. The result is an outstanding example of narrative history' Barry Unsworth, Sunday Telegraph

Superplasticity in Advanced Materials - ICSAM 2006

By Kai Feng Zhang
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Book Code : 3038131121
  • Total of Pages : 680
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Members : 612
  • Pdf File: superplasticity-in-advanced-materials-icsam-2006.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). Interest in the phenomenon of superplasticity has been increasing steadily over the past thirty-four years, both from the viewpoint of fundamental scientific understanding as well as of industrial application. The scope of superplasticity has also broadened materials-wise, and now includes, in addition to metals: intermetallics, ceramics, bulk metallic glasses, nanostructured materials and composites.

Rehabilitation of the Hand and Upper Extremity, E-Book

By Terri M. Skirven,A. Lee Osterman,Jane Fedorczyk,Peter C. Amadio,Sheri Felder,Eon K Shin
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Book Code : 032354715X
  • Total of Pages : 2112
  • Category : Medical
  • Members : 195
  • Pdf File: rehabilitation-of-the-hand-and-upper-extremity-e-book.pdf

Book Short Summary:

Long recognized as an essential reference for therapists and surgeons treating the hand and the upper extremity, Rehabilitation of the Hand and Upper Extremity helps you return your patients to optimal function of the hand, wrist, elbow, arm, and shoulder. Leading hand surgeons and hand therapists detail the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of virtually any disorder you’re likely to see, with a focus on evidence-based and efficient patient care. Extensively referenced and abundantly illustrated, the 7th Edition of this reference is a "must read" for surgeons interested in the upper extremity, hand therapists from physical therapy or occupational therapy backgrounds, anyone preparing for the CHT examination, and all hand therapy clinics. Offers comprehensive coverage of all aspects of hand and upper extremity disorders, forming a complete picture for all members of the hand team—surgeons and therapists alike. Provides multidisciplinary, global guidance from a Who’s Who list of hand surgery and hand therapy editors and contributors. Includes many features new to this edition: considerations for pediatric therapy; a surgical management focus on the most commonly used techniques; new timing of therapeutic interventions relative to healing characteristics; and in-print references wherever possible. Features more than a dozen new chapters covering Platelet-Rich Protein Injections, Restoration of Function After Adult Brachial Plexus Injury, Acute Management of Upper Extremity Amputation, Medical Management for Pain, Proprioception in Hand Rehabilitation, Graded Motor Imagery, and more. Provides access to an extensive video library that covers common nerve injuries, hand and upper extremity transplantation, surgical and therapy management, and much more. Helps you keep up with the latest advances in arthroscopy, imaging, vascular disorders, tendon transfers, fingertip injuries, mobilization techniques, traumatic brachial plexus injuries, and pain management—all clearly depicted with full-color illustrations and photographs.

Year of the Villain: Hell Arisen

By James Tynion IV,Scott Snyder,Brian Michael Bendis
  • File : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : DC Comics
  • Book Code : 1779508999
  • Total of Pages : 100
  • Category : Comics & Graphic Novels
  • Members : 242
  • Pdf File: year-of-the-villain.pdf

Book Short Summary:

DC's "Year of the Villain" leaps into its final phase as the ultimate battle between Lex Luthor and the Batman Who Laughs rages! On one side are the super-powered "Apex" Lex's forces of injustice-Captain Cold, Oracle, Solomon Grundy, Black Manta, and Lobo-and on the other are the Batman Who Laughs' Infected, corrupted versions of heroes Supergirl, Shazam, Blue Beetle, Donna Troy, Hawkman, and Commissioner Gordon! But where does The Joker fit in? It's a final showdown between two of DC's most iconic villains, all to curry the favor of Perpetua. Whoever wins will take over the Multiverse alongside her! Collects Year of the Villain: Hell Arisen #1-4, plus DC's Year of the Villain #1 and more!